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REAL TIME DETECTION OF CORROSION AND CRACKING IN DOUBLE HULL TANKERS by Sam Ternowchek Mistras

REAL TIME DETECTION OF CORROSION

AND CRACKING IN DOUBLE HULL

TANKERS

by

Sam Ternowchek

Mistras Group

Sam Ternowchek Vice President for Asset Integrity Monitoring  Over 30 Years Experience in Advance

Sam Ternowchek

Vice President for Asset Integrity Monitoring

Over 30 Years Experience in Advance NDT Specializing in Acoustic Emission

Current chair NACE Acoustic Emission Committee

ASNT Fellow

Active in ASTM, ASNT, API AAR and others

Current Responsibilities

Developing and implementing on line asset integrity monitoring programs

API AAR and others Current Responsibilities  Developing and implementing on line asset integrity monitoring programs
 Purpose of Presentation  Provide a non-intrusive means of detecting cracking and corrosion on

Purpose of Presentation

Provide a non-intrusive means of detecting cracking and corrosion on tankers and other types of ships

Describe use of automated ultrasonics to provide detailed

information about corrosion on the ship hull and deck

Demonstrate the use of AE to monitor ship integrity in difficult to access areas such as ballast tanks

Demonstrate the use of continuous AE monitoring in other marine applications such as offshore platforms and container cargo ships.

Tanker incidents by cause Number incidents 1978 - 2006 1000 War Hull & Machinery 800

Tanker incidents by cause

Number incidents

1978-2006

1000 War Hull & Machinery 800 Fire/Expl Grounded Coll/Contact 600 Misc 400 200 0 78
1000
War
Hull & Machinery
800
Fire/Expl
Grounded
Coll/Contact
600
Misc
400
200
0
78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06

Source: Based on incident reports from Informa Erik.Ranheim@INTERTANKO.com

Why Advance Inspection Methods

Why Advance Inspection Methods – Some areas are difficult to access for conventional visual inspection –

Some areas are difficult to access for conventional visual inspection

Either a periodic Inspection or permanent installation

Can be performed while ship is in service

Minimize disturbance to ship operations

Avoid dry docking

Extend “at sea” time

 Non – Intrusive Inspections  Advance NDT Techniques for Non-Intrusive Inspection  Acoustic Emission

Non Intrusive Inspections

Advance NDT Techniques for Non-Intrusive Inspection

Acoustic Emission to detect cracking and active

corrosion

Automated UT for corrosion mapping

Basic Acoustic Emission Principle

Basic Acoustic Emission Principle

Basic Acoustic Emission Principle
Key Components of AET • Intrinsically Safe AE sensors • Signature recognition • Location of

Key Components of AET

Intrinsically Safe AE

sensors

Signature recognition

Location of source origin

Intrinsically Safe AE sensors • Signature recognition • Location of source origin Crack-like Leak Mechanical rubbing
Intrinsically Safe AE sensors • Signature recognition • Location of source origin Crack-like Leak Mechanical rubbing

Crack-like

Leak

Mechanical rubbing

Intrinsically Safe AE sensors • Signature recognition • Location of source origin Crack-like Leak Mechanical rubbing
Acoustic Emission Sources Detected on Tanker • Sources of interest: – Spalling of corrosion products

Acoustic Emission Sources

Detected on Tanker

Sources of interest:

Spalling of corrosion products

Localized yielding at crack tip

Leak turbulence

Extraneous noise to be removed:

Mechanical noise

Impacts

Environmental noise

Identification of Signal Sources Corrosion- like activity Flaw-like activity, from outside of sensor array

Identification of Signal Sources

Corrosion- like activity Flaw-like activity, from outside of sensor array Extraneous noises Flaw-like activity
Corrosion-
like activity
Flaw-like
activity, from
outside of
sensor array
Extraneous
noises
Flaw-like
activity
Laboratory Test to Characterize Acoustic Emission From Corrosion Process
Laboratory Test to Characterize Acoustic Emission From Corrosion Process
Laboratory Test to Characterize Acoustic Emission From Corrosion Process

