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# Explanations to Test B

Scoring test B
Using the number of correct answers from test B, find your scaled score using the
chart below. In each column, the raw score is the number on the left, the scaled score is
the number on the right.

Number of questions correct – scaled score
>49 – 180 40 – 165 30 – 153 20 – 141 10 – 125
49 – 179 39 – 164 29 – 152 19 – 140 9 – 123
48 – 177 38 – 162 28 – 151 18 – 138 8 – 122
47 – 175 37 – 161 27 – 150 17 – 137 <8 – 120
46 – 173 36 – 160 26 – 149 16 – 136
45 – 172 35 – 159 25 – 147 15 – 135
44 – 170 34 – 158 24 – 146 14 – 134
43 – 169 33 – 157 23 – 145 13 – 132
42 – 167 32 – 156 22 – 144 12 – 130
41 – 166 31 – 154 21 – 142 11 – 127

Section 1 – Analytical Reasoning
Couples Dining
This puzzle requires that you use a matrix (or grid) diagram. Matrix puzzles are very
common. Virtually every LSAT has at least one matrix puzzle. Typically the matrix
puzzle is tested by using a schedule matrix. In the schedule matrix there will three to five
days with a morning and an afternoon time slot. But, in this game we have a grid with
people’s names on one axis and the types of food on the other axis. The diagram for this
game is fairly elaborate. (Figure 4)

R
Entree D Yes
T No
Dessert WM
IC
B C F G P if* Q

Greg orders duck, and it is safe to assume, even though it is not explicitly stated, that
he will not also order the trout. Bob and Quincy have been linked with an arrow, and an
asterisk, to show that they have a relationship. An arrow from the house salad to the ice
cream shows that link. Finally, an asterisk next to P will remind us to look back at the
rules to see how the rule effects P. We use an asterisk when the rule cannot be graphed
easily.

and the only remaining jar for the grape preserves is jar 4. they must be in jar 6. B is the correct response. .preserves.

Accept it as fact that there is only one way to get in. they are just as likely to come from one of the other companies as they are to have come from Nopac. stay focused. Don’t dream up conspiracy theories. or that they snuck in before midnight and hid in the building. if the web can hold a rat. and E must therefore be true. C – The tensile strength of the spider web is almost ten times its mass. the burglars must have known the security code because that is the only way they could have gotten in without setting off the alarm that the manager set. To conclude that a spider web could hold a rat involves the assumption that rats do not weigh more than ten times the spider web. Since all Italian cars are faster than German cars and some German cars are faster than some Swedish cars. we don’t know if some American cars are faster than Italian cars (we do know that some American cars are slower then some French cars. 4. Choice D is also wrong. 3. A – Parallel reasoning questions are definitely the harder questions on the LSAT. by using the code. it seems logical that it can hold something that weighs less then a rat. Notice how choice C referred to both elements. but none of them have to be true. and thus are slower than Italian cars). Certainly.Section 2 – Logical Reasoning 1. than Italian cars must be faster than at least those Swedish cars. so for the web to hold an object that object must weigh less than ten times the spider web’s weight. The one thing we know for sure is that all Italian cars are faster then all German cars and French cars. therefore they must . like that the burglars are in league with the manager. The argument acknowledges that there are several companies located on the banks of Green River. but then lays the blame for the toxic chemicals squarely at the feet of Nopac because Nopac uses some of the chemicals in question. This person achieved that result. E – Make sure you definitively connect the relationships here. D – We start with an easy question. There is only one thing a person can do to achieve a particular result. With choice A. Stay calm. We are told as a fact that they only way to get in without setting off the alarm is to use the code. D is the choice that identifies this error in reasoning and thus is the credited response. We know that all Italian cars are faster than some American cars. Choice C is another one that we don’t know the answer to. Look for those same elements in the correct answer. But the more accurate and direct assumption that we need to assume is that the rat is not more than ten times the weight of the web. we don’t know how German and French cars compare. None of the other choices comes close to describing this flaw. Therefore. but we don’t know about all American cars. the weight of the rat and the weight of the web? Choice B did not refer to both elements of the argument. A – D all could be true. there is no direct evidence linking Nopac to the chemicals in the river. 2. In choice B. However. Choice B may have caught your eye. and dissect the argument. Choice C is correct.

the argument discussed both issues together and did not separate them. since it brings up a totally new subject. the argument never ranks the reasons. Choice B is not the necessary assumption. Choices C and D discuss issues that are not related to the size of this hypothesized matter. that something besides the two suggested causes is not present. assumption. Choice A is not the necessary assumption. Who knows. . Focus on the key words in the argument. you want a new fact that indicates that there are. The argument states as fact that these two reasons are the main reasons for divorce. It then assumes that these are the only reasons people get divorces. If D is true. You should see at least a few of these on the LSAT. marriage counseling. Choice D is not the necessary assumption. this would strongly indicate that something smaller than electrons do exist. Choice C is not the necessary assumption. To bolster that argument. elements that are smaller than an electron. Then it concludes that if you can eliminate these two main reasons there will be no more divorce. maybe these couples do have financial problems. D – The scientist believes that there may be elements smaller than neutrons. we don’t know and we don’t care. Choice A is irrelevant. We care about divorced couples. we want things that are smaller than electrons. Choice B would only partially strengthen the argument. electrons and protons. but they haven’t yet proven they exist. 13. “main reasons” and “no more” divorces. in fact.