Current and Future Trends of Renewable Energy in the Telecommunications Sector
Ravi Krishnaswamy Vice President Energy Practice Frost & Sullivan
Global Mega Trends Convergence of Industries – Energy and Telecom Telecom Power Consumption – Current Status Renewable Energy Technology Trends Key Restraints and Drivers for Adoption of Renewable in Telecom Regional Analysis – Europe, Asia Pacific Case Study: India The Road Ahead
Global Mega Trends
Impact of Mega Trends on Key Organizational Functions
Mega Trends are global, sustained and macroeconomic forces of development that impact business, economy, society, cultures and personal lives, thereby defining our future world and its increasing pace of change
R&D Budget Spending
Product Planning & Development
Top Global Mega Trends
New Business Models
Innovating to Zero
Health. Wellness and Ageing
. Name of the Game
Energy & Power Industry
• T&D Technology • Power Electronics • Renewable Energy • Integrated Distribution Management • Substation Automation • AMI-Enabled Metering
Telecom and Energy Sectors are a perfect match for sustainable growth
Information and Communication Industry • IP Networks
• Digital Technology • Analysis Software • Wireless Communication • Technology Integration • Network Security
Automation • Demand-Side Management • Connectivity of devices • Monitoring and Sensing • Smart Grid Integration
Automation & Building Technology Industry
Source: Frost & Sullivan.Convergence.
Hydrogen & Fuel Cells
Energy Management Solar
Clean Coal Technologies
.Top 10 Energy Technologies to Watch for in 2020
Annual Power and Energy Outlook: Top 10 Technologies through 2020
Energy Storage Waste-to-energy Smart Grid & Super Grid
Top 10 Technologies of the Future
Following are key technology platforms that are poised to have a profound impact on a number of sectors across the globe. These areas present a potential high ROI.
0 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030
Source: BP Statistical Review of World Energy
50.Renewable Energy consumption by 2020
Africa LA ME
Clean Energy Consumption by Region
300.0 MTOE 150.0
Mobile Telecom Network: An Introduction
Who uses the power
• Annual Telecom Energy Consumption is 4% of the global energy consumption Is equivalent to 250 m tons of CO2 Which is equivalent to 50 million automobiles!! Clearly the onus is on the Power Consumption: Fixed Line operator
Operator OPEX Consumer Operator OPEX
Power Consumption: Mobile Network
Technologies and Power Consumption
Source: IEEE Paper
Contamination Mobile N/w
Data Centers & Others
Power among top 3 OPEX items for most telecom operators
.Power Consumption: Mobile Network – Where?
Issues with current power source
Base Station Volatile Oil Prices Maintenance Costs Logistical Costs Practical Issues: Theft.
Current Power Supply Sources
Satellites is the only part of the telecom value chain using completely green energy!
Why the urgency to move to a sustainable source?
Mobile data traffic to increase twelve fold in India by 2020 this means more GHG emissions unless it is powered by renewable
Mobile Internet – Explosive Growth
Sustainable Business for Telcos. Unsustainable for Environment!!
.Energy Efficiency. Grid Integrated or Off grid applications Off Grid Stand alone applications
Smart Energy.Renewable Energy in Telecom – What are the options?
Solar Energy Wind Energy Fuel Cells Hybrid Systems Biodiesel Biomass Biogas Geothermal Mini Hydro
Community. Free Cooling etc.
/Product Technology/ Maturity Product Decline
Biomass Power Geothermal Power
Source: Frost & Sullivan
Note: This is an indicative graphical depiction of the various renewable energy technologies and their maturity stage./Product Development
Tech.Renewable Energy technologies are reaching a maturity stage
Technology Development Stage Applied R&D Tech.
polymer solar cells.
. copper indium diselenide) Third generation PV cells (organic solar cells. ribbon silicon) Second generation PV cells (amorphous silicon. and dye-sensitized solar cells) Concentrator PV
Source: Frost & Sullivan analysis.Solar Technologies
Photo voltaic is the most suited and fast adopted technology for telecom sector
First Generation PV Cells
• • •
Linear Fresnel systems Power tower Dish concentrators
First generation PV cells (monocrystalline silicon. cadmium telluride. nanocrystalline cells. polymer hybrid solar cells. polyor multicrystalline silicon. hybrid cells.
• The global PV market is expected to continue to grow at a CAGR of 25.50 50 .10 10 0.Solar Cumulative Installed Capacity Forecast by Region
200.000 80. • PV solar installation growth rate is likely to decrease in Europe in the short term due to lower deployment of PV panels in Spain and Germany.30 30 .0 0
North America Asia-Pacific Asia Pacific
Europe Rest of World Rest-of-World
Cumulative Installed Capacity Growth Rate (%)
Note: All figures are rounded.000 120.461MW in 2017.40 40 .000 180.000 100.
Cumulative Installed Capacity Growth Rate (%)
Cumulative Installed Capacity (MW)
.000 20.000 140.000 0
. reaching 188. the two main markets for solar power in Europe.20 20 . Source: Frost & Sullivan analysis.000 160.0 percent from 2010 to 2017.80 80 . the base year is 2010.70 70 .000 40.60 60 .
0) (25. Module prices are likely to decline at a CAGR of 9.0) Year 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Note: All figures are rounded. making solar energy more affordable.Solar Price Analysis
A decline in solar module installation cost augurs well for remote telecom applications
5.0) (10.0 (5.7 percent from 2010 to 2017.0 Growth Rate (%) 0.
It is anticipated that solar module prices will continue to decline at a lower rate during the forecast period due to economies of scale and technological improvements.0) (15. Source: Frost & Sullivan analysis.0) (20. the base year is 2010.
