Experiences with openEyA Lecture Capture System (Pros and Cons

Scienti c m-Learning Workshop SDU, ICTP - Trieste, 4-7 June 2012

UniPR Co-Lab
Cross-department Research Center for Educational and Digital Publishing Support
giovedì 7 giugno 2012

giovedì 7 giugno 2012

Can OpenEyA system be a proper system to capture lectures and other events (at the University of Parma)? Which are pros, cons, and critical issues? Is it worth going on using that system? Why? Is it just a matter of SOFTWARE?

giovedì 7 giugno 2012

2 levels
methodology technology

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inspiring models knowledge involves participation Wenger, 2008 idea of "augmenting human intellect" and extend human capabilities with prosthesis Engelbart, 1962 when minds interact, new ideas emerge Licklider & Taylor, 1968

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2008 Alternative system to videocamera
The guideline: little cost - in terms of:

• investment • support • little work effort for the lecturers

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USB switch



Hd webcam Laptop

OpenEyA: necessary hardware www.openeya.org
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Video (webcam)

zoom on image

Hi-Res image

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Experimentation timeline

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Previous problems... and found solutions 1/2

• • • •

how do I know that microphone works? --> audio setup and test fast change in camera market: different models and features --> HD webcam support for photo (slide) recording teachers would like to use with slides directly on computer --> 2 recording modes, computer screen capture available room variable light conditions --> webcam photo setup (Exposure, Focus, digital zoom, brightness)

giovedì 7 giugno 2012

Previous problems... and found solutions 2/2

• necessity of setup each time

-> now possible to save setup file - photo setup configuration of problems --> log file saved together with other files in the zip package recording... -->high resolution images real time preview (partly solved, images)

• not easy to understand what happened in case • no perception of the good working of the

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Audio test

SAVE and LOAD CONFIGURATIONS RECORDING INFORMATION (into a text and XML file): patch from UniPR for automatic processing, patch from UniPR to set recording from command line computer screen capture available

webcam HD support for photos Shows Slides during recordings Allows zoom in the Preview Photo

activate webcam photo settings + configuration save
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Who needs recorded lectures?

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or Potters?

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Methodology and approach
change in point of view and methods etnographic research field study

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Active learning

practical activities interactive tutorials seminars

Data collection
interviews participants observation working together conversation, confrontation

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Student team 2012 Faculty of Humanities Communication Science Course Irene Vezzani Teresa Martino Danio Rossi Sami Jaber Darika Fuochi Francesca Fati
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PROS? LET’S ASK THEM open source low cost one operator is enough easy to use not intrusive no postprocessing is needed! zooming option!

portable, flexible small files!
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Critical / crucial issues

• portability Vs usability • audio quality • organization
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Portability Vs Usability
• most of critical issues concern LOGISTIC • system repositioning every time:
• • •
supervision, setup speed, USB cable lenght, furniture, light

HD webcam positioning and setup (exposure, zoom) blackboard and screen visibility (distance, zoom) microphone positioning: projector fan noise, heating fan noise, people talking during lecture, footsteps noise

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Audio Quality
• people: possible noise (whispers, talking,
walking around)

• OpenEyA connected microphone quality • room amplification and room microphone • students test to demount and remount FLV
streams: open source software, video quality loss, sync loss... time needed!

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• coordinating with the lecturer • if you have one kit:
- to make separated recordings - to know how he's lecturing (black or whiteboard, slides, no slides at all) file processing and saving immediately: often there is no time left

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CONS (OpenEyA)

• Ubuntu releases and OpenEyA relevant Update:
re-install rather than updating it

• no perception of the good working (audio, video)
• no editing to cut video and slides at the beginning and at
the end

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CONS (OpenEyA)
structure of the packet:
➡separated files and streams ➡not possible to transform it easily in a podcast ➡subtitling is difficult ➡not a single file for upload on different video channels

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slow scanning forwards/backwards through the lecture on the timebar

audio setup is not so clear to understand and setup
mixer settings and software gain levels: tests but still not clear which are the best settings
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Today’s problems
openEyA v5.4.0 for Ubuntu 11.10

HD webcam stops recording with errors

[0m[31mError setting pixel format. [0m[31mVIDIOC_S_FMT: Input/output error [0mstop recording

editing features: bugs

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What did we record?

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Since September 2011 29th April 2012: 42 videos 28,5% of videos available on YOU.unipr.it video server (147) 27 videos recorded with OpenEyA system colab.cce.unipr.it

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3 student seminars for working students (Faculty of Engineering) April and May 2012

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HD webcam positioning
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Joint UniPR UniMO course presentation 16th May, 2012

HD webcam resolution
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UniPR Co-Lab presentation Conference

projector fan noise
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City Council in Sala Baganza (26th April, 30th May, 2012)

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but also...

