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Company: GIS Consortium India Ltd
Submitted By: Sahil Goel (08503905) Nitesh Kumar Singh (08503906) Varun Sharma (08503909) Parag Mahajan (08503910) Karan Bagga (08503911) Kajal Agrawal (08503991)
The experience that we have gained during the project will help us in our future professional life. We are deeply thankful to her for acting as project guides and for giving us the guidance and opportunity to learn different aspects of designing & implementing the software. R. We also extend our sincere thanks to all the staff members of JIIT for providing us different facilities such as computer support and library infrastructure support etc. We express our deep sense of gratitude to her for giving her precious time in solving our problems.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT We take great privilege to avail this opportunity to express our deep gratitude to all those who helped us and guided us throughout the project . our sincere thanks to GIS Consortium India Ltd for allowing us to visit their company and special thanks to Mr. constructive suggestions and affectionate guidance in our work without which it would have been very difficult for us to complete the project. required for our project work. 2 .Mathur and Mr. We extend our thanks to Ms.C. Last but not the least. Dheeraj Sharma for taking out their precious time talking to us. Manas Ranjan Behera our mentor for inspiration. Kanupriya Misra Bakhru and Mr.
2. Executive Summary Introduction Findings and Analysis Conclusion Page No. 3 7 10 18 Appendix 3 . 4.Table of Contents 1. 3.
photogrammetric mapping . Photogrammetric . The strength of their organization lies in creation of digital land base maps from paper maps.They have rich experience in digital mapping technology and customized applications has enabled them to serve various industries using GIS platform for future planning and decision making. it offers technical expertise that enables project authorities. satellite imageries . remote sensing depending on the needs of the customer.Executive Summary GIS Consortium (India) Pvt. land information systems . They have established state-of-the art GIS . urban development & planning and geographical information systems applications. Ltd. Ground Survey and digital mapping capabilities through adoption of latest digital cartographic techniques. Remote Sensing . SUPPORT INFRASTRUCTURE • • State-of-the-art / scalable infrastructure and communication facilities to provide 24X7 support to its development team. cadastral mapping . is an emerging GIS services and spatial data provider for creative solutions in the areas of Natural Resources Management. Their endeavor to provide world-class services to the various industries is adequately supported by their state-of-the art production and development center. 4 . designers and consultants to enhance communications with consumers and increase information flow between various hierarchy level and user for evaluating and taking correct decision on the feasibility of the project . Dedicated local telephone lines during and after office hours . With the GIS industry moving towards greater integrations with interactive applications. aerial photographs. land surveys and legal description using one of the several technologies such as map digitizing . digital orthophotography .
sector. LG India etc.Achievements: • Record of completion of all the projects in time and with success with various clients both in the private and the govt. • Large number of off-the-shelf Geodatabase for various cities nation-wide as well as overseas Quality Management Standards: • • • • • The company follows ISO 9000 standard procedures & processes in executing their project. It has executed projects of eminent companies like BSNL. Nokia. Ericsson. Analysis & Design We enforce industry development standards Rigorous Quality Assurnce procedures 5 . Strong Project Management Orientation Well defined process of Requirements.
In a bid to improve performance. They have a basic concept that is the constant improvement and the verification of such improvement according to the satisfactory answer of the consumer. Achieve continual improvement of its performance in pursuit of these objectives The ISO 9000 reference standards. It develops GIS applications based on distributed services which prompt the concept of a geographical services infrastructure comprising interoperable services that can be combined with each other or with other specialized services (e. 6 .g simulation tools) to offer advanced services and execute complex tasks as may be required by some end-user. Customer focus has been the overarching principle underlying its pervasive reengineering programs as providers strive to meet growing demand for a broad range of services and information products. the organization has been charged with the responsibility of collecting. • • • • The customer's quality requirements Applicable regulatory requirements Enhance customer satisfaction.ISO9000 Standards The ISO 9000 family addresses "Quality management". The ISO 9000 standards have been thought mainly for industrial products and for their application on geographical information systems. managing and disseminating geo-information. published in 1987 and revised in 1994. constitute a normative outline for the definition of the QMS.
