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# Burns and Richard Solution

## PIPE PARAMETERS - AASHTO M294, Type D

effective radius (in), R = 2.20
outside diameter (in), D= 4.6
thickness (in), t = 0.200
unit area of wall (in 2 / in), A = 0.063
4
unit moment of inertia (in /in), I = 0.014

Marzo 2010

deg

c.c.w.

soil

circum

wall

ring

inner

outer

total

wall

bend

comp

bend

bend

stress

tang

from

press

defl

defl

horiz

Pr(psi)

w(in)

37.3

0.002

0.000

155

10

38.8

0.005

0.008

20

43.1

0.012

0.015

30

49.7

0.023

40

57.8

50

deg

ring

c.c.w. comp

ring

ring

comp

shortening

inner

outer

from

stress

strain

(psi)

(psi)

horiz

(psi)

(in/in)

(in)

-2834 -2075

-2454

-0.02231

-0.0086

363

-2799 -2074

10

-2437

-0.0222

-0.0085

314

-2701 -2073

20

-2387

-0.0217

-0.0083

-239

239

-2549 -2071

30

-2310

-0.021

-0.0081

-2217

-147

147

-2364 -2069

40

-2217

-0.02015

-0.0077

-2117

-50

50

-2166 -2067

50

-2117

-0.01924

-0.0074

127

-6

-2023

42

-42

-1981 -2065

60

-2023

-0.01839

-0.0071

0.015

123

-17

-1946

117

-117

-1829 -2063

70

-1946

-0.01769

-0.0068

0.082

0.008

119

-23

-1896

166

-166

-1731 -2062

80

-1896

-0.01724

-0.0066

86.7

0.085

0.000

118

-26

-1879

183

-183

-1696 -2062

90

-1879

-0.01708

-0.0066

100

85.3

0.082 -0.008

119

-23

-1896

166

-166

-1731 -2062

100

-1896

-0.01724

-0.0066

## constr mod (psi), M*=E*(1-u)/((1+u)(1-2u))= 4175

lateral stress ratio = K = u/(1-u) = 0.538

110

81.0

0.075 -0.015

123

-17

-1946

117

-117

-1829 -2063

110

-1946

-0.01769

-0.0068

120

74.4

0.064 -0.020

127

-6

-2023

42

-42

-1981 -2065

120

-2023

-0.01839

-0.0071

130

66.3

0.050 -0.023

133

-2117

-50

50

-2166 -2067

130

-2117

-0.01924

-0.0074

140

57.8

0.036 -0.023

140

21

-2217

-147

147

-2364 -2069

140

-2217

-0.02015

-0.0077

150

49.7

0.023 -0.020

146

34

-2310

-239

239

-2549 -2071

150

-2310

-0.021

-0.0081

160

43.1

0.012 -0.015

150

44

-2387

-314

314

-2701 -2073

160

-2387

-0.0217

-0.0083

170

38.8

0.005 -0.008

154

51

-2437

-363

363

-2799 -2074

170

-2437

-0.0222

-0.0085

180

37.3

0.002

155

54

-2454

-380

380

-2834 -2075

180

-2454

-0.02231

-0.0086

-0.1447

(psi)

(psi)

(psi)

54

-2454

-380

380

154

51

-2437

-363

150

44

-2387

-314

0.020

146

34

-2310

0.036

0.023

140

21

66.3

0.050

0.023

133

60

74.4

0.064

0.020

70

81.0

0.075

80

85.3

## modulus of soil reaction (psi), E' = 2,602

Poisson's ratio, u = 0.35

90

## SOIL/STRUCTURE PARAMETERS (full slippage)

ring flexibility ratio, UF =(1+K)M*/Krc = 2.04
bending flexibility ratio, VF = (1-K)M*/Kf = 2.2

0.000

STRESS FUNCTION COEFFICIENTS

MISC CALCS

## cos(2*theta), a2** = 0.643

3. Typical E' 5 values (in psi) for various soils are listed in the table below:

## sin(2*theta), b2** = 0.465

Type of soil
unit weight of soil (lb/ft 3 ) = 120
height of fill above crown (ft) = 120.0
surcharge pressure (psi), P = 100.0

0.19

## Standard AASHTO Critical Buckling Pressure (psi), Pcr=

589.3

Relative Compaction
Radial Soil Pressure at Crown (psi), Pact=
85%

90%

95%

Fine-grained soils with less than 25% sand (CL, ML, DL-ML)
500

700

1000

600

1000

1200

700

1000

1600

## Max. Compressive Stress

-2834 OK (< -3000)

3.84

## Max. Tensile Stress

-1696 OK (< 1000)

