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08 December, 2007 /Dhul Hijjahl1428
An Internal Bi Monthly publication of Mahdi Muslim Community
P.o. Box 10706 - 00100, Nairobi. Tel: +254 - 2 - 6764548 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
HAJJ – An opportunity to
Mohammed Ole Sekenkei Saqib Louw Yusuf Umer Saumu Bakari Mohammed Abubakar Ramadhan Rajab Athman Farsi
regain the lost unity of the Muslim Ummah. By Farooq Khan
Hajj Editorial MMC interview Family life 1 2 2 3
“Allah has made the Kaaba, the sacred house, a place of standing up (qiyaaman linnasi (Al Quran 5:97) llah the Almighty blessed us with Islam a complete way of life - a which is founded upon six fundamental pillars, one of them is the Hajj. Each of the other pillars touch upon separate facets of a Muslim’s life; for instance prayers deal with spiritual contact with the Creator, Zakat and Khums deal with the economic aspect of one’s life, Fasting deals with the physical needs. Hajj is unique that it combines all these aspects in one seamless ritual. You need to have financial independence to be able to go for the Pilgrimage. You have to deny your body physical needs while in Ihram (the sacred garb). Mecca with its Holy Sanctuary is the focus of all spiritual devotions. It is an experience of a lifetime and deserves great sacrifices. The Almighty has therefore only enjoined it upon us once in our lifetime.
It is Devolution no matter what! 3 What is Majimbo and Devolution? 3
New findings puts evolution theory to question. 4 Scientist loses job for believing in creation 4
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It is instructive that our Holy Imams looked at Hajj beyond the mere ritual to its deeper meaning. Imam Sajjad (A.s.) asked his companion al-Shibli whether when he had performed Hajj and when he had recited the talbiya (“Labbaik Allahuma Labbaik”), was it recited with full knowledge and respect and had he heard the command of Allah and obeyed it as the prophet Abraham (A.s) had obeyed it? When he Al-Shibli had pelted the Jamarat (stone effigies representing the shayateen [devils]) with stones, whether he had in his mind the thought that those were evil and that he would henceforth avoid all wrong deeds; and that when he had offered the sacrifice had he also killed his selfishness? when the pilgrim replied “no...no…” to all his questions, the Imam ordered him to go and perform his Hajj again as he had not fulfilled the requirements of Hajj. Imam Ali (A.s) reminds us that when we go for Hajj we stand in the places where the prophets of God stood; and when we do the tawaf (circumbulation) round the Kaaba we resemble the angels around the Throne of the Almighty. Dr Ali Shariati in his book “Hajj” compares
the wuqoof (standing) in the ihram (white clothing) at Arafa to the day when we will be brought forth from our graves in white shrouds. The lesson we learn from all these is that one needs to be aware of the deeper significance of the Hajj before one e m barks on this journey of a lifetime. There is The Holy Kaaba in Mecca the of t quoted tradition of the Holy Prophet (SAWW) that “Take from me the rituals of Hajj” i.e. do what I did at Hajj. It has often been argued that this tradition points to the ritualistic aspects of Hajj and provided one performs those requirements, his Hajj has been fulfilled. But is that all that the Holy Prophet and the Imams did at Hajj? It is reported that the Holy Prophet in his farewell sermon at Hajj seated on his Camel Qaswa, reffered to the following amongst many other things: relationship between Muslims the social aspect, banning of usary - the economic aspects, appointment of his successor- the political aspect, women’s equal treatment - gender issues, the equality of black and white and fair treatment of slaves - human rights,and, family ( husband /wife) morality reproductive health. The whole sermon encompasses many lessons for humanity. His illustrious grandson, Imam Hussein (A.s), also used his speech, which he delivered at Mina for awakening the Ummah to the danger of corrupt leadership and the role of the scholars in society. The Imam used the Hajj time to make a political statement by leaving Mecca at a time when normally people would be heading towards it for Hajj. Hajj is a unique opportunity to network with Muslims and get first-hand information about their countries, particularly at this time when the international media exercises a selective policy on which news to report (anything negative on Islam) or to black out (anything against their interests) But the Almighty has called it an opportunity “to witness benefits for them” This could be extended to the realm of international trade and relations and cultural exchange and education opportunities and … and >> cont’d pg. 2
The Muslim 2007
… This would give true meaning to qiyaman linnasi. Indeed a truly unifying force.We are commanded to take from the Holy Prophet (SAWW) his way of Hajj - rituals and all; we must also take from him and his progeny the philosophy and the deeper meanings and purpose of Hajj. While strictly not part of Hajj, it is highly recommended that the pilgrim visit the resting place of the greatest benefactor of humanity, the Prophet Muhammad (SAWW) in Medina. There is a tradition, which states “Whoever visits me it is as if he had visited me in my lifetime; and I will intercede for him on the Day of Judgment” Oh Muslims, let us all strive to bring back Hajj to its original spirit and values so that it becomes a springboard of development for the Ummah and its relations with the outside world.
