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The World journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology welcomes research papers, short communications, short notes, technical communications and review papers. Full-length Research Papers: These should describe new and carefully confirmed findings. Experimental procedures should be given in sufficient detail for others to verify the work. The length of a full paper should be the minimum required to describe and interpret the work clearly. Short Communications: A Short Communication is suitable for recording the results of complete but small investigations or giving details of new methods, techniques or apparatus. Short communications are two printed pages in length. Progress reports are not acceptable. Short Notes: Short Notes are one printed page in length. They are suitable for reports of simple findings such as the properties of an already well described enzyme or of observations not requiring elaboration. They should be written with a short (40−word) summary, no main subdivisions, they may contain one table or figure, or two if the text is brief, and no more than three references. Technical Communications: These are reports of processes or procedures which may be published as an annex to a full-length paper or on their own provided that the work described is of sufficient interest to other workers in the field. Review Papers: These should be submitted only after consultation with the Editor. They will be limited to no more than 8 printed pages. 1
leaving 2. including telephone and fax number and e-mail address Summary Please provide a short abstract of 100 to 250 words. You should refer to a previously published article in the journal which can be downloaded for free from the journal website at http://www. but either one should be followed consistently throughout the article. Sections 2 . Number the pages consecutively with the first page containing: • running head (shortened title) • title • author(s) • affiliation(s) • full address for correspondence. including notes and references. British English or American English spelling and terminology may be used. Use double quotation marks for direct quotations and single quotation marks for quotations within quotations and for words or phrases used in a special sense. either by indenting the left-hand margin or by using a smaller typeface.manuscript-improvement. Quotations of more than 40 words should be set off clearly. A list of abbreviations which need not be defined is given in Table 1 at the end of this document.com before submission. Main text Presentation of the main text depends on the type of article.com. For guidance on this respect you should refer to a previously published article in the journal which can be downloaded for free from the journals’ website at www.World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology Manuscript Presentation Manuscripts not conforming to the instructions below will be returned for reformatting without review. The summary should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references.springeronline.com. Please double-space all material. The journal's language is English. Text should be formatted to fit A4 or US Letter paper size. Key Words Please provide 5 to 10 key words or short phrases in alphabetical order.springer.5 cm margins on all sides of the text. It should be page 2 of the manuscript with the title repeated on that sheet. If English is not your first language please ensure that the language is corrected by a fluent English speaker or via www. Abbreviations Abbreviations should be explained at first occurrence in the text though extensive mathematical symbols should be defined collectively before the introduction begins on page 3. Manuscripts submitted in poor English may be returned for revision without review.
we encourage authors to present the main text under the following headers: Introduction. b etc. 3rd edn. 1. Please consult a current issue for the styles. Full-length Research papers should be presented under the following headers: Introduction (including a consideration of the current literature and the objectives of the study). Mod Genomics J 14:126–233 3. both in the text and in the reference list. References in the text are cited as follows: One author: (Rosso 1973) Two authors: (Ross & Bianco 1978) Three or more authors: (Rosso et al. New York 5. Mod Genomics J 14:126–233 4. References References should be given at the end of the manuscript arranged alphabetically in order by de last name of the first author and in the form and style indicated below.World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology headings should be clearly distinguishable but not numbered. Results & Discussion. Acknowledgements Acknowledgements (including funding agencies and help from other colleagues) should follow the main text and precede the references. Journal issue with issue editor: Smith J (ed) (1998) Rodent genes. London 7. Blackwell. Notes should be indicated by consecutive superscript numbers in the text and listed at the end of the article before the references. Blass B (2001) The future of modern genomics. Blackwell. The style of main sections of Short Communications need not conform to that of full-length papers. the reference. Materials & Methods. London 6. Brown B (eds) (2001) The demise of modern genomics. Materials & Methods (with sufficient detail to allow the work to be repeated). Jones M Jr. edited: Smith J. Book. should be identified by a. Houghton L et al (1999) Future of health insurance. Wiley. Journal article: Smith J. Book. 1980) In the event that a cited author has two or more works published during the same year. Chapter in a book in a series without volume titles: 3 . Aaron M (2001) The politics of nature. please use endnotes rather than footnotes. Results & Discussion (focus the reader’s attention on your key results and put your key results into the context of current information). However. N Engl J Med 965:325–329 2. authored: South J. after the date to distinguish the works. In: Smith J (ed) The rise of modern genomics. Journal issue with no issue editor: Mod Genomics J (1998) Rodent genes. Book chapter: Brown B. If you decide to use notes.
