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A Project on ‘Human Resource Management’.
Project submitted to- Ms. Brishni Borkotoky.

byChakraborty (29)

Project submitted Sangita Shobhit Tiwari (31) Sukanya Dhar (35)

who helped us a lot in the completion of this project in all possible ways. boost our confidence. who gave us this opportunity to work on this project on the topic of Trade Union.Acknowledgement. Ms. . We would also like to thank our parents and other group members of this project. Brishni Borkotoky. Last but not the least. which indeed helped us in gaining more information about the topic. We would like to express our special thanks and gratitude to our Faculty incharge. enhance our capabilities of negotiation and give us a broader prospective of the practical corporate & the management world. we would like to beg pardon for any unintentional faults that might have occurred during the making of this project work.

through its leadership. firing and promotion of workers. work rules. students.589 in 2002. causing many workers to be mistreated and underpaid. benefits. Trade union organizations may be composed of individual workers. . According to provisional statistics from the Ministry of Labour. trade unions had a combined membership of 24. rules governing hiring. bargains with the employer on behalf of union members and negotiates labour contracts (collective bargaining) with employers. trade unions became popular in many countries during the Industrial Revolution. Originating in Europe. increasing the number employees an employer hires. This may include the negotiation of wages. and better working conditions. complaint procedures.601. The trade union. A trade union is an organization of workers that have banded together to achieve common goals such as higher pay. there are 11 Central Trade Union Organizations (CTUO) recognized by the Ministry of Labour. purpose of these organizations is “maintaining or improving the conditions of their employment”. In India the Trade Union movement is generally divided on political lines. past workers.‘Trade Union’. professionals. The agreements negotiated by the union leaders are binding on the rank and file members and the employer and in some cases on other non-member workers. but by no means only. The most common. As of 2008. apprentices and/or the unemployed. when the lack of skill necessary to perform most jobs shifted employment bargaining power almost completely to the employers' side. workplace safety and policies.An Introduction.

. Russia and China. Indian Railways has 114.[4] of total track over a route of 65.52 crores from passengers tickets.4 million employees.000 locomotives. [4]In 2011-2012 Railway earnt Rs 104278. It has the world's fourth largest railway network after those of the United States.[5] The railways carry over 30 million passengers and 2.‘Indian Railways’.000 (freight) wagons.000 kilometres (40.[4] As for rolling stock. with over 1.[4] Railways were first introduced to India in 1853. the year of India's independence. 60.8 million tons of freight daily.000 coaches and 9.500 kilometres (71. becoming one of the largest networks in the world.500 stations. the Indian Railways. India. IR owns over 240.147 mi). Indian Railways (reporting mark IR) is an Indian state-owned railway company headquartered in New Delhi. metre and narrow gauges. It is owned and operated by the Government of India through the Ministry of Railways. IR operates both long distance and suburban rail systems on a multi-gauge network of broad. By 1947. In 1951 the systems (many of which were already government-owned) were nationalized as one unit. [6] It is the world's fourth largest commercial or utility employer. there were forty-two rail systems.97 crores from freight and 28645.389 mi)[4] and 7.An Introduction.79 crores which consists of Rs 69675. by number of employees.

Railwaymen were inspired by the ongoing freedom struggle.1 million are members of the AIRF. Out of 1. There were several strikes in the railway workshops during that period and in the early part of the 20th Century. Description. There are basically two recognized Trade Unions of the Indian Railways. History. zones.The AIRF is affiliated to the Hind Mazdoor Sabha (HMS). dharnas. They are: 1.. Railway Trade unions functions in all levels of Railway organization. It has affiliated unions on all the 16 Zonal Railways and Production Units and the MTP Railway. After the formation of All India Trade Union Congress. 1. organizing drug and alcohol de-addiction. sports activities and prize distribution for the children of railway employees. democratic and independent organization. AIRF is a free. The AIRF is concerned about safety on Indian . demonstrations. in 1924. divisions. Recognized Trade unions have been given some privileges.During the last part of the 19th Century.5 million railway workers. the trade union leaders who were spearheading the freedom struggle and were active in the railway trade union movement. units.Railway Board. formed the All India Railwaymen's Federation (AIRF). consisting of the Railwaymen’s unions working on the different railways. AIDS awareness and family planning camps and providing relief to the victims of natural calamities etc.‘Indian Railway Trade Union’. AIRF and its affiliates have been doing social service through several non-bargaining activities like health check and blood and eye donation camps. The ‘All India Railwaymen’s Federation’ (AIRF). taking regular coaching classes for children of railway employees and also running computer classes and educational institutions including an Engineering College. As opposed to the popular belief that trade union’s sole aim is to organize strikes.

educating the cadre on safety in railway working.Railways and has been organizing seminars and meetings. .

R. the NFIR took birth and treaded through the travesty of Railway Labour Movement and consolidated the unity among Railwaymen.2. About. who believed in Gandhian ideals of constructive Trade Unionism. The ‘National Federation of Indian Railwaymen’ (NFIR).NFIR’s Central Office at New Delhi is thrust upon tremendous volume of work during this decade. However. . Mission.F. And there are also 17 Unions affiliated to National Federation of Indian Railwaymen.On the day of 16 th May. the Office with available infrastructure has been successful in handling the increased workload with good efforts.M.F. 1953. This is due to the fact that the number of new affiliated Unions has increased consequent upon creation of New Zones. The volume of work dealt by the Central Office has sizeably increased and the staff needed to attend to this voluminous work is proportionately less.U). The Union of the North-East Indian Railway is known as the ‘North-East Frontier Railway Mazdoor Union’ (N.U). This was possible only through the sacrifices and relentless efforts put forth during those times by the legendary stalwarts and leaders. Description.E. The Union of the NorthEast Indian Railway is known as the ‘North-East Frontier Railway Employee’s Union’ (N.National Federation of Indian Railwaymen (NFIR) is affiliated to Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC) and International Transport workers Federation (ITF).R. Unions affiliated under AIRF & NFIR: There are 17 Unions affiliated to All India Railwaymen’s Federation.

it can be certainly culminated that trade unions are formed for the purpose of regulating the relations between the working class people & the managing group. Hence. for education. To conclude with the words of Clarence Seward Darrow. The Indian Railway Trade Union has also been successful enough to prove the benefits of trade union by fulfilling all the conditions of an ideal union system. for the betterment of the race. The primary goal of this project was to learn about the trade union practices in one of the largest industry in the world & in our country.Conclusion. who quoted. for the developing of character in man. India. “With all their faults. They have done more for decency. and also for the smooth running of any organization. for honesty. trade unions have done more for humanity than any other organization of men that ever existed. than any other association of men.” .