0 Literature Review

Information Communication Technology (ICT) is an umbrella term that includes any communication device or application such as radio, television, cellular phones, computer and network hardware and software, satellite systems and so on. Its provide several of services and applications that associated with them, such as videoconferencing and distance learning. ICTs are often spoken of in a particular context, such as ICTs in education, health care, or libraries. Mohd Nor et al. (2009, p.7) found the beginning of the Internet in the 80’s brings forth the advent of electronic learning mode in the Malaysian society at large. Electronic learning or eLearning began when the use of electronic medium material in the teaching and learning environment even before the introduction of the Internet.

In the digital age and globalization, information and communication technology development demands that changes be made on methods of teaching and learning. The latest developments witnessed a major catalyst of ICT as a tool to disseminate and store information and help students to build new knowledge (Lechner & Boli 2000).

One of the medium that had been used the ICT in the context of education is portal. A portal represents a web site that provides a single point of access to applications and information. From an end user perspective, a portal is a web site with pages that are organized by tabs or some other form of navigation. Each page contains a nesting of sub-pages, or one or more portlets. The individual windows that display anything from static HTML content to complex web services. A page can contain multiple portlets, giving users access to different information

A portal presents diverse content and applications to users through a consistent. In UiTM Student Portal. (Mohd et al. content. one of the systems that had been provided is i-Learn. p. provide the uniform resource location (URL) that user’s access. adding portlets of their choosing.. unified web-based interface. Users can also customize their view of a portal by adding their own pages. Portal administrators and users can customize portals.23)found that the i-Learn portal has been operating since December 30th 2005 in UiTM’s quest to incorporate e-Learning as an extended learning environment that support. complements and enriches face-to-face classroom teaching and learning. and changing the Look And Feel of the interface. which are called desktops in Web Logic Portal. Technically speaking. The portal supports the online delivery of course information. It means that. assessment and discussion as well as useful resources of reference for lecturers and students alike. These portal views. one of the key features available in i-Learn is the Course Information Tool.and tools in a single place. This tool is useful for communicating the course plans and expectations to the students. Each portal is associated with a web application that contains all of the resources required to run portals on the web. assisting in setting the initial tone and expectation for the course and helping students assess their readiness for the course. a portal is a container of resources and functionality that can be made available to end users. .2007. In order to establish an early point of contact and connection between the students and the lecturer. and content can be presented based on user preferences or rule-based personalization.

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