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INTRODUCTION

We students taking Additional mathematics are required to carry out a project work while we are in form 5.This year the Curriculum Development Division, Ministry of Education has prepared four tasks for us. We are to choose and complete only one task based on our area of interest. This project can be done in groups or individually written report. Upon completion of the Additional Mathematics Project Work, we are to gain valuable experiences and able to:

Apply and adapt a variety of problem solving strategies to solve routine and non-routine problems; Experience classroom environments which are challenging, interesting and meaningful and hence improve their thinking skills. Experience classroom environments where knowledge and skills are applied in meaningful ways in solving real-life problems Experience classroom environments where expressing ones mathematics thinking, reasoning and communication are highly encouraged and expected Experience classroom environments that stimulates and enhances effective learning. Acquire effective mathematical communication through oral and writing, and to use the language of mathematics to express mathematical ideas correctly and precisely Enhance acquisition of mathematical knowledge and skills through problem-solving in ways that increase interest and confidence Prepare ourselves for the demand of our future undertakings and in workplace.

Realise that mathematics is an important and powerful tool in


solving real-life problems and hence develop positive attitude towards mathematics. Train ourselves not only to be independent learners but also to collaborate, and to share knowledge in an engaging and healthy environment Use technology especially the ICT appropriately and effectively Train ourselves to appreciate the intrinsic values of mathematics and to become more creative and innovative Realize the importance and the beauty of mathematics

We are expected to submit the project work within three weeks from the first day the task is being administered to us. Failure to submit the written report will result in us not receiving certificate.

Appreciation
Alhamdullilah, thank you to Allah for giving the will to do my additional mathematics project. Secondly, I would like to thank the principle of Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Tambun, Pn. Hjh Naimah bt Hj Omar for giving the permission to do my Additional Mathematics Project Work. I also like to thank my Additional Matematics teacher, Mr. Show Chet for the guide and giving useful and important information for me to complete this project work. Besides that, I would like to thank my parents for their support and encouragement. Lastly, a special thanks to all my friends for their help and cooperation in searching for information and completing this project work.

Part 1
The prices of goods sold in shops vary from one shop to another. Shoppers tend to buy goods which are not only reasonably priced but also give value for their money. You are required to carry out a survey on four different items based on the following categories i.e. food, detergent and stationery. The survey should be done in three different shops. a) Collect pictures, newspaper cuttings or photos on items that you have chosen items

b) Record the items and their prices systematically as in Table 1. Since items maybe differently packed, be sure to use consistent measurements for each item selected so that comparison can be done easily accurately.

c) Create at least two suitable graphical representations (the use of ICT is encouraged) to compare and contrast the price of the items chosen.

d) Based on the graphical representation that you have constructed in part 1(c), interpret, discuss and draw conclusions. Comments on your findings.

Part 2
Every year SMK Indah organizes a carnival to raise funds for the school. This year the school plans to install air conditioners in the school library. Last year, during the carnival, your class made and sold butter cakes. Because of the popularity of the butter cakes, your class has decided to carry out the same project for this years carnival. Question a) Suggest a shop from Part 1 which you would go to purchase the ingredients for the butter cakes. State and discuss your reasons for purchasing from the shop you suggested. Answer:

Question b) Complete Table 2 with the prices of the items found in the shop that you have chosen. Answer:
Ingredient
Self-raising flour

Sugar Butter Eggs(grade A)

Quantity per cake 250g 200g 250g 5 eggs(300g)

Price in the year 2009(RM) 0.90 0.35 3.30 1.25

Price in the year 2010(RM) 0.90 0.36 4.30 2.10

Question
i) Calculate the price index for each of the ingredients in Table 2 for the year 2010 based on the year 2009 Answer: Ingredients Quantity Per cake Price in the year 2009(RM) Price in the year 2010 (RM) Price index for the year 2010 based on the year 2009 (i) 100 102.86 130.30 168

Self-raising flour Sugar Butter Eggs(Grade A)

250g 200g 250g 5 eggs (300g)

0.90 0.35 3.30 1.25

0.90 0.36 4.30 2.10

Question ii) Calculate the composite index for making a butter cake in the year 2010 based on the year 2009. Discuss how you obtained your answers. Answer: Ingredients Self-raising flour Sugar Butter Eggs(Grade A) Weightage(W) 250/1000= 200/1000= 250/1000= 300/1000=

Question
iii) In the year 2009, the butter cake was sold at RM15.00 each. Suggest a suitable selling price for the butter cake in the year 2010. Give reasons for your answer.

Question
(c)(i) Find out from reliable sources how to determine suitable capacity of air conditioner to be installed based on the volume/size of a room. Answer: For common usage, air conditioner is rated according to horse power (1HP) , which is approximately 700W to 1000W of electrical power. It is suitable for a room size 1000ft which is around 27m of volume.

Question
(ii) Work in groups to estimate the volume of your school library. Explain the volume of your answer. Hence , determine the number of air conditioners with the appropriate capacity required for your library. Answer: By using a measuring tape, the dimension for the library is: Height=3.6m Width=9.17m Length=20.12m Volume of the room=

1 unit of air conditioner is 27m

That means our school library needs 25 unit of air conditioner.

Question (iii) If your class intends to sponsor one air conditioner for the school library, how many butter cake must your class sell in order to buy the air conditioner? Answer:

Part 3
As a committee member for the carnival, you are required to prepare an estiated budget to organize this years carnival. The committee has to take into the consideration the increase in expenditure from the previous year due to inflation. The price of food, transportation and tents has increased by 15%. The cost of games, prizes and decorations remains the same, whereas the cost of miscellaneous items has increased by 30%.

Question a) Complete Table 3 based on the information given above. Answer, Expenditure Food Games Transportation Decorations Prizes Tents Miscellaneous Amount in 2009(RM) 1200.00 500.00 300.00 200.00 600.00 800.00 400.00 Table 3 Amount in 2010(RM) 1380.00 500.00 345.00 200.00 600.00 920.00 520.00

Question b) Calculate the composite index for the estimated budget of the carnival in the year 2010 based on the year 2009. Comment on your answer.

Solution.
Expediture Amount in 2009(RM) Amount in year 2010(RM) 1380.00 500.00 345.00 200.00 600.00 920.00 Price index, I Weightage, W

Food Games

1200.00 500.00

115 100 115 100 100 115

12 5 3 2 6 8

Transportation 300.00 Decorations Prizes Tents 200.00 600.00 800.00

The total price for the year 2010 increase by 11.625%. This is because some price in the year 2009 increased in the year 2010. Question. c) The change in the composite index for the estimate budget for the carnival from the year 2009 to the year 2010 is the same as the change from the year 2010 to the year 2011. Determine the composite index of the budget for the year 2011 based on the year 2009. Solution. Composite index for the year 2009 to the year 2010 =111.625

Reflection
After spending countless hours,day and night to finish this additional Mathematics Project, here is what I got to say:

I Additional Mathematics!!
Doing this project makes me realize how important Additional Mathematics is.Also, completing this project makes me realize how fun it is and llikeable is Additional Mathematics

Conclusion
After doing research, answering questions, drawing graps and some problems solving, I saw that the usage of index number is important in daily life. It is not just widely used in markets but also in interpreting the condition of the surrounding like the air or the water. Especially in conducting an air-pollution survey. In conclusion, index number is a daily life necessecities. Without it, surveys cant be conducted, the stock market cant be interpret and many more. So, we should be thankful of the people who contribute in the idea of index number.