1 WH-5400CPE High Power Outdoor Solution User’s manual 2 UThe Wireless Technology

Standard The Wireless Access Point utilizes the 802.11b and the 802.11g standards. The IEEE 802.11g standard is an extension of the 802.11b standard. It increases the data rate up to 54 Mbps (108Mbps in Super G mode) within the 2.4GHz band, utilizing OFDM technology. This means that in most environments, within the specified range of this device, you will be able to transfer large files quickly or even watch a movie in MPEG format you’re your network without noticeable delays. This technology works by transm itting high-speed digital data over a radio wave utilizing OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) technology. OFDM works by splitting th e radio signal into multiple smaller sub-signals that are then transmitted simu ltaneously at different frequencies to the receiver. OFDM reduces the amount of cross talk (interference) in signal transmissions. The AP will automatica lly sense the best possible connection speed to ensure the greatest speed and range possible. 802.11g offers the most advanced network security features available today, including: WPA, TKIP, AES and Pre-Shared Key mode.

UPlanning Your Wireless Network

Network Topology A wireless network is a group of comput ers, each equipped with one wireless adapter. Computers in a wireless networ k must be configured to share the same radio channel. Several PCs equipped with wireless cards or adapters can communicate with one another to form an ad-hoc network. The wireless adapters also provide users access to a wired network when using an access point or wireless router. An integrated wireless and wired network is called an infrastructure network. Each wireless PC in an infrastructure network can talk to any computer in a wired network in frastructure via the access point or wireless router. An infrastructure configuration extends the accessibility of a wireless PC to a wired network, and may double the effective wireless transmission range for two wireless adapter PCs. Since an access point is able to forward data within a network, the effective tr ansmission range in an infrastructure networ k may be doubled.

3 Roaming Infrastructure mode also supports roaming capabilities for mobile users. Roaming means that you can move your wireless PC within your network and the access points will pick up the wireless PC's signal, providing that they both share the same channel and SSID. Befo re enabling you consider roaming, choose a feasible radio channel and optimum access point position. Proper access point positioning combined with a clear radio si gnal will greatly enhance

performance.

Network Layout The AP Access Point has been designed for use with 802.11g and 802.11b products. With 802.11g pr oducts communicating with the 802.11b standard, products using these standards can comm unicate with each other. The Access point is compatible with 802.11g and 802.11b adapters , such at the PC Cards for your laptop computers, PCI Card fo r your desktop PC, and USB Adapters for when you want to enjoy USB connectivit y. These wireless products can also communicate with a 802.11g or 802.11b wireless Print Server . When you wish to connect your wired network with your wireless network, the Access Point’s network port can be used to connect to any of switches or routers.

Installation Considerations The AP lets you access your network, using a wireless connection, from virtually anywhere within its operating range. Keep in mind, however, that the number, thickness and location of walls, ceilings, or other objects that the wireless signals must pass through, may limit the range. Typical ranges vary depending on the types of materials and background RF (radio frequency) noise in your home or business. The key to maximizing wireless range is to follow these basic guidelines:

z Keep your product away (at least 3-6 feet or 1-2 meters) from electrical devices or appliances th at generate RF noise. z Keep the number of walls and ceilings between the AP and other network devices to a minimum - each wall or ceiling can reduce your AP’s range

A wall that is 1. At a 2-degree angle it looks over 42 feet (14 meters) thick! Position devices so that the signal will travel straight through a wall or 4 ceiling (instead of at an angle) for better reception. Try to position wireless devices and computers with wireless adapters so that the signal passes through drywall or open doorways and not other materials.a solid metal door or aluminum studs may have a negative effect on range.) Position your devices so that the number of walls or ceilings is minimized. 5 Network Topology – AP Mode and Client Mode Network Topology – Gaming Bridge Mode Wireless AP Mode Wireless Client Mode Peer to Peer Gaming Ad hoc .5 feet thick(.from 3-90 feet (1-30 meters. z Building materials can impede the wireless signal .5 meters). z Be aware of the direct lin e between network devices. at a 45-degree angl e appears to be almost 3 feet (1 meter) thick.

Ad hoc 6 Network Topology – Repeater Mode Network Topology – WDS Point to Point Mode Wireless RepeaterMode Wireless Client Mode 7 Network Topology – WDS Point to Multi-Point Mode WDS P2MP Mode 8 .

CPE Installation Diagram 9 10 Hardware Installation ™ Making a Connection Attention: z T he cable distance between the Router and PC/hub/Switch should not exceed 100 meters. you must use Category 5 cable. Make sure 4-paired wires are used. To reliably operate your network at 100Mbps. z Make sure the wiring is correct. 11 AP Configuration Using Locator While entering the Locator utility. or better Data Grade. Category 3/4/5 cable can be used for connection. In 10Mbps operation. the Locator will automatically search the AP .

Before start using Locator. you can manually setup IP address. the utility will lead you into “IP Setting” page. Here you can choose to get IP from a DHCP server or specify IP address manually. Keep the default IP setting if you are not familiar with TCP/IP setting. click on “ Next” to continue the configuration. After you finish IP setting. After click on the “Setup Wizard” icon. ju st simply click on the “ Setup Wizard ” icon and the Locator configuration utility will lead you step by step to finish all the settings. make sure yo u disable personal firewall installed in you PC. Locator will show the Device Name. the first page show up will be “Login”. Windows XP personal firewall) To setup the access point. Device Type. Otherwise. Ethernet MAC Addre ss and Firmware Version in first page.available on the same network. Please input your user name and password into the column. (Ex. Choose to obtain an IP address fr om DHCP server if your environment or ISP provide DHCP server. Default user name and password ex-factory as below: User Name: Admin Password: (leave blank) 12 After type in correct user name and password. IP Address. .

15 . repeater mode and WDS option do not apply in WH-5400CPE. You ca n switch operation mode to Wireless Client or Repeater mode depends on your application. no change is necessary. Unique names are helpful especially if you are employing multiple access po ints on the same network. Memo rable. Choose repeater mode if you want to extend the range of your original AP. Repeater mode is able to talk with one remote access point within its range and retransm it its signal. Your Ethernet de vices behind the AP can connect to remote AP. this connects your wireless PCs an d devices to a wired network. Wireless Client mode can allow AP act as a client within its rang e. Note: due to the built-in internal direct ional patch antenna. In most cases. Default operation mode is Access Point.13 You may assign any name to the Access Point. After verify the name you input and click “ Next” to continue the setting. The device name needs to be less than 32 characters. 14 The following page is operation mode se tting.