from pg 1 <<
By Athman Farsi
Let this be a decisive year for Muslims
uslims constitute about 30% of the population of Kenya, however, this proportion is not reflected anywhere in the management or distribution of the national resources. More than 40 years after independence Muslims have all through been victims of historical and official marginalization, discrimination and injustices of all sorts despite being genuine citizens of Kenya and entitled to equal rights with the rest of Kenyans as enshrined in the constitution. The bitter truth is, in the current regime, Muslims in Kenya have been completely stripped of their constitutional rights under the guise of the infamous war against terror. Listen! This is the most opportune time for Muslims to reclaim their rights and enjoy like other Kenyans. With 2.5 million registered voters we certainly can make a difference through the barrel of the ballot. All we need to do is to properly identify the presidential candidate who is sensitive to our concerns and aspirations and vote for him as a bloc. Whether he wins or not, it is still a win-win situation for Muslims. After all the NAMLEF declaration to support one candidate has already sent shockwaves to all political parties and Muslims have started gaining in areas where they would never dream of. It is this time or never. Let 27th December 2007 be our defining moment.
EID UL GHADEER is scheduled to take place on Sunday, 30th December,2007 at the Park Road Complex starting at 10.00 am to Dhuhrain. All are encouraged to attend The most pleasant and blessed marriage is that in which there is least expenditure (Holy Prophet S.A.W.W)
The Muslim: Could you please introduce yourself? Chairman MMC: My names are Al Haj Farah Namaswa a teacher by profession, the current Chairman of Mahdi Muslim Community (MMC) and pursuing a Bachelors degree in Education. The Muslim: When was MMC started? Al Haj Namaswa Chairman MMC: Mahdi Muslim community (MMC) was started in the early eighties and through the efforts of the members. We have 70 registered members who practice the madhab of Ahlul Bait (A.s). Membership is open to all followers of Ahlul bait (A.s) of good character. Registration fee is Kshs. 200 and a subscription of Kshs. 50 per month. The Muslim: Why MMC initiated? Chairman MMC: Our members are scattered all over Nairobi and its environs creating the need for members to come together for a common purpose hence, MMC inception. Reasons for the formation of our organization was to propagate the madhab of Ahlul bait (A.s), bring Shias together to improve their religious, social, political and economical welfare as one community. The Muslim: What are Communities’ major activities? Chairman MMC: MMC comprises of sub committees with different functions, which include Tabligh (all religious matters), Youth affairs, Women affairs, The Muslim bimonthly newsletter (publicity), and, welfare (relief and logistics) committees. Our activities involve, general religious guidance that is imparted during various religious functions and special classes are conducted covering, fiqh, Seerah and Tawhid. A revolving fund is available for our members, which is repaid in monthly installments and a bursary funds for members who have constraints in paying fees for their children’s education who are either in secondary or tertiary levels. We distribute relief food, clothes and financial assistance during the Holy Month of Ramadhan. A step further has been taken to initiate a co-operative society to enhance members’ savings. The Muslim:What kind of challenges would you be experiencing Mr. Chairman? First and fore most, MMC lacks financial resource base. Most of our members are unemployed leading to low contribution in terms of subscription. The fore going reason highly contributes to the inability of our members to support their children’s education and medical expenses and dependency on donations. We lack premises of our own since what we are using is on temporary basis. To add on, we’ve received criticism because of soliciting food and clothing for our members but I assert that this has been a success for we have not neglected our low class members. >> Cont’d pg.2 The worst enemy of man is his own self (Imam Ali A.S)
Mahdi Muslim Community (MMC)
The Muslim 2007
IT IS DEVOLUTION NO MATTER WHAT YOU TION? By M.F. Low and Swaleh I. Mwenga CALL IT. By Ole Sekenkei
WHAT IS MAJIMBO AND DEVOLU-
ajimboism has been deliberately smeared with tribal connotations, civil war and balkanization in order to create skepticism among the masses. The opponents of majimbo are doing this not because they disagree with the system but rather because they think they will be denied the opportunity to continue exploiting Kenyans. Kenya attained independence through a majimbo system of government but Kenyatta frustrated the local authorities by denying them funds until two years later they could no longer sustain themselves and had to succumb to the centralized system which Kenyatta preferred in order to consolidate his own powers. Devolution is enshrined in the Bomas Draft 2004 and Wako’s Draft 2005 but its current opponents are those who opposed it at Bomas though they lost the debate and subsequent referendum. Majimbo would be introduced through a constitutional process. So what are the merits of majimbo system? Politically, it empowers the people at all levels to participate in governance, it is a system where people have an effective say and way in the manner they are governed; it offers potential for leadership to all parts of the country ( a country like Nigeria would have been dominated by the North had it not been for federal rule); provides potential for extreme unity in diversity, in other words positive ethnicism. Economically, distributes national resources equitably and spurs national wide development through positive competition - a country like Rwanda which is still emerging from the ashes of genocide is now an economic success story because of devolved system of governance.