7 . This approach places an emphasis on three aspects. Inspectors will be provided with lists and descriptions of unacceptable product defects such as cracks or surface blemishes for example. The quality of the outputs is at risk if any of these three aspects is deficient in any way. motivation. and qualifications. monitoring of processes and an associated feedback loop that confers error prevention. Elements such as controls. particularly work awarded by government agencies.Introduction Quality Quality is a state of mind. job management. Soft elements. Quality control. team spirit. Quality control emphasizes testing of products to uncover defects and reporting to management who make the decision to allow or deny product release. and identification of records. such as personnel integrity. It is the systematic measurement. a perception about anything to everything Quality assurance (QA) refers to the planned and systematic activities implemented in a quality system so that quality requirements for a product or service will be fulfilled. For contract work. and often using a stereo microscope for fine detail before the product is sold into the external market. experience. and quality relationships. defined and well managed processes. Controls include product inspection. where every product is examined visually. or QC for short. performance and integrity criteria. whereas quality assurance attempts to improve and stabilize production (and associated processes) to avoid. Competence. is a process by which entities review the quality of all factors involved in production. or at least minimize. skills. quality control issues are among the top reasons for not renewing a contract. This can be contrasted with Quality "Control" which is focused on process outputs. confidence. comparison with a standard. issues which led to the defect(s) in the first place. organizational culture. such as knowledge.
This approach requires that firms set out clear procedures for all business processes – usually these are set out in manuals and reinforced through staff training. They are a framework for quality assurance processes . This is especially important in areas such as catering. as part of the study of external influences on business.Quality Standards In many products and services. ISO) publishes standards for many kinds of product and services. In general. and to include correct information about ingredients. Some examination specifications may require a more detailed understanding of relevant legislation. BS5750/ISO 9000 BS5750 is a British Standard for quality assurance and ISO 9000 is the international equivalent. food. health and electrical products and for any product that might pose risks to users if the quality was poor. and the International Equivalent. Many firms achieved substantial benefits from this process. Importance Of Standards Encapsulation of best practice. which aim to ensure that the product is as described. 8 . Regular audits are carried out to ensure that processes are being carried out consistently according to standards. British Standards and ISO The British Standards Institute (BSI. known as the „Kitemark‟. contains the correct quantity. Other relevant legislation would include food labeling and weights and measures. This approach was very common in the 1980s and 1990s and many major organizations would only buy products and services from firms that possessed BS5750 accreditation.avoids repetition of past mistakes. accreditation was achieved by engaging external consultants to help with documenting processes and setting and monitoring targets. which can be seen as a badge of quality. quality standards are set by Health & Safety legislation and enforced by Trading Standards officers. They provide continuity . by reduction in waste and an improved reputation for quality.they involve checking compliance to standards.new staff can understand the organisation by understanding the standards that are used.
Do not create data that is of higher accuracy or resolution than what the purposes require. higher costs Dependency on the data possessed rather than data required Integration of data from diverse sources/scales can result in poor overall accuracy if not managed Data Quality Higher quality data costs more to develop or to purchase Think about what the users of the information need to do their work. some of them are listed below: Cost and difficulty of database creation. Obtain/create data that meets those needs. Higher accuracy.Quality Issues In GIS Industry There are certain quality related issues in GIS industry. (GIS Projects – Cost versus Accuracy) 9 .
We are also ISO 9000 certified company. Ans: How do customers contact you? They contact us through telephone lines and mails. How do you maintain the quality checks? We follow CAD standards.http://www. (the head Of Quality Maintenance Department) Q. Ans: How do you receive information? We have got the latest technology and receive information through satellites. It is done in three stages: o o Production stage Team stage 10 . Ans: Q. We provide any kind of information. Q.net Q.Mathur (Director of Business Development). Which software do you use to store customer information? The main software used by us is AutoCAD. R. no-0120 4640034 Website. Dheeraj Sharma.gisconsortium. And Mr.C. Ph.Findings and Analysis An interview with Mr. Eg information of all the banks in Ghaziabad. How do you maintain the safety of the information? Internet is not provided to every employee due to safety reasons. What is the main work of your industry? Ans: The work of GIS Consortium is to provide direct information to the customers. Ans: Q. Ans: Q.
