Master Plan

MTDC Coastal Tourism Development Concept Plan Report
Nov 2007

Kiran Keswani architects
kiranmkeswani@gmail.com

Project Report commissioned by CRISIL Infrastructure Advisory Services

In the Coastal Tourism plan for Maharashtra the architecture of “placemaking” aims at creating or re-creating lively “social” areas with water, forts & heritage as the focus to generate a branded image for achieving

tourism and environmental planning objectives

MASTER PLAN for Coastal Tourism

MTDC Projects South Maharashtra

SRIVARDHAN
Approach road to Srivardhan site Resort DESIGN Convention Centre DESIGN Amphitheatre DESIGN Mini-Maharashtra Miniature land Vernacular architecture of Srivardhan town

VIJAYDURG

Master Plan Approach to the Fort The Entrance Fort Details Fort Museum Light & Sound show Heritage walk Jetty at Vijaydurg Water sports Beach shacks for tourists

BANKOT
Master Plan for Bankot Bankot Fort MTDC land for development Harihareeshwar & Bagmandala shore Bankot shore Nature trail Bankot Creek cruise Koli village Walk

MASTER PLAN for Coastal Tourism
MTDC Projects

North Maharashtra

WADHWAN
Site at Alewadi Site at Wadhwan Water sports Camper van facilities

Character of a konkan village

In Coastal Maharashtra, villages still retains its traditional character. A few of the characteristics of a konkan village are:

• Spurs of western ghat on the east • Steep coastal drop on the west • Undulating but somewhat flat land in the middle • Estuaries formind deltaic structure near the sea • Agriculture on plains, mainly paddy and millets • Villages are ideal watersheds • Each group of hamlets is surrounded by hills with thick vegetation cover and perennial springs or another water source • Village jungle is treated as common property and preserved • Phenomena like sacred groves and bunded water channels maintained traditionally are still common.

Source :

Bhagwat, Shruti - Strengthening of natural resource base for tourism development – in a Konkan coastal village; Post-graduate diploma in Landscape architecture, CEPT, Ahmedabad, 1999

Vernacular architecture in Konkan region

In Coastal Maharashtra, houses in rural areas are nestled amidst the trees and the paddy fields. Here, the green of the countryside, after the first rains is so very much a green that seems to have been custom-made for coastal regions. There is abundant land available to build upon and yet, the houses lie snugly next to each other. In India, the people who farmed, who fished and who have built their houses with their highly developed skills of craftsmanship always planned a house that was their own but that also belonged to the village. It was only one unit of the many that made up the village street. One house was built, then the next and the next. Streets that were thus formed were shaded from the afternoon sun.

Understanding COASTAL ZONAL Regulations

(Source : S. Gopikrishna Warrier)

The Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) came into existence on February 19, 1991, with the gazetting of the notification by the Union Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) under Sec. 3(1) and Sec. 3(2)(v) of the Environment Protection Act, 1986, and Rule 5(3)(d) of the Environment Protection Rules, 1986.