• • • •
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DILL International Digital Libraries Learning Master lectures Open Conferences about Information Science Seminars about Digital Humanities (Digital Publishing course, extra curricula) AIB courses for librarians


Further features? #4openEyA #ICTP mLearning
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REQUESTS? LET’S ASK THEM video channels upload recordings start and joining? end cutting interactivity? (note taking, chapters) Multiplatform? (Windows? Mac?) view on mobile devices?

podcast? audio check
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• software perception: “complicated” (Linux) • necessary to have somebody there? (portable solution) • future of archiving solutions at the University? not clear • SDU are not software developers you can contact for
support - first UniPR experimentation stop

• ALREADY DISCUSSED: cultural obstacles, teacher role,
spent time rewarding

CONS (environment)

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CONCLUSION Will we keep on using it? why?
• •

➡ opportunity to give our feedback and help ➡ UniPR Co-Lab: engineering student thesis? ➡ as educational method to gain practice and competences ➡ Collaboration students/teachers. ➡ New Perspectives in students/teachers relationship besides the exams

CHALLENGING: future opportunities for research

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Unipr Co-Lab contacts and channels
➡ E-mail: colab@unipr.it ➡ Twitter: @CoLab_UniPR - hashtag: #colabunipr ➡ Facebook page: www.facebook.com/colabunipr ➡ UniPr Co-Lab on You.unipr.it video channel:

➡ YouTube Channel: www.youtube.com/

➡ Vimeo channel: vimeo.com/colabunipr
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Thanks for Yr. attention! Questions?
Sara Valla E-mail: sara.valla@unipr.it Twitter: thuridilla Skype: saraunipr
giovedì 7 giugno 2012

Bligh, D. (1974). What's the use of lectures? London: Penguin. Canessa, E., Fonda, C., & Zennaro, M. (2007). WebCasting of Traditional Chalkboard Lectures: The EyA System. EURODL European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning. Retrieved from http://sdu.ictp.it/eya/papers/Canessa_Fonda_Zennaro.html Canessa, E., Fonda, C., & Zennaro, M. (2008). Academic Webcasting using the Automated EyA Recording System– , , . Presented at the INTED-International Technology, Education and Development - Valencia/Spain. Retrieved from http://sdu.ictp.it/eya/papers/ EyA_Spain.pdf Canessa, E., Fonda, C., & Zennaro, M. (2009). One year of ICTP diploma courses on-line using the automated EyA recording system. Computers & Education, 53(1), 183 – 188. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2009.01.011 Canessa, E., & Zennaro, M. (2010). m-Science Sensing, Computing and Dissemination. ICTP. Canessa, E., Zennaro, M., & Fonda, C. (2007). Come Registrare Automaticamente e Pubblicare in Internet Conferenze e Lezioni e Raggiungere un Milione di Scienziati. DE QUALITATE: Rivista Italiana della Qualita, (10, anno XVI), 26–32. Canessa, E., Zennaro, M., & Fonda, C. (2007). The Video Revolution Made Simple – , pp. 14, . PhysicsWorld Magazine, 14. Canessa, E., Zennaro, M., & Fonda, C. (2008, February). Dissemination of scientific knowledge. Information for Development (i4d) Magazine, 18–19. Canessa, E., Zennaro, M., & Fonda, C. (2009). Supporting Science in Developing Countries using Open Technologies. European Journals of Physics, 30(3), 651–660. doi:10.1088/0143-0807/30/3/022 Canessa, E., Zennaro, M., & Fonda, C. (2012). openEyA – Enhance your Audience with Linux – Automated Lecture Capture System. Retrieved February 28, 2012, from http://www.openeya.org/ Canessa, E., Zennaro, M., & Fonda, C. (n.d.). EyA System: Automated Audio-Video-Slide Recordings. english. Presented at the ICLInteractive Computer Aided Learning, Villach/Austria, Sept 2007. Retrieved from http://sdu.ictp.it/eya/papers/ ICL07_EyA_Paper.pdf Clark, D. (n.d.). Recording can improve a bad lecture! 7 surprising facts about recorded lectures. Donald Clark Blog. Blog. Retrieved June 6, 2012, from http://donaldclarkplanb.blogspot.it/2011/09/recording-can-improve-bad-lecture-7.html Engelbart, D. C. (1962). AUGMENTING HUMAN INTELLECT: A Conceptual Framework (Summary Report No. AFOSR-3233). California: Stanford Research Institute. Retrieved from http://www.invisiblerevolution.net/engelbart/ full_62_paper_augm_hum_int.html Evans, C. (2008). The effectiveness of m-learning in the form of podcast revision lectures in higher education. Computers & education, 50, 2, 491–498. DEVELOPMENT, DISRUPTION & DEBATE - Selected Contributions from the CAL 07 Conference Gorissen, P. (2011, September 6). Analysing the use of recorded lectures by students. The Netherlands. McKinney, D., Dyck, J. L. & Luber, E. S. (2009). iTunes university and the classroom: Can podcasts replace professors? Computers & education, 52, 3, 617–623. Licklider, J. C. R., & Taylor, R. W. (1968). The Computer as a Communication Device. Science and Technology, 21–41. Pieri, M. (2011). Students’ Readiness for Mobile Learning. Connessi! Scenari di Innovazione nella Formazione e nella Comunicazione (pp. 733–738). Presented at the Siel2011 VIII congresso nazionale della Società Italiana di E-learning - Reggio Emilia, Milano: Ledizioni LediPublishing). Retrieved from http://www.siel2011.it/index.php/downloads?download=12%3Alibrodegli-atti Wenger, E. (2008). Communities of Practice - Learning, Meaning and Identity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Zupancic, B, Holger, H., (2002) Lecture recording and its use in a traditional university course. SIGCSE Bull. 34, 3 (June 2002), 24-28. DOI=10.1145/637610.544424 http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/637610.544424
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