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Text1. Technology plays an increasingly important part in our daily lives. While many technological developments may be beneficial—in the field of medicine, for instance— there are many others whose effects are less positive. We may find examples of these in the world of work, in the home and in the whole area of freedom and privacy. In the world of work, technological advances have had various negative effects. The development of robotics has meant that in industries, such as carmanufacturing, robots are replacing people. They work faster and more accurately and they don't need breaks. As a result, industrial workers see job opportunities decreasing further and unemployment levels rising. In addition, more and more people are working from home using personal computers, which means that they lose the stimulus that comes from working in direct contact with other people and may feel isolated. Finally, there are the implications of information technology for freedom and privacy. More facts about individuals are being stored in data banks, which may be accessed through networks of computers. This creates an ever-increasing risk of accidental or deliberate leaking of private details. Every day more information is collected by banks, credit card companies, consumer organizations and so on—and who is there to keep an eye on what happens to it? It is certainly convenient to store information in this way, but I feel it could lead to long-term problems. There may be other hidden dangers — theoretically, could a 'thinking, computer start to use the data against us? To sum up, I believe that we must be very careful with technology. While it has clear advantages, there is also the danger that it could turn on us and we could find ourselves the victims of our success. 1. Which is TRUE about the technological modernization in factories? (A) It opens more job opportunities for the unemployed. (B) It enables the company t6 multiply the sales of its products. (C) It solves the problem of a company's lack of human resources. (D) It always uses robots to manage the activities in factories. (E) It increases the number of unemployed people. 2. The text mainly discusses .......... (A) the importance of modern technology 1
(B) (C) (D) (E)
the benefit of technological developments the advantage and disadvantage of technology the bad effects of technological advances the influence of modern technology on our life
3. The technological advances in business also result in (A) people's preference to stay away from office work (B) the decrease of socialization among working people (C) decreasing individualism aiiioiiv, working people (D) the use of more personal computers in offices (E) employees' working more closely together to achieve greater benefits 4. From the text we may conclude that .......... (A) technology can only be entirely beneficial in the field of medicine (B) advanced technology is believed to create great problems to all computer users (C) information technology can both give benefit and cause trouble to human beings (D) advanced technology has greater negative effects than positive ones (E) freedom and privacy in information technology should be eliminated 5. Information technology for freedom and privacy may hurt computer users because .......... (A) their personal data can be subject to crime (B) more facts about individuals are stored in banks (C) freedom allows people to use other people's data (D) individuals leak their private details to computer hackers (E) strict control is performed on the access of private data Text2. Starvation is widespread in the Third World because of a climate change, natural disasters, political turmoil, and wars —all of which disrupt food production and cause mass migrations of refugees. Refugees are unable to produce food, and poor people cannot afford food. At the other end of the scale, modern industrial societies account for most of the consumption of the world's resources, although within these societies the resources are distributed unevenly among people of different classes. Both wealthy societies and wealthy individuals consume most goods and services, but they also produce most of the world's hazardous waste. We do not know whether there are
