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Analyzing Social & Gender Issues and Informing Designs in ADB Transport Projects

Gender & Socially Inclusive Transport Workshop 25 May 2012, Manila

Sonomi Tanaka Principal Social Development Specialist (Gender & Development) RSGS
The views expressed in this paper are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. The countries listed in this paper do not imply any view on ADB's part as to sovereignty or independent status or necessarily conform to ADB's terminology.

Social/Gender Analysis and ADB Project Processing Cycle

IPSA (Concept Paper)
Preparing the design of the Poverty and Social Analysis


Data collection, analysis, and inclusive design

Documentation (RRP) Project Appraisal and Approval

Mapping design features into RRP and related documents

PSA (including gender analysis)

Beneficiaries Accessibility To basic social services and work Travel patterns, mobility, transport means by group Affordability Acceptability & user friendliness Gender & socially inclusive designs Safety and security Employment opportunities (direct) Safeguards & social risks Capacity of Service delivery agents Beneficiaries

Project Design Entry Points Gender-Inclusive Project Designs

Accessibility Selection criteria for roads sections and urban transport Affordability - Tariff policy, cost recovery schemes Acceptability Physical designs (universal access in vehicle designs, Employment
women-only carriages, separate waiting spaces, side walks, street lights); service schedules services

Labor based technique for employment generation and target for women Training of community members on community mobilization and skilled labor training (e.g., road construction societies, savings) Income generation along with market points to enhance women's capacity to capture opportunities for marketing and mobility Women as drivers, ticketing agents, etc.


Gender equal training opportunities for project staff Training for women and the poor on skills and participation in decisionmaking

PSA Tools and Methods

Literature survey (eg, CGA) Socioeconomic surveys Collecting sex-disaggregated data to set targets Participatory methods (eg FGD, public audits) poor womens participation! Use of low-cost ICT


Social/Gender Design Tools in RRP

SPRSS and Plans
Gender Action Plan (GAP); C&P Plan; labor retrenchment plan; Resettlement Plan; Indigenous Peoples Development Plan

Integrated design elements Separate component or program e.g. HIV Design & Monitoring Framework Budget (PAM) Consultants, contracts, and procurement (PAM) Implementation arrangement & schedule (PAM) Covenant (Loan Agreement)

Gender Action Plan

Gender Mainstreaming Tool

Mirror images of the project outputs Targets Gender design features Time-bound actions Monitoring indicators Budget allocation

Gender Action Plan - Covenanted