Laboratory Test to Characterize Acoustic Emission From Corrosion Process

Specimens after all the tests

Specimens after all the tests

Specimens after all the tests
Acoustic Emission Detection of Active Corrosion and MFL in Above Ground Storage Tank

Acoustic Emission Detection of Active Corrosion and MFL in Above Ground

Storage Tank

Acoustic Emission Detection of Active Corrosion and MFL in Above Ground Storage Tank
DECK MONITORING UNDERSIDE CORROSION

DECK MONITORING

UNDERSIDE CORROSION

DECK MONITORING UNDERSIDE CORROSION

Selection of Sensor Locations

Review of historical

data • FEA and Fatigue Analysis • On-site walkthrough
data
• FEA and Fatigue
Analysis
• On-site walkthrough
Sensor Locations on Deck 40 3A 37 2A AE sensor center line 8 9 20

Sensor Locations on Deck

40 3A 37 2A AE sensor center line 8 9 20 6 7 PORT SIDE
40 3A
37 2A
AE sensor center line
8
9
20 6 7
PORT SIDE
4P CC
Weld Line
13'-3"
AE sensor center line
2
3 4
5
0 1
Ship Center line
5S
-26
3S
4S
1S
-28.5
2S
AE Sensors
4S CC
6S
7S
8S
9S
-46
Frame 68
Frame 76
Frame 72
STARBORD
3214 East Pasadena Freeway
Houston, TX 77503
Phone 713 473 6111 Fax 713 473 6161
Area of Interest
E Mail sbotten@mistrasgroup.com
Customer
Title
ABS
AE sensor locations on Prince William Sound
Deck area during sea tests
Project No
Drawing No
4-6-2007
ABS PWS DECK
Date
68
0
69
70
10
20
71
72
30
40
50
73
74
60
70
75
80
76
Equipment Location AE computer in Cargo Control Room AE sensors on the deck

Equipment Location

AE computer in Cargo Control Room

Equipment Location AE computer in Cargo Control Room AE sensors on the deck

AE sensors on the

deck

Equipment Location AE computer in Cargo Control Room AE sensors on the deck
Equipment Location AE computer in Cargo Control Room AE sensors on the deck
Riding the Tanker

Riding the Tanker

Riding the Tanker
Location of Active Underside Corrosion Port Side 72 73 74 Deck girder 30; Grid 5’

Location of Active Underside Corrosion

Port Side 72 73 74 Deck girder 30; Grid 5’ x STARBOAR from CL 5’
Port
Side
72
73
74
Deck girder 30;
Grid 5’ x
STARBOAR
from CL
5’
D
AUT Corrosion Mapping System

AUT Corrosion Mapping System

AUT Corrosion Mapping System
LSI of Coast Guard Cutter

LSI of Coast Guard Cutter

LSI of Coast Guard Cutter
Vessel Corrosion Mapping 155.5" 39" QUALIFICATION CRITERIA Measurements Percent PLATE RR 3409 16% Less than

Vessel Corrosion Mapping

155.5" 39" QUALIFICATION CRITERIA Measurements Percent PLATE RR 3409 16% Less than 0.145 STARBOARD 5876
155.5"
39"
QUALIFICATION CRITERIA
Measurements Percent
PLATE RR
3409
16%
Less than 0.145
STARBOARD
5876
28%
Between 0.145 and 0.154
7 LB
7724
36%
Nominal thickness= 0.171"
Greather than 0.154
4255
20%
No data
21264
100%
Total