University of Wisconsin. Institutional author (book): International Anatomical Nomenclature Committee (1966) Nomina anatomica. Springer. J Mol Med (in press). Berlin Heidelberg New York (in press) 17. Whitton JL (2000) Clinical implications of dysregulated cytokine production. Berlin Heidelberg New York. Berlin Heidelberg New York. Royal Society of Chemistry. 4th edn. Morris RL (1978) Isolation and characterization of plasmid deoxyribonucleic acid from Streptomyces fradiae. Springer. Cited 15 Jan 1999 4 . Leningrad 17. 4–9 June 1978 13. Myasnikova LP (1977) Nadmolekulyarnaya struktura polimerov (The supramolecular structure of polymers). Non-English publication cited in an English publication: Wolf GH.1 In press Wilson M et al (2006) References. Non-Latin alphabet publication: The English translation is optional. Whitton JL (2000) Clinical implications of dysregulated cytokine production. In: Abstracts of the 3rd international symposium on the genetics of industrial microorganisms.1007/s001090000086 17.4. Article by DOI (before issue publication with page numbers) Slifka MK. vol 1114.2. US Patent 4. In: Foo N. vol 42.org/dose/title of subordinate document. Springer. University of Wisconsin. Khimiya. Proceedings without an editor (without a publisher): Chung S-T. Lehman P-F (1976) Atlas der Anatomie. Proceedings as a book (in a series and subseries): Zowghi D et al (1996) A framework for reasoning about requirements in evolution.Available via DIALOG. Morris RL (1978) Isolation and characterization of plasmid deoxyribonucleic acid from Streptomyces fradiae. Handbook of experimental pharmacology. not that of the reference for "vol" etc. J Mol Med 78:74–80. Excerpta Medica. pp593–660 9. Marikhin VY.1007/s801090000086 18. Goebel R (eds) PRICAI'96: topics in artificial intelligence. Published and In press articles with or without DOI: 17.379. Berlin Heidelberg New York. 4th Pacific Rim conference on artificial intelligence.752. In: Wilson M (ed) Style manual. 9 Sept 1998 14. DOI 10. Paper presented at a conference: Chung S-T. Springer. Dig J Mol Med. In: Zaimis E (ed) Neuromuscular junction. August 1996. vol 2E. Fischer. Patent: Norman LO (1998) Lightning rods. DOI 10. Chapter in a book in a series with volume title: Smith SE (1976) Neuromuscular blocking drugs in man. Internet publication/Online document Doe J (1999) Title of subordinate document. vol 4/3. Lecture notes in computer science (Lecture notes in artificial intelligence). 1999 11. DOI 10. In: The dictionary of substances and their effects. Article in electronic journal by DOI (no paginated version) Slifka MK.!] 16. Boston. In: Williams H (ed) Proceedings of the genomic researchers. Proceedings with an editor (without a publisher): Aaron M (1999) The future of genomics. Cairns. http://www. Madison. Article by DOI (with page numbers) Slifka MK. [NB: Use the language of the primary document. Amsterdam 15. Berlin. In: Hutzinger O (ed) Handbook of environmental chemistry. p 111 8.1007/s001090000086 17.World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology Schmidt H (1989) Testing results.rsc. Whitton JL (2000) Clinical implications of dysregulated cytokine production. 4–9 June 1978 12.3. p 157 10. Madison. Paper presented at the 3rd international symposium on the genetics of industrial microorganisms.
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uridine. (i) General ADP.4-di-2-(4-methyl-5-POPOP phenyloxazolyl) benzene POPOP 8 . or ca. UDP. BSA CM-cellulose CoA.) aqueous bovine serum albumin carboxymethylcellulose coenzyme A concentrated adenosine 3’:5’-cyclic monophosphate. infrared lipopolysaccharide median lethal dose minimal inhibitory concentration nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide.World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology Table 1: Abbreviations and Conventions.5-di[5’-tert-butylbenzoxazolyl-(2)’]thiophen Butyl-PBD 2-4(4’-tert-butylphenyl)-5(4”-biphenylyl)-1. ATP etc. Aq. M. inosine. DEAEcellulose DNA cDNA DNAase DMSO EDTA FAD FMN GSH. IgM. These abbreviations may be used without definition. i. adenosine 5’-triphosphate. etc. IDP. oxidized (NADPH for reduced form) N-methyl-N’-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine orthophosphate. Approx. thymidine adenosine 5’-phosphate.r. dTDP AMP etc.3. etc approximately (not c. xanthosine. guanosine. CDP.v. cytidine. etc. X-gal 5’-pyrophosphates of adenosine.4-oxadiazole Dimethyl1. Cyclic AMP cAMP. etc. LPS LD50 MIC NAD+ NADP+ NTG Pi’PPi ppGpp pppGpp PEG PMSF RNA mRNA rRNA tRNA RNAase SDS u. CoASH conc. etc. reduced and oxidized forms immunoglobulin G. etc. GDP. oxidized (NADH for reduced form) nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate. diethylaminoethylcellulose deoxyribonucleic acid complementary deoxyribonucleic acid deoxyribonuclease dimethyl sulphoxide ethylenediaminetetra-acetate flavin-adenine dinucleotide flavin mononucleotide glutathione. XDP. GSSG IgG. pyrophosphate guanosine 3’-diphosphate 5’-diphosphate guanosine 3’-diphosphate 5’-triphosphate polyethylene glycol phenylmethanesulphonyl fluoride ribonucleic acid messenger ribonucleic acid ribosomal ribonucleic acid transfer ribonucleic acid ribonuclease sodium dodecyl sulphate ultra-violet 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl B-D-galacto-pyranoside (ii) Scintillants BBOT 2.