## Arc length of each sector (in) =

CIRCUMFERENCE SHORTENS=
-0.29
inches

-0.017

86.7
0.3840

OK

## PIPE PARAMETERS - AASHTO M294, Type D

effective radius (in), R = 3.33
outside diameter (in), D= 6.8
thickness (in), t = 0.200
unit area of wall (in 2 / in), A = 0.085
4
unit moment of inertia (in /in), I = 0.021

Marzo 2010

deg

c.c.w.

soil

circum

wall

ring

inner

outer

total

wall

bend

comp

bend

bend

stress

tang

from

press

defl

defl

horiz

Pr(psi)

w(in)

(psi)

(psi)

(psi)

deg

ring

c.c.w. comp

ring

ring

comp

shortening

inner

outer

from

stress

strain

(psi)

(psi)

horiz

(psi)

(in/in)

(in)

-0.05269

-0.0306

493

141

-5796

-822

493

-6617 -5303

-5796

10

111.6

0.008

0.030

491

135

-5773

-784

471

-6558 -5302

10

-5773

-0.0525

-0.0305

20

116.5

0.037

0.057

485

116

-5708

-677

406

-6385 -5302

20

-5708

-0.05189

-0.0301

30

124.2

0.081

0.077

477

88

-5608

-513

308

-6121 -5301

30

-5608

-0.05098

-0.0296

40

133.6

0.135

0.087

466

53

-5486

-311

187

-5797 -5299

40

-5486

-0.04987

-0.0289

50

143.6

0.193

0.087

455

17

-5356

-96

58

-5452 -5298

50

-5356

-0.04869

-0.0283

60

153.0

0.247

0.077

445

-18

-5233

105

-63

-5128 -5296

60

-5233

-0.04758

-0.0276

70

160.6

0.291

0.057

436

-46

-5134

270

-162

-4864 -5295

70

-5134

-0.04667

-0.0271

80

165.6

0.319

0.030

431

-65

-5068

377

-226

-4692 -5295

80

-5068

-0.04608

-0.0267

## modulus of soil reaction (psi), E' = 3,692

Poisson's ratio, u = 0.35

90

167.3

0.329

0.000

429

-71

-5046

414

-248

-4632 -5294

90

-5046

-0.04587

-0.0266

100

165.6

0.319 -0.030

431

-65

-5068

377

-226

-4692 -5295

100

-5068

-0.04608

-0.0267

## constr mod (psi), M*=E*(1-u)/((1+u)(1-2u))= 5925

lateral stress ratio = K = u/(1-u) = 0.538

110

160.6

0.291 -0.057

436

-46

-5134

270

-162

-4864 -5295

110

-5134

-0.04667

-0.0271

120

153.0

0.247 -0.077

445

-18

-5233

105

-63

-5128 -5296

120

-5233

-0.04758

-0.0276

130

143.6

0.193 -0.087

455

17

-5356

-96

58

-5452 -5298

130

-5356

-0.04869

-0.0283

140

133.6

0.135 -0.087

466

53

-5486

-311

187

-5797 -5299

140

-5486

-0.04987

-0.0289

150

124.2

0.081 -0.077

477

88

-5608

-513

308

-6121 -5301

150

-5608

-0.05098

-0.0296

160

116.5

0.037 -0.057

485

116

-5708

-677

406

-6385 -5302

160

-5708

-0.05189

-0.0301

170

111.6

0.008 -0.030

491

135

-5773

-784

471

-6558 -5302

170

-5773

-0.0525

-0.0305

180

493

141

-5796

-822

493

-6617 -5303

180

-5796

-0.05269

-0.0306

-0.5453

## SOIL/STRUCTURE PARAMETERS (full slippage)

ring flexibility ratio, UF =(1+K)M*/Krc = 3.24
bending flexibility ratio, VF = (1-K)M*/Kf = 7.1

STRESS FUNCTION COEFFICIENTS

MISC CALCS

## cos(2*theta), a2** = 0.848

3. Typical E' 5 values (in psi) for various soils are listed in the table below:

## sin(2*theta), b2** = 0.772

Type of soil
unit weight of soil (lb/ft 3 ) = 120
height of fill above crown (ft) = 328.0
surcharge pressure (psi), P = 273.3

9.91

-0.11

## Standard AASHTO Critical Buckling Pressure (psi), Pcr=

464.6

Relative Compaction
Radial Soil Pressure at Crown (psi), Pact=
85%

90%

95%

Fine-grained soils with less than 25% sand (CL, ML, DL-ML)
500

700

1000

600

1000

1200

700

1000

1600

-6617 No Good

## Max. Tensile Stress

-4632 OK (< 1000)

## Arc length of each sector (in) =

CIRCUMFERENCE SHORTENS=
-1.09
inches

-0.046

167.3
0.5803

No Good

60" N-12HC

## PIPE PARAMETERS - AASHTO M294, Type D

effective radius (in), R = 31.23

6/4/2012

deg

c.c.w.

