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KERJA KURSUS ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS PROJECT 3

SEKOLAH MENENGAH TEKNIK MELAKA 2011/2012

NUR KHAIRUNISHA KAMEL BINTI MUHAMMAD KAMEL 950328-14-6054 5 MEKANIKAL 1

INTRODUCTION

APPRICIATION
I would like to show my apprieciation to both of my parents for not giving up on me as they help me to complete my add math project in all kind of help as in paying all the stationary, all the paper which is printed with my work. Not to forget also to my tearcher, Puan Mona who taught us add math, her motivation through all the way leading us to success in anyway. Thanks to her my project were finished in time. Special thanks to all my friend who being a seporter and always help me in this project, letting me to understand on how to do this project.

Without them, my supporter, I would not finish my project in times. Thank you everyone.

CONTENTS

OBJECTIVE
Objective of doing this project is :1. To improve more about our skills in Add Math 2. To encourage us more on learning in this subject. 3. To develop mathematical knowledge through problem solving in a way that increase student`s interest and confidence.

4. To use the language mathematics to express idea mathematics precisely

INTRODUCTION ABOUT STATISTICS


Statistics is the study of the collection, organization, analysis, and interpretation of data. It deals with all aspects of this, including the planning of data collection in terms of the design of surveys and experiments. A statistician is someone who is particularly well versed in the ways of thinking necessary for the successful application of statistical analysis. Such people have often gained this experience through

working in any of a wide number of fields. There is also a discipline called mathematical statistics that studies statistics mathematically. The word statistics, when referring to the scientific discipline, is singular, as in "Statistics is an art." This should not be confused with the word statistic, referring to a quantity (such as mean or median) calculated from a set of data, whose plural is statistics ("this statistic seems wrong" or "these statistics are misleading").

CURICULUM DEVELEPMONT DIVISION MINISTRY OF EDUCATION MALAYSIA


The pieces of good sold in shop vary from one shop to another. Shoppers tends to buy goods which are not really reasonable but also give value for their money. You are requires to carry out a survey on four different items based on different categories. The survey should be done in four different shops.

HISTORY ABOUT STATISTICS


The earliest writing on statistics was found in a 9th century book entitled: "Manuscript on Deciphering Cryptographic Messages written by Al-Kindi (801873 CE). In his book, Al-Kindi gave a detailed description of how to use statistics and frequency analysis to decipher encrypted messages, this was the birth of both statistics and cryptanalysis, according to Ibrahim Al-Kadi. Some scholars pinpoint the origin of statistics to 1663, with the publication of Natural and Political Observations upon the Bills of Mortality by John Graunt. Early applications of statistical thinking revolved around the needs of states to base policy on demographic and economic data, hence its stat- etymology. The scope of the discipline of statistics broadened in the early 19th century to include the collection and analysis of data in general. Today, statistics is widely employed in government, business, and the natural and social sciences. Its mathematical foundations were laid in the 17th century with the development of probability theory by Blaise Pascal and Pierre de Fermat. Probability theory arose from the study of games of chance. The method of least squares was first described by Carl Friedrich Gauss around 1794. The use of modern computers has expedited large-scale statistical computation, and has also made possible new methods that are impractical to perform manually.