Among the entire gamut of renewables. wind energy is the most mature of them all. wind energy also benefits the rural population by providing an additional source of income to farmers who installed such electricity generating devices on their farms.
Types of Wind Turbines Roof Mounted Horizontal Axis Vertical Axis
. Apart from the environmental benefits. Wind energy dates back several centuries unlike the other renewables such as solar. biomass and geothermal which have evolved only in the past few decades.
Global Wind Capacity Forecasts
2008 496.0 Installed Capacity (kW)
20.103.9 14.0 6.0
2015 1.0 15.421.2 1.490.0 9. the base year is 2009.8 16.9 13.0
15.8 17.000.000.534.0 11.660.3 15.1%
Note: All figures are rounded.488.6
CAGR (2009-2016): 16.Onshore Small Wind Turbine Installed Capacity in Asia – Telecom is part of this application
Installed Capacity (kW) Installed Capacity Growth Rate (%)
0.338.000. Source: Frost & Sullivan
Installed Capacity Growth Rate (%)
Annual Additional Capacity (kW) Total Installed Capacity (kW) Installed Capacity Growth Rate (%)
1.9 16.077.5 3.630.674.998.0
4.8 1.0 7.5 4.2 13.0
Typical sources of biomass include agricultural residues such as rice hulls. Examples of biomass fuels include liquid and gel fuels including oil and alcohol and pelletized biomass for gasification and combustion. Originally biomass was used directly for energy production but technology improvements have resulted in an alternate pathway for processing into fuels. straw.
Biomass Feedstock For Energy Production
• • • • • • • Wood Wood Waste Sawdust Wood Scrap Black Liquor Switch Grass Willow
• Agricultural Residue • Municipal Waste • Manufacturing Process Waste
• Corn • Sugar
. bagasse from sugarcane.Biomass – Can it be used for Telecom?
Biomass consists of plant and plant-derived material. wood chips and coconut shells and energy crops such as sugarcane or switchgrass.
What is Impeding Adoption of Renewable in Telecom – Key Restraints
Very High CAPEX
Need for backup energy storage
Limited Limited awareness Awareness
Key Drivers for Adoption of Renewable in Telecom
Carbon Credit Benefits
Low maintenance Reliable Energy
Branding Regulatory Requirements Low OPEX
8 m savings • Interxion Belgium opts for 100% green energy • Flexenclosure’s E-Site can save 90% diesel savings
.Renewable Adoption in Telecom – Europe leads the Way
• European Union’s WEEE Directive • British Telecom sources all its requirement from renewable in UK • Telefonica Germany’s GSMA Project estimated €1.
Renewable Adoption in Asia Pacific
-BT & Vodafone set 50% Energy Reduction Goals -Nortel & Huawei active on Green Initiative
-Globe Telecom Goes green with US$700m investment in Network Moderinzation -Estimates 60% OPEX savings
Hutchison Telecom deploys Fuel cells in Indonesia
-Govt. issues green Directives for Telecom -Bharti Telecom & Tata Communications Forerunners on Green Telecom
-Govt. set targets to reduce CO2 to half -Green Telecom Research Center with Bell Labs
110m OPEX • By 2015.5 KWhr per day.1KW Wind Turbine generates 3KWhr per day.26000m .g.54.8b Litres of Diesel used . Wind Energy: . • Converted more than 30% Energy in Chennai to Renewable • Saved Rs.Minimum required for generation 4.5th Largest Wind Energy Producer .5m/s .2300-3200 sunshine hours a year .Exploit Govt.60% Energy reqmt by Fossil Fuel . 75% Towers & 33% Urban on Hybrid Energy • Universal Services Obligation Fund to support CAPEX • • • •
Rural Electrification Unreliable Power High OPEX Unsatisfatory Service
. Tata Comm acquired stake in Green Energy Co.National average wind speed 5-6m/s .India: Renewable Telecom Initiatives
400K mobile towers .1KW Solar Photovoltaic generates 3. subsidies causing loss of Rs. 50% Towers & 20% Urban on Hybrid Energy • By 2020.70% in Rural & Semi Urban .1.Emits 13m tonnes CO2 Regulations Solar Energy: . Result
• Expedited Energy Conversion process • E.National Annual Average 5KWh/sqm .
Case Study: Bharti InfraTel
• India’s Largest and World’s Fifth Telecom Tower Infrastructure providers • Owns 33000 of India’s 400.000 towers • 9000 off-grid Rural Towers(18% of total off-grid in India) • 1350 Sites on Solar Hybrid
• Green Towers P7 Initiative (Aim reduce diesel usage & carbon emissions) • Scope to cover 70% of its towers
• Estimated to Reduce Diesel Consumption by 58.17 m litres per year • CO2 by 154000 tonnes per year • Operating Cost by 25% at individual sites
Way Forward – Telecom Power Systems can be integrated into a microgrid architecture
Power Source Automation Transmission and Distribution Automation
Distributed Generation (DG)
Diesel/Gas Biomass Solar Wind
Microgrid Control Center
Energy Management Systems
Lead Acid Batteries Flywheels Fuel cells or Flow batteries Sodium Sulfur and etc
Source: Frost & Sullivan analysis. 30
Emerging Trends of Green Technologies in Telecom
• Green Touch: International Consortium which includes Bell Labs. 31
. Freescale Semiconductors etc. WSL. • Target to increase Network Efficiency by 1000 times
• Renewable Energy with Lithium Ion Batteries forms the basis for power supply • Integrated with a wider smart grid or micro grid • Switching elements off during low demand situations • Optical bypass could save 45% energy
• Helps reduce noise and emission levels • Better energy security
Source: Frost & Sullivan analysis.
Thank You Q&A
Ravi Krishnaswamy email@example.com