Keep the default value if you do not have special requirement for these settings. But this setting will help you to get best conne ctivity with most . Channel and Wireless Mode. Keep default value if you are not familiar with wireless security setting.4GHz 54Mbps (802. The default value is “ Disable” which means anybody who can receive the wireless signal can link to your access point. With default setting “Disable” may cause your wireless network vulnerable to hacker or even neighbor since there is not any encryption or authentication protect. SSID: airlive Channel: Smart Select Wireless Mode: 2. Once you choose different security level.11g) 16 Next page is wireless security setting. yo u can choose different level of security support for your wireless environment here.Here we choose the AP to work in Access Point mode. your wireless LAN card will also need to have corresponding security setting as well. and then the utility will ask for SSID.

. All settings will take effect immediately after system reboot. just easily click on the “ OK” button. you can click on the “Finish ” button to jump to confirmation page. 19 AP Configuration Usin g Web User Interface Before Setup. If you agree with all the changes in the table. such as the Internet.. click the Start button. ™ Verify the IP address setting You need to configure your PC’s network settings to obtain an IP address. 18 Congratulations!! Now you have finished all setting needed to the access point by just a few mouse clicks.wireless clients available. 1. the Locator utility will show you the new settings and old settings in a co mparison chart. From the taskbar. select Settings > Control . In the confirmation page. Computer use IP addresses to communicate with each other across a network. 17 After finish the security setting.

1. Enter the factory default User name and Password fields: User Name: Admin Password: (leave blank) then click OK button. 3. Press Enter . The Locator will launch a default browse r for you and lead you into web UI directly 20 .20 (outdoor unit ip Address) in the Address field. type 192.255.0 in the Subnet Mask field. select USE the following IP address .168. Click the IP Address tab page. From there. 3. double-click the Network connections icon. 192.1.Panel . Start Setup by Browser.123 ( but.1.20 for the device use) in the IP Address field and 255.. 1. You will enter the Utility homepage. After getting the correct connection. You just need to click on the “W eb” icon in Locato r main page. Right click the Local Area Connection icon Properties... start the web browser (make sure you disable the proxy) and type 192. 2.168. then click OK button.255. Start Setup by Locator. select the TCP/IP line for the applicable Ethernet adapter..168. Then. click the Properties button. 1. 2.

SSID. Memorable. you can find detail system configuration in this page including z System Information – This will display system name and both Ethernet MAC address and Wireless MAC address. wireless mode. z Current IP Settings – This section show curr ent IP address setting including IP address. z Current Wireless Settings – This area show current wireless setting including operation mode. System Configuration – Now you can start to configure the system. Unique names are helpful especially if you are employing . Default Gateway and DHCP status. In System Properties page. channel and security setting. you can config z Device Name – You may assign any name to the Access Point. Current country setting and firmware version will also be available here.21 Wireless Configuration . Subnet Mask.AP Mode System Status – The first page appears in main page will show “System Status -> System Summary ” automatically.

Then. Please select your country region correctly. repeater mode does not apply. . (Note: due to built-in internal directional patch an tenna. no change is necessary. type the password into second column to confirm. Repeater is able to talk with one remote access point within its range and retransmit its signal. In most cases. this connects your wireless PCs and devices to a wired network. Changing the sign-on user na me and password is as easy as typing the string you wish in the column.The default operation mode is Access Point. ) Administration – In the administration page. Wireless Client mode can allow AP act as a client within its ra nge. You can switch operation mode to Wireless Client or Repeater mode depends on your application. The device name needs to be less than 32 characters. z Country/Region – Here you can set the AP to follow different country and region regulation. The AP can support. Choose repeater mode if you want to extend the range of your original AP. z Operation Mode . you can modify “ Administrator Name” and “Password ”. Click “Apply” to finish the procedure.22 multiple access points on the same network. Be sure you noted the modification before apply all changes. Your Ethernet devices behind the AP can connect to remote AP. After veri fy the name you input and click “ Apply” to save the setting.

then enter th e IP address of your network’s Gateway. If use DCHP to get IP address. z Default Gateway – If you have assigned a static IP address to the Access Point. You can manually input IP address setting or get an IP from a DHCP server.255.x. This is private address and should work well with your original environment. such as a router.x. use Locator utility to find the access point later.168. Choose to obtain an IP address from DHCP server if your environment or ISP provide DHCP server. then leave this field blank. z IP Address – The IP address need to be unique to your network. z IP Network Setting – Here you can choose to ge t IP from a DHCP server or specify IP address manually. If your network does not have a Gateway. Otherwise. you can manually setup IP address. We would like to recommend you stay with default IP address 192.1.255.23 IP Settings – IP Setting page can configure system IP address.0.20 and Subnet Ma sk is 255. in the Gateway field. z IP Subnet Mask – The Subnet Mask must be the same as that set on your Ethernet network. 24 .168. Default IP address is 192.

This will support all 802. (Note: 108 M SuperG only works with AtherosP ® P based 11a/g solution) z Wireless Network Name (SSID) . It is case-sensitive and must not exceed 32 alphanumeric characters.11 SuperG)” supports high speed 108Mbps SuperG function. Make sure this setting is the same for all points in your wireless network.11b)” in wireless mode column if your environment only have 802. You can choose “2. The SSID must be identical for all points in the wireless network. Enable this f unction only if you do not want the Access Point to be found by others. z Wireless Mode – Default setting is “2. For added security. you should change the SSID from the default name Generic .The SSID is the unique name shared among all points in a wireless network. The final selection “2.4GHz 108Mbps (802.4GHz 11Mbps (802. z Suppressed SSID – This option can hide the SSID not available from site survey tool. In order to support SuperG 108M transmission.11b/g clients connect to the AP.Wireless Network - At Wireless Network page can set “SSID” / “ Wireless Mode” and “Channel”. all wireless clients .4GHz 54Mbps (802. to a unique name. AP supports not only standard 11b/ g but also 108M SuperG.11b clients. which may be any keyboard character.11g)”.

