PRE-COURSE Basic criteria of a good story • • • • • Importance Identification Sensation News Value Conflict

Importance • • • • • Important for the society in which the story is told Important for the national and international development Has personal consequences for the citizens High political level = more relevant More people affected = more relevant

Identification • • • • A photo story should also contain identification Cultturally close (level of society,age,family,status,political conviction) something people can identify with : feelings, daily life situations the people who everybody knows (royals, sports stars,singers,politicians,etc)

Sensation • • • something unexpected that breaks radically with what is always there. Somethng that makes everybody stop and say 'wow' twist the story

News Value • • • Time : Close to when the event took place. Framing : something already been talked about by the media and therefore audience is already interested. Use news as an excuse to do your story.

Conflict • • • • A disagreement between different groups/people Underlying but not necessarily violent where two opposing attitudes meet ,you are likely to find a good story think contrasts

• Examples : + Unclear story : A story about Chinese investments in Africa + Clear story : A story about how China's recent investment boom in Zambia is not benefiting the local people. Think out of the box. Put aside specific time to develop the idea. Always keep your notebook on you to write down your ideas when you get them.FINDING IDEAS • • • • • • • You can always train yourself in getting ideas. . From IDEA to THEME • What is your story about ? • Why should other people care about what you have to say /show ? • Be specific • Sum up your story in one sentence/theme. Always be curious and ask questions See people and places you don't normally see. “FRAME” your creativity.

LIFE formula for visual variety : • • • • • • • • Introductory or Overall : Usually wide-angle or aerial shot that establishes the scene.YOU'RE NOT READING ENOUGH.middle and end (the sequence gives the essay a sense of action) Clincher : A closer that would end the story.like a person's hand or an intricate detail of a building Portrait : Usually either a dramatic. Signature : Summarizes the situation with all the key story-telling elements in one photo-often called the “decisive moment”. IF YOUR PICTURES ARE NOT GOOD ENOUGH.before and after. Close-Up : Zeroes in one element. KEYWORDS. Interaction : People conversing or in action. Medium : Focuses on one activity on one group. .tight head shot or a person in his/her environmental setting. Sequence : A how to. or a series with beginning.USE THEM. Different Kinds of Stories : • • • • One person Issue reporting Daily life News Planning the story: • • • The idea (Pre-visualize) The work (make rules for yourslef) The editing (target media/goal) NOT HOW IT LOOKS BUT HOW IT FEELS.

5. Be reliable. WORKS' REVIEW 1. Do your research base the research on more than one source think about the visual style plan is this a picture story ? What's the purpose ? What do you want to tell/show people ? Why should people spend time looking at it ? Work with a topic that you feel strongly about (makes you angry.INTRO – PHOTO REPORTAGE • • • • • • • First hand potrayal of a topic You are a 'journalist'.com – cjild brides (prime example of what not to do) simonnorfolf.com ELEMENTS OF REPORTAGE • • • • • • • pictures with action portraits emotion establish relationships sense of place use light have your voice in it THE IDEA • • • • • • • • • have a strong personal interpretation. 3. Why tell the story ? Why should people care ? Reportage is usually ' human relationship' based. 6.your medium photography. 2.com – in the name of victoria nirban shrestha – my ma is a fighter philip blenkensop – secret war in laos stephanie sinclair.) Contacts/Access (more than one fixture) . Ami Vitale – vimeo interview LIFE site gallery – Eugne Smith .Country Doctor madsnissen.etc. 4. Storytelling is subjective. 7.

make lists.etc.intervies. Find small details. THE EDITING • • • • • • • • • • • can make or break the story give yourself time to go through the material what are you editing for ? Magazine/exihibit/book ? Think about layout keep audience in mind different edits can change the story altogether use keywords (again) maintain visual style.lens. ALWAYS TKE NOTES. Make personal edits but definitely edit with friends/collegues whose editing skill you TRUST. Write down the thought and ideas.be sensitive. . Make different edits – let it sit for a day or two – come back and see how you feel.• • • • Visual variety Get to know people before shoot – talk. THE WORK • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Patience : wait before you start shooting Watch and listen : donot impose the story Don't give up – go back Evaluate and Analyze as you shoot -THINK THINK THINK Take breaks keywords plan your time take lots of pictures – edit later shoot with your heart be creative -move around (the 8 rule) stick to one style aesthetically – color tone. Try to make a story with 10 – 15 pictures.put yourself in their shoes.human interaction – a look.etc.small moments. a touch be a fly on the wall respect your subjects.

