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Begum Rokeya University, Rangpur

Measure of Dispersion
Md.ROBIUL ISLAM

2012

CREATED BY SAYED IBN RASHID

Here I will discuss about :

Measure of Dispersion Type of Measure of dispersion Absolute measure of dispersion


Range. Mean deviation (M.D). Quartile deviation (Q.D). The variance. The standard deviation Coefficient of range Coefficient of quartile deviation Coefficient of mean deviation Coefficient of variation

Relative measure of dispersion

Measure of Dispersion
Dispersion : The term dispersion means the scatterness of observation from some central value. Suppose that the player scored the following runs in a 5 matchs. Sachin Tandulkar 1st 55 2nd 49 3rd 65 4th 58 5th 51 Average 55.6

Cris Gayl 10 105 50 0 113 55.6 Here the mean of the score are equal. We cant say who is the best. Here dispersion use.

Measure of dispersion can be divided into two groups: (1) Absolute measure of dispersion . (2) Relative measure of dispersion.

Absolute measure of dispersion:


Such measure are :

Range. Mean deviation (M.D). Quartile deviation (Q.D). The variance. The standard deviation. Relative

measure of dispersion:

Such measure are: Coefficient of range Coefficient of quartile deviation Coefficient of mean deviation Coefficient of variation

Absolute measure of dispersion


Range
If x1,x2,x3,,xn are the value of n observations in a
sample, then range designed by R the variable X is given by,
R(x1,x2,x3,,xn)=max(x1,x2,x3,,xn)-min(x1,x2,x3,,xn)

In other words if the X value are arranged in ascending order such that, x1<x2<x3<<xn then, R=xn-x1
On more , R=L-S

Where, L= largest value and S= smallest value.

Mean deviation
The mean deviation is an average of absolute deviation of individual observations from the central value of a series of the deviation can be measured from mean , median and mode. Let us consider a set of sample observation as follow:

x1,x2,x3,,xn

The mean, median, and mode of this set of observation be X, me, and mo. Then the mean deviation from mean, median and mode are, M.D(X)= M.D(me)= M.D(mode)= If a grouped frequency dist is construction then the average deviation is, M.D(X)= and so on.

For example:- The monthly average temperature in different months of 2011 recorded in Bogra are; 12.7, 16.1, 18.3, 22.9, 25.3, 28.1, 26.4, 26.8, 26.3, 25.4, 20.6, 14.8 We can calculate, M.D(X)= M.D(me)= = = =4.500c =4.40
0

Quartile deviation
Quartile deviation is the difference between the 3rd quartile (Q3) and the 1st quartile (Q1) and dividing by 2. QD= For a symmetrical disn Q3 and Q1 are equidistance from the median , then meQD covers exactly 50 percent of the observation.

The Variance
The variance of the population observation x1,x2,x3,,xN commonly designed 2=
2

for raw data

and for sample observation it can be written as , s 2=


2

The standard deviation


The positive root root variance is known as standard deviation . Thus for grouped data the standard deviation , =
2

The formula for standard deviation for raw data, = v(x)=


2

Relative measure of dispersion


Coefficient of range
Coefficient of range= L is the largest and S is the smallest observations.

Coefficient of mean deviation


Coefficient of mean deviation from (A)=

Coefficient of Quartile deviation


Coefficient of Quartile deviation is denoted by Q.D Q.D=

Coefficient of Variation
The coefficient of variations is computed as a ratio of the standard deviation of the disn to the mean. Hight Weight mean 40inch 10kg SD 5inch 2kg C.V 0.125 0.20