0.147

0.142

0.147

0.144

0.161

0.145

0.168

0.177

0.144

0.132

0.104

0.103

0.102

0.104

0.161

0.149

0.160

0.164

0.146

0.161

0.152

0.157

0.151

0.152

0.170

0.182

0.182

0.178

0.163

0.153

0.152

0.171

0.164

0.159

0.101

0.172

0.147

0.151

0.221

0.142

0.168

0.132

0.167

0.165

0.143

0.175

0.243

0.172

0.105

0.169

0.101

0.107

0.101

0.109

0.101

0.102

0.160

0.165

0.101

0.175

0.101

0.152

0.102

0.145

0.101

0.169

0.101

0.168

0.167

0.164

0.146

0.249

0.157

0.178

0.107

0.181

0.179

0.168

0.103

0.111

0.103

0.107

0.169

0.184

0.101

0.161

0.152

0.167

0.175

0.169

0.250

0.246

0.169

0.177

0.181

0.184

0.172

0.180

0.159

0.101

0.175

0.174

0.161

0.168

0.198

0.247

0.250

0.250

0.173

0.179

0.180

0.178

0.173

0.171

0.163

0.171

0.163

0.247

0.177

0.250

0.250

0.173

0.180

0.182

0.181

0.182

0.175

0.170

0.168

0.156

0.161

0.156

0.168

0.250

0.250

0.250

0.248

0.189

0.207

0.178

0.194

0.181

0.194

0.182

0.164

0.173

0.160

0.170

0.177

0.200

0.171

0.219

0.177

0.205

0.243

0.171

0.250

0.245

0.250

0.245

0.189

0.201

0.179

0.176

0.180

0.176

0.178

0.177

0.198

0.190

0.189

0.198

0.198

0.188

0.189

0.193

0.248

0.250

0.244

0.200

0.250

0.206

0.250

0.249

0.246

0.247

0.189

0.249

0.177

0.177

0.177

0.182

0.178

0.185

0.177

0.187

0.248

0.184

0.250

0.199

0.250

0.218

0.245

0.250

0.243

0.250

0.207

0.198

0.215

0.193

0.203

0.217

0.249

0.250

0.194

0.250

0.178

0.205

0.175

0.177

0.178

0.180

0.177

0.101

0.198

0.199

0.201

0.195

0.185

0.196

0.248

0.248

0.206

0.179

0.181

0.178

0.179

0.168

0.250

0.244

0.250

0.250

0.250

0.247

0.203

0.168

0.250

0.250

0.181

0.180

0.186

0.106

0.172

0.180

0.194

0.244

0.246

0.198

0.167

0.246

0.250

0.188

0.170

0.173

0.155

0.101

0.191

0.198

0.247

0.182

0.207

0.220

0.250

0.250

0.248

0.250

0.168

0.101

0.177

0.106

0.176

0.244

0.247

0.250

0.248

0.250

0.173

0.198

0.198

0.169

0.174

0.179

0.180

0.156

0.171

0.177

0.164

0.250

0.176

0.186

0.185

0.175

0.186

0.194

0.186

0.170

0.142

0.102

0.171

0.167

0.169

0.157

0.170

0.194

0.166

0.178

0.171

0.175

0.176

0.167

0.102

0.171

0.173

0.176

0.176

0.194

0.189

0.176

0.161

0.179

0.141

0.181

0.101

0.179

0.101

0.140

0.168

0.168

0.180

0.164

0.172

0.157

0.200

0.187

0.171

0.161

0.101

0.175

0.102

0.170

0.157

0.195

0.193

0.176

0.176

0.154

0.163

0.157

0.168

0.166

0.200

0.173

0.157

0.157

0.173

0.168

0.171

0.146

0.167

0.152

0.189

0.173

0.193

0.175

0.155

0.173

0.145

0.195

0.193

0.203

0.167

0.191

0.177

0.138

0.173

0.157

0.155

0.178

0.155

0.203

0.168

0.211

0.170

0.249

0.173

0.188

0.194

0.173

0.180

0.176

0.101

0.101

0.178

0.173

0.165

0.104

SCAN LAYOUT DRAWING STARBOAR SC USCGC SITKINAK 110 FEET HULL
SCAN LAYOUT DRAWING STARBOAR
SC
USCGC SITKINAK
110
FEET HULL
0.176 0.101 0.101 0.178 0.173 0.165 0.104 SCAN LAYOUT DRAWING STARBOAR SC USCGC SITKINAK 110 FEET
UTRASONIC CORROSION MAPPING Port Side 7 Thickness analysis. Note color palette and 2 AE sensor