Literature review: − − − − − Photocopies Relevant books Magazine cutouts on photography itself other relevant topics like art history. .etc. Talk to primary sources.talk to the experts.secretaries to important people. Anthony Snan – vimeo video RESEARCH TECHNIQUES AND KEEPING JOURNALS • Definition : search for knowledge / any systematic investigation to establish facts.the police.the need for information -how to find -the need to evaluate results -how to communicate -how to manage your findings WHAT ? HOW ? WHY ? Research: a) Primary Sources − first hand account − direct evidence b)Secondary Sources − Analysis.hospitals. Use your personal experience.theory.GENERATING STORY IDEAS • • • • • • • • where/how to find interesting stories ? A storyteller MUST be a curious person ask questions.NGOs/INGOs. LISTEN radio/tv/newspaper (read comments that readers have made) make contacts – journalists.be mosy. Core skills : • Understading .always take notes. Interpretation − Commentaries on primary ones WAYS OF SEEING -John Berger You never stop researching.

WHY SHOULD ANYONE LET YOU PHOTOGRAPH THEM ? .) PRINT BUSINESS CARDS : a very simple one stating your name as a photographer and your contact info will do.etc. − Avoid making judgements. − Check the facts. “standing to the left of the sofa”.be accurate − always identify the main people.Bresson MAKE LOG OF YOUR SUCCESSES/FAILURES. CAPTION WRITING − where is it going to be published ? Caption acoordingly. ELEMENTS OF CAPTION WRITING : − who is that ? (L-R) − why is this happening ? − What's going on ? − When was this ? − Where was this ? − How did this occur ? AS A PHOTOGRAPHER.”looks on”. (include time mgmt.creates sense of immidiacy. SET RULES FOR YOURSELF. − Descriptions are helpful for the viewer.etc. .be sure you seek the truth. “in black”.”is pictures”. − Don't assume.YOU WILL ALWAYS BE AN OUTSIDER .ideas. <this helps while shooting too> − Be willinf to allow for longer captions.use present tense. − Whenever possible.if you must be judgemental. − Avoid using obvious terms like “is shown”.etc.ask questions.tasks.MIND MAPPING : diagram representing words.

Don't shoot a lot. Look for UNUSUAL. There's no “marie claire” ways or “rolling stone” way. Go and look at other photographers' work and ask why you like them/not like them ? GET OVER ALL THE EXCUSES. Avoid postcards (something you can go back and shoot anytime) Seek for SOUL / MYSTERY . shoot less. LESS IS ALWAYS MORE. EMOTION matters much much more than sharpness. Look ahead. WORKSHOP • • • • • − − − − − − − • • • Always shoot alone. TANZIM W. Hands/feet don't make it obvious. Don't be descriptive with pictures. Rely on your instincts. Photograph the UNSEEN.spend time with the subject A LOT though.PHILIP B. No lens cap/ no lens hood/ no tripod/no auto focus (will help train your eyes/reflex) empty white spaces can be 'DEVIL' EYES are important in a picture. Think and shoot . you cannot make anyone happy. Details. • • • • • • • • Make it HUMAN. . There's only YOUR way. If YOU are not happy.

TRANSITIONS are important.TOMKINS IN PAPERBACK – Charles G. -OCCAMS RAZOR (Philosopher) Engage the people in emotional level.You have arrived to the core of the story.take it seriously − there's no certain way to edit as such − “the little prince” .org .BANGLADESH CHAPTER ON EDITING − dealines. Hypertext.learner. read it what makes a story? • • • • • • every story is made of sequence of events. Throw away and throw away and you'll come to a point when there's nothing to reduce it any further. Plot exposition – very first part of the story conflict climax – turning point resolution – usually after climax PICTURES ON A PAGE – Harold Evans − Animation − Context − Meaning Purpose : what are you editing for − book − magazine − net − newspaper − exihibition − ibook/ebook MR.

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