EOE2505 Ship and Yacht Science

Agenda • The need for Rules and Regulations • The role of Classification Societies

Certification and Survey for Construction, Safety and Class

• Certification required • Types of Survey • Enforcement - the role of the MCA

Andrew Eccleston


Vessel Design, Construction and Maintenance “in class” • Design and Construction Rules

• Why have survey and construction regulations for Merchant Ships and Yachts? • If you were a passenger on a Cruise Liner, what sort of issues would concern you about the way the vessel was constructed and equipped? • If you were chartering a Yacht, what you be looking out for?

– Strength of the Vessel – Provision of adequate equipment – Reliability of machinery • Ensure that vessel is maintained – Surveys – Certificates


and to provide solutions geared to improving your business. • Timely identification of potential problems. enabling you to comply with classification Rules and international regulations.11/3/2008 Classification Societies • Lloyds Register – Founded 1760 – Oldest clasification Society • Others – Bureau Veritas (France) – Det Norske Veritas (Norway) – American Bureau of Shipping Classification Society Functions Design appraisal increase confidence in the future performance of your ship Build helps manage the risks associated with your new ship’s construction Operate classification of existing ships: manage your assets and help protect your business Marine Training Services helping you maintain competitive advantage and improve business performance Classification Society Surveys • To retain class with Lloyd’s Register – and as an integral part of the classification process – we require our surveyors to undertake periodical surveys. so that they can use their knowledge and experience to detect faults and defects. • Our annual. • They also provide a basis for maintaining effective asset management. intermediate and detailed five-year special surveys all provide a high degree of technical monitoring of hull and machinery. • Uses experience base to focus on critical areas improving confidence in ship condition. environmental and business performance. Benefits of Maintaining Class • Greater confidence in ship condition. • Flexible and customised solutions. • Potential to improve utilisation of ship. safety. 2 . • Our information systems help to ensure our surveying staff are aware of the critical areas.

estoniaferrydisaster.11/3/2008 Lloyds Classification Symbols mv “Estonia” Built under the supervision of a Lloyds Surveyor 100A1 Equipped with anchors and mooring equipment complying with Lloyds Rules Suitable for seagoing service Built in accordance with Lloyds Rules www.net Main Statutory Requirements • Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate • Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate • Load Line Certificate • Passenger Ship Safety Certificate 3 .

11/3/2008 Certification Requirements for British Ships Certification Requirements for Small Craft Ship Surveys • Statutory Government Surveys – currently carried out by MCA in UK – employed by the state Cargo Ship Surveys • Merchant Shipping (Cargo Ship Construction and Survey) Regulations 2000 • Merchant Shipping Notice 1751 • Types of Survey – Initial – Renewal – Periodical – Intermediate – Annual – Inspection of outside of ship’s bottom – Additional • Classification Society – fees paid directly by shipowner • Government often delegates surveying responsibility to Classification Society • Statutory and Class Surveys are often conducted simultaneously – number of different outcomes from one survey 4 .

depending on age of vessel • Structural condition – Corrosion – Damage – Deterioration • Areas surveyed – Shell plating – Stern frame – Rudder – Propellor and stern tube – All openings to the sea and valve arrangments Cargo Ship Surveys . cargo hold and deep tanks – Masts and rigging – Anchors and cables 5 .Bottom Survey • General condition • Watertight integrity • Scuppers and freeing ports • Guard rails and bulwarks • Gangways and lifelines • Machinery and boilers • Fire protection systems • Steering gear. plus: – X-ray.Additional Surveys • Special types of vessel have additional survey and certification requirements – Tankers – Liquid Gas Carriers – Chemical Tankers • Lloyds Registered ships have Special Surveys every 5 years • Surveys get progressively more stringent as ship gets older • All normal annual checks carried out. main and auxiliary • Freeboard/Load Line marks • Every 2-3 years.11/3/2008 Cargo Ship Surveys .Annual Survey Cargo Ship Surveys . ultrasonic.“Special” Surveys Cargo Ship Surveys . drill testing of welds and shell plating – Internal examination of tanks.

11/3/2008 Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate • Valid 5 years • Covers – Hull – Machinery – Equipment Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate • Valid 2 years • Life saving Equipment – boats. extinguishers etc. foam etc. – portable equipment: hoses. • Shows that vessel complies with – cargo ship construction and survey rules – applicable to the voayages on which she is engaged (eg may travel through ice areas) • Navigation Equipment • Light and sound signalling Equipment • Pilot boarding arrangements Passenger Ship Surveys • Passenger Ship Safety Certificate – SOLAS requirements – Valid 1 year – Surveyed and issued by MCA in UK – Vessel structure and machinery – Freeboard – Life-saving equipment – Communication systems 6 . rafts. launching arrangements – life jackets. life buoys • Fire Fighting Equipment – fixed systems: CO2.

mcga.lr.org • Maritime and Coastguard Agency www.uk 7 .gov.11/3/2008 Interesting websites • Lloyds Register www.

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