soil

tang

from

press

defl

defl

## thrust mom(M) stress stress stress

horiz

Pr(psi)

w(in)

v(in)

N(#/in) (#-lb/in)

(psi)

(psi)

46.5

-0.227 0.000

1482

290

-2196

-510

10

46.6

-0.176 0.145

1482

275

-2195

20

46.7

-0.029 0.273

1480

235

-2193

30

46.9

0.197

0.368

1479

173

40

47.1

0.473

0.419

1476

50

47.3

0.767

0.419

60

47.6

1.044

70

47.8

80

## modulus of soil reaction (psi), E' = 2,454

Poisson's ratio, u = 0.35
constr mod (psi), M*=E*(1-u)/((1+u)(1-2u))= 3939

## outside diameter (in), D= 65.5

thickness (in), t = 2.950
unit area of wall (in 2 / in), A = 0.675
unit moment of inertia (in 4 /in), I = 0.812

circum

wall

ring

inner

outer

total

wall

bend

comp

bend

bend

stress

ring

ring

c.c.w. comp

deg

ring

comp

shortening

strain

inner

outer

from

(psi)

(psi)

(psi)

horiz

(psi)

(in/in)

(in)

542

-2706 -1654

-2196

-0.01996

-0.1088

-485

516

-2680 -1680

10

-2195

-0.0200

-0.1088

-414

440

-2607 -1753

20

-2193

-0.01994

-0.1087

-2190

-305

324

-2495 -1866

30

-2190

-0.01991

-0.1085

97

-2187

-171

182

-2358 -2005

40

-2187

-0.01988

-0.1084

1473

16

-2183

-29

31

-2212 -2152

50

-2183

-0.01985

-0.1082

0.368

1471

-60

-2179

105

-111

-2074 -2291

60

-2179

-0.01981

-0.1080

1.269

0.273

1469

-121

-2176

214

-227

-1963 -2404

70

-2176

-0.01979

-0.1078

47.9

1.416

0.145

1468

-162

-2174

285

-303

-1889 -2478

80

-2174

-0.01977

-0.1077

90

47.9

1.467

0.000

1467

-176

-2174

310

-329

-1864 -2503

90

-2174

-0.01976

-0.1077

100

47.9

-162

-2174

285

-303

-1889 -2478

100

-2174

-0.01977

-0.1077

110

47.8

-121

-2176

214

-227

-1963 -2404

110

-2176

-0.01979

-0.1078

120

47.6

-60

-2179

105

-111

-2074 -2291

120

-2179

-0.01981

-0.1080

130

47.3

16

-2183

-29

31

-2212 -2152

130

-2183

-0.01985

-0.1082

140

47.1

97

-2187

-171

182

-2358 -2005

140

-2187

-0.01988

-0.1084

150

46.9

173

-2190

-305

324

-2495 -1866

150

-2190

-0.01991

-0.1085

160

46.7

235

-2193

-414

440

-2607 -1753

160

-2193

-0.01994

-0.1087

170

46.6

275

-2195

-485

516

-2680 -1680

170

-2195

-0.0200

-0.1088

180

46.5

-0.227 0.000

290

-2196

-510

542

-2706 -1654

180

-2196

-0.01996

-0.1088

-2.0576

## SOIL/STRUCTURE PARAMETERS (full slippage)

ring flexibility ratio, UF =(1+K)M*/Krc = 2.55
bending flexibility ratio, VF = (1-K)M*/Kf = 103.3

1482

STRESS FUNCTION COEFFICIENTS
constant term, a0* = 0.263
cos(2*theta), a2** = 0.988

MISC CALCS

Type of soil

## height of fill above crown (ft) = 100.0

surcharge pressure (psi), P = 83.3

4.70

-1.45

## Standard AASHTO Critical Buckling Pressure (psi), Pcr=

81.0

3. Typical E' 5 values (in psi) for various soils are listed in the table below:

## sin(2*theta), b2** = 0.981

unit weight of soil (lb/ft 3 ) = 120

Relative Compaction
Radial Soil Pressure at Crown (psi), Pact=
85%

90%

95%

Fine-grained soils with less than 25% sand (CL, ML, DL-ML)
500

700

1000

600

1000

1200

700

1000

1600

stress

Page 3

## Arc length of each sector (in) =

CIRCUMFERENCE SHORTENS=
-4.12
inches

-0.02

47.9
5.4507

OK

## DISEO DE TUBERIA DE SUBDRENAJE - TRAMO CRITICO H=90m

PIPE PARAMETERS - AASHTO M294, Type D

deg

c.c.w.

soil

## thickness (in), t = 0.736

unit area of wall (in 2 / in), A = 0.185
unit moment of inertia (in 4 /in), I = 0.298

circum

wall

ring

inner

outer

total

wall

bend

comp

bend

bend

stress

tang

from

press

defl

defl

## thrust mom(M) stress stress stress

horiz

Pr(psi)

w(in)

v(in)