WPA-PSK and WPA. all wireless stations wi ll also need to have corresponding settings. . z Channel / Frequency – Select the appropriate channel from the list 25 provided to correspond with your network settings. (WPA stands for Wi-Fi Protected Access. Wireless Security - The wireless security settings configure th e security of your wireless network. WPA-PSK and WPA security mode. WEP. All points in your wireless network must use the same channel in order to function correctly. There are three wireless security mode options supported by the Access Point: WEP.will need to be AtherosP ® P solution. The default setting is “SmartSelect” means the system will pick best channel for you automatically. Stay with default setting if you do not have special request on channel selection. you can configure the AP to work with No Security . Once you se tup the AP to work in security mode. WEP stands for Wired Equivalent Privacy. which is a security standard stronger than WE P encryption. System default setting is “No Security” .) In Wireless Security page.

Select “Share Key” to limit communication to only those devices that share the same WEP settings. The AP supports 64. you will need to select a default transmit key and a level of WEP encryption. After all changes are made . . To use WEP. z Shared keys input type – Select HEX or ASCII depends on your preference z Key table – You can input 4 different WEP en cryption keys into the table and by choosing the radio button to decide which one is valid now.26 WEP is a basic encryption method. WPA can provide better secu rity level than WEP without difficult setting procedure. which is not as secure as WPA. 128 and 152bit key length. WPA-PSK is design for home users who do not have RADIUS server in their network environment. 27 WPA-PSK stands for Wi-Fi Protected Access – Pre-Shared Key. z Authentication type – Select “Open System” to communicate the key across the network. be sure to click on “Apply” to make sure all changes are saved into system. The longer key we choose usually means the encryption is stronger.

Usually the security level will be higher if you set the pe riod shorter to change encryption keys more often. 28 WPA option features WPA used in coordination with a RADIUS server. Default value is 1800 seconds.Enter a WPA Shared Key of 8-63 characters.z PassPhrase . set 0 in Group Key Renewal period to disable key renewal. Select the type of algorithm. TKIP and AES. The Shared Key should be also applying the clients work in the same wireless network. z Group Key Renewal period . TKIP or AES . Remember to click on “Apply” to make sure all changes are made before leaving this page. z Cipher Type – WPA gives you two encryption methods. (This should only be used when a RADIUS server is connected to the Access Point. z Cipher Type .WPA gives you two encryption methods. z Group Key Update Interval – This column indicate how often should . z RADIUS Port – Port number for RADIUS se rvice. default value is 1812 z RADIUS Secret – RADIUS secret is the key shared between Access Point and RADIUS server. with dynamic encryption keys. Select the type of algorithm. TKIP or AES .) z RADIUS Server – Here enter the IP address of your RADIUS server.Enter a number of s econds which instructs the Access point how often it should change the en cryption keys. with dynamic encryption keys. TKIP and AES.

and the Traffic Indicator Message (TIM). Before making any changes at this page. z Transmit Power – You can reduce RF output power by selecting Half (-3dB) / Quarter (-6dB) / Eighth (-9dB) / Minimu m. the Br oadcast destination address. these settings do not need to be changed. 29 Wireless Advance Settings - The page below can help users to config ure advanced wirele ss setting. To change transmit power may decrease your wireless signal coverage. z Beacon Interval (20-1000) – This value indica tes the frequency interval of the beacon. z Data Beacon Rate (DTIM) (1-16384) – This value indicated how often .the Access Point change the encryption key. A beacon includes the wireless LAN service area. z Data Rate – In data rate column you can select all bit rate supported in current operation mode. In most cases. as these changes will alter the effectiveness of the Access Point. Default value is “best” means the system will automatically adjust the connection sp eed dynamically according to your current link status. Delivery Traffic Indicator Ma ps. please check your wireless settings on other system as well. a time stamp. A beacon is a packet broadcast by the Access Point to keep the network synchronized. the AP address.

try to enable short preamble.the Access Point sends out a Delivery Traffic Indication Message. z RTS/CTS Threshold (256-2346) – This setting determines how larget a packet can be before the Access Point coordinates transmission and reception to ensure efficient communication. Lower settings result in more efficient networking. Only minor modifications of this value are recommended. while preventing your PC from dropping into power-saving sleep mode. z Short Preamble – Preambles are a sequence of binary bits that help the receivers synchronize and ready for receipt of a data transmission. 346. A smaller setting means smaller packets. Should yo u encounter inconsistent data flow. thus saving powe r. but it will likely decrease overall network performance. z Fragment Length (256-2346) – This specifies the maximum size a data packet will be before splitting and creating a new packet and should remain at its default setting of 2. z Protection Mode – Protection Mode should remain default value (Auto) unless you are having severe problems with your 11g Wireless LAN products not being able to transmit to the Access Point in an environment . only minor modifications are recommended. Some older wireless systems like 802.11b impl ementation use shorter preambles. Higher settings allow your PC to 30 enter sleep mode.346.11b device. but interferes with wireless transmissions. you can increase it again. This value should remain at its default setting of 2. If you have decreased this value and experience high packet error rates. If you are having difficulty connecting to an older 802. which will create more packet s for each transmi ssion.

31 Wireless Station List - Wireless Station List page can help user identify current clients who already associated to the AP. You can also clic k on the MAC addre ss column then the system will show the detail technical information for each wireless station.11b traffic. Firmware . To enable this function boosts the Access Point’s ability to catch all 11g Wireless transmissions but will severely decrease performance.with heavy 802. you can Backup/Restore Setting. 32 Backup/Restore Setting / Firmware Upgrade and Reboot - In Management section. The page below describes the detail connection information with each station. Remember to click on “Apply” to make sure all changes are made before leaving this page. You can get all information needed right here.

If you act the function.255. z Reboot – Click on “Reboot” button to restart Access Point. .Upgrade and Reboot the system in following pages.255. z Restore settings from a backup file – Here you can restore the configuration file from wh ere you previous saved.168. The whole fi rmware upgrade process will take around 60 seconds. system will prompt you where to save the backup file. the IP addre ss will restore the establishing value situation. Before upgrade. z Backup the current settings to a file – Click on the “Backup” button. or click the “Browse” button to find the firmware upgrade file.20 in the IP Address field and 255. 33 z Firmware Upgrade – Enter the location of the firmware upgrade file in the file path field.0 in the Subnet Mask field. Double check with your tec hnical support service if available. z Restore factory default setting – Be very carefully before restore system back to default since you will lose all current settings immediately. Then click on the “Upgrade” button.1. and follow the on-screen instructions. 192. make sure you are using correct version. You can choose the directory to save your configuration file.