UTRASONIC CORROSION MAPPING

Port Side 7 Thickness analysis. Note color palette and 2 AE sensor 7 contrast in
Port Side
7
Thickness analysis.
Note color palette and
2
AE sensor
7
contrast in image.
7
3
4
Aft
Fore
Starboard
side
Example of Top Side Corrosion TOP DECK CORROSION

Example of Top Side Corrosion

TOP DECK CORROSION
TOP DECK CORROSION
Monitoring of Ballast Tanks Port side AE monitored area Starboard side AE monitored area

Monitoring of Ballast Tanks

Port side AE monitored area Starboard side AE monitored area
Port side AE
monitored area
Starboard side
AE monitored
area

AE Sensor Locations

AE Sensor Locations AE computer in Cargo 36 AE sensors inside ballast tanks (2008) Control Room

AE computer

in Cargo

36 AE sensors

inside ballast tanks

(2008)

Control

Room

AE Sensor Locations AE computer in Cargo 36 AE sensors inside ballast tanks (2008) Control Room
AE Sensor Locations AE computer in Cargo 36 AE sensors inside ballast tanks (2008) Control Room
Sensor Locations

Sensor Locations

Sensor Locations
Sensor Locations
Sensor Locations
Sensor Locations

Sensor Installation and Typical Data

Sensor Installation and Typical Data
AET of a Containership During Voyage 20 degree roll 6m swell impact Rain to blowing
AET of a Containership During Voyage
20 degree roll
6m swell impact
Rain to blowing snow
Plot of AE events and the total number of events over time
during rough seas/weather

I

Northbound Voyage (Sea State 4-5)

Northbound voyage with ballast condition, port quarter heading sea (10-12 ft wave height)

Corrosion or micro-crack activity on port-side bottom &

side shell areas and crack activity on starboard-side top

side shell area

and crack activity on starboard-side top side shell area Suspected Areas Suspected Areas Sensor Locations
and crack activity on starboard-side top side shell area Suspected Areas Suspected Areas Sensor Locations
Suspected Areas Suspected Areas Sensor Locations Discontinuity Deck Side Shell #12 D5 D4 #11 #10
Suspected Areas
Suspected Areas
Sensor Locations
Discontinuity
Deck
Side Shell
#12
D5
D4
#11
#10
D3-1
Stringer #1
D3
FWD
(side view)
D1
#1
#2
#3
L
7
3’
Stringer #2
D2
L
9
#4
#5
#6
Stringer #3
Fr. 68
Fr. 69
Fr. 70
Fr. 71
Fr. 72
Fr. 73
Trans.
Swash
Bhd
Bhd.
12’-9”
#28-29 Group H #30 #19-21 Group F #22-24 Inner Side Skin Shell
#28-29
Group H
#30
#19-21
Group F
#22-24
Inner
Side
Skin
Shell
Suspected Areas Suspected Areas Sensor Locations Discontinuity Deck Side Shell D9 D10 #28 #29 D12
Suspected Areas
Suspected Areas
Sensor Locations
Discontinuity
Deck
Side Shell
D9
D10
#28
#29
D12
#30
D11
Stringer #1
FWD
(side view)
#19
#20
#21
L 7
3’
Stringer #2
L 9
#22
#23
#24
Stringer #3
Fr. 68
Fr. 69
Fr. 70
Fr. 71
Fr. 72
Fr. 73
Trans.
Swash
Bhd
Bhd.
12’-9”

Side View of Group A

Top View of Group D

Side View of Group H

Cargo Loading at Valdez

Crack activities on port-side top side shell, starboard- side inner skin and top side shell

