You are on page 1of 8

Production

The Philippine poultry sector, valued at about 131 billion pesos (PHP; $2.7 billion), expanded by 11 per cent in 2008 and represents about 14 per cent of total agricultural production in the country. Chicken production, valued at PHP 98 billion ($2 billion) and the primary source of growth in this sector, went up by 5.76 per cent. Increased broiler production was particularly noted in dressing plants throughout last year. According to the Philippine Department of Agriculture's (DA) Bureau of Agricultural Statistics (BAS), another contributing factor to the growth in 2008 was the rehabilitation of typhoon damaged farms in Ilocos Region in Luzon. In the fourth quarter, there were reports of establishment of new broiler commercial farms in Ilocos Norte and increase in the number of contract farms in Northern Mindanao. According to local broiler associations, the growth in chicken output is expected to slowdown this year, partially as a result of weak consumer demand, coupled with rising feed and production costs.

Chicken production ('000 metric tons) 2006


Chicken Chicken eggs 1,205.95

2007
1,211.62

2008
1,281.35

2007/2006
0.47

2008/2007
5.76 4.67

330.29 335.11 350.77 1.46 Source - Bureau of Agricultural Statistics

Consumption
Annual per capita chicken production in 2007 was at 7.86 kg decreased slightly from the previous year. Increased production and constant import levels in 2008 are expected to increase per capita consumption in 2008. According to analysts, the ongoing global economic crisis is expected to dampen consumer food demand in 2009, including chicken consumption. However, concerns about Ebola Reston Virus in pigs may result in some shift from pork to chicken by consumers.

Annual per capita chicken consumption (kg) 2005


Dressed chicken Chicken eggs 7.58

2006
7.95

2007
7.86 3.48

3.46 3.49 Source - Bureau of Agricultural Statistics

2000 Census
Showing provinces existing at the time of census. Figures do not add up to total as population in disputed areas are added up to the next higher subdivision.