What is your greatest achievement? Ans.: Our greatest achievement is customer satisfaction. Customers gives us repeated jobs which make us feel proud of ourselves. Q. 11 .o Q Quality Department does it then report to MD What is CAD? Ans: CAD Standards have been created to improve productivity and interchange of Computeraided design documents between different offices and CAD programs.
2. CAD Standards have been created to improve productivity and interchange of Computer-aided design documents between different offices and CAD programs. In an effort to define plan quality GIS consortium India pvt ltd. Clear – The plans will not contain any errors or omissions which will require more than one addendum during the project advertisement period. The plans will be developed with the active involvement of all affected parties and developmental stage owners throughout all stages of development. Objective The main objective of the Quality Control process for design projects is to provide a mechanism by which all project plans can be subject to a systematic and consistent review. A properly documented project file should be a by-product of the quality control process. should be able to substantiate its position from properly documented project files if any legal. as a whole. Correct – The plans will not contain any design errors or omissions which will cause the delay. Another secondary objective of the Quality Control process is to provide information feedback from reviews to the designers. Complete – The plans will be an accurate and thorough representation of the existing projects. The outcome of the review should create a set of quality project plans. which should be substantially error free. It is recognized that good communication and significant effort by all employees is necessary to meet the 5 C‟s and achieve the desired result of a quality set of plans. 4. 3. The plans will be supported by a thorough and detailed documented development process. or cancellation of the project letting. A secondary objective of the Quality Control process is to provide for a well-documented “trail” of the design process. Consistent – The plans will be consistent with other plans developed and will comply with all standards and guidelines set by the GIS consortium India Pvt ltd. has concluded that the following characteristics (The 5 C‟s) should provide an indication of the quality of the plans: 1. The designer‟s improved expertise and general increase in 12 . 5.GIS consortium India pvt ltd. social or procedural issues arise regarding the project. Constructible – The plans will not contain design errors or omissions that require more than two change orders which individually causes an increase or decrease of more than 3% of the original contract bid award amount or causes an increase or decrease in the contract time by more than one day. Follows CAD Standards. The Department. postponement.
and documenting all decisions. no matter how large or small their overall contribution to the design process. 13 . The Quality Control process thus serves as a parallel training program. All designers and reviewers must recognize that quality is the result of several processes. The Department will review plans for compliance with policies. accurate. It requires many individuals performing many appropriate activities at the right time during the plans development process. It is an approach and a realization that quality is something that occurs throughout the design process. Quality requires performing all activities in conformance with valid requirements.knowledge from feedback should result in product improvement at early stages even before a project review is started. Project Manager monitors the Quality Control efforts used by in-house staff and by consultants. standards and procedures that does not limit the responsibility or liability of the information provider. Consultants must ensure quality and adhere to established design policies. procedures. constant supervision. assumptions and recommendations. properly prepared. standards and guidelines in the preparation and review of all design products for compliance and good engineering practice as directed by a Project Quality Control Plan. immediate review of completed activities for accuracy and completeness. Requirements for Quality Control The Quality Control process includes quality planning. quality must be as important as the schedule and budget. coordinated. checked. attention to detail and ensuring the plans are correct and useful to the user are also essential to quality. providing clear decisions and directions. it is the clear responsibility of the designer to ensure all project elements are economical. with the primary responsibility for preparation of project plans. Design consultants are agents for the GIS consortium India pvt ltd. procedures. In order for the GIS consortium india pvt ltd. Good CAD techniques. training. standards and guidelines in the preparation and review of all design products. and completed. In the project plan development process. Design personnel shall follow established design policies. Quality Control does not solely consist of a review after a product is completed. to consistently meet the needs and expectations of our citizens. The GIS consortium India pvt ltd.
