How to conduct Poverty, Social and Gender Analysis for Transport

JEFF TURNER Consultant

Gender and Social Inclusive Transport Workshop
24-25 May 2012 ADB HQ Manila

The views expressed in this paper are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. The countries listed in this paper do not imply any view on ADB's part as to sovereignty or independent status or necessarily conform to ADB's terminology.

Data gathering for social and gender analysis
• Transport questions for social and gender analysis could include:
• How do people access certain key services and opportunities? • How do this access differ for different social groups? Times of day? Seasons across the year?

Data gathering for social and gender analysis
• Where are the transport services and how does these connect together? • How much do people spend on travel? How does this differ between social groups? Who gets priority for the resources to travel within households • What challenges around safety and security do people face using transport services and how this differ by social group? How does these challenges differ across times of day and year? • How do people perceive different ways of travel?

Data gathering for gender analysis

Children’s mobility and solutions
• Engineering of the physical environment to provide children with safe routes to school • The walking bus complements this policy • Development of child centred participatory planning capability

Rio de Janeiro: the gondola opens up the favela
• Rio de Janeiro is undertaking massive construction projects to redistribute benefits of growth. • The Teleferico de Alemao is a gondola system linking the slum of Alemao to the rest of the city. • It provides better access to leisure and job opportunities for residents who were previously isolated and excluded. • The gondola program also connects to social programs to build community cohesion and social capital.

Harassment in Urban TransportCase of Jakarta and Cairo
• Sexual harassment on urban public transport is frequently reported in transport research • Often a taboo subject amongst professionals • Women may not have the social space to complain • Technologies enable participatory monitoring of this experience

Shanti Colony Walking Audit
• An NGO in Chennai is supporting community involvement in planning decisions • A land-use and density map has been made through volunteers posted on the web • A walking audit is being undertaken to document the condition of sidewalks including toilets

UN Habitat Accessibility Tool – Manila Pilot
• Rapid assessment tool to capture experience of access for low-income communities
• Using GPS trackers to measure supply and spatial distribution of activities • Qualitative approaches to capture experience of mobility, personal security, affordability and scheduling • Can be used by communities and civil society

User Group Protocols and Audits
• Audits may provide a participative, end-user friendly planning path • Consulting women on what facilities would enhance their experiences of safety and security both creates the data necessary for planning and provides a sense of ownership and confidence to negotiate. • All of these are innovative and successful practices which contribute towards providing a safe environment in which women can move without danger or without the perception of danger.

User Group Planning Protocols
• Development of measurement and planning tools around social sustainability and transport • Greater focus put on developing pro-poor, low cost infrastructure improvements to enable co-modality. • Social sustainability of transport systems is a framework useful for contemporary planning environment with significant potential. • New information communication technologies have a very important part to play in improving access to services • They can also assist in allowing greater popular participation.

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