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SOAL LATIHAN SNMPTN
There are three reasons why solar cell energy generation has not developed more rapidly. First, the cost per watt of solar cell generation is more expensive than that of steam power or nuclear power generation. Therefore, researchers are still looking for ways to make solar cells cheaper. Second, nature plays a large part in solar cell generation. For example, some days are cloudy and rainy; because there is not always fine weather, solar energy cannot be generated every day. No solar energy is generated at night. Consequently, solar cells must have the capacity to store energy for use during these times, and these storage cells are very expensive. As a result, only in low latitude areas can enough solar energy be generated effectively at these times. Finally, building plants for solar cell generation is extremely expensive. A very large space is needed, and the need for maintenance is constant. To illustrate, the surface of the solar cell plant has to be cleaned daily. For all these reasons, it is very difficult to develop solar cell plants and make solar cell energy available to the general public for a competitive price. Despite all these problems, I believe the day will come when we use solar energy cells because they are a form of clean energy with no pollution. 1. The text describes ............ of the slow development of solar cell energy. (A) the process (D) the benefit and harm (B) the causes (E) the condition (C) the purposes 2. Efforts have been made to develop solar cell energy because ............. (A) it is not costly (D) it does not cause any pollution (B) it is reversible (E) it can be generated at any time (C) it is easy to generate 3. Which of the following statements is TRUE about solar cells? (A) Great progress has been made in the development of solar cell energy. (B) Solar cells can generate and store energy during the night. (C) Unlike solar cell energy, nuclear energy is more expensive to generate. (D) Producing solar energy is quite a profitable business nowadays. 1
(E) Generating solar cell energy greatly depends on the condition of the weather. 4. The development of solar cell energy for public use has been rather slow due to the following, EXCEPT ............ (A) the nature of solar energy itself (B) the high cost of production (C) the condition of nature (D) the high construction costs of the plant (E) the daily maintenance of the plant 5. The author expects that ............. (A) efforts to develop solar cell energy will be stopped immediately (B) nuclear power will be a better energy alternative (C) solar energy will become popular among consumers (D) the generation of solar cells can be done in lower altitude areas (E) solar energy will remain difficult to develop Text II As time goes by, more and more crimes and accidents are caused by alcohol. In Britain the government has long been aware of this problem. As far back as 1925 laws to control drinking and driving were introduced. In the 1960s the power of the police was considerably strengthened and far higher penalties and punishment for drunken driving were introduced. However, none of them has proved effective. As long as people remain within the bounds of man-made laws they can destroy their lives through alcohol. In contrast, Moslems have a divine law - godly law - which guides them away from touching a single drop of alcohol. 6. The text tells us about ............. (A) crimes and accidents (B) British laws on drinking (C) man-made and divine laws (D) efforts to prevent drunken driving (E) crimes caused by drinking 7. Which of the following is TRUE according to the text? (A) British laws against drinking succeeded in decreasing the rate of accidents. (B) It has been proved that no government law can entirely stop people from drinking. (C) The strenghtened power of the police contributes effectively to the decrease of crimes. 2
(D) A single drop of alcohol is likely to ruin a person's life. (E) Unlike divine laws, man made laws are much more effective. Text III Methods have recently been elaborated to measure food crushing sounds so that foods can be manufactured to produce the exact level of noise considered desirable. After a considerable amount of preliminary study a technique was developed which records the sounds of food being chewed. The instrument is similar to a transistorized hearing aid and inserted in the ear for the experimenter. The hearing aid picks up the noice produced and transmits it via an appropriatecircuit to a magnetic tape and the recording is subsequently analyzed for frequency and amplitude. 8. What is the topic of the above paragraph? (A) The use of hearing aid in the process of eating. (B) The crushing sound in the production of food. (C) The function of the crushing sounf of food. (D) The hearing aid for the crushing sound of food. (E) The technique of measuring the crushing sound of food. 9. The purpose of using the hearing instrument is to ............. (A) help people identify the crushing sounds of food (B) produce the crushing sound of food (C) help people soften the crushing sound of food (D) find out the right level of the crushing sound of food (E) help people avoid the sound of chewing food Text IV While the advent of air travel has scrattered Aedes aegepty across the globe, increased urbanization has helped the mosquito breed. Metropolises ............ Jakarta, where open sewers crisscross vast slums and rainwater collects in ............ barrels and tires, provide many ............ breeding grounds for the mosquito. This is proved by the fact that a third of the dengue fever cases in Indonesia have been recorded in the capital. ............, researchers note that epidemics usually develop every five years, before subsiding when develop ............ to the disease. 10. (A) according to (B) compared with (C) such as 11. (A) discarded (B) discarding (C) discardable 3 (D) as well as (E) related to (D) discards (E) discard
12. (A) capable (B) total (C) restrictive 13. (A) In conclusion (B) In spite of (C) In additon 14. (A) immune (B) immunity (C) immunized
(D) valuabel (E) potential (D) In relation (E) In terms of (D) immunizing (E) immunization