Conformance to CAD Standards All plans must meet the CAD/Drafting standards. at a minimum. follow the procedures set forth. All plans will have to be certified through a CAD standardization package. but is not limited to. Properly completed QA Checklists for all applicable disciplines.Project Quality Control Requirements Every set of plans prepared by or for GIS consortium India pvt ltd. are required to follow this process: The Project Quality Control Plan details the proposed methods or processes of providing quality control for all work products. is in the process of developing a formalized CAD standardization process which will ultimately require that all project plans developed be prepared utilizing standardized design software. the following areas: • • • • Organization Quality Control Reviews Proposed method of documentation of comments. GIS consortium india pvt ltd. This plan will be kept current with the work requirements. will be submitted with the review prints to demonstrate that all items were checked. must. coordination responses and quality assurance records Quality Assurance Certification Plans prepared by consultants for GIS consortium india pvt ltd. 14 . Consultants may prepare their own Project Quality Control Plan to be submitted to the PM for approval. Plans Development Requirements for Review All phase submittals will be checked prior to presentation to the Department for review. signed and dated by the checker. The plan shall include.
the designer will prepare a written "Project Design Criteria Report" at the onset of the work.Plans Reviews In addition to plans checking. Compatibility with other associated project documents. Design Documentation Requirements To facilitate QC reviews of each project. Missing items can delay or halt a review. The sufficiency checklists included in the guideline establishes the submittal requirements which must be met to satisfy the documentation requirements for each project. Compliance with project requirements. 15 . A copy of this document will be submitted at the onset of work for the project and will serve as the basis for reports. Technical accuracy and adequacy. The designer will prepare a memorandum documenting the basis of the review. The checklists should not be considered as including all items necessary for a review by discipline. the specific items that were reviewed. This review shall include. the designer will conduct a design review of all documents prior to submitting the documents to the Department. Quality Control Reviews Design Review Requirements During the entire design period the Department will monitor the designer's implementation of the QC plan and require compliance and documentation. and the follow-up. The designer's attention is directed to the documentation items required for a complete submittal. 3. The Quality assurance Checklists contained in the "Documentation Manual for Project Delivery” provide a list of elements which should be considered and addressed by the information provider during each phase of project development. if any. that was accomplished. the findings of the review. the following activities: 1. and plans preparation. 4. 2. Design review checklists included in this guideline are intended to assist the designer in preparing an adequate submittal. as a minimum. Compliance with previous review comments. but should be considered as a guide to be expanded or reduced as necessary for each individual project. design analyses.
calculations and plans. At each submittal stage. Plans will be distributed by the Project Manager as detailed on the Plans Distribution list. It is important for the designer to recognize that a review comment is not a directive to make changes to the plans. Phase reviews Review process The guidelines and checklists contained in the "Documentation Manual for Project Delivery" define those tasks which should be completed by each submittal and those items that will be reviewed. Checks should be made to ensure that calculations/reports are correctly incorporated into the plans. The Plans Distribution list clearly outlines who is to receive and review prints at each phase review. If an error is found in a plan element.The plans reviewers will check each plan element. It is the responsibility of each reviewer to review the plans in accordance with their area of expertise and return their comments to the PM by the date specified. Checking procedures for these quality control reviews are discussed in Sections below. Also. The Project Manager will provide a date by which all comments are to be received by the PM. document the comments and distribute 16 . additional elements will be checked to determine if the procedural error was repeated. note that there is an overlap among reports. It is the responsibility of each reviewer to insure that their comments are submitted to and recorded with the Project Manager. the Project Manager will review the submittal for the degree of completeness required by that phase. It is the Project Manager‟s responsibility to compile comments. which could cause delays to the project‟s schedule. Every project will undergo a quality control review. Plans will be returned to the designer if they are incomplete. meeting minutes (as in a plan-in-hand review meeting) or review memoranda. Most reports and calculations are incorporated into the plans. Any breakdown in the review process or untimely comments can result in plan errors. On subsequent submittals. Review Reports Comments from phase reviews can be in the form of marked-up plans. Comments are frequently made to ensure the designer has considered an option. delays and increased project costs. The reviewer will be an experienced manager who was not actively involved in the preparation of the project. the reviewer will review the disposition of comments from the previous submittal.