Corrosion or micro-crack activity on port side shell

around waterline

or micro-crack activity on port side shell around waterline Suspected Areas Suspected Areas Sensor Locations
or micro-crack activity on port side shell around waterline Suspected Areas Suspected Areas Sensor Locations
Suspected Areas Suspected Areas Sensor Locations Discontinuity Deck Side Shell #12 D5 D4 #11 #10
Suspected Areas
Suspected Areas
Sensor Locations
Discontinuity
Deck
Side Shell
#12
D5
D4
#11
#10
D3-1
Stringer #1
D3
FWD
(side view)
D1
#1
#2
#3
L
7
3’
Stringer #2
D2
L
9
#4
#5
#6
Stringer #3
Fr. 68
Fr. 69
Fr. 70
Fr. 71
Fr. 72
Fr. 73
Trans.
Swash
Bhd
Bhd.
12’-9”
Group G #25-27
Group G
#25-27

Inner

Skin

Side

Shell

Suspected Areas Sensor Locations Deck Inner Skin #28-29 Group H #30 Stringer #1 FWD (side
Suspected Areas
Sensor Locations
Deck
Inner Skin
#28-29
Group H
#30
Stringer #1
FWD
(side view)
#25
#26
#27
#19-21
L 7
Group F
Stringer #2
#22-24
Stringer #3

Fr. 68

Fr. 69

Fr. 70

Fr. 71

Fr. 72

Fr. 73

Trans.

Swash

Bhd

Bhd.

Inner

Skin

Side

Shell

Suspected Areas Suspected Areas Sensor Locations Discontinuity Deck Side Shell D9 D10 #28 #29 D12
Suspected Areas
Suspected Areas
Sensor Locations
Discontinuity
Deck
Side Shell
D9
D10
#28
#29
D12
#30
D11
Stringer #1
FWD
(side view)
#19
#20
#21
L 7
3’
Stringer #2
L 9
#22
#23
#24
Stringer #3
Fr. 68
Fr. 69
Fr. 70
Fr. 71
Fr. 72
Fr. 73
Trans.
Swash
Bhd
Bhd.
12’-9”

Side View of Group C

Side View of Group G

Side View of Group H

Southbound voyage (Sea state 4-5)

Southbound voyage with full load condition, quarter heading seas (8-12 ft wave height)

Corrosion or micro-crack activity on port-side side shell at waterline, starboard-side top side shell and side shell at waterline

starboard-side top side shell and side shell at waterline Suspected Areas Suspected Areas Sensor Locations
starboard-side top side shell and side shell at waterline Suspected Areas Suspected Areas Sensor Locations
Suspected Areas Suspected Areas Sensor Locations Discontinuity Suspected Areas Suspected Areas Sensor Locations
Suspected Areas
Suspected Areas
Sensor Locations
Discontinuity
Suspected Areas
Suspected Areas
Sensor Locations
Discontinuity
Deck
Side Shell
#12
Deck
D5
D4
Side Shell
D9
D10
#28
#29
#11
#28-29
#10
D3-1
Group H
D12
#30
Stringer #1
#30
D11
D3
Stringer #1
FWD
FWD
(side view)
(side view)
D1
#1
#2
#3
L
7
#19-21
#19
#20
#21
L
7
3’
Group F
3’
Stringer #2
Stringer #2
D2
L
9
L
9
#22-24
#22
#23
#24
#4
#5
#6
Stringer #3
Stringer #3
Fr. 68
Fr. 69
Fr. 70
Fr. 71
Fr. 72
Fr. 73
Inner
Side
Fr. 68
Fr. 69
Fr. 70
Fr. 71
Fr. 72
Fr. 73
Trans.
Swash
Skin
Shell
Trans.
Swash
Bhd
Bhd.
12’-9”
Bhd
Bhd.
12’-9”
#28-29 Group H #30 #19-21 Group F #22-24
#28-29
Group H
#30
#19-21
Group F
#22-24

