Scribd (pronounced /ˈskrɪbd/) is a document-sharing website that allows users to post documents of various formats, and embed

them into a web page using its iPaper format. Scribd was founded by Trip Adler, Tikhon Bernstam, and Jared Friedman in 2006.[2] Scribd's major competitors are Docstoc, edocr, WePapers, and Issuu.[3]

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1 History 2 Awards/recognition 3 Timeline 4 Financials 5 Technology 6 Reception 7 Criticism 8 Controversy 9 Supported file formats 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

The idea for Scribd was originally inspired when Trip Adler was at Harvard and had a conversation with his father, John R. Adler, about the difficulties of publishing academic papers. He teamed up with cofounders Jared Friedman and Tikhon Bernstam and they attended Y Combinator in Cambridge in the summer of 2006[citation needed]. Scribd was launched from a San Francisco apartment in March 2007 and quickly grew in traffic. In 2008, it ranked as one of the top 20 social media sites according to Comscore.[4] In June 2009, Scribd launched Scribd Store,[5] and shortly thereafter closed a deal with Simon & Schuster to sell ebooks on Scribd.[6] Over 150 publishers including Random House, Wiley, Workman, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Pearson, Harvard University Press and Stanford University Press are now associated with Scribd. ProQuest began publishing dissertations and theses on Scribd in December 2009. In October 2009, Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies with The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Huffington Post, TechCrunch and MediaBistro. [7] Over 100 media companies now use Scribd’s branded reader to embed source material into their stories. In August 2010, news stories began to break and documents and books began to go viral on Scribd including the overturned Prop 8 and HP’s lawsuit against Mark Hurd’s move to Oracle Corporation. Adler is currently the CEO of Scribd, where he is responsible for the product and strategic direction of the company. BusinessWeek named Adler one of the “Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010”.[8]


which is a rich document format similar to PDF built for the web. Sacks. joined Scribd’s board of directors in January 2010.[26] In August 2010 it began beta testing premium services.7 million in June 2007 from Redpoint Ventures and The Kinsey Hills Group. “the social network for reading.[25] It also makes revenue from Scribd Store sales. and hired as president George Consagra.[24] Scribd also utilizes Google Advertisements for revenue generation. Their current valuation is likely much higher.[27] iPaper was built with Adobe Flash. and Linux) without conversion. led by Charles River Ventures with re-investment from Redpoint Ventures and Kinsey Hills Group. [19] Scribd rolled-out a re-design on September 13. Scribd unveiled its first mobile plans for e-readers and smartphones. 2010 to become according to TechCrunch.[3] Technology Scribd used iPaper. Scribd announced its integration of Facebook social plug-ins at the f8 Developer Conference.000 from Y Combinator. [10] Fast Company named Scribd “One of its Top 10 Most Innovative Media Companies” in February 2010. which allows users to embed documents into a web page. the company raised US$9 million in a second round of funding. David O. Scribd was recognized as one of the “2010 Hottest San Francisco Companies” by Lead411.[18] Also in April 2010.[28] All major document types can be formatted . Forbes named Scribd one of its “10 Hot Startups”. the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Technology Pioneer for 2011. and received over US$3. Time Magazine named Scribd one of the “10 Start-Ups that Will Change Your Life”. former PayPal COO and founder of Yammer and Geni. former Bebo COO and managing director of Organic Inc.[11] In May 2010. Prior to the $9 million round.[21][22] In December 2008. Mac OS. BusinessWeek named Scribd one the “World’s Most Intriguing Startups”.[23] Consagra left Scribd and became CEO of Good Guide in August 2010. [16] In April 2010 Scribd launched a new feature called "Readcast"[17] which allows automatic sharing of documents on Facebook and Twitter.[12] On September 1. allowing it to be viewed the same across different operating systems (Windows. former head of media and publisher partnerships at Google. 2010. as long as the reader has Flash installed (although Scribd has announced non-Flash support for the iPhone).[9] In December 2009.In September 2009.”[20] Financials The company was initially funded with US$12.[13][14] After the World Economic Forum Technology Pioneer Award.[15] Timeline In February 2010. in July 2010 as its SVP of business development and opened a New York office. Scribd hired Robert Macdonald. Scribd was valued at $10 million.

0 Conference in San Francisco. Now any document can become a Web page. making it simple to embed documents in their original layout regardless of file format. Samsung and the Living Torah. [31] TechCrunch reported that Scribd is migrating away from Flash to HTML5. The iPaper document viewer is also embeddable in any website or blog. Scribd iPaper requires that Flash cookies are enabled. the white or gray display area is simply blank. Scribd allows published documents to either be private or open to the larger Scribd community. OpenOffice. 2010. New York Times DealBook reporter Andrew Ross Sorkin.[36] Criticism Scribd has often been accused of copyright infringement. On May 5. All iPaper documents are hosted on Scribd. which is the default setting in Flash. The World XML documents. [30] Its revenue model has gained coverage on numerous blogs such as TechCrunch. Scribd's documents are embedded more than 10 million times across the web and more than 1."[38] Her attorneys Joe Sibley and .8 million searches are conducted on Scribd's website everyday. PDFs. Le Guin. Federal Communications Commission (FCC). only a few applications use this API. OpenDocument documents. and PostScript files.”[33] Reception Scribd has been praised by several newspapers[which?] and has been dubbed as the potential "YouTube for documents". Ford Motor Company. however. UNICEF. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. the U. The New York Times reported in May 2009 that Scribd hosted pirated works by authors such as Ursula K. HewlettPackard. PowerPoint presentations.[35] Former California gubernatorial candidate Meg Whitman.[37] In September 2009 American author Elaine Scott alleged that Scribd "shamelessly profits from the stolen copyrighted works of innumerable authors.S. there is no message. In March 2009 Scribd launched a copyright management system and has made upgrades to the system including the addition of OCR.into iPaper including Word docs. Red Cross. "Scribd co-founder and chief technology officer Jared Friedman tells me: “We are scrapping three years of Flash development and betting the company on HTML5 because we believe HTML5 is a dramatically better reading experience than Flash. Scribd launched the largest implementation of HTML5 to date at the Web 2.[34] Notable users of Scribd include Virginia senator Mark Warner. Scribd launched its own API to power external/third-party applications.”"[32] In July 2010 Publishers Weekly wrote a cover story on Scribd entitled “Betting the House on HTML5.[29] If the requirements are not met. World Economic Forum. Scribd has currently more than 50 million users and it hosts more than tens of millions of documents. All Things D Reporter Kara Swisher.

Controversy In March 2009 the passwords of several Comcast customers were leaked on Scribd.[44][45][46] In July 2010. writing in the New York Times."[39][40] On May 11. The test was met with minor community backlash leading Scribd to make changes to its policies[clarification needed]. . GigaOM reported that the script of “The Social Network” movie was uploaded and leaked on Scribd and promptly taken down per Sony’s DMCA request. one year after its inception. reported on Scribd hosting pirated works. accusing it of calculated copyright infringement for profit.Kiwi Camara sought class action status in their efforts to win damages from Scribd for allegedly "egregious copyright infringement.[41] The suit was dropped in July 2010.[citation needed] In August 2010.[42] In 2007. 2009. Scribd began beta testing premium services including the Scribd Archive. Motoko Rich.[43] It is not known how many DMCA notices have been served up to now. users are asked to pay for it first via their premium content service. Now when trying to download almost any document from Scribd. Scribd had been served with 25 DMCA take down notices. The passwords were later removed when the news was published by The New York Times. Sibley Camara filed a class action lawsuit against Scribd.

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