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ANALYSIS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A HYBRID HIGHPOWER-FACTOR THREE-PHASE UNIDIRECTIONAL

RECTIFIER
ABSTRACT
The objective is to obtain a structure capable of providing sinusoidal
input currents with low harmonic distortion and dc output voltage regulation.
The diode rectifier operates at low frequency and has a higher output power
rating. Therefore, the PWM unidirectional rectifier is designed to operate with
a small power rating and at a high switching frequency. The total harmonic
distortion of the proposed structure varies between 0% and 32%, depending
only on the amount of power processed by the PWM three-phase
unidirectional rectifier.

EXISTING SYSTEM
New single-switch three-phase high power factor rectifiers are introduced which have
continuous input and output currents. By the use of a multi-resonant scheme, the transistor
operates with zero current switching and the diodes operate with zero voltage switching. These
multi-resonant rectifiers with a single transistor are capable of drawing a higher quality input
current waveform at nearly unity power factor and lower stress than the quasi-resonant rectifiers.
Buck-type converters are used for the power stage, and hence the output voltage is lower than the
input voltage. Moreover, these rectifiers have a wide load range and low stress on semiconductor
devices.

DISADVANTAGES OF EXISTING SYSTEMS

Draw non sinusoidal currents or reactive power from the source, which deteriorate the
power quality.

PROPOSED SYSTEM
In this project the total output power of the hybrid converter is processed largely by the
uncontrolled rectifier operating at low frequency while the PWM controlled rectifier, operating at
high frequency, only processes about 45% of the power. The rectifier is composed of a single-

switch diode bridge boost-type rectifier in parallel with a pulse width modulation (PWM) threephase unidirectional boost rectifier.

BLOCK DIAGRAM
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0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
00000000000000000000000000000000000000290078ac290010000000dcaf
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16164dcaf2900d4ac29002000000049644869d4ac2900dcaf290020000000fff
fffff3c4b8200d0644869ffffffffffff0180ffff01805f020180ffffffff0039000000080
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4b82002c47790008ad29009c3840691f0000000100000044ad290044ad2900
e8783e691f0000006cad29003c4b82006476000800000000250000000c0000
0001000000250000000c00000001000000250000000c00000001000000180
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370000000100000088870741d1450741000000002c000000010000004c000
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000046000000280000001c0000004744494302000000ffffffffffffffff09070000
1b04000000000000460000001400000008000000474449430300000025000
0000c0000000e000080250000000c0000000e0000800e0000001400000000
00000010000000140000000400000003010800050000000b0200000000050

000000c02fc00b001040000002e0118001c000000fb020400020000000000b
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ADVANTAGES OF PROPOSED SYSTEM

Since less power is utilized the overall efficiency of the system is increased.

Used rectifiers are robust and present low cost.

The multi pulse three-phase rectifiers achieve harmonic cancellation by introducing


phase shift by means of special three phase transformers

DOMAIN
POWER ELECTRONICS
Power Electronics is a field which combines Power (electric power), Electronics and
Control systems. Power engineering deals with the static and rotating power equipment for the
generation, transmission and distribution of electric power. Electronics deals with the study of
solid state semiconductor power devices and circuits for Power conversion to meet the desired
control objectives (to control the output voltage and output power).
Power electronics may be defined as the subject of applications of solid state power
semiconductor devices (Thyristors) for the control and conversion of electric power. Power
electronics deals with the study and design of Thyristorised power controllers for variety of
application like Heat control, Light/Illumination control, and Motor control AC/DC motor
drives used in industries, High voltage power supplies, Vehicle propulsion systems, High voltage
direct current (HVDC) transmission.

SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS

MATLAB 7.0 AND ABOVE

MATLAB
MATLAB is a high-performance language for technical computing. It integrates computation,
visualization, and programming in an easy-to-use environment where problems and solutions are
expressed in familiar mathematical notation.
Typical uses include:

Math and computation

Algorithm development

Modeling, simulation, and prototyping

Data analysis, exploration, and visualization

Scientific and engineering graphics

Application development, including Graphical User Interface building

MATLAB is an interactive system whose basic data element is an array that does not require
dimensioning. This allows you to solve many technical computing problems, especially those
with matrix and vector formulations, in a fraction of the time it would take to write a program in
a scalar non-interactive language such as C or FORTRAN.
MATLAB - SIMULINK
Simulink is an environment for multi domain simulation and Model-Based Design for
dynamic and embedded systems. It provides an interactive graphical environment and a
customizable set of block libraries that let you design, simulate, implement, and test a variety of
time-varying systems, including communications, controls, signal processing, video processing,
and image processing.

Introduction and Key Features

Creating and Working with Models

Defining and Managing Signals

Running a Simulation

Analyzing Results