Through the Notification the Central Government declared the coastal stretches of seas, bays, estuaries, creeks, rivers and backwaters, which are influenced by tidal action (in the land ward side), up to 500m. from the high tide line (HTL) and the land between the low tide line (LTL) and HTL as CRZ. In the case of rivers, creeks and backwaters, the Notification stated that the CRZ could be modified on a case by case basis, on the basis of reasons to be recorded during the preparation of the coastal zone management plan (CZMP). However, the width of the CRZ from each bank could not be less than 100 m., or the width of the water body, whichever was less. Activities Prohibited in the CRZ: •Setting up of new industries and expansion of existing ones, except those directly related to waterfront or requiring foreshore facilities. •Manufacture, handling, storage or disposal of hazardous substances. •Setting up and expansion of fish processing units including warehousing (excluding hatchery and natural fish drying in permitted areas). •— Discharge of untreated wastes and effluents from industries, cities, towns or other human settlements. The existing practices would have to be phased out by the concerned authorities within three years. •Dumping of ash or any waste from thermal power plants. •Land reclamation, bunding or disturbing the natural course of sea water with similar obstructions. Exceptions are made for activities required for the control of coastal erosion, the maintenance of water ways to ports; clearing sand bars; and for the construction of regulators, storm water drains and structures for the prevention of salinity ingress. •Mining of sand, rocks and other substrata materials, except those raw minerals not available outside the CRZ areas. •Drawing or harvesting of groundwater and construction of mechanism within 200 m. of the HTL. Between 200 and 500 m. it will be permissible only if done manually through ordinary wells for drinking, horticulture, agriculture and fisheries. •Construction activity in ecologically sensitive areas. •Any construction activity between LTL and HTL except facilities for carrying treated effluents and waste water discharge into the sea, facilities for carrying sea water for cooling purposes, oil, gas and similar pipelines and facilities essential for facilities permitted under the notification. •Dressing or altering of sand dunes, hill, natural features including landscape changes for beautification, recreation and other such purposes, except as permitted under the notification. Regulated activities (requiring environmental clearance from MoEF): •Construction activities related to defense requirements for which foreshore facilities are essential. Residential office, hospital, workshops will not normally be permitted in the CRZ, except in very special cases. •Operational construction for ports and harbors and light house. •Foreshore facilities of thermal power plants for transport of raw materials, in-take of cooling water and out fall for discharge of treated wastewater or cooling water •All other activities with investment exceeding. 5 crores.

Museums
Museum objects

along the Coastline
Information display

These will be places which the tourists can visit along the route, where information about can be obtained and an orientation film can be viewed.

Section

Dotted line indicates the extent of roof above Information display

• Forts of Maharashtra • History of the Marathas • Chhatrapati Shivaji • Fishermen’s Museum • Folk art & music • Traditional games • Malvani & Konkani cuisine • Sindhudurg contemporary personalities • Water Heritage (about the sea, the siting of forts in the vicinity of aquifers, about lifeforms in the water, healing properties of water and about water & religion)

Information display

The design of each museum will consist of a change of levels that add interest to the viewing of the pieces.

Plan

Ganapati Tour at Pen

The streets around Shivaji Chowk in Pen are lined with Karkhanas that create the Ganapati statues that are sent to Bombay and to towns all over Maharashtra. More than 70% of the statues that are sold in Bombay are made in Pen. The making of the Ganapatis is a craft that is so typical of this part of India.

Facilities that may be provided here :

Restaurant with local cuisine Tea shop that is clean and with a speciali design theme Rest rooms/Toilets ATM Ganesha Museum Infrastructure such as roads, water supply and drainage systems may need upgradation if a floating tourist population is expected If Pen can be included as a tourist stop, a traditional / vernacular house to be identified for lease by MTDC in the vicinity of Shivaji Chowk. Pondicherry tourism has similarly developed heritage houses for boutiques, restaurants & coffee shops.

Cafetaria

Recreational Vehicle Park
It is recommended that the circulation pathways for the Recreational Vehicle Park be well-defined for the tourists who will visit here. This pathway can be have random stone paving. The Park will include an Information Counter, a Crafts shop and an Entrance Plaza that includes toilet facilities and a cafetaria

Sitout

5

Beach games

4 2
Entrance Plaza

KEY for Proposed tourist facilities

3

Craft shop

1

Information Counter

1 2 3 4 5

Entrance Plaza Information Counter Craft shop Circulation Path Landscaped area

Aravi Shrivardhan & Murud Janjira
MTDC Coastal Tourism Development

Srivardhan Master Plan Site-related assessment Approach road to Srivardhan site Vernacular architecture of Srivardhan town Design Brief . Concept Design Institute of Hospitality & Tourism Management DESIGN Upgradation of Jetties – Dighi & Rajpuri Mini Maharashtra Miniature Land Murud Janjira Heritage walk Orientation center Fort Museum Light & Sound show Food & Beverage stalls

SRIVARDHAN MASTER PLAN

Amphitheatre DESIGN
The best location for the audience will normally fall within a line approximately at 100 degrees to the stage ends on either side. Distance between the last row of seats and the performance area should not exceed 50’-0” to perceive details of the performers.

a PLAN

Sight lines A vertical angle of 30 degrees at the spectator’s position establishes the distance from the closest seat to the screen or to the highest significant object on stage. The lowest seat must be located where the observer can just see the stage floor. The highest seat should be in line with the 30 degrees vertical angle line.

