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Chapter 2: Ethical Implications of the Ethnic Text in Multicultural Communication Studies Short-Answer Questions

1. Define the following terms: a. Multicultural discursive community Results from interplay between a cultures values and philosophies and those of societys at large as they play out in language. b. Reflexive rhetorical turn Focuses on the multicultural communication process; language and its impact. c. Ethnic Text Language choices made to identify, define, interpret, and conclude, thus building perceptions. d. Ethnicity Ones cultural identity defined in shared traits and customs. 2. Answer the following questions: (Objective type) a. Distinguish between the terms: multicultural, ethics and ethnic text. Multicultural describes all the contexts within which communication can take place between cultures. Ethics focuses on the importance of the moral choices and responsibilities we make in communication. Ethnic text refers to the language used to identify, define, interpret, and conclude in multicultural research. b. What is meant by the term leap beyond the page? Understanding the meaning of the text in the context of the reader, the natural and the social world. c. What are the two themes running through the various definitions of ethnic? i. ii. Marginalization Comparison followed by value judgement.

d. Highlight any three limits of Comparative Knowledge or standard reference frame. i. ii. iii. Rejected data Generalization Value judgements

e. Give at least one general implication for multicultural researchers/critics. Revisioning our role in the research process we need to see ourselves more as participants in the co-construction of meaning and less as autonomous experts seeking generalizable laws to explain groups with great diversity.

Essay-type Questions

1. Write short notes on the following: (choose any two) a. Ethnic as heathen or pagan b. Ethnic as empirically inferior (p. 29): This meaning came about during the age of enlightenment which marked the shift from pietism to scientism. Ethnicity was defined on the basis of observable and verifiable physical traits. Charles Davenport skin color directly correlated to superiority; the lighter the color the more superior the individual. Arthur de Gobineau superior races were those more prone toward civilization. He defined civilized as those compelled by war or peaceful measures to pull their neighbours into their sphere of influence. Gobineau scientifically rank-ordered the superior, civilized races according to skin color, with the ethnics, or dark-skinned, relegated to the most inferior positions. Edward Alsworth Ross, to the practiced eye, the physical features of certain groups proclaim inferiority of particularly the hirsute, low-browed, big-faced persons of obviously low mentality c. Ethnic as people of color d. Research as Dialogue e. Ethnic imperatives for multicultural studies.


Chapter 6: Thinking Dialectically about Culture and Communication

Short-Answer Questions

1. Define the following terms: a. Paradigm b. Interpretivism c. Liberal Pluralism d. Dialectical relational shifts 2. Answer the following questions: (Objective type) a. What are the important Metatheoretical differences in culture and communication studies? b. Explain briefly two dimension for differentiating Metatheoretical assumptions of sociological research as proposed by Burrell and Morgan. c. Distinguish between objective dimension and subjective dimension. d. List the main assumptions of Functionalist or Interpretive paradigm. e. What are the common features of Critical Humanist and Critical Structuralist paradigm? f. What are the four positions a researcher in culture and communication will take that can challenge their way of thinking? g. List down the six similar dialectics that seem to operate interdependently in intercultural interactions. Essay-type Questions 1. Discuss which one of the paradigms proposed by Burrell and Morgan best applies to your proposed research topic of study (from the last class in Research Methods in Communication) and which dialectical approach will best explain the intercultural interactions in outlined in your study.

Chapter 7: Language and Words: Communication in the Analects of Confucius Short-Answer Questions 1. Define the following terms: a. Confucianism b. High-context communication c. Basic stuff (chih) d. Analects

2. Answer the following questions: (Objective type) a. What are the key elements of Confucianism? b. List down the four characteristics of East Asian communication patterns. c. Give at least two evidences of research that connect Confucianism to collectivism. d. As a seeker of moral perfection, why do you think Confucius avoids plausible words? e. What is meant by Confucius statement, He who does not know words, cannot know men? f. Give any two benefits of using the book, Book of Odes as an important teaching resource. g. What is the definition of a superior man given by Confucius? Essay-type Questions (Choose any one) 1. Elaborate on how moral character is reflected in the individuals words as explained by Confucius in the Analects and provide your own views on that. 2. Beautiful words lacking substance are blameworthy Discuss this statement put forth by Confucius. 3. Explain the four important points that clarify the Confucian view of word-action correspondence. To what extent do you agree or disagree with them? 4. Although in many cultures, frankness is considered as an expression of sincerity, Confucius contended that frankness without rules of propriety will lead to rudeness. Give

a critique on Confucius contention on speaking within the rules of propriety as it relates to your own culture. You can provide examples to explain your points of view. 5. What are the problems of current interpretations of the Analects as highlighted by the author of Chapter 7?

Chapter 8: Ubuntu in South Africa: A Sociolinguistic Perspective to a Pan-African Concept

Short-Answer Questions 1. Define the following terms: a. Caritas b. Humanness c. Ciluba proverbs d. Organic solidarity Essay-type Questions (Choose any one) 1. Ubuntu is a value system against whose values the members of a community measures their humanness. Elaborate this statement in the context of the different definitions provided in the literature. 2. Explain the concept of Ubuntu as communalism in Africa (provide examples). How do you view this concept in the Caribbean context or more specifically in Trinidad and Tobago? 3. Discuss your views on Ubuntu as (a) the business sector or (b) in other cultures.