FAMILY LIFE By F.W.Chevai Kakai.
o prepare for marriage does not mean only to pre pare for the ceremony of matrimony. It means to be ready to face the new life that marriage brings, and/or to be informed and be aware of the changes and challenges that occur in life and get ready and prepare to deal with them. Many young people entering marriage have idealistic expectations. They believe it will be similar to the romances they have read about, or movies they have watched in cinema halls or TV screens in the four walls of their rooms. Surely reality is quite different. Marriage is a giant step forward in the progress of human life. A child is transformed into an adult, with all the responsibilities and duties that marriage brings. It is also the beginning of what could become a very satisfactory and fulfilling life. Marriage helps one transcend from the restrictive world of one’s own selfish ego, to a real friend and well-wisher of another person (s), or team leader or decision maker. Both partners have the desire to create a home where there is love and happiness, and both have equal obligation to that goal. One of the underlying secrets of marital life is that there is great power in unity unlike the modern desire to be alone and independent which brings along with it a lot of loneliness and despair. Careers, material wealth and success are >> Cont’d pg.4
s majimbo and devolution the same thing? The an swer is an emphatic NO. Let us observe the follow ing: Majimbo system of government was first introduced in this country at independence and lasted a very short time. Official opposition at the time KADU dissolved itself and joined KANU Government to consolidate National Unity. Why was this system rejected and why the clamor for it now? This is a difficult question and proper research and analysis will be required in order to arrive at a proper understanding. However, we wish to state the following: If this system is introduced, taxes will go up because there will be taxes for each region and also for the Central Government not forgetting cost of education, administration security and all types of development will be the responsibility of each jimbo (region); due to lack of resources poor regions will not be able to contribute to the central Government; the region that will be contributing will never agree to share equally with non contributing regions and this in itself will create rift between communities and people from poor regions will flock to work in the wealthy regions where they will be mistreated, paid peanuts in the form of take it or leave it, inhabitants of the wealthy region will resent these poor who have come from poor regions, they will also demand to be given prime jobs and this in the end could create ethnic cleansing while at the same time promote tribalism. We wish to conclude that although majimbo may be a noble idea, it is not the proper time to introduce it in this country. Citizens need to be thoroughly educated to make an informed decision. The debate should therefore start after this election because in the end the referendum will be the deciding factor and not parliament. Meanwhile, devolution already started by President Kibaki in the form of CDF should be expanded and improved. From pg.2 << The Muslim: How do you intend to tackle these problems? Chairman MMC: It is a heavy task upon us however; we intend to initiate an income generating activity to alleviate our financial problems with supplementation of funds from our development partners. This project will create employment to our members thus improving their livelihood. We’ll also seek employment for our members through contacting brothers and sisters who own companies and other institutions and will work towards owning permanent premises by purchasing a piece of land. The Muslim: Could you outline some achievements during your term as Chairman? Chairman MMC: The welfare department of MMC has managed to assist the needy families of our members in terms of food and clothing from our brothers and sisters in faith. MMC is paying secondary school fees for 3 students for the entire course in addition, to paying partial secondary school fees for 5 other students and we shall work closely and tirelessly with our well-wishers and philanthropists towards this cause. Inshaallah, we’ve been prom>> Cont’d pg.4
From pg.3 << ised ten sponsorships next year. The Muslim: What is the way forward for MMC? Chairman MMC: We look forward to a community with full capacity to educate (religious and secular), provide health facilities and economic support to its members. The Muslim: What would be your parting shot for our readership? Chairman MMC: I would like to thank ‘The Muslim’ for offering me this opportunity. I wish to recognize the efforts of our well-wishers, philanthropists and development partners for their continued support. May Almighty Allah Bless you all. << Family Life from pg. 3 all shallow substitutes for the deep joy that a happy family life can provide. In recent years the institution of marriage has undergone unprecedented changes. Attitudes towards the roles of men and women have been transformed, and along with, the roles of husbands and wives. The world today is notably different from that of previous generations and many of us have hurled ourselves unsuspectingly into this rapidly changing trend. Muslim families need to know how to make the transition, the transition that will lead them into the future without risking their values and principles as Muslims. They need to learn how to make their marriages and their families even stronger than before, so that the onslaught of modernism does not shatter and relegate us as a community into oblivion. The tensions of modern life can strain a marriage. Even with the best of intentions a married couple has to strive to keep their marriage happy. After the initial excitement and novelty wears off, many couples run into problems. To avoid unhappiness in marriage, the couple must learn problem solving tactics as well as methods of enhancing their married life. In this page therefore, I would like to make a small contribution towards attempting to help “that young couple” . If you think that you can benefit, then watch out for this page on family life. May Allah (SWT) give us success that it is in your interest. May Allah (swt) give us tawfiq.