N(#/in) (#-lb/in)

40.5

0.029

0.000

424

deg

ring

c.c.w. comp

ring

ring

comp

shortening

inner

outer

from

stress

strain

(psi)

(psi)

(psi)

(psi)

(psi)

horiz

(psi)

(in/in)

(in)

428

-2292

-179

877

-2471

-1415

-2292

-0.02084

-0.0085

10

46.9

0.029

0.003

419

417

-2265

-175

853

-2440

-1412

10

-2265

-0.0206

-0.0084

20

65.3

0.031

0.006

405

383

-2188

-161

785

-2348

-1403

20

-2188

-0.01989

-0.0081

30

93.4

0.034

0.009

383

332

-2069

-139

680

-2208

-1389

30

-2069

-0.01881

-0.0077

40

128.0

0.037

0.010

356

269

-1924

-113

552

-2037

-1372

40

-1924

-0.01749

-0.0071

50

164.8

0.041

0.010

327

203

-1769

-85

415

-1854

-1354

50

-1769

-0.01609

-0.0066

60

199.3

0.045

0.009

300

140

-1624

-59

287

-1683

-1337

60

-1624

-0.01476

-0.0060

70

227.5

0.047

0.006

279

89

-1506

-37

182

-1543

-1324

70

-1506

-0.01369

-0.0056

80

245.8

0.049

0.003

264

55

-1428

-23

114

-1452

-1315

80

-1428

-0.01299

-0.0053

## modulus of soil reaction (psi), E' = 3,550

Poisson's ratio, u = 0.35

90

252.2

0.050

0.000

259

44

-1402

-18

90

-1420

-1312

90

-1402

-0.01274

-0.0052

100

245.8

0.049

-0.003

264

55

-1428

-23

114

-1452

-1315

100

-1428

-0.01299

-0.0053

110

227.5

0.047

-0.006

279

89

-1506

-37

182

-1543

-1324

110

-1506

-0.01369

-0.0056

120

199.3

0.045

-0.009

300

140

-1624

-59

287

-1683

-1337

120

-1624

-0.01476

-0.0060

130

164.8

0.041

-0.010

327

203

-1769

-85

415

-1854

-1354

130

-1769

-0.01609

-0.0066

140

128.0

0.037

-0.010

356

269

-1924

-113

552

-2037

-1372

140

-1924

-0.01749

-0.0071

150

93.4

0.034

-0.009

383

332

-2069

-139

680

-2208

-1389

150

-2069

-0.01881

-0.0077

160

65.3

0.031

-0.006

405

383

-2188

-161

785

-2348

-1403

160

-2188

-0.01989

-0.0081

170

46.9

0.029

-0.003

419

417

-2265

-175

853

-2440

-1412

170

-2265

-0.0206

-0.0084

180

40.5

0.029

0.000

424

428

-2292

-179

877

-2471

-1415

180

-2292

-0.02084

-0.0085

-0.1316

## SOIL/STRUCTURE PARAMETERS (full slippage)

ring flexibility ratio, UF =(1+K)M*/Krc = 1.01
bending flexibility ratio, VF = (1-K)M*/Kf = 0.2

STRESS FUNCTION COEFFICIENTS

MISC CALCS

## cos(2*theta), a2** = 0.197

3. Typical E' 5 values (in psi) for various soils are listed in the table below:

## Standard AASHTO Critical Buckling Pressure (psi), Pcr=

Type of soil

unit weight of soil (lb/ft 3 ) = 93
height of fill above crown (ft) = 295.0
surcharge pressure (psi), P = 190.5

## Vertical deflection (%) =

Horizontal deflection (%) =

Relative Compaction
Radial Soil Pressure at Crown (psi), Pact=
85%

90%

95%

Fine-grained soils with less than 25% sand (CL, ML, DL-ML)
500

700

1000

600

1000

1200

700

1000

1600

## Max. Compressive Stress

-2471 OK (< -3000)

## Max. Tensile Stress

-1312 OK (< 1000)

## Arc length of each sector (in) =

2.45
2890.3
252.2
0.4074

CIRCUMFERENCE SHORTENS=
-0.26
inches

-0.013

2.13

OK

## Usar Tub. HDPE 6" SDR 9

Pressure Rating (PSI): 200

Altura Critica=

90
1.5

m
Ton/m3

Presion=

13.5

Kg/cm2

TABLA ------>

<>
200

thickness (in)

e=
D interio (D)=

18.7
130.9

mm
mm

<>
<>

D exterior (d)=

149.6

mm

<>

0.185

1.5

Ton/m3

<>

90

<>

192

lb/plg2 (PSI)

SDR 9.0
0.736
5.15

in
in

5.89

in

93

lb/ft3

295

ft