p.N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-amino ethanesulphonic acid N.) kb (or kpb) p.p. (or d. rev/min (rev.N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)glycine 3-cyclohexylaminopropanesulphonic acid 3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]-1-propane sulphonic acid 2-(cyclohexylamino)ethane sulphonic acid N-2-hydroxyethylpiperazine-N’-2-ethanesulphonic acid N-2-hydroxyethylpiperazineN’-3-propanesulphonic acid 2-(N-morpholino)ethane sulphonic acid 3-(N-morpholino)propane sulphonic acid phosphate-buffered saline (but composition must be specified !) piperazine-N.N’-bis-2-ethane sulphonic acid N-tris(hydroxymethyl)methyl-2-aminoethanesulphonic acid N-tris-(hydroxymethyl) methyl glycine tris(hydroxymethyl) methylamine (iv) Techniques ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ESR electron spin (paramagnetic) resonance (or EPR) FPLC fast protein liquid chromatography GC gas chromatography (or gas-liquid chromatography) (or GLC) GC-MS gas chromatography combined with mass spectrometry HPLC high-pressure (performance) liquid chromatography HPTLC high-pressure thin-layer chromatography MIC minimum inhibitory concentration MS mass spectrometry NMR nuclear magnetic resonance PAGE polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis PCR polymerase chain reaction Py-MS pyrolysis mass spectrometry Py-GC pyrolysis gas chromatography RIA radioimmunoassay TLC thin-layer chromatography (v) Units bp c. min–1) base pairs colony-forming units counts per minute daltons.m.4-di-2-(5-phenyloxazolyl) benzene 2. Da.s.f. kDa.u. c.World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology POPOP PPO (iii) Buffers Aces Ada Bes Bicine Caps Chaps Ches Hepes Hepps Mes Mops PBS Pipes Tes Tricine Tris 1.m.p. MDa d.f. megadaltons disintegrations per minute (second) kilobase pairs plaque-forming units revolutions per minute 9 .u. kilodaltons.5-diphenyloxazole N-(2-acetamido)-2-amino ethanesulphonic acid N-(2-acetamido) iminodiaceticacid N.
mM. min (not mn). V volume l (or dm3). etc. nm (not Å ). F force N (kg m s-2) E energy J (not cal) p. f frequency Hz (ii)Mechanical and related quantities Quantity Unit m mass kg. etc. k rate constant s-1. λ wavelength nm (not ml or Å) t time h (not hr). etc. mM. Ki inhibition constant M. S sedimentation S = l0-13 s rad-2 coefficient g centrifugal (9. mM. mm. ms. etc.81 m . v. mmol. etc. 1 atm = 101325 Pa. etc. time and related quantities Quantity Unit l length m. g.World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology Table 2: Selected Symbols for quantities and units (i)Space. Kd dissociation constant M. etc n amount of substance mol. kDa. etc. μl (or mm3) etc. s-1) or Ci(37 CBq) 10 . etc. or M-1 s-1 v rate of reaction M (or mM. mg.) s-1 catalysed reaction at infinite concentration of substrate (v) Electricity. P pressure Pa (N/m2) 1 bar = 105 Pa.) s-1 — enzyme activity kat V rate of enzyme M (or mM. M molar mass g/mol or kg/mol mm relative Mr molecular mass (iv)Chemical reactions Quantity Unit K equilibrium constant Km Michaelis constant M. s (not sec). ml (or cm3). magnetism and electromagnetic radiation Quantity Unit I electric current A R resistance Ω I luminous intensity cd T transmittance (I/Io) — A absorbance (-log T) — D attenuance — ε molar absorption M-1 cm-1 coefficient — radioactivity Bq(=1 dis. s) field (iii) Molecular and related quantities Quantity Unit m molecular mass Da(dalton). etc. μm (not μl).
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