enough food resources to go around. 6. What is the topic of the paragraph? (A) Starvation in the Third World. (B) Problems in food production. (C) Factors influencing food shortage. (D) Consumption of the world resources. (E) Effects of global food shortage. 7. With which of the following sentences should the paragraph begin? (A) It is not easy to overcome starvation since it is caused by political turmoil and, wars. (B) Food cannot be grown in some regions because the soil is too poor. (C) People cannot survive solely on root crops, which are poor in nutrients. (D) Food shortage which is the main cause of starvation is a large and growing problem in the world. (E) The quality of life does not affect the world's resources as much as other factors do. Text3. (1) In many organizations, perhaps the best way to approach certain new projects is to assemble a group of people into a team. (2) Having a team of people attack a project offers several advantages. (3) First of all, a group of people has a wider range of knowledge, expertise, and skills than any single individual is likely to possess. (4) A senior manager usually possesses high management skills due to his experience. (5) Also, because of the number of people involved and the greater resources they possess, a group can work more quickly in response to the task assigned to it and can come up with highly creative solutions to problems and issues. (6) Sometimes these creative solutions come about because a group is more likely to make a risky decision that an individual might not undertake. (7) This is because the group spreads responsibility for a decision to all the members and thus no single individual can be held accountable if the decision turns out to be wrong. 8. What is the topic of the paragraph? (A) The advantages of team work (B) How to choose team members (C) The use of teams in organizations (D) How to prepare a project 3
(E) The requirement of team work 9. The sentence which is irrelevant in the above paragraph is sentence number (A) 2 (D) 5 (B) 3 (E) 6 (C) 4 Text4. A little nervousness before an important test is normal. After all, such a test can have an important .....(10)..... on your plans for your education and future career. If you were going to participate in a big athletic contest or give an important business presentation, you .....(11)..... the same way. There is .....(12)..... in English that describes this feeling quite well: "butterflies in your stomach." These 'butterflies' will mostly .....(13)..... once the test starts. And a little .....(14)..... can actually help by making you more alert and focused. .....(15)....., it can slow you down and cause you to make mistakes. One way to avoid stress on the test day is to give yourself plenty of time to get to the test center. If you .....(11)..... rush you'll be even more nervous during the exam. If you feel extremely anxious during the test, try to take a short break. Close your eyes and put down your pencil. Take a few deep ..... (17)....., shake out your hands, roll your head on your neck, relax— then go back to work. 10. (A) effect (B) situation (C) factor 11. (A) will feel (B) had felt (C) would feel 12. (A) a motto (B) an explanation (C) a quotation 13. (A) disappear (B) evaporate (C) accumulate 14. (A) nerve (B) nerveless (C) nervous (D) appearance (E) impression (D) feel (E) felt (D) an expression (E) a proverb (D) disseminate (E) estimate (D) nervousness (E) nervously
15. (A) Therefore (B) Moreover (C) However 16. (A) have to (B) might (C) would 17. (A) breathing (B) breathable (C) breathed TATA BAHASA
(D) In addition (E) Despite (D) could (E) can (D) breathe (E) breaths
18. As I found out that not all the workshop participants knew about today's schedule, I got my secretary it right away. (A) distributing (D) to distribute (B) distributed (E) in distributing (C) she distributes 19. 'How did your sister get a scholarship to study in Japan?' 'She got it after .......... a writing competition.' (A) win (D) to win (B) winning (E) she won (C) won 20. As European artists began flocking to Bali in the 1930s, Western influences .......... into Balinese art. (A) were gradually introduced (B) gradually introduced (C) were gradually introducing (D) to be gradually introduced (E) they were gradually introduced 21. .......... . to life imprisonment, the murderer of his wife appealed to the Higher Court of Justice. (A) Sentencing (D) Sentenced (B) He was sentenced (E) To sentence (C) To be sentenced 22. 'Had there not been a black-out for more than thirty minutes yesterday, the performance of our play would have been a success.' From the above sentence, we may conclude that (A) we received a big applause (D) the play was too long (B) the lighting was just perfect (E) we were very grateful 5
(C) we were very disappointed 23. 'What about eating out? I don't feel like cooking dinner.' 'OK. Just let me know .......... (A) where do you want to go (D) how do you want to go (B) where you want to go (E) why you want to go (C) whether you want to go 24. 'Would you like to have some coffee?' 