Inner

Skin

Side

Shell

Suspected Areas Suspected Areas Sensor Locations Discontinuity Deck Side Shell D9 D10 #28 #29 D12
Suspected Areas
Suspected Areas
Sensor Locations
Discontinuity
Deck
Side Shell
D9
D10
#28
#29
D12
#30
D11
Stringer #1
FWD
(side view)
#19
#20
#21
L 7
3’
Stringer #2
L 9
#22
#23
#24
Stringer #3
Fr. 68
Fr. 69
Fr. 70
Fr. 71
Fr. 72
Fr. 73
Trans.
Swash
Bhd
Bhd.
12’-9”

Side View of Group A

Side View of Group F

Side View of Group H

Recommendations

Areas suspected of crack-like defects remove paint, inspect using wet fluorescent magnetic particle

Areas suspected of corrosion-like activities clean

the surface, measure the corrosion depth, and conduct MPI if needed

Crack-like activity Crack-like activity Corrosion activity Crack-like activity Corrosion activity Corrosion activity
Crack-like activity
Crack-like activity
Corrosion activity
Crack-like activity
Corrosion activity
Corrosion activity

Continuous On Line Monitoring

Install permanent sensors

Continuous monitoring of key areas

Review and Analyze data

periodically

• Install permanent sensors • Continuous monitoring of key areas • Review and Analyze data periodically
• Install permanent sensors • Continuous monitoring of key areas • Review and Analyze data periodically
• Install permanent sensors • Continuous monitoring of key areas • Review and Analyze data periodically

Identify Target Areas - FEM

Search relatively high stress areas through FEM

Search relatively short fatigue life areas

Target Areas - FEM • Search relatively high stress areas through FEM • Search relatively short

Common Area of Defects

Common Area of Defects Fractures appear mostly in Hold No. 3, 6, 7 and 8. Fractures
Common Area of Defects Fractures appear mostly in Hold No. 3, 6, 7 and 8. Fractures
Common Area of Defects Fractures appear mostly in Hold No. 3, 6, 7 and 8. Fractures

Fractures appear mostly in Hold

No. 3, 6, 7 and 8.

Defects Fractures appear mostly in Hold No. 3, 6, 7 and 8. Fractures appear where tank
Defects Fractures appear mostly in Hold No. 3, 6, 7 and 8. Fractures appear where tank

Fractures appear where tank transverse bulkhead meets horizontal flats/ other tank tops.

Continuous Monitoring Areas

- Visual Inspection

P1
P1
Continuous Monitoring Areas - Visual Inspection P1 AE Sensor Locations Historical Flaws Observation IS SS Fr.

AE Sensor Locations

Monitoring Areas - Visual Inspection P1 AE Sensor Locations Historical Flaws Observation IS SS Fr. 108

Historical Flaws

Monitoring Areas - Visual Inspection P1 AE Sensor Locations Historical Flaws Observation IS SS Fr. 108

Observation

IS
IS
SS Fr. 108 Fr. 104 SS
SS
Fr. 108
Fr. 104
SS
AET of a Containership During Voyage
AET of a Containership During Voyage

Continuous Monitoring Areas

- AE Findings

B Source

Voyage Continuous Monitoring Areas - AE Findings B Source  AE activities were found in two

AE activities were found in two areas during continuous monitoring

In area A, the corners of box as well as under deck longitudinals need to be inspected

In area B, the bracket toes and under deck webs may need to be inspected

B
B

Continuous Monitoring 38 (Apr 2009) B only

A
A

Continuous Monitoring (May 2009) A only

A B
A
B

Continuous Monitoring (Oct 2009 Dec 2009) both

AET of a Containership During Voyage Conclusions
AET of a Containership During Voyage
Conclusions

AET can provide discrimination between genuine AE and

spurious noise generated by a variety of sources given

proper neural network/pattern recognition techniques.

AET is able to detect hidden discontinuities.

AET can detect cracking under normal operations.

AET is a viable technique for monitoring marine vessels.

AET can provide efficient management of resources by

directing inspections to areas of interest.

#1 AET can increase vessel safety through early warning

notification.

