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AS 18531983

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Australian Standard
Automatic oil and gas burnersMechanical draught
[Title allocated by Defence Cataloguing Authority: BURNER: GAS AND OIL (Automatic, Industrial or Commercial) ... NSC 4530]

This Australian standard was prepared by Committee ME/21, Industrial Fuel-fired Equipment. It was approved on behalf of the Council of the Standards Association of Australia on 27 June 1983 and published on 5 September 1983.

The following interests are represented on Committee ME/21: Australian Gas Association Australian Institute of Energy
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Australian Institute of Petroleum Limited Bureau of Steel Manufacturers of Australia Confederation of Australian Industry Department of Labour and Industry, Victoria Department of Mines and Energy, Northern Territory Department of Transport and Construction Heating and Cooling Industry Association of Victoria Insurance Council of Australia Metal Trades Industry Association of Australia Metropolitan Fire Brigades Board, Melbourne University of Melbourne

Review of Australian Standards. To keep abreast of progress in industry, Australian Standards are subject to periodic review and are kept up to date by the issue of amendments or new editi ons as necessary. It is important therefore that Standards users ensure that they are in possession of the latest edit ion, and any amendments thereto. Full detail s of all Australian Standards and related publi cati ons wil l be found in the Standards Australi a Catalogue of Publi cati ons; this informati on is supplemented each month by the magazine The Australi an Standard, which subscribing members receive, and which gives details of new publi cati ons, new edit ions and amendments, and of withdrawn Standards. Suggesti ons for improvements to Australian Standards, addressed to the head offi ce of Standards Australi a, are welcomed. Notif ication of any inaccuracy or ambiguit y found in an Australi an Standard should be made without delay in order that the matter may be investigated and appropriate action taken.

This Standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 82112.

AS 18531983

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Australian Standard
Automatic oil and gas burnersMechanical draught

First publi shed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Second editi on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1976 1983

PUBLISHED BY STANDARDS AUSTRALIA (STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA) 1 THE CRESCENT, HOMEBUSH, NSW 2140
ISBN 0 7262 3102 9

AS 18531983

PREFACE
This edition of this standard was prepared by the Associations Committee on Industrial Fuel-fired Equipment to supersede AS 18531976, Rules for the Design and Construction of Single Automatic Oil and Gas Burners and Their Application to Boilers. The reference standard used by earlier boiler codes had been a section of AS CB5 which gave basic rules for oil-firing. This was replaced in 1973 by AS 1375, SAA Industrial Fuel Fired Appliances Code, which became the basic standard for the entire range of industrial oil-fired or gas-fired equipment. While that standard covered the general case very well, of necessity it dealt with broad principles; therefore, it was decided that a specialist standard was needed, to detail the specific requirements for burner systems on small and medium boilers of the type that usually operate automatically. It was found as drafting proceeded, that the resulting standard fell naturally into two parts, one being a technical specification for automatic burners which would incorporate the best technology currently available, the second being how to apply such a burner to the boilers in question. It was recognized at the time that the automatic burner being described was suitable for a wider field of applications than boilers, but time did not permit the possibilities to be explored and developed, so AS 1851976 had a basic orientation towards boilers. Subsequently an additional need arose for a control system having a higher level of sophistication, to cater for a class of boilers that had beome known as unattended. This development caused a reassessment of subject boundaries and committee responsibilities, with the result that the two subjects of an automatic burner specification on the one hand and boiler management and control systems on the other were separated, the former to remain with the Committee on Industrial Fuel-fired Equipment, the latter being transferred to the Committee on Boilers and Unfired Pressure Vessels. Thus, this edition is purely a specification for a high quality automatic burner for industrial use, be it for a boiler, furnace, oven or any similar combustion application. In effect, it describes how the basic burner control functions prescribed in AS 1375 may be carried out automatically. Amongst other things, it requires of the burner an ability to accept certain control or shutdown signals from the appliance to which it is attached, but the manner in which those signals are generated by the appliance or boiler is a matter for other standards. This standard has no legal authority in its own right, but may acquire legal standing in one or more of the following circumstances: (a) Adoption by a Statutory Authority having jurisdiction. (b) Adoption by a purchaser as a required standard of construction when placing a contract. (c) Adoption when a supplier or contractor states that equipment is in accordance with it. Adoption by a Statutory Authority would probably occur indirectly, e.g. it might be referred to by AS 1375 or by AS 1200, SAA Boiler Code, each of which would itself be adopted directly by an Authority. In any case, the standard may need to be read in conjunction with, but will not take a precedence over, any statutory regulations that may be applicable in the area of installation.

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Copyri ght STANDARDS AUSTRALIA Users of Standards are reminded that copyri ght subsists in all Standards Australi a publications and soft ware. Except where the Copyri ght Act all ows and except where provided for below no publications or software produced by Standards Austr alia may be reproduced, stored in a retri eval system in any form or transmitt ed by any means without pri or permission in wri ti ng fr om Standards Australi a. Permission may be conditi onal on an appropriate royalt y payment. Requests for permission and information on commercial soft ware royalti es should be dir ected to the head off ice of Standards Australi a. Standards Australi a wil l permit up to 10 percent of the technical content pages of a Standard to be copied for use exclusively in-house by purchasers of the Standard without payment of a royalty or advice to Standards Austr alia. Standards Australi a wil l also permit the inclusion of its copyri ght material in computer soft ware programs for no royalt y payment provided such programs are used exclusively in-house by the creators of the programs. Care should be taken to ensure that material used is fr om the current editi on of the Standard and that it is updated whenever the Standard is amended or revised. The number and date of the Standard should therefore be clearly identif ied. The use of material in pri nt form or in computer soft ware programs to be used commercially, with or without payment, or in commercial contracts is subject to the payment of a royalty. This policy may be vari ed by Standards Austr alia at any ti me.