'Thanks, but .......... (A) I like coffee (D) coffee is good (B) get me some (E) I prefer tea (C) tea is better 25. Tari was punished by the teacher not only because she forgot to bring .......... her book .......... (A) and she didn't do her homework (B) but she didn't do her homework either (C) but also for not doing her homework (D) as well as she didn't do her homework (E) but also because she didn't do her homework Text5. It is common knowledge that as women get older, pregnancy becomes a riskier enterprise. Advanced maternal age is linked to a number of developmental disorders in children, such as Down's syndrome. Now, a study has confirmed that older mothers are more likely to give birth to a child with autism, too. The authors of the epidemiological study published February 8 in Autism Research, examined the parental age of more than 12,000 children with autism and nearly five milion "control" children between 1990 and 1999, all living in California. The researchers found that mothers over 40 had a 51 percent higher risk of having a child with autism than mothers 25 to 29, and a 77 percent higher risk than mothers under 25. Autism a developmental disorder characterized by impaired social interaction and communication —appears to be on the rise. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention now estimates that as many as one in 110 children in the U.S. has an autistic spectrum disorder—a group of developmental disorders including autism, Asperger's syndrome and pervasive developmental disorder. The prevalence of autistic spectrum disorders in California in 2007 was 12 times that from 1987, representing an average annual growth of 13 percent, according to a report from the California Departement of Developmental Services. Only a fraction of these extra cases
can be explained by changes to diagnostic criteria and earlier diagnoses. Maternal age is also increasing in the U.S.A California-based study reported a three-fold increase in the number of births to women aged 40 to 44 between 1982 and 2004. But this trend toward delayed childbearing accounted for less than 5 percent of the total increase in autism diagnoses in California over the decade, according to the study—a finding that surprised Janie Shelton, a doctoral student in University of California, Davis's Departement of Public Health Sciences and the study's lead author. "I would have expected to see more of a contribution, because age is a risk factor and women are having kids later," she says. Earlier work had suggested that both maternal and paternal ages are independently associated with autism risk. But the current study found that paternal age is only a risk factor when the mother is under 30. 26. In the text above the writer deals with a topic on ... (A) prevalence of autism among children. (B) possible biological causes of autism. (C) research findings on mental disorders. (D) maternal age and autism in children. (E) negative effects of delayed pregnancy. 27. Which of the following best describes the author's purpose in this study? (A) To analyze how delayed pregnancy brings about autism (B) To reveal that the case of autism among children is prevalent (C) To refute a common misconception about the cause of autism (D) To demonstrate that autism is associated with delayed pregnancy (E) To make the readers aware of the consequence of delayed pregnancy 28. It can be concluded from the text that ... (A) a big age difference of parents of 40 years or beyond may result in autism. (B) several mental disorders can be prevented by having kids earlier: (C) women today show a general trend in delaying pregnancy. (D) the paternal age only partly explains the case of mental disorders among children. (E) the case of autism among children remains a mystery among scientists. 29. Which of the following according to the text is implied about autism in children? (A) It is genetically transmitted. (B) It was not detected until recently. (C) It is getting more infectious. (D) It makes children antisocial. 7
(E) It was among California children. 30. From the information in the first and second paragraphs, it can be inferred that ... (A) developmental disorders in children are close to delayed pregnancy. (B) studies on autism have not successfully revealed its causes. (C) many of the children in the US obviously suffer from autism. (D) Asperger's syndrome is not related in any way to autism. (E) modified diagnosis criteria can detect many cases of autism. Text II By the age of 5, most triplets are on par with their peers in mental and emotional development, but those born at the lowest weights may still left behind, according to a study published in July 2009. Israeli researchers found that among the 126 singletons, twins and triplets 'they followed from birth to age 5, triplets generally trailed behind their peers in cognitive development over the first two years of life. By age 5, however, many triplets had bridged the gaps in both IQ and social development, the researchers report in the Journal Pediatrics. The exception was triplets who'd been particularly growth —restricted in the womb — those who, at birth, had weighed more than 15 percent less than the sibling with the highest birth weight. At age 5, these children were still developmentally behind both their siblings and peers. Until now, there had been no well—designed studies following the development of triplets over the first few years of life. And the catch—up seen among most triplets in this study is "excellent news," lead researcher Dr. Ruth Feldman, of