Mihai Eminescu Biography

Mihai Eminescu a.k.a. Mihail Eminescu (January 15, 1850 - June 15, 1889), late Romantic poet, probably the single best-known Romanian poet. Famous works include "Luceafărul" ("Evening star"), "Mai am un singur dor" ("I Have a Single Desire Left"), and the 5 "Scrisori" ("Epistles"). Eminescu was active in the Junimea literary society, and was a prominent member of the Conservative Party and a journalist at Timpul.

A note on his name
"Mihail" is a more archaic form of "Mihai". Both were in use during Eminescu's lifetime, and he personally made use of both forms. However, he is generally referred to in Romania today as Mihai Eminescu.

His life in brief
Early years
Born in Ipoteşti, Botoşani County, Romania. Eminescu was the son of tax collector Gheorghe Eminovici and his wife Raluca Eminovici (maiden name Iurăscu). He spent his early childhood in Botoşani and Ipoteşti, in his parents' family home. From 1858 to 1866 he attended school in Cernăuţi. He finished grade 4th grade as

He was active in student life. and documents relating to Romanian literary history. He soon settled in Bucharest. La moartea principelui Ştirbey. befriended Ioan Slavici. Iacob Negruzzi and Titu Maiorescu. popular poetry. he began signing as "Mihai Eminescu". the latter including Matei Millo and Fanny Tardini-Vladicescu. he continued to write and publish poems. As always. whose interests included the gathering of fairy tales. a military officer. On April 1 1869 he was a co-founder of the "Orient" literary circle. The first evidence of Eminescu as a writer is in 1866. He renewed ties to his family. and came to know Vienna through Veronica Micle. Eminescu was assigned Moldova. On June 29. That summer. various members of the "Orient" group were commissioned to go to different provinces. Also at this time he began his novel Geniu pustiu ("Wasted Genius"). Teodor Rosetti. notably. The leaders of this cultural organisation. he randomly ran into his brother Iorgu. he left Pascaly's troupe and traveled to Cernăuţi and Iaşi. he continued to write and publish poetry. although this never resulted in a completed work. edited by Junimea (from Romanian june -"young"). Carp. He also paid his rent by translating hundreds of pages of a book by Enric Theodor Rotscher. after which he attended two years of gymnasium. he became a contributor to Convorbiri literare (Literary Talk). Eminoviciu". in Cişmigiu Gardens. for the rest of his . He was counted as an "extraordinary auditor" at the Faculty of Philosophy and Law. This began a steady series of published poems (and the occasional translation from German).the 5th of 82 students. on the occasion of the death of the former ruler of Muntenia. Barbu Dimitrie Ştirbey. he published a leaflet. where at the end of November he became a clerk and copyist for the National Theater. Through this period. Shortly thereafter. Petre P. In 1867 he joined the troupe of Iorgu Caragiale as clerk and prompter. but firmly rebuffed Iorgu's attempt to get him to renew ties to his family. On February 25 his poem "De-aş avea" was published in the magazine Familia from Pest signed as "Iosif Vulcan". Still in summer 1869. the next year he transferred to the troupe of Mihai Pascaly. Lăcrămioarele invăţăceilor gimnazişti (Tears of the Gymnasium Students) in which appears a poem entitled "La mormântul lui Aron Pumnul" ("The Grave of Aron Pumnul") signed "M. Junimea From October 1869 to 1872 he studied in Vienna. exercised their political and cultural influence over Eminescu. Both of these were among the leading Romanian theatrical troupes of their day. his father promised him a regular allowance to pursue studies in Vienna in the fall. Vasile Pogor. In January of that year Romanian-teacher Aron Pumnul died and his students published a pamphlet.

He continued to publish in Convorbiri literare. he received a few injections with mercury. his overwork during this period was very bad for his health. In June 1883. He is buried in Bucharest at Bellu Cemetery. a separate diagnosis done in Vienna. During this time he wrote most of his poems Scrisorile. In 1884. his volume Poezii appeared. substitute teacher. His autopsy was poorly conducted. where until 1883 he was first editor. He became a good friend of Ion Creangă. also from 1883. with selection of poems and with a preface by Titu Maiorescu. the poet fell seriously ill. Ilness years In his last years. Starting in 1886. 1889. Calinescu wrote in the poet's biography that he had the illness since he was 20. . From 1874 to 1877 he worked as director of the Central Library in Iaşi. and was interned in the hospital of Dr. he returned to Romania and appeared generally healthy.life. he was diagnosed with syphilis and G. and editor of the newspaper Curierul de Iaşi (The Courier of Iaşi). In December 1883. In 1877 he moved to Bucharest. In 1883. he suffered from manic-depressive psychosis. school inspector for the counties of Iaşi and Vaslui. which was at that time the usual treatment for syphilis. Luceafărul etc. From 1872 to 1874 he continued as a student in Berlin. Eminescu died in hospital June 15. in Romania. so the matter of his precise cause of death is unlikely to be definitively settled. Şuţu.) However. mentioned his depression but did not mention syphilis. He became a journalist at the newspaper Albina in Pest. then (1880) editor-in-chief of the newspaper Timpul (Time). whom he convinced to become a writer and introduced him to the Junimea literary club. however.

Oxford. Iaşi. "Sărmanul Dionis" {"Poor Dionis"). "Geniu pustiu" ("Wasted Genius"). publisher: The Center for Romanian Studies. . Treptow. It also includes translations of four important prose writings: "Făt-Frumos din lacrimi" ("Prince Charming. and "Cezara" ("Caesara"). 2000.Works Poems and Prose of Mihai Eminescu (editor: Kurt W. ISBN 9739432107) contains a selection of English-language renditions Eminescu's poems and prose. and Portland. "Luceafărul" (variously translated as "Lucifer" or "The Morning Star"). "Si dacă" ("Whenever"). The Tear-Begotten"). "Odă (în metru antic)" ("Ode (in Ancient Meter)"). including "Doina" (the name is a traditional type of Romanian song). "Mai am un singur dor" ("I Have Yet One Desire"). "Lacul" ("The Lake"). among others.