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Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- Convection in internal Flows
- CFD (Computional Fluid Dynamics) Quiz
- Thermal Boundary Layer Solution
- Systems with internal generation • Extended surface heat transfer
- Two Dimensional Steady Heat Conduction
- Systems with internal generation • Extended surface heat transfer
- Analytic Solutions Numerical Solutions
- Radiation Examples
- Transient (unsteady) Heat Conduction
- heat diffusion equation
- Lecture 3 Intro Heat Transfer
- 2D Numerical Steady Conduction
- Introduction to convection
- • Steady/ Unsteady Flow • Laminar/Turbulent Flow • Flow Separation • Internal/External Flows • Governing Equations – Axioms of Mechanics
- Natural Convection
- Heat Transfer from Extended Surfaces: Conduction-Convection Systems (fins)
- • Boundary Layer Equations • Non-Dimensional Equations
- 3 basic methods of solving a heat transfer problem Quiz
- several different correlations for heat transfer
- Natural Convection Contd

You are on page 1of 5

• Assignment 3 (will be posted today, due end of next

week?)

• Quiz 2 (covers material after quiz1 to the end of

this week)

Today

• Average convection coefficient example

• Start of Blasius Solution for flow over a flat plate

and will transition to turbulence at some critical Reynolds

number Rex,c. When the boundary layer becomes turbulent,

it will of course become unsteady, and heat and mass

transfer will be increased. Therefore we will consider the

time average turbulent quantities.

transition region. We must fix a value of either Rex,c, or of

xc in order to obtain a solution.

laminar portion of our plate, for air at 3 m/s. For these

conditions xc corresponds to 3m, and so we will have a

laminar boundary layer for the first 3m.

Clearly, the gradient of the velocity profile at the wall is

decreasing with distance along the plate, and we therefore

expect that the rate of heat transfer will decrease along the

plate as well. Clearly, the highest heat transfer coefficient

will exist at the leading edge of the plate.

Steady, constant properties),

boundary layer assumptions) and with zero pressure

gradient as in the case of a flat plate

stream function

Substituting these definitions into mass conservation,

consider mass conservation any further as long as we use

the stream function.

this by postulating that there is some scaling parameter that

will collapse all of the velocity profiles onto a single curve.

This is a similarity parameter, and hence the solution is

called a similarity solution. When we find this parameter,

our two dimensional problem will be reduced to a one

dimensional problem and will be much easier to solve.

This parameter has been found, and is in fact the way the

profiles develop (you can measure this).

using our similarity parameter.

All we need to do is evaluate all of the terms in the

momentum equation in terms of f and η, and then we will

have our simplified ordinary differential equation (one

dimensional).

Beginning with u,

or,

We can now substitute all of these into the momentum

equation to get,

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