Bar—Ilan University, told Reuters Health. Parents of triplets, she said, should be aware that their children may be slower to reach developmental milestones in infancy, but most are likely to close that gap during the preschool years. Children who were born substantially smaller than their siblings may not catch up, however. At age 5, the study found, these children typically scored at the lower end of the normal range for intellectual, emotional and social development. For instance, Feldman explained, average verbal IQ was about 95, which, while within normal range, would make it difficult for a child to get through standard schooling. Growth restriction was common among the 21 sets of triplets in the study. In 65 percent, one sibling was born weighing more than 15 percent less than the heaviest sibling. The findings on development point to the importance of giving these children extra attention from infancy onward, according to Feldman. "Knowing that these children respond to parental investment already in
the first months of life tells parents to be especially sensitive and responsive to these children," Feldman explained. In addition, she said, the children's development during infancy and preschool should be continuously monitored, and parents and children should receive extra help when needed — such as interventions to help children regulate their emotions and cultivate social skills, or to improve their attention and concentration abilities. More studies are also needed, the researchers note, to see whether the developmental gaps persist into later childhood and adolescence. Gunakan petunjuk A dalam menjawab soal nomor 36 sampai dengan nomor 40. 36. An appropriate title for the text is (A) Intellectual, emotional, and social development of Triplets (B) Triplets, Twins, and Singletons: A Comparison Study (C) Parental Guides to The Development of Babies (D) The Reason for the Slow Growth, of Triplets (E) The Correlation between Birth–weight and Intellectual Development 37. According to the text, which triplet–baby would most probably be developmentally behind her peers? (A) Born with less than 1.5 kg in weight (B) Born weighing 20 percent less than siblings (C)'Born with heaviest weight (D) Born weighing 21 percent more than her siblings (E) Born with lowest weight 38. According to the text, when do triplets typically have the biggest gap in development? (A) During infancy (B) When they reach the age of five (C) After they reach the age of five (D) During school years (E) During preschool years 9
39. The word persist in paragraph 4 can be best replaced by (A) vanish (C) stay (E) maintain (B) elapse (D) change 40. The text would most probably be found in (A) an advertisement of a children health center (B) an article in a medical journal (C) an article in a popular science magazine (D) an article in a Bar–Ilan University publication (E) a preface of a medical book Text III (1) (2) It is a small village where stone statues of fanged demons, noble warriors and animals of all shapes and size are left displayed under shady trees. (3) Young boys and old men are accomplished stone carvers in Batubulan and can be seen playing their craft by the roadside. (4) There are also various food stalls selling tasty and inexpensive local and western food served with a Balinese touch. (5) Batubulan is also famous for the daily performance of the Barong Dance. (6) More like a drama than a dance, the Barong story depicts the age–old struggle between the good and the righteous (the Balinese call it the path of Dharma, or Right–Doing) and the agents of destruction, 41. The sentence which is irrelevant is sentence number I . (A) 2 (C) 4 (E) 6 (B) 3 (D) 5 42. With which of the following sentences should the paragraph begin? (A) Tourists visit Bali because of the rich culture found in its small villages (B) Batubulan is the ideal place to see local art in action (C) Batubulan has many anci . ent- legends of warriors fighting demons. (D) Travelling to Batubulan, the tourist can enjoy the beautiful scenery (E) If you travel to Batubulan, you can find food to suit your taste
Text IV Today, 700 American communities have partnerships with almost 1,800 communities in other countries. Atlanta, Georgia, therefore, has 18 sister city partnerships. One is with Brussels, Belgium. Another is with Lagos, Nigeria. These two relationships _(43)— for more than thirty years. The area as they involve include economic development and trade. Sister–city partnerships usually result from local connections. Local goverments also become involved and _(44)_ provide some leadership. _(45)_ citizen groups are generally responsible for organizing and supporting partnerships. 43~ (A) exist (D) were existing (B) are existing (E) existed (C)~ have existed 44. (A)_ must (D) would rather (B) may (E) had better (C) should_, 45: (A) Moreover (D) Jlowever (B) Therefore JV) As a result (C) In addition
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