Basic Service Sets (BSS).34 35 Wireless Configuration – WDS Mode (P2P & P2MP) Due to built-in internal directional patch antenna. and in doing so extend a wired infrastructure to loca tions where cabling is not possible or in efficient to implement. WDS does not apply in WH-5400CPE. This operation option is reserved for future application. A BSS is best compared to a "Cell".11 terminolog y a "Distribution System" is system that Interconnects.) The WDS mode is coexisting with Access Point mode in this AP. you can support regular wireless stations an d WDS link at the same time. so-called. WDS (Wireless Distribution System) operation as defined by the IEEE802. click the “Enable WDS” check box and switch the . So a "Distribution System" connects cells in order to build a premise wide network which allows users of mobile equipment to roam and stay connected to th e available network resources. In IEEE 802. WDS is used for wirelessly connect Access Points. (Be sure you understand the purpose of WDS mo de before proceed configuration. therefore.11 standard has been made available. In the “WDS Settings page” . driven by a single Access Point (one of those circles in the diagram below).

“Mode” to “Enable”. if th e chain becomes very long. Then you are able to fill in MAC Address of each WDS link. WDS Security – WDS now only supports limit wireless security protocol and will have full dependency with Access Poin t mode security settings. you network traffic will become unstable. prevent your wireless network to pology to have loop. Here lists 4 different AP security settings below: . Once loop shows up. We suggest the WDS link topology planning should not exceed 2 hops in chain configuration. 36 Considerations before installation – z Loop Prevention – Be careful to plan yo u WDS connections. 11g have 54Mbps bandwidth) z Latency – In the chain topology configuration. (Ex. z Performance – The system can support up to 8 WDS links. But all links and wireless stations that operate at the same time will all share single radio bandwidth. end-to-end latency issue may come in play.

Status page show the AP is now working in Wireless Client mode. After need to reboot the AP to make sure the AP work in client mode. If AP already . you need to choose “Wireless Client” mode and click “Apply ” at System Properties page. In order to setup the AP to work in Ethernet bridge mode. 38 Connection Status - z Connection – This column show current connection status. you can see the page as below.z No Security – Both AP and WDS traffic transmit without encryption z WEP – Both AP and WDS traffic are encrypted by the same WEP key z WPA-PSK – The AP work in WPA-PSK mode and WDS link is no security z WPA – The AP work in WPA mode and WDS link is no security 37 Wireless Configuration – Wireless Client Mode AP can also work as an Ethernet client bridge to connect up to 16 Ethernet device into wireless network. After the system reboot is done.

You can choose “2.Here indicates AP security sett ings in client mode.4GHz 11Mbps (802.11g)”. z Network Type – Here indicates the Access Point works in AP mode or Client mode (Infrastructure mode / Ad Hoc mode) z SSID – SSID column displays curren t SSID assigned to the AP z Wireless Mode – Here show the Access Point current work in either 11b or 11g mode z Current Channel – This column indicates the radio channel currently in use. Otherwise. connection column will show “N/A” which means no connection to any Access Point or station. z Link Quality – This column shows current lin k quality with AP by signal strength in 0 to 100 percentage scale. here will show the MAC address of the associated Access Point or station.11b/g clients connect to the AP. “WEP” or ‘WPA-PSK” . This will support all 802. z Security .11b)” in wireless mode column if your . z Wireless Mode . Both Infrastructure and Ad-hoc can support up to 108M SuperG transmission.Default setting is “2. 39 Wireless Network - z Network Mode – You can set the wireless client into 2 different modes by clicking radio button. Wireless Client (Infrastructure) act as an AP client while Ad-hoc can support peer to peer network. Should be either “Disabled”.connect to an Access Point or station.4GHz 54Mbps (802.

which may be any keyboard character. The Site Survey page can help you identi fy all the APs currently working in your environment. The SSID must be identical for all points in the wireless network.The SSID is the unique name shared among all points in a wireless network. At Wireless Network page you can find a “Site Survey ” button as shown below.4GHz 108Mbps (802. . system will determine the Access Point currently available and establish connection with that Access Point. In the Site Survey page you can also see the details of all SSID currently available. In order to support SuperG 108M transmission. Just easily click on the BSSID column.11 SuperG)” supports high speed 108Mbps SuperG function. the system will join you to the SSID you specify. It is case-sensitive and must no t exceed 32 alphanumeric characters. You can choose “Attach to any available SSID” . all wireless clients will need to be AtherosP ® P solution. The final selection “2. If you already understand your wireless environment well.11b clients. You can easily click on the “Site Survey ” to find all wireless networks available 40 in your current environment.environment only have 802. z SSID . you can type in the SSID in “Specify the static SSID” manually.

. be sure to click on “Apply” to make sure all changes are saved into system. To use WEP as a client. After all changes are made . 128 and 152bit key length. z Shared keys input type – Select HEX or ASCII depends on your preference z Key table – You can input 4 different WEP en cryption keys into the table and by choosing the radio button to decide which one is valid now. The longer key we choose usually means the encryption is stronger. The AP supports 64. you can click on the BSSID column your want to choose. The system will automatically join the SSID you specified 41 after reboot. Wireless Security – WEP is a basic encryption method.After you determine which AP (SSID) to join. you will need to input a transmit key and a level of WEP encryption exactly the same as the Access Point. which is not as secure as WPA.

z Cipher Type .WPA-PSK stands for Wi-Fi Protected Access – Pre-Shared Key. z PassPhrase Key . Ethernet Client List – In Ethernet Client List page. you can check all the details here including IP Address and MAC Address. Remember to click on “Apply” to make sure all changes are made before leaving this page. with dynamic encryption keys.WPA gives you two encryption methods.Enter a WPA Shared Key of 8-63 characters. TKIP and AES. WPA-PSK is design for home users who do not have RADIUS server in their network environment. The page will update latest status of current Ethernet network. The 42 Shared Key should be also applying the Access Point work in the same wireless network. Select the type of algorithm. 43 . Press “Refresh” if you add any new Ethernet client into network. WPA can provide better secu rity level than WEP without difficult setting procedure. TKIP or AES .