15. About ten percent of the Earth's land area, or nearly 5.8 million square miles, ............ by glacial ice. (A) are covered (D) had covered (B) has covered ((E) is covered C) to be covered 16. Potatoes, now a major source of food worldwide, ............ to Europe by the Spanish in the 16th century. (A) were brought (D) brought (B) had been brought (E) had brought (C) were being brought 17. The importance of the laser lies in the great variety of its uses and the great number of benefits ............ in the field of medicine. (A) is expected (D) expecting (B) expected (E) to expect (C) it expects 18. "How could Juli afford to go abroad at least twice a year?" "I am also wondering ............." (A) how she earns her living (D) that she has earned her living (B) does she earn a living (E) what she was earning a living for (C) why does she earn her living 19. While living in Bogor, we always went to school on foot. This means that we ............ on foot while we were living in Bogor. (A) go to school (D) are used to going to school (B) are going to school (E) liked going to school (C) used to go to school 20. Helen introducing me to her former lecturer ........ she married after she had graduated. (A) whom (D) with whom 4
(B) whose (C) which
(E) of which
21. "I can't find my handphone in my bag!" "Well, you ............ in the car. Let's take a look!" (A) may have to leave it (D) may have left it (B) had to leave it (E) must leave it (C) should have left it 22. Smoking can be he cause of many illnesses disorders; ............, it may harm non-smokers. (A) consequently (D) nevertheless (B) however (E) otherwise (C) in addition and respiratory
23. "I called him several times yesterday but there was no answer." 'He ............ out of town'. (A) should have been (D) had better be (B) would rather be (E) would have been (C) might have been 24. I deposited all my idle money in the bank; if not, I ............ it on things I did not really need. (A) will spend (D) can spend (B) am going to spend (E) would have spent (C) could spend 25. 'Why don't you ask Mr. Abidin for a donation?' 'Well, you know that he is not generous. So it's no use ............ him'. (A) to ask (D) asking (B) you ask (E) ask (C) to be asking 26. 'What are you planning to do with all these painting?' '............ them in the cultural center next month.' (A) To be exhibiting (D) Be exhibiting (B) To exhibit (E) We exhibit (C) Will exhibit 27. It is impossible for us to translate the whole book within 2 weeks. So we ........... (A) have to translate it all by ourselves (B) have some assistants help us (C) have translated the whole book (D) have been asked to translate it 5
(E) have given all the translation to the assistants 28. 'What did your father say when you told him you had lost all your money?' 'He was so angry ............ he couldn't say anything.' (A) therefore (D) so (B) after (E) when (C) that 29. 'Can I see you tomorrow about the seminar?' 'All right, come at 10 o'clock, and I ............teaching by then.' (A) will have finished (D) will be finishing (B) have finished (E) will have been finishing (C) am finishing 30. The higher rate of pollution in this area is caused by the increasing number of cars as well as by ............. (A) the smoke from factories are emitted (B) the factories emit smoke (C) the smoke which factories emit (D) the factory smoke is emitted (E) the emission of the smoke from factories Text V In the 1930s, Chester F. Carlson was working in the patents department of a large electronics firm in New York City. One of the major problems in his work was the length of time and expense involved in getting patents copied, patents were lengthy legal documents, and the only ways to get them copied were to take them to a typist or to take them to a photographer. Either way of copying patents took a lot of time and cost a lot of money. He came up with the idea for a machine that would copy documents quickly and efficiently. He researched the idea in the library and then worked over a three-year period on developing a machine that used a light, an electro statically charged plate, and powder to duplicate images on paper. The result of this work was a machine that produced the first xerographic copy on October 22, 1938. He named the process "Xerox", which means "dry writing". Carlson felt that he had a good idea, one that would be extremely helpful in the business world. He tried to sell his idea to a number of large corporations, but they were not terribly interested in his machine. A few years later he sold the process to a small family-owned company. This small company grew into the giant Xerox Corporation, and both Carlson and Xerox became rather wealthy in the process.
31. The text is mainly about ..... (A) the life of Chester F. Carison (B) Carlson's career in a patents office (C) the development of the Xerox machine (D) how the, Xerox machine became popular (E) the effect of the invention of the Xerox machine 32. To get an idea what machine to produce, Carlson went to ..... (A) an electronics firm (D) photographers (B) the library (E) other patents departments (C) a man called Xerox 33. Carlson was thinking of a better way to copy patents because ..... (A) he found many problems in his office (B) typists could never meet deadlines (C) he worked in a small electronics firm (D) producing copies was quite expensive (E) he liked working on experiments 34. The following are the components Carlson used for his newly - invented machine, except ..... (A) typewriter (D) paper (B) powder (E) electrostatically charged plate (C) light 35. We may conclude that Xerox has become popular worldwide through ..... (A) the process called dry writing (B) a businessman whose name is Xerox (C) the research performed in a library (D) a large and established corporation (E) the efforts of a family-owned company Text VI Earthquakes are one of the most deadly natural disasters. What causes them? Geologists explain them in terms of a theory known as plate tectonics. Continents are floating apart from each other; this is referred to as the continental drift. About sixty miles below the surface of the sea, there is a emimolten bed of rock over which plates, or slabs, carry continents and sea floors at a rate of several inches a year. AS the plates separate from each other, a new sea floor is formed by the molten matter that was formerly beneath. Volcanic islands and large mountain ranges are created by this type of movement.
