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Gender & Socially Inclusive Transport Workshop 25 May 2012, Manila
Sonomi Tanaka Principal Social Development Specialist (Gender & Development) RSGS
The views expressed in this paper are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. The countries listed in this paper do not imply any view on ADB's part as to sovereignty or independent status or necessarily conform to ADB's terminology.
Social/Gender Analysis and ADB Project Processing Cycle
IPSA (Concept Paper)
Preparing the design of the Poverty and Social Analysis
Data collection, analysis, and inclusive design
Documentation (RRP) Project Appraisal and Approval
Mapping design features into RRP and related documents
PSA (including gender analysis)
• Beneficiaries • Accessibility – To basic social services and work – Travel patterns, mobility, transport means by group • Affordability • Acceptability & user friendliness – Gender & socially inclusive designs – Safety and security • Employment opportunities (direct) • Safeguards & social risks • Capacity of – Service delivery agents – Beneficiaries
Project Design Entry Points Gender-Inclusive Project Designs
Accessibility – Selection criteria for roads sections and urban transport Affordability - Tariff policy, cost recovery schemes Acceptability – Physical designs (universal access in vehicle designs, Employment
women-only carriages, separate waiting spaces, side walks, street lights); service schedules services
• Labor based technique for employment generation and target for women • Training of community members on community mobilization and skilled labor training (e.g., road construction societies, savings) • Income generation along with market points to enhance women's capacity to capture opportunities for marketing and mobility • Women as drivers, ticketing agents, etc.
• Gender equal training opportunities for project staff • Training for women and the poor on skills and participation in decisionmaking
PSA Tools and Methods
• • • • Literature survey (eg, CGA) Socioeconomic surveys Collecting sex-disaggregated data to set targets Participatory methods (eg FGD, public audits) – poor women’s participation! • Use of low-cost ICT
CONSULTANT TOR CRUCIAL!!
Social/Gender Design Tools in RRP
• SPRSS and Plans
– Gender Action Plan (GAP); C&P Plan; labor retrenchment plan; Resettlement Plan; Indigenous Peoples Development Plan
• • • • • • •
Integrated design elements Separate component or program – e.g. HIV Design & Monitoring Framework Budget (PAM) Consultants, contracts, and procurement (PAM) Implementation arrangement & schedule (PAM) Covenant (Loan Agreement)
Gender Action Plan
• Gender Mainstreaming Tool
• • • •
Mirror images of the project outputs Targets Gender design features Time-bound actions Monitoring indicators Budget allocation
• Gender Action Plan - Covenanted