The Muslim 2007 Mahdi Muslim Community
NEW FINDINGS PUTS EVOLUTION THEORY TO QUESTION. By Yusuf Umer
Scientist loses job for believing in Creation
A Christian biologist is suing the prestigious Woods Hole Oceanographis Institution in Massachusettes, claiming he was fired for refusing to accept evolution, lawyers involved in the case said. Nathaniel Abraham, an Indian National who describes himself as a “ Bible-believing Christian,” said in the suit filed in boston last week that he wasd fired in 2004 because he would not accept evolution as a scientific fact.The zebrafish specialist, who is seeking $ 500,000 in compensation, said he told his superior he did not accept evolution because he believed the Bible a true account of human creation.
he theory about the origins of mankind was put into question when a Kenyan palaentologist was reported in our local dailies in August 2007 to have concluded from fossil proof found seven years ago at Iliret, on the shores of Lake Turkana that modern man may not have evolved from his “ancestor”, the homo erectus, as claimed by evolutionists for many years. Evolution Theory popularized by Charles Darwin proposes a mechanism called the Theory of Natural Selection as a method of explaining evolution. According to this theory all species including humans, evolved by gradual change over great lengths of time making those changes not easy to perceive. These changes are inherited by succeeding species making them more advantaged to challenge the vagaries of nature. This process also called survival of the fittest results in the evolved species to supplanting the parent-species which becomes extinct. The theory despite its popularity has had a number of questions one of which Darwin himself queried in his book Origin of Species , where he asks “why, if species have descended from other species by fine gradations, do we not everywhere see innumerable transitional forms?” Paleontologists, who study plants and animals of the past by examining fossils have been hard at work to give credence to this theory by linking modern man who appeared on earth some 40,000 years ago by lineal descent to his ancestor who according to the evolutionist is the Homo erectus who appeared on earth some 1,000,000 years ago. Homo Erectus was preceded by another species, the Homo habilis of 2,000,000 years ago and prior to that, the Ramapithecus of 8,000,000 years ago. Richard Leakey the world famous anthropologist in his book ‘Origins of Humans’ speculates the Ramapithecus, an ape- like creature “may have been the ancestor of the homo (human) family.” The irony of the Iliret find by Dr Kyalo Manthi, an anthropologist with the Museums of Kenya, is that the fossil belongs to the human family and more importantly that it co-existed with so-called ancestors, putting the Evolution theory into question. Theists believe that God created everything and that Man descended from Adam. From the smallest of matter to the galaxies, the moon the solar system all work in perfect harmony. Yet again when one goes to sleep confident that his heart or respiratory system will not relax as does his brains, because a second’s halt of his system will cost him his life, one cannot help but conclude that all this cannot have happened by coincidence but surely the work of the Designer. Harun Yahya an ardent critic of Charles Darwin’s theories says that one of the reason the theories were given wide berth in society and politics was not only to oppose religion but gave succor to materialist philosophies. statements like the ‘strongest and best survive, became commonplace. These thoughts not only fuelled Hitler’s Nazi movement which was greatly influenced by Darwin’s thoughts but also gave the European nations moral to carve the world and enslave people. It is however hoped that with this finding that science will wxpand its narrow sensory materialist basis.
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