Cairo University Faculty of Engineering

Exhaust Process

Name : Sec. :

Mohamed Mamdouh Abd-El-Latif

(89)

second year

Submitted to : Dr.

Badeaa

…………………………………… 2 ……………………………………………………………………. 2 ………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………. 2 ………………………………………………………….Table of contents : Exhaust Process Actual Exhaust Stroke i. ... 4 …………………………………………………………………………………5 . 2 …………………………………………………….. 4 Exhaust Blowdown Exhaust Manifold Gas Temperature Residual Gas Refrences …………………………………………………………………….. ……………………………………………………... 2 Blowdown Displacement : ii.

# Exhaust Process  In the Otto and Diesel cycles the exhaust process is modeled as constant volume heat extraction. it does not consider the actual gas flow. so the cylinder gas flows out through the exhaust valve and the pressure drops to Pe. # Actual Exhaust Stroke (4 to 6)  The actual exhaust process consists of two phases: i) Blowdown ii) Displacement i)  Blowdown : At the end of the power stroke when the exhaust valve opens the cylinder pressure is much higher than the exhaust manifold pressure which is typically at 1 atm (P4 > Pe). # Exhaust Blowdown  During blowdown the gas remaining in the cylinder undergoes expansion which can be modelled as isentropic (neglecting heat transfer) . ii)  Displacement : Remaining gas is pushed out of the cylinder by the piston moving to TC.

 • State 5 at the end of blowdown is a fictitious state corresponding to no actual piston location. .

 Fluid leaving the cylinder earliest has higher velocity so temperature higher when it stagnates in the manifold (T7a > T7b > T7c). .  The Residual gas fraction f is defined as the ratio of the mass of residual gas to the mass of the fuel-air (assume ideal gas Pv = RT). called the residual gas.# Exhaust Manifold Gas Temperature (T7)  The gas leaving the cylinder during blowdown has kinetic energy which is converted into thermal energy when the exhaust gas comes to rest in the exhaust gas manifold . # Residual Gas  The gas remaining in the clearance volume when the piston reaches TC (pt 6) after displacement. gas temperature in the exhaust manifold is higher than T5. mixes with intake gas (fuel-air for SI and air for CI).  The residual gas temperature T6 is equal to T5.

Refrence:  www.wikipedia.org  Engineering Fundamentals Of The Internal Combustion Engine .

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