Rank

Province

Population

% of Population

Notes

Philippines

76,498,735

100%

Metro Manila

9,932,560

12.98%

1 Cebu

3,356,137

4.39% Includes Cebu City

2 Negros Occidental

2,565,723

3.35% Includes Bacolod City

3 Pangasinan

2,434,086

3.18%

4 Zamboanga del Sur

2,432,489

3.18% Includes Zamboanga City

5 Bulacan

2,234,088

2.92%

6 Cavite

2,063,161

2.7%

7 Laguna

1,965,872

2.57%

8 Iloilo

1,925,002

2.52% Includes Iloilo City

9 Davao del Sur

1,905,917

2.49% Includes Davao City

10 Batangas

1,905,348

2.49%

11 Pampanga

1,882,730

2.46% Includes Angeles City

12 Rizal

1,707,218

2.23%

13 Quezon

1,679,030

2.19%

14 Nueva Ecija

1,659,883

2.17%

15 Leyte

1,592,336

2.08%

16 Camarines Sur

1,551,549

2.03%

17 Isabela

1,287,575

1.68%

18 Bohol

1,137,268

1.49%

19 Misamis Oriental

1,126,215

1.47% Includes Cagayan de Oro City

20 Negros Oriental

1,126,061

1.47%

21 South Cotabato

1,102,550

1.44% Includes General Santos City

22 Albay

1,090,907

1.43%

23 Tarlac

1,068,783

1.4%

24 Bukidnon

1,060,265

1.39%

25 Cagayan

993,580

1.3%

26 Maguindanao

964,951

1.26% Includes Cotabato City

27 Cotabato

958,643

1.25%

28 Zamboanga del Norte

823,130

1.08%

29 Lanao del Sur

800,162

1.05%

30 Lanao del Norte

758,123

0.99% Includes Iligan City

31 Palawan

755,412

0.99%

32 Davao del Norte

743,811

0.97%

33 Masbate

707,668

0.93%

34 Oriental Mindoro

681,818

0.89%

35 La Union

657,945

0.86%

36 Capiz

654,156

0.86%

37 Sorsogon

650,535

0.85%

38 Samar

641,124

0.84%

39 Zambales

627,802

0.82% Includes Olongapo City

40 Sulu

619,668

0.81%

41 Ilocos Sur

594,206

0.78%

42 Sultan Kudarat

586,505

0.77%

43 Benguet

582,515

0.76% Includes Baguio City

44 Compostela Valley

580,244

0.76%

45 Agusan del Sur

559,294

0.73%

46 Bataan

557,659

0.73%

47 Agusan del Norte

552,849

0.72% Includes Butuan City

48 Ilocos Norte

514,241

0.67%

49 Surigao del Sur

501,808

0.66%

50 Northern Samar

500,639

0.65%

51 Misamis Occidental

486,723

0.64%

52 Surigao del Norte

481,416

0.63%

53 Antique

471,088

0.62%

54 Camarines Norte

458,840

0.6%

55 Aklan

451,314

0.59%

56 Davao Oriental

446,191

0.58%

57 Sarangani

410,622

0.54%

58 Occidental Mindoro

380,250

0.5%

59 Eastern Samar

375,822

0.49%

60 Nueva Vizcaya

366,962

0.48%

61 Southern Leyte

360,160

0.47%

62 Basilan

332,828

0.44%

63 Tawi-Tawi

322,317

0.42%

64 Romblon

264,357

0.35%

65 Marinduque

217,392

0.28%

66 Catanduanes

215,356

0.28%

67 Abra

209,491

0.27%

68 Kalinga

174,023

0.23%

69 Aurora

173,797

0.23%

70 Ifugao

161,623

0.21%

71 Quirino

148,575

0.19%

72 Guimaras

141,450

0.18%

73 Mountain Province

140,439

0.18%

74 Biliran

140,274

0.18%

75 Apayao

97,129

0.13%

76 Siquijor

81,598

0.11%

77 Camiguin

74,232

0.1%

78 Batanes

16,467

0.02%

Swine Production in the Philippines (1/2)


24-Mar-2009 (3 years 2 months 17 days ago)

Zoilo M. Lapus More Sharing Services


print

The Philippines is located in Southeast Asia. It is an archipelago with a total area of 300,000 Km2 wherein 32% is devoted to agriculture. Its 2007 census showed that it had a population of 88.57 million but the July 2008 estimate is already 92.68 million. The derived annual per capita pork consumption in 2007 was 15.07 kilograms excluding offals and processed meat.

The PHP 160 billion hog industry is the second leading contributor to Philippine agriculture coming in second to rice despite being almost exclusively without government subsidy. The countrys swine total inventory as of January 1, 2008 was estimated at 13.7 million head, up by 1.80 % compared to last years level. Backyard farm initial stocks this year went down by 1.00 % while, commercial farms inventory registered a 9.37 % increase against initial stocks of 2007. About 71 % of the swine population are raised in backyard farms while 29 % are in commercial farms. The swine industry which accounted for 80 percent of total livestock production registered a 2.72 % growth in 2007. The gain in production was noted during the 2nd and 4th quarters of 2007 when more animals were slaughtered. In 2007, the average annual price received by farmers was P71.26, about 2.83 % higher than the 2006 price. Similarly, the average wholesale price of live hogs in Metro Manila went up by 0.77 %. Annual average retail price in Metro Manila increased by 0.83 % from the record set the previous year. The Bureau of Agricultural Statistics (BAS) stated that Philippine hog production dipped slightly from 1.89 tons in 2007 to 1.86 tons in 2008. The most notable decrease in stocks was the numerous losses incurred by farms mainly in Luzon due to diseases like hog cholera, PRRS, Pseudorabies, Swine Flu and Circovirus in the last year. The disease scare was such that farmers immediately sold their pigs for fear of getting hit by the continuing drop in market price while feeling the increase in prices of commercial feed as well as the basic ingredients like corn. In terms of value, however, the pig sector posted an 11.29% increase with PHP 149.59 billion (USD 3.16 billion) from PHP 134.42 billion (USD 2.84 billion) in 2007. The BAS attributed the growth to improved farm prices which averaged PHP 80.61 (USD 1.70) per kg in 2008 compared to PHP 71.27 (USD1.51) per kg in 2007.
Typical commercial farms above where pigs are housed accordingly in sections i.e. breeding, farrowing, nursery, grower and finisher. During the summer season, pigs from starter to breeders are provided wallows. The pool is cleaned twice a week.

While backyard pens are very cheap, it is estimated that commercial farms will spend around PHP 4000 2 (60) per m . Building Cost Estimate (300 Sow Level). Area Gestation Farrrowig Nursey Finishig Total Cost of Buildings Ave. 60 /m
2

Cost/m , 109 179 157 119

720 800 600 2000