A local area network (LAN) is a group of computers and associated devices that share a common communications line or wireless

link. Typically, connected devices share the resources of a single processor or server within a small geographic area (for example, within an office building). Usually, the server has applications and data storage that are shared in common by multiple computer users. A local area network may serve as few as two or three users (for example, in a home network) or as many as thousands of users (for example, in an FDDI network). Major local area network technologies are: Ethernet Token Ring FDDI Ethernet is by far the most commonly used LAN technology. A number of corporations use the Token Ring technology. FDDI is sometimes used as a backbone LAN interconnecting Ethernet or Token Ring LANs. Another LAN technology, ARCNET, once the most commonly installed LAN technology, is still used in the industrial automation industry. Typically, a suite of application programs can be kept on the LAN server. Users who need an application frequently can download it once and then run it from their local hard disk. Users can order printing and other services as needed through applications run on the LAN server. A user can share files with others at the LAN server; read and write access is maintained by a LAN administrator. A LAN server may also be used as a Web server if safeguards are taken to secure internal applications and data from outside access. In some situations, a wireless LAN may be preferable to a wired LAN because it is cheaper to install and maintain. Getting started with local area networks To explore how local area networks are used in the enterprise, here are some additional resources: LAN network design considerations: Here an experienced network expert shares considerations to take into account before designing your local area network. LAN design: This in-depth article explains elements of the enterprise LAN, including Ethernet switching, VLANs, spanning tree protocol and IP telephony. MAN: http://www.javvin.com/protocolMAN.html Metropolitan Area Network and MAN Protocols

htm&usg=__WwtCJN9RQ33 3xPKQ0hNv6GQ8rKc=&h=300&w=300&sz=29&hl=en&start=3&um=1&tbnid=4NtPhIfh 0M35cM:&tbnh=116&tbnw=116&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dwide%2Barea%2Bnetwork %26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26rls%3Dorg. A MAN often acts as a high speed network to allow sharing of regional resources. The MAN.com. which typically connect a few local area networks using high speed backbone technologies.com. A MAN often provides efficient connections to a wide area network (WAN).Metropolitan Area Network(MAN)is a computer networks usually spanning a campus or a city. It is also frequently used to provide a shared connection to other networks using a link to a WAN. Many MANs cover an area the size of a city.howstuffworks.co.kh/images/networkstructure. FDDI.google. which are defined by IEEE.in/imgres?imgurl=http://www. There are three important features which discriminate MANs from LANs or WANs: 1.kh/network. etc. MAN links between LANs have been built on fibre optical cables or using wireless technologies such as microwave or radio. At the physical level. MAN adopted technologies from both LAN and WAN to serve its purpose. A MAN (like a WAN) is not generally owned by a single organisation. LAN SWITCHES http://computer. A MAN typically covers an area of between 5 and 50 km range.htm Diagram: http://images. although in some cases MANs may be as small as a group of buildings.com/lan-switch. ITU-T. These older technologies are in the process of being displaced by Gigabit Ethernet and 10 Gigabit Ethernet.pacific. 3. Some legacy technologies used for MAN are ATM. The Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) protocols are mostly at the data link level (layer 2 in the OSI model ).pacific.mozilla:en-US:official%26sa%3DX %26um%3D1 . its communications links and equipment are generally owned by either a consortium of users or by a network service provider who sells the service to the users. 2. The network size falls intermediate between LANs and WANs. DQDB and SMDS.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.

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