44 Wireless Configuration – Wireless Repeater Mode .

In order to setup the AP to work in Ethernet br idge mode. you can choose the Access Point you need to extend its range by clicking on “ BSSID” column. This operation mode is reserved for future application. repeater mode does not apply in WH-5400CPE. you can click on “ Wireless Network” and choose “ Site Survey ” to pick one of the SSIDs you would like to retransmit its signal. . you need to choose “ Repeater” mode and click “ Apply ” at System Properties page. When set the Access Point to Repeater mode. the throughput performance maybe nearly only half compare with access point mode.Due to built-in internal directional patch antenna. Then “ Apply ” the change to make sure system working properly with new setting. After enable the repeater mode. Af ter need to reboot the AP to make sure the AP work in repeater mode. the AP is able to talk with one remote access point within its range and re transmit its signal. Because the repeater needs to co mmunicate with original AP and also the clients associate to the repeater at the same time.) 45 After click on the “Site Survey ” button. (Please be aware that while us ing the repeater mode.

An IEEE wireless networking standard that specifies a maximum data transfer rate of 54Mbps.Data transmitted on your wireless network that keeps the network synchronized. Bandwidth .A group of wireless devices communicating directly with each other (peer-to-peer) without the use of an access point.The transmission capacity of a given device or network. Backbone .4GHz. 46 47 Appendix A: Glossary 802.11g . Ad-hoc . Adapter . 802.After all the changes are made. and backward compatibility with 802. you can check the “Connect Status” page to check current SSID and link quality / signal strength. Some more information are all available at this page.4G Hz. and handles the most data.An IEEE wireless networking standard that specifies a maximum data transfer rate of 11Mbps and anoperating frequency of 2.The part of a network that connects most of the systems and networks together. Beacon Interval .This is a device that adds network functionality to your PC.11b .11b devices. an operating frequency of 2. .

Encoding data transmitted in a network. Browser .IEEE standard network prot ocol that specifies how data is placed on and retrieved from a common transmission medium.A collection of data that is organized so that its contents can easily be accessed. Ethernet .A binary digit. instead of assigning permanent IP addresses.A method of data transfer that is used to prevent data collisions. managed.A networking protocol that allows administrators to assign temporary IP addres ses to network computers by "leasing" an IP address to a user for a limited amount of time.A signal sent by a wireless device. signifying that it is ready to receive data.To receive a file transmitted over a network. Download .Frequency transmission with a redundant bit pattern resulting in a lower probability of information being lost in transit.S equence Spread. CSMA/CA (Carrier S ense Multiple Access/ Collision Avoidance) . and updated.Bit .S pectrum) .An application program that provides a wa y to look at and interact with all the information on the World Wide Web.A message included in data packets that can increase wireless efficiency. CTS (Clear To S end) . DTIM (Delivery Traffic I ndication Message) . Encryption . DHCP (Dynamic H ost Configuration P rotocol) . Database . DSSS (Direct. .

The computers and networking products that make up your local network.A wireless network that is bridged to a wired network via an access point. MAC (Media Access Control) Address . IP (I nternet P rotocol) . incompatible communications protocols.A company that provides access to the Internet. IEEE (The I nstitute of E lectrical and E lectronics E ngineers) . 48 Gateway .The unique address that a manufacturer assigns to each networking device. Node .Firmware .The programming code that runs a networking device.An independent institute that develops networking standards. ISP (I nternet S ervice P rovider) . IP Address . and/or transmission between users.The physical aspect of computers. LAN .A series of computers or devices connected for the purpose of data sharing. ISM band .A protocol used to send data over a network. Infrastructure .A device that interconnects networks with different. telecommunications.A network junction or connection point. Hardware . storage. and other information technology devices.The address used to identify a computer or device on a network. Fragmentation -Breaking a packet into smaller units when transmitting over a network medium that cannot support the original size of the packet. typically a computer or work . Network .Radio bandwidth utilized in wireless transmissions.

A series of instructions that performs a particular task is called a "program". printing. SNMP (S imple N etwork Management Protocol) . and other services.The connection point on a computer or networ king device used for plugging in cables or adapters.station. Roaming .Wideband radio frequency technique used for more reliable and secure data transmission. Port .A networking method of coordinating large packets through the RTS Threshold setting. RTS (Request To S end) .Any computer whose function in a network is to provide user access to files. a passphra se simplifies the WEP encryption process by automatically generating the WEP encryption keys for Linksys products. Spread Spectrum .A widely used network monitoring and control protocol.Market segment of professionals who work at home or in small offices.Used much like a password.A unit of data sent over a network. communications. Packet .The ability to take a wireless device from one access point's range to another without losing the connection. Server . SOHO (S mall O ffice/Home O ffice) .Instructions for the computer.A networking device that connects multiple networks together. Software . . Router . Passphrase .

A set of instructions PCs use to communicate over a network. A data switch that connects computing devices to host computers. Switch . Subnet Mask .To replace existing software or firmware with a newer version. TCP (Transmission Control P rotocol) . WPA (Wi-Fi P rotected Access) . breaking. A device for making.1.11 that may be used to provide data confidentiality that is subjectively equivalent to the confidentiality of a wired local area network (LAN) medium that does not employ cryptographic techniques to enhance privacy confidentiality. Static IP Address .The physical layout of a network.An address code that determines the size of the network.A network protocol for transmitting data that requires acknowledgement from the recipient of data sent. or changing the connections in an electrical circuit. TKIP (Temporal Key I ntegrity P rotocol) . 2.An optional cryptographic confidentiality algorithm specified by IEEE 802.SSID (S ervice S et IDentifier) . Topology . Upgrade .A fixed address assigned to a computer or device that is connected to a 49 network.Your wireless network's name.a wireless security protocol using TKIP . allowing a large number of devices to share a limited number of ports. WEP (Wired E quivalent P rivacy) .a wireless encryption protocol that provides dynamic encryption keys for each packet transmitted. TCP/IP (Transmission Control P rotocol/ I nternet P rotocol) .

