The Bhavana Upanishad

The subject of this upanishad is the yantra of Lalita, also known as the famous Shri Yantra. Yantra, a Sanskrit word, literally means a machine but in Hindu Tantra is usually taken to refer to the devi in linear or geometrical form. Yantras are always used flat. They may be 2dimensional or 3-dimensional (Bhu and Meru arrangements). Every aspect of devi has Her own mantra and yantra. The yantra of Devi Lalita is Shri Yantra. The divinity of the yantra always occupies the centre or apex. The different parts or petals and lines of the yantra are usually arranged in concentric circles (mandalas) and contain rays or sub-limbs of devi. The Shri Yantra has 9 of these mandals, each filled with various aspects of the Devi. In Shri Yantra there are 111 aspects. The Shri Yantra is said to be a geometric form of the human body, which implies that goddess as Macrocosm is one with human being as Microcosm. of the erotic goddess of the tntrika school of Shri Vidy called Lalita<$F`She Who Plays'. All creation, manifestation and dissolution is considered to be a play of devi. Mahtripurasundar is the transcendent beauty of the three cities. This is a description of the goddess as conqueror of the three cities of the demons, or as the triple city (Tripur).> or Mahtripursundar. The yantra is said to represent man and the universe. It consists of nine sub-mandalas, and is shown on the cover of this booklet. Bhavana or meditation consists in the actual practise of placing the different Shaktis upon the body in the manner enjoined in the prayoga (magical application). My brief notes are enclosed by [ and ].


Om. Peace and good fortune be to those who hear this! 1. Shri Guru is Shakti from whom all the elements are created. 2. Of this (Shakti) the body, with its nine orifices, is the form. 3. The Shri Cakra is of ninefold form. 4. Varahi is the father-form. Kurukulla, the mother, is the receiver of offerings. [The yantra is made up of four upward pointing triangles and five downward pointing triangles. Varahi, the devi with a sow's head, is father and contributes 12 kalas (4 x 3). Kurukulla, the menstruating devi, is mother and contributes 15 kalas (5 x 3). Together they give birth to an individual.] 5. The aims of mankind are the (4) oceans. [Dharma, artha, kama and moksha; doing what is right, acquiring wealth, sexuality and liberation.] 6. The body is the island of nine gems. 7. Skin first, then the seven bodily elements and hair (are the nine). [Indian medicine says the human body is created from the dhatus (bodily elements).] 8. Resolutions are the wish-fulfilling trees, Shakti the grove of aeon trees. 9. The tastes sweet, sour, bitter, pungent, astringent and salty are the six seasons. [6 tastes in Tantra, 6 seasons in India] 10. Knowledge is the offering, the known is the oblation, the knower is the sacrificer. The meditation on knowledge-known-knower and on their non-difference is the worship offered to the Shri Cakra. 11. Fate, love, and the other sentiments are Anima and so forth (the other siddhis). [The upanishad begins to describe the 9 circles of the Shri Yantra. The Siddhi Shaktis are on the outermost line] 12. Desire, cruelty, greed, delusion, euphoria, envy, merit and demerit are the eight Shaktis Brahmi being the first. 13. The nine adharas are the Mudra Shaktis. [The nine chakras. Innermost line of the enclosing square of the yantra.] 14. Earth, water, fire, air, aether, ear, skin, eye, tongue, nose, speech, hands, feet, anus, penis, and mind's wavering are the sixteen Shaktis, Kamakarshini being the first. [The 16 petals.] 15. Speech, holding, moving, excreting, generating, rejecting,

chewed. 23. Kshobaka. unhappiness.] [The picture is in a separate file called bhavana_gif. `you'. Kuhu. [Between the 8 triangles and the central triangles are the 'weapons' of Lalita. `what is not to be done' and the duty to worship is the act of oblation. licked and drunk. Intelligence and `I am' are the devatas of the inner triangle -. Yashovati.Sarvasankshobhini being the first of the fourteen Shaktis. Prana. Mind is the bow made of sugarcane. Alambusha. non orthodox. sucked.accepting and being detached are the eight (Shaktis) like Ananga-Kusuma. desire. Ksharaka. Pingala and Sushumna are the fourteen nadis -. Samana. blissful. Vatnrta. Repulsion is the goad. to the bindu. Vyana. and Vajreshvari. 19.GIF] 26.e. warmth. The thought of the sameness of all objects of mind is the act of nourishment . The fifteen days of the transformation of time are the eternities (the Nityas). i. sattvas. [The fourth. Pusha. 32. `existence'.] 35. Krikara. Ida. lqaga. Payashvini. Kurma.] 28. The biological fire is fivefold through differences based on its association with the major breaths -. 24. --Ceci] . Vishvodara. Cold. complete. One's very own being. See TRIPURA.Kameshvari. 31. [The 10 triangles. two or even one moment is liberated whilst living. [The Kadi school worships Devi from the outer edge of the yantra to the centre. Gandhari.] 17. Shiva and Shakti. `non-existence'. Nature. [The fifteen days of the lunar fortnight. Whosoever knows this is a student of the Atharvashiras. the spouse of Kameshvari. [Kameshvara means the Lord Kama. Jrimbhaka and Mohaka are fires associated with the lesser breaths. `what is to be done'. One who meditates in this way for three. is the supreme Devi Lalita.what is eaten. Presence of consciousness is siddhi. Ten forms of vital breath. Veda. Shoshaka Dahaka and Plavaka. 30. [The 14 triangles. 34. Apana. 29. and is called a Shivayogin. [The 8 triangles. The red glow of all this is the mirror. 27.] 16. Pachaka. Hastijihva. rajas and tamas are the eight Shaktis Vashini and so forth.] 37. The dissolving in one's being of distinctions such as `I'. awareness without attributes is Kameshvara. Bhagamalini. Utgaraka. The five flowery arrows are the sense-impressions.being Recaka. They assist digestion in a fivefold way -. of which sound is the first. Udana. 20.] 22. When one meditates in this way action is homage. 25. 33. Attachment is the noose. true. 36.] 18. bioenergy or prana. [The 8 petals. the Lady Kama. Sarasvati. the Lord of Sexuality. pleasure. Shankhini. Truly. Datta and Dhananjaya are the 10 breaths -. 21. These ten kalas of fire are the devatas of the 10 inner (triangles). These thoughts on the centre of the cakra have been discussed according to the tenets of the Kadi school.Sarvasiddhidana being the first of the devatas of the outer 10 (triangles}.