Continuous Monitoring Integrity off-shore Platforms

Continuous Monitoring Integrity

off-shore Platforms

Continuous Monitoring Integrity off-shore Platforms
Verification Tests • “ Verification trial” was required to demonstrate AE reliability to customer and

Verification Tests

Verification trial” was required to demonstrate AE reliability to customer and authorities.

“Model” of similar type

customer and authorities. • “Model” of similar type and material to structure. • Fatigue cracked at

and material to structure.

Fatigue cracked at UWC lab. (sensors on reverse)

Monitored by same AE

at UWC lab. (sensors on reverse) • Monitored by same AE system as proposed for use
at UWC lab. (sensors on reverse) • Monitored by same AE system as proposed for use

system as proposed for use offshore.

• Monitored by same AE system as proposed for use offshore. • Sectioned following first unambiguous

Sectioned following

first unambiguous AE

indications.

Cracks after sectioning Crack not detectable on surface by DP/MPI without load. 0.5mm crack 3mm

Cracks after sectioning

Crack not detectable on surface by DP/MPI without load.
Crack not detectable
on surface by DP/MPI
without load.

0.5mm crack

Cracks after sectioning Crack not detectable on surface by DP/MPI without load. 0.5mm crack 3mm crack
Cracks after sectioning Crack not detectable on surface by DP/MPI without load. 0.5mm crack 3mm crack

3mm crack

Local Area Monitoring ACOUSTIC EMISSION LOCAL AREA MONITORING STRAIN GUAGES

Local Area Monitoring

Local Area Monitoring ACOUSTIC EMISSION LOCAL AREA MONITORING STRAIN GUAGES

ACOUSTIC EMISSION LOCAL AREA MONITORING

STRAIN GUAGES

System Schematic

offshore UPS
offshore
UPS

Satellite connection

Owner access via internet

Private networks

Onshore

Owner access via internet Private networks Onshore DiSP Secure Web server Control PC AE sensors and

DiSP

Owner access via internet Private networks Onshore DiSP Secure Web server Control PC AE sensors and
Owner access via internet Private networks Onshore DiSP Secure Web server Control PC AE sensors and
Owner access via internet Private networks Onshore DiSP Secure Web server Control PC AE sensors and

Secure Web server

via internet Private networks Onshore DiSP Secure Web server Control PC AE sensors and strain gauges

Control PC

Private networks Onshore DiSP Secure Web server Control PC AE sensors and strain gauges in nodes

AE sensors and strain gauges in nodes (hazardous area).

Internet Reporting of Health

Status

Internet Reporting of Health Status Channel based and Location Event based graphs show activity over a

Channel based and Location Event based graphs show activity over a

selected period of time.

based graphs show activity over a selected period of time. Internet Site Summary Screen for One
based graphs show activity over a selected period of time. Internet Site Summary Screen for One

Internet Site Summary Screen for One GEM Case shows summary and statistics information and menu

selections for other reporting information.

Typical Time based graph shows two selectable graph parameters, and selectable time period reporting.

SUMMARY • AE can locate damage in real-time • AE can be used for inspection

SUMMARY

AE can locate damage in real-time

AE can be used for inspection in areas that have limited access

AE can be used as a tool for condition ranking

AE can be used for continuous remote monitoring

AE can assist in locating hidden/buried defects

AE can be used for inspection in areas that have

limited access

AE monitoring can be combined with external

parametrics (e.g. strain, displacement, temperature, pressure, etc.) to assist in identifying

environmental effects that may lead to damage

AE can increase vessel safety through early

warning notification.

Questions??? Sam Ternowchek Mistras Group 195 Clarksville Rd Princeton Junction NJ 08550 609-716-4123 609-915-2798 (cell)

Questions???

Sam Ternowchek Mistras Group 195 Clarksville Rd Princeton Junction NJ 08550

609-716-4123

609-915-2798 (cell)

samtern@aol.com

Rd Princeton Junction NJ 08550 609-716-4123 609-915-2798 (cell) sam.ternowchek@mistrasgroup.com samtern@aol.com