5Ghz OFDM with BPSK.11g IEEE802.11b/g One 10/100 RJ-45 port SDRAM 8Mbyte Flash 2Mbyte Max. 108Mbps Auto Fall-Back Wireless Radio Data Rate 1. 20Mbps (for 10BaseT) Half Duplex: 100Mbps (for 100BaseTX). 36. 64QAM. 2. 10Mbps (for 10BaseT) 1.3 IEEE802. 5. 5. 11. 48. 12.5. Bandwidth Ethernet Wireless Full Duplex: 200Mbps (for 100BASETX). 50 Appendix B: Specification Standard support IEEE802.4Ghz to 2. 36. 24. 9. 54. 11. 6. 9. 48. QPSK. .3u Interface Wireless IEEE802. 6. 2. 54 and 108Mbps Signal Frequency 2. which can be used in conjunction with a RADIUS server.5.11b IEEE802.(Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) encryption. 16QAM. 24. 12.

412~2. Minimum) − Beacon Interval (20-1000): 100 − Data Beacon Rate (DTIM (1-16384): 1 − Fragment Length (256-2346): 2346 − RTS Threshold (256-2346): 2346 − Short Preamble: Enable − Allow 2. 54. 12. 11. DQPSK. Eighth. 9. 24. -74dBm 11Mbps CCK. 48.4GHz 54Mbps Station Only .462 GHz (2 channels) RF Power Output: 18dBm at 11Mbps / 14dBm at 54Mbps (typical) Receiver Sensitivity: 54Mbps OFDM. 1) in Mbps 51 − Transmit power (Full. 36. -88dBm Wireless Setting − Operation Mode – AP / Wireless Client (Infrastructure and Ad Hoc) / Repeater / WDS P2P and P2MP Mode − SSID − Channel Selection − Transmission Rate (Best. 108. Quarter.472 GHz (13 channels) Japan :2. Half.412~2. 10% PER.DBPSK.457~2.472 GHz(4 channels) Spain: 2. CCK Encryption 64bit / 128bit and 152bit WEP data encryption Channel America/FCC :2.462 GHz (11 channels) Europe CE/ETSI:2. 2.5. 8% PER.484 GHz (14 channels) France: 2.412~2. 18. 5.457~2. 6.

TKIP. 128-bit. Netscape…) − Windows “Locator” program to help find IP in DHCP client mode − Firmware upgrade and configuration backup via Web − Reset to default by WebUI Forwarding Mode Store and Forward Antenna Internal PCB antenna . TKIP. AES) − Group Key Update Interval: 300 WPA setting − Radius Server IP Address − Radius Port: 1812 − WPA Cipher Type (Auto. AES) − Shared Key − Group Key Update Interval: 300 Software / Firmware − Site Survey − DHCP Client − WPA Support (WPA personal and enterprise) − Web-based configuration via popular browser (MS IE.− Protection Mode: Auto / Enable / Disable Wireless Security WEP setting − Authentication type: Open System / Shared Key − Shared keys input type: HEX / ASCII − Shared keys length: (64-bit. 152-bit) − Default WEP Key to use (1-4) WPA-PSK setting − PassPhrase − WPA Cipher Type (Auto.

The AP will automatica lly sense the best possible connection speed to ensure the greatest speed and range possible.11b standard.4GHz band. The IEEE 802. OFDM reduces the amount of cross talk (interference) in signal transmissions. This technology works by transm itting high-speed digital data over a radio wave utilizing OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) technology.11b and the 802.11g standard is an extension of the 802. OFDM works by splitting th e radio signal into multiple smaller sub-signals that are then transmitted simu ltaneously at different frequencies to the receiver.1 WH-5400CPE High Power Outdoor Solution User’s manual 2 UThe Wireless Technology Standard The Wireless Access Point utilizes the 802. 802. within the specified range of this device. It increases the data rate up to 54 Mbps (108Mbps in Super G mode) within the 2.11g standards.11g offers the . utilizing OFDM technology. This means that in most environments. you will be able to transfer large files quickly or even watch a movie in MPEG format you’re your network without noticeable delays.

Roaming means that you can move your wireless PC within your network and the access points will pick up the wireless PC's signal. 3 Roaming Infrastructure mode also supports roaming capabilities for mobile users.most advanced network security features available today. An integrated wireless and wired network is called an infrastructure network. AES and Pre-Shared Key mode. Each wireless PC in an infrastructure network can talk to any computer in a wired network in frastructure via the access point or wireless router. An infrastructure configuration extends the accessibility of a wireless PC to a wired network. Computers in a wireless networ k must be configured to share the same radio channel. including: WPA. UPlanning Your Wireless Network Network Topology A wireless network is a group of comput ers. Several PCs equipped with wireless cards or adapters can communicate with one another to form an ad-hoc network. TKIP. Since an access point is able to forward data within a network. each equipped with one wireless adapter. the effective tr ansmission range in an infrastructure networ k may be doubled. and may double the effective wireless transmission range for two wireless adapter PCs. The wireless adapters also provide users access to a wired network when using an access point or wireless router. providing that they both .

however. With 802. Network Layout The AP Access Point has been designed for use with 802.11b wireless Print Server .share the same channel and SSID. Installation Considerations The AP lets you access your network. that the number.11g and 802. products using these standards can comm unicate with each other. using a wireless connection. When you wish to connect your wired network with your wireless network. thickness and location of walls. Typical ranges vary depending on the types of materials and background RF (radio frequency) noise in your home or business. may limit the range. ceilings.11b standard. from virtually anywhere within its operating range. or other objects that the wireless signals must pass through.11g or 802. These wireless products can also communicate with a 802. and USB Adapters for when you want to enjoy USB connectivit y. such at the PC Cards for your laptop computers. The Access point is compatible with 802.11g and 802. choose a feasible radio channel and optimum access point position. PCI Card fo r your desktop PC. Keep in mind. Proper access point positioning combined with a clear radio si gnal will greatly enhance performance. the Access Point’s network port can be used to connect to any of switches or routers.11g pr oducts communicating with the 802.11b adapters . Befo re enabling you consider roaming. The key to maximizing wireless range is to follow these basic guidelines: z Keep your product away (at least 3-6 feet or 1-2 meters) from electrical .11b products.

z Be aware of the direct lin e between network devices. at a 45-degree angl e appears to be almost 3 feet (1 meter) thick.5 feet thick(. Try to position wireless devices and computers with wireless adapters so that the signal passes through drywall or open doorways and not other materials. z Keep the number of walls and ceilings between the AP and other network devices to a minimum . 5 Network Topology – AP Mode and Client Mode Network Topology – Gaming Bridge Mode Wireless AP Mode Wireless Client Mode . At a 2-degree angle it looks over 42 feet (14 meters) thick! Position devices so that the signal will travel straight through a wall or 4 ceiling (instead of at an angle) for better reception.a solid metal door or aluminum studs may have a negative effect on range.5 meters). A wall that is 1.) Position your devices so that the number of walls or ceilings is minimized. z Building materials can impede the wireless signal .devices or appliances th at generate RF noise.each wall or ceiling can reduce your AP’s range from 3-90 feet (1-30 meters.