17 . The Project Manager will forward these responses to the appropriate reviewer and will insure that all comments and responses have been documented in the project files. e-mail. Where it is necessary and prudent to discuss the comments with the reviewer(s) prior to making a response. Requests for Changes to the Scope The PM and the designer shall evaluate comments or requests that are not covered in the “Final Project Scope.” Additions to the scope usually increase the project costs (Scope Creep).the comments to the designer and others if necessary. In the event that comments are received through meetings with reviewers. All comments shall be addressed by the designer responsible for the discipline that prepared the document being reviewed. The designer will prepare a formal response to the PM stating how the comment will be addressed. Coordination and Responses Documentation of Comments and Responses All comments made by phase reviewers shall be recorded either by copy of memos. there shall be minutes prepared that summarize the comments received. Copies of all comments and responses shall be kept in the project files. Method of Documentation of Comments. letters and/or marked plans received from the reviewers. reviewer‟s comments and responses to the comments. in consultation with the Project Manager. The PM may recommend changes to the scope of a project to the Program Manager. to review the comments and to determine how each comment will be addressed. These requests should be evaluated on a case by case basis. It is then the designer‟s responsibility. All comments received shall be copied to the designer if not first received by the designer. It is the designer‟s responsibility to insure that comments are incorporated into the construction plans as appropriate. The response shall be in writing and shall be formatted in a manner that identifies the document review date. The designer will be responsible for submittal of comment responses to the reviewing entity. the designer shall arrange for the meeting.
producers can require metadata availability. etc. the use of control to achieve quality leaves users out of the whole process. without the context. If data with different scale are present in a GIS.CONCLUSION Despite the numerous efforts carried out to standardize geographical information. metadata do not satisfy the primary purpose. the metadata achievement is not enough to help quality decisions. not exclusively for the users of data provided by national cartography agencies. This is recognized in the GIS as "fitness to use". and it does not include the requirements of the users in the determination of the quality. This is perhaps the most serious defect of standards. A useful information regarding quality asks for the final use to be known. the contentious standards nature is also important. Moreover. other information that concern quality determination has to be added by users. but these last will be incomprehensible to geographical Information users. if barriers to access remain . If data for quality valuation are not available. since they do not consider all the possible applications and can be valued only in specific contexts. 18 . standards are not always able to guarantee or to improve quality. Developed in the manufacturing industry. but the intrinsic quality conformity is only a part of geographical information quality. This widely accepted expression affirms that spatial data quality is recognized only in terms of its specific use. It is the result of discussions and negotiations that expressly or implicitly highlight institutions and dominant disciplines contributions. they are not able to define quality. Standards will always be essential. This is necessary with the increasing role of the GIS user and the information producers. can offer impulses for an wider knowledge of geographical information quality. The efforts to standardize metadata content and data quality are taking important steps toward the overcoming of closed metadata. It is be important to find the way to distinguish different typologies of quality demands by dealing with the market. Practical purposes ask for a more pragmatic understanding of the concept of quality. Moreover. then the respective different positional accuracies can preclude an accurate analysis. Isolated metadata do not determine satisfactory geographical information quality. A look to other disciplines. Associating standards content to particular conformity values is one way to understand quality. The knowledge of quality in satisfactory characteristics is a misleading concept because it makes implicit the objectiveness of quality assessment. procedures of quality evaluation need to include users applications. such as software engineering. They contain the knowledge of the data producer. Since these efforts are focused on least requisites.Inside the subject of accessibility. By following these standards. The standards content regards the guide lines or the requisites needed to establish the documentation and the last procedures but. The fulfillment of a standard does not assure the quality and in decisional contexts it does not allow the accessibility to metadata. interchange requisites and documentation guide lines their results at present open small rooms in order to put metadata sources in a new greater rooms.
Appendix 19 .
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