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A ratchet is a device that allows continuous linear or rotary motion in only one direction while preventing motion in the

opposite direction. Because most socket wrenches today use ratcheting handles, the term "ratchet" alone is often used to refer to a ratcheting wrench, and the terms ."ratchet" and "socket" are closely associated in many users' minds Both the drums are provided with individual clutch, brake and ratchet & pawl linked via handle .provided near the operator seat powered by Diesel Engine / Electric Motor A ratchet consists of a round gear (see Figure 1) or linear rack with teeth, and a pivoting, springloaded finger called a pawl (or click[1]) that engages the teeth. The teeth are uniform but asymmetrical, with each tooth having a moderate slope on one edge and a much steeper slope on .the other edge When the teeth are moving in the unrestricted (i.e., forward) direction (see Figure 2), the pawl easily slides up and over the gently sloped edges of the teeth, with a spring forcing it (often with an audible 'click') into the depression between the teeth as it passes the tip of each tooth. When the teeth move in the opposite (backward) direction, however, the pawl will catch against the steeply sloped edge of the first tooth it encounters, thereby locking it against the tooth and preventing any further motion in that direction winch mechanism that is capable of sustained, heavy load operation comprises a frame, a ratchet, and a pawl for cooperative engagement with a pinion and a drum gear. The frame includes a plurality of apertures positioned proximate to the pawl axle, one aperture for each mode of operation of the winch mechanism. Pawl position relative to the pinion is defined by the position of a ratchet plug and the apertures in the frame. The winch mechanism includes a forward-engaged mode, a reverse-engaged mode, and a free-spooling mode. A wave washer urges the ratchet plug into one of the apertures once the ratchet mode is determined (Ratchet & Pawl Brake System (RPBS Functional Description he Ratchet & Pawl Brake System (RPBS) is a combination of a manually operated holding Pawl/Ratchet & a semi-automated brake motor. The following document is a Functional Description .of the brake & holding components & how these interface with the hoist drum

Crane motions are performed by main hoist unit, whip hoist unit, slewing unit and luffing unit. Hoisting / luffing winches consist of drum, reduction unit with high- strength internal planetary .gears, disc brake and axial piston motor with excellent performance Dynamic braking is performed hydraulically whilest the spring loaded multiple disc brakes serve as the holding brakes. Both brakes will engage immediately in the event of loss of power thus ensuring safety .The ratio of drum diameter to rope diameter is not less than 18:1, which prolongs wire rope life The crane is equipped with a luffing locking device. Locking is performed through a ratchet and .pawl system mounted on the luffing winch. The device can be controlled in the operator's cabin The slewing unit is driven by axial piston motors having excellent performance. The rotation of slewing platform and boom is performed through the direct mesh between the output pinion of high-

.strength planetary reduction gearbox and the inner or outer gear ring of slew ring bearing /