Peer to Peer Gaming Ad hoc Ad hoc 6 Network Topology – Repeater Mode Network Topology – WDS Point to Point Mode Wireless RepeaterMode Wireless Client Mode 7 Network Topology – WDS Point to Multi-Point Mode WDS P2MP .

z Make sure the wiring is correct. you must use Category 5 cable. or better Data Grade. To reliably operate your network at 100Mbps. Category 3/4/5 cable can be used for connection.Mode 8 CPE Installation Diagram 9 10 Hardware Installation ™ Making a Connection Attention: z T he cable distance between the Router and PC/hub/Switch should not exceed 100 meters. . In 10Mbps operation. Make sure 4-paired wires are used.

11 AP Configuration Using Locator While entering the Locator utility. Default user name and password ex-factory as below: User Name: Admin Password: (leave blank) 12 After type in correct user name and password. After click on the “Setup Wizard” icon. Before start using Locator. Please input your user name and password into the column. the Locator will automatically search the AP available on the same network. make sure yo u disable personal firewall installed in you PC. the first page show up will be “Login”. Ethernet MAC Addre ss and Firmware Version in first page. the utility will lead you into “IP Setting” page. IP Address. Windows XP personal firewall) To setup the access point. ju st simply click on the “ Setup Wizard ” icon and the Locator configuration utility will lead you step by step to finish all the settings. Device Type. Locator will show the Device Name. Choose to obtain an IP address fr om DHCP server if your . (Ex. Here you can choose to get IP from a DHCP server or specify IP address manually.

this connects your wireless PCs an d devices to a wired network. repeater mode and WDS option do not apply in WH-5400CPE. In most cases. Default operation mode is Access Point. Wireless Client mode can allow AP act as a client within its rang e. After verify the name you input and click “ Next” to continue the setting. You ca n switch operation mode to Wireless Client or Repeater mode depends on your application. 14 The following page is operation mode se tting. Your Ethernet de vices behind the AP can connect to remote AP. Note: due to the built-in internal direct ional patch antenna. 13 You may assign any name to the Access Point. you can manually setup IP address. . The device name needs to be less than 32 characters. Repeater mode is able to talk with one remote access point within its range and retransm it its signal.environment or ISP provide DHCP server. Choose repeater mode if you want to extend the range of your original AP. no change is necessary. click on “ Next” to continue the configuration. After you finish IP setting. Unique names are helpful especially if you are employing multiple access po ints on the same network. Memo rable. Otherwise. Keep the default IP setting if you are not familiar with TCP/IP setting.

Keep the default value if you do not have special requirement for these settings. yo u can choose different level of security support for your wireless environment here.11g) 16 Next page is wireless security setting. and then the utility will ask for SSID.4GHz 54Mbps (802. Once you choose different security level. SSID: airlive Channel: Smart Select Wireless Mode: 2.15 Here we choose the AP to work in Access Point mode. Keep default value if you are not familiar with wireless security setting. . Channel and Wireless Mode. The default value is “ Disable” which means anybody who can receive the wireless signal can link to your access point. your wireless LAN card will also need to have corresponding security setting as well.

18 Congratulations!! Now you have finished all setting needed to the access point by just a few mouse clicks. 19 AP Configuration Usin g Web User Interface Before Setup. just easily click on the “ OK” button. 17 After finish the security setting. All settings will take effect immediately after system reboot. ™ Verify the IP address setting You need to configure your PC’s network settings to obtain an IP address. the Locator utility will show you the new settings and old settings in a co mparison chart. . you can click on the “Finish ” button to jump to confirmation page. In the confirmation page.With default setting “Disable” may cause your wireless network vulnerable to hacker or even neighbor since there is not any encryption or authentication protect. But this setting will help you to get best conne ctivity with most wireless clients available.. If you agree with all the changes in the table. Computer use IP addresses to communicate with each other across a network..

From the taskbar.0 in the Subnet Mask field. Click the IP Address tab page.. After getting the correct connection. 1. Right click the Local Area Connection icon Properties. 192.255.20 for the device use) in the IP Address field and 255. Then. select USE the following IP address .168. click the Start button. 1. Enter the factory default User name and Password fields: User Name: Admin Password: (leave blank) then click OK button. type 192..1. double-click the Network connections icon.such as the Internet... From there. start the web browser (make sure you disable the proxy) and type 192. 2.1.168. The Locator will launch a default browse r for you and lead you into web UI directly . select Settings > Control Panel . Press Enter . Start Setup by Locator.123 ( but. You just need to click on the “W eb” icon in Locato r main page. 3. 3. 2.255. click the Properties button. select the TCP/IP line for the applicable Ethernet adapter. Start Setup by Browser.1.168.20 (outdoor unit ip Address) in the Address field. then click OK button. You will enter the Utility homepage. 1.

20 21 Wireless Configuration . you can find detail system configuration in this page including z System Information – This will display system name and both Ethernet MAC address and Wireless MAC address. Current country setting and firmware version will also be available here. channel and security setting. SSID. System Configuration – Now you can start to configure the system. In System Properties page. Default Gateway and DHCP status.AP Mode System Status – The first page appears in main page will show “System Status -> System Summary ” automatically. z Current IP Settings – This section show curr ent IP address setting including IP address. you can config . Subnet Mask. z Current Wireless Settings – This area show current wireless setting including operation mode. wireless mode.

Choose repeater mode if you want to extend the range of your original AP.The default operation mode is Access Point. type the password into second . Changing the sign-on user na me and password is as easy as typing the string you wish in the column.z Device Name – You may assign any name to the Access Point. Then. Unique names are helpful especially if you are employing 22 multiple access points on the same network. You can switch operation mode to Wireless Client or Repeater mode depends on your application. The device name needs to be less than 32 characters. no change is necessary. Please select your country region correctly. Repeater is able to talk with one remote access point within its range and retransmit its signal. z Operation Mode . In most cases. repeater mode does not apply. (Note: due to built-in internal directional patch an tenna. Your Ethernet devices behind the AP can connect to remote AP. z Country/Region – Here you can set the AP to follow different country and region regulation. After veri fy the name you input and click “ Apply” to save the setting. The AP can support. Wireless Client mode can allow AP act as a client within its ra nge. you can modify “ Administrator Name” and “Password ”. this connects your wireless PCs and devices to a wired network. ) Administration – In the administration page. Memorable.