AS 18531983

CONTENTS
Page SECTION 1. SCOPE AND GENERAL 1.1 Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2 Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.3 New Designs and Innovations . 1.4 Interpretations . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5 Referenced Documents . . . . . 1.6 Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . ... ... ... . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... ... ... ... . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 4 4 4 4 4

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SECTION 2. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION 2.1 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2 Burner Management System . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3 Ignition System and Starting Provisions . . . 2.4 Air Supply and Control System . . . . . . . . 2.5 Combustion System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.6 Power-operated Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.7 Specific Requirements for Oil Systems . . . 2.8 Specific Requirements for Gas Systems . . . 2.9 Functional Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.10 Marking and Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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APPENDICES A Suitability of Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B Filtration of Oil Fuels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C Typical Layouts of Gas Supply and Control Systems D Typical Burner Firing Sequences . . . . . . . . . . . . . E Typical Layouts of Oil Supply and Control Systems F Burner Selection and Application Guide . . . . . . . . G Model Commissioning Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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AS 18531983

STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA Australian Standard for AUTOMATIC OIL AND GAS BURNERSMECHANICAL DRAUGHT SECTION 1. SCOPE AND GENERAL
1.1 SCOPE. This standard sets out requirements for the design, construction, and control functions of automatic burners which are (a) for use on equipment that is generally industrial or commercial in nature, i.e. boilers, ovens, furnaces, or the like; (b) for use with gas or liquid fuels, being either single fuel burners, or burners in which differing fuels may be burned either simultaneously or alternatively; (c) designed so that some or all of the air for combustion is provided by mechanical means, i.e. natural draught burners such as atmospheric gas burners or vaporizing oil burners are excluded; and (d) for use either as single burners or as part of a multiple burner installation.
NOTES: 1. Application standards such as AS 1375 set part icular condit ions for burners used in mult iple sets. 2. Although this standard is wri tt en on the basis of conventional oil and gas fuels, it is recognized that applications exist in which less common combusti ble materials need to be used as a fuel. This standard is intended to cover these applications, but it is necessary to pay part icular attention to the individual properti es of any such fuel, speciall y its eff ect on materials or personnel.

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1.3 NEW DESIGNS AND INNOVATIONS. Notwithstanding the specific requirements of this standard, any novel materials, designs, techniques, methods of assembly, etc, which give equivalent results to those specified may be considered for acceptability. Such cases should be referred to SAA Committee ME/21, Industrial Fuel-fired Equipment, for an opinion as to compliance with the spirit and intent of this standard. 1.4 INTERPRETATIONS. Questions concerning the meaning, application, or effect of any part of this standard may be referred to SAA Committee ME/21, Industrial Fuel-fired Equipment, for interpretation. The authority of this committee is limited to matters of interpretation, and it will not adjudicate in disputes. 1.5 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS. The following standards are referred to in this standard: AS 1200 AS 1375 AS 1940 BS 799 SAA Boiler Code SAA Industrial Fuel-fired Appliance Code SAA Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code

1.2 APPLICATION. This standard is intended for adoption by reference by another standard, or some person or authority, for specific nominated applications.
NOTES: 1. When a burner is applied to a parti cular appli ance, an interchange of signals between the management systems of burner and the appliance is necessary to ensure correct and safe operation in both normal and emergency condit ions. When reference is made to this standard, it should be understood that the burner management system can receive and act only on three types of command signal as foll ows: (a) normal automatic start up. (b) shut down and standby unti l a normal restart is requir ed or permit ted. (c) shut down and lockout. A need to initi ate burner shutdown can ari se fr om one of only two broad types of event, i.e. one that is normal or one that is abnormal. Whether normal or abnormal only two types of reaction are available, for each of which there is a provision to receive a signal. One will shut down to standby and permit restart when cleared to do so, and this signal might be generated by normal demand needs or by a mild i ncorrect conditi on or a precauti onary need. The other provision activates the shut down and lock out procedure, which may be part ial or total. It is therefore necessary to classify abnormal occurr ences on the appli ance according to whether lockout is justif ied, or normal restart is permitt ed when the abnormalit y has cleared. (See Clauses 1.6.28, 2.1.1(d) (ii i) (iv) and (v), 2.9.12, 2.9.13, and Appendix F, Paragraph F3(k).)

Oil Burning Equipment Part 3Automatic and Semi-automatic Atomizing Burners Up to 36 litres per hour and Associated Equipment Part 4 At om i z i n g B ur ne rs Ov er 36 litres/hour and Associated Equipment for Single and Multi-burner Installations 1.6 DEFINITIONS. For the purpose of this standard, the following definitions apply: 1.6.1 Approved, approvalwith the approval of, acceptable to, and complying with the prescribed standards of the Authority. 1.6.2 Authoritythe authority having statutory (legal) control in a particular circumstance. 1.6.3 Automatic burnera burner that once it has been initially put into commission is capable of providing all the necessary functions without the intervention of operating personnel. 1.6.4 Boileran appliance that is defined as a boiler in AS 1200. 1.6.5 Burner management systema system that controls the operation of a burner by flame supervision devices, limit devices and operational controls.

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AS 1853-1983, Automatic oil and gas burners Mechanical draught


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