36. The topic of the paragraph is ..... (A) the occurrence of the continental drift (B) deadly natural disasters (C) the cause of earthquakes (D) the formation of new sea floors (E) geologists research on earthquakes 37. From the text we can conclude that the movement of plate tectonics ..... (A) destroy existing continents (B) are felt sixty miles below sea surface (C) cause changes on earth (D) is good for volcanic islands and mountains (E) form new sea floors every year Text VII Research shows that people who eat small meals and snacks throughout the day are usually more successful at losing weight or maintaining an ideal body weight. Humans are designed to feel hungry every three hours or so. And an average healthy woman needs between 1,600 and 2,200 calories each day. Eating too few calories or waiting too long between meals-can make you feel tired, nervous, hungry, and irritable. In extreme cases, you can pass out when your blood sugar level drops too low. And when you do eat, you will be so hungry, you may over-eat on sugary food to get an instant "fix" of energy. Snacking is, therefore, a great way to stay in control. If you eat six small meals a day, instead of three large ones, your blood sugar level remains stable. 38. From the text we may conclude that ..... (A) eating only snacks may result in losing weight (B) men and women need different amounts of calories (C) a low blood sugar level shows a loss of weight (D) snacking is not harmful for one’s health (E) big meals are in most cases better than small meals 39. The topic of the above paragraph is ..... (A) the suggested calorie intake for woman (B) how to maintain an ideal body weight (C) the effects of a low blood sugar level (D) how to eat small meals throughout the day (E) the needs of every healthy woman
Text VIII What makes people get sick on subways? One of the reasons is that they .......... to work in the morning without having eaten a proper breakfast. Sudden dizziness attack them. The other cause is the overcrowding and ensuing feeling of claustrophobia, which brings on stress and anxiety. .........., they are so afraid of .......... failure, fire and/or crime that they show signs of panic men by having chest pains and women by becoming hysterical. .......... contributing to their stress are other factory overcrowding of both sexes, continual increase in the number of passengers, and people's .......... to avoid interacting with strangers. 40. (A) put off (B) run after (E) look after 41. (A) In addition (B) Therefore (C) In conclusion 42. (A) mechanize (B) mechanized (C) mechanism 43. (A) Especially (B) Individually (C) Comfortably 44. (A) adaptability (B) possibility (C) capability (D) walkout (C) rush off (D) However (E) Nevertheless (D) mechanical (E) mechanic (D) Eventually (E) Carefully (D) inability (E) suitability
45. The installation of various high-tech electrical devices in our office .... a sophisticated safety system. (A) requiring (D) require (B) requires (E) it requires (C) to require 46. "What is it that you want us to do?" ".... all the lights when you leave the office." (A) Turning off (D) To turnoff (B) For turning off (E) We turnoff (C) You turnoff 47. 'Why don’t you want Amir to be the team leader?' 'Well, I don't like .... people around' (A) his ordering (D) he orders 9
(B) why he orders (C) he is ordering
(E) with his ordering
48. 'Don't forget to lock your front door when you leave.' 'I .... my niece will stay at home today.' (A) not need to (D) won’t lock (B) don't lock (E) don't have to (C) shall not 49. 'Have you already decided where to go for your holidays?' 'Certainly, we .... to Italy.' (A) go (D) are going (B) have gone (E) will have been going (C) will have gone 50. She could not finish her study in four years,..., she would have been entitled to a scholarship for further study. (A) however (D) moreover (B) consequently (E) nevertheless (C) otherwise 51. If Angga had chosen to play football instead of going to Puncak with his friends on their motorbikes, he would not have got that terrible accident. From the above sentence we may conclude that now Angga is ..... (A) enjoying the holiday (D) still at the football field (B) hospitalized (E) in Puncak (C) very tired 52. 'What it are the workmen doing in your garden?' 'Oh, I .....' (A) am having a gazebo built (D) have to build a gazebo (B) am building a gazebo (E) have been building a gazebo (C) have built a gazebo 53. The financial report states that the petty cash has been used for reimbursing transportation costs and .... computers. (A) upgrading (D) we upgrade (B) it is to upgrade (E) we need to upgrade (C) to upgrade 54. 'What time will the delayed plane depart?' 'They say that it .... soon.' (A) will announce (D) announces (B) is to announce (E) will be announced 10
(C) to be announced 55. The tourists, .... are Japanese, were among the crowd participating in the 'dangdut' dance. (A) there are many (D) many of whom (B) many of them (E) they who (C) whose many