Bankot
Bankot Master Plan
Site-related assessment
- Bankot Context plan - Harihareeshwar bay & Bagmandala shore - Bankot shore - Bankot Fort - MTDC land for development - Road to Velas village - Vernacular architecture on the Bankot hill

MTDC Coastal Tourism Development

Design Brief Concept designs Bankot Fort restoration Nature Trail Bankot Creek CRUISE Koli village WALK Strengthening of Jetties Approach road to sea from fort Pathways & Seating areas

BANKOT MASTER PLAN

Bankot Creek Cruise

Bankot Creek Cruise
At present, there are no tourist boats or launches that operate on the Bankot creek for the purpose of cruising or sight-seeing. There are two launches that do operate for the transport of people between the shores of Bankot and Bagmandala. There is a car jetty that is more commonly referred to as the Jungle jetty

CONCEPT DESIGN

Bankot nature trail

Bankot nature trail elements
Pathway or Trail Elevated viewing deck Intermediate rest areas Bird feeder Turtle nesting site Butterfly farm Stepped Viewpoint Machaan Birdshop Hammocks & Benches

Vijaydurg
MTDC Coastal Tourism Development Vijaydurg Master Plan
Site-related assessment
- Context Map

- Views from the fort
- Approach to the Fort - Fort Details - Heritage walk

Design Brief Concept Design Fort Museum Heritage walk Sound & Light show Deer Park at Vijaydurg Parapet & Retaining wall The Entrance Signage Strengthening of Jetty Crafts Festival Water sports Beach shacks for tourists

VIJAYDURG MASTER PLAN

Vijaydurg Fort Plan

Vijaydurg Heritage walk

Traditional structures along the main street

Heritage walk

Some of the beautiful traditional details of vernacular houses on the heritage walk. These houses are in a dilapidated condition since the maintenance of traditional houses can be expensive. It is recommended that some of these houses be acquired by MTDC on a long-term lease so that the town of Vijaydurg still retains its historic context alongwith the fort.

Deer Park at Vijaydurg ( within the Landscape development component )

Entrance Plaza Wooden bridge Nursery

Nature walk Information Centre Picnic village Promenade Entry to Deer Park

Shaded seating areas

It is proposed that a Deer Park be developed at Vijaydurg as part of the landscape development.

Wadhwan
MTDC Coastal Tourism Development

CONTENTS
Wadhwan Master Plan Site-related assessment - Alewadi site - Wadhwan site Design Brief Concept Design Sports Training Centre MASTER PLAN Design approach Dimensions & Areas
Basketball Field hockey Athletic track Tennis Discus throw High Jump Pole vault

Area Statement
Outdoor sports Indoor sports

WADHWAN MASTER PLAN

Wadhwan site

Land at Wadhwan abutting the beach and covered with Casuarina plantation

If this land becomes available after deducting the width to be left under Coastal Zonal Regulations, would still be difficult to utilise in an ecological and sustainable way, since the casuarina plantation would need to be removed to make construction possible.

This may affect the ecosystem and the buffer that the casuarina is intended to create.

CONCEPT DESIGN

Sports Training Centre Master Plan

a

b

c

d

“It is important to look after the environmental attractions that created the opportunity for tourism development in the first place and on whose continued attractiveness the development depends for its survival. Nowhere is this more important than in the fragile and dynamic coastal

zone”

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