Otherwise.255. z IP Address – The IP address need to be unique to your network. Click “Apply” to finish the procedure. in the Gateway field. You can manually input IP address setting or get an IP from a DHCP server.x. 23 IP Settings – IP Setting page can configure system IP address. If use DCHP to get IP address. Choose to obtain an IP address from DHCP server if your environment or ISP provide DHCP server.column to confirm. such as a router.168. . z IP Network Setting – Here you can choose to ge t IP from a DHCP server or specify IP address manually. you can manually setup IP address.1. This is private address and should work well with your original environment. then enter th e IP address of your network’s Gateway.20 and Subnet Ma sk is 255. z Default Gateway – If you have assigned a static IP address to the Access Point. Be sure you noted the modification before apply all changes.x. We would like to recommend you stay with default IP address 192.0. Default IP address is 192. If your network does not have a Gateway. use Locator utility to find the access point later.255.168. z IP Subnet Mask – The Subnet Mask must be the same as that set on your Ethernet network.

11b)” in wireless mode column if your environment only have 802. which may be any keyboard character. z Wireless Mode – Default setting is “2. (Note: 108 M SuperG only works with AtherosP ® P based 11a/g solution) z Wireless Network Name (SSID) .then leave this field blank. It is case-sensitive and must not exceed 32 alphanumeric characters. The SSID must be identical for all points in the wireless network. you should change the SSID from the default name Generic . Enable this f unction only if you do not want the Access Point to be found by others.4GHz 11Mbps (802. to a unique name. This will support all 802. For added security. 24 Wireless Network - At Wireless Network page can set “SSID” / “ Wireless Mode” and “Channel”.11g)”. You can choose “2. The final selection “2. z Suppressed SSID – This option can hide the SSID not available from site survey tool.4GHz 54Mbps (802. Make sure this setting is the same for all points in your wireless network. AP supports not only standard 11b/ g but also 108M SuperG.11b/g clients connect to the AP.4GHz .The SSID is the unique name shared among all points in a wireless network.11b clients.

108Mbps (802. which is a security standard stronger than WE P encryption. all wireless clients will need to be AtherosP ® P solution. Wireless Security - The wireless security settings configure th e security of your wireless network. Once you se tup the AP to work in security mode. you can configure the AP to work with No Security . There are three wireless security mode options supported by the Access Point: WEP. (WPA stands for Wi-Fi Protected Access. In order to support SuperG 108M transmission. z Channel / Frequency – Select the appropriate channel from the list 25 provided to correspond with your network settings. WPA-PSK and WPA security mode.) In Wireless Security page. all wireless stations wi ll also need to have corresponding . The default setting is “SmartSelect” means the system will pick best channel for you automatically.11 SuperG)” supports high speed 108Mbps SuperG function. Stay with default setting if you do not have special request on channel selection. WEP stands for Wired Equivalent Privacy. All points in your wireless network must use the same channel in order to function correctly. WEP. WPA-PSK and WPA.

To use WEP. The AP supports 64. z Authentication type – Select “Open System” to communicate the key across the network. which is not as secure as WPA. you will need to select a default transmit key and a level of WEP encryption. System default setting is “No Security” . 128 and 152bit key length. 27 WPA-PSK stands for Wi-Fi Protected Access – Pre-Shared Key. WPA-PSK is design for home users who do not have RADIUS server in their network . Select “Share Key” to limit communication to only those devices that share the same WEP settings. be sure to click on “Apply” to make sure all changes are saved into system.settings. After all changes are made . 26 WEP is a basic encryption method. The longer key we choose usually means the encryption is stronger. z Shared keys input type – Select HEX or ASCII depends on your preference z Key table – You can input 4 different WEP en cryption keys into the table and by choosing the radio button to decide which one is valid now.

z Cipher Type – WPA gives you two encryption methods. Remember to click on “Apply” to make sure all changes are made before leaving this page. z RADIUS Port – Port number for RADIUS se rvice.) z RADIUS Server – Here enter the IP address of your RADIUS server.Enter a number of s econds which instructs the Access point how often it should change the en cryption keys. z PassPhrase . z Cipher Type . 28 WPA option features WPA used in coordination with a RADIUS server. TKIP and AES. TKIP and AES. The Shared Key should be also applying the clients work in the same wireless network. z Group Key Renewal period . with dynamic encryption keys. default value is 1812 z RADIUS Secret – RADIUS secret is the key shared between Access Point and RADIUS server.Enter a WPA Shared Key of 8-63 characters. Select the type of algorithm.environment. Usually the security level will be higher if you set the pe riod shorter to change encryption keys more often. WPA can provide better secu rity level than WEP without difficult setting procedure. Default value is 1800 seconds. . (This should only be used when a RADIUS server is connected to the Access Point. set 0 in Group Key Renewal period to disable key renewal. TKIP or AES .WPA gives you two encryption methods.

In most cases. and the Traffic Indicator Message . Delivery Traffic Indicator Ma ps. the Br oadcast destination address. TKIP or AES . a time stamp. Before making any changes at this page. as these changes will alter the effectiveness of the Access Point. A beacon is a packet broadcast by the Access Point to keep the network synchronized. z Transmit Power – You can reduce RF output power by selecting Half (-3dB) / Quarter (-6dB) / Eighth (-9dB) / Minimu m. A beacon includes the wireless LAN service area. Default value is “best” means the system will automatically adjust the connection sp eed dynamically according to your current link status. z Beacon Interval (20-1000) – This value indica tes the frequency interval of the beacon. the AP address.with dynamic encryption keys. Select the type of algorithm. z Data Rate – In data rate column you can select all bit rate supported in current operation mode. z Group Key Update Interval – This column indicate how often should the Access Point change the encryption key. these settings do not need to be changed. To change transmit power may decrease your wireless signal coverage. 29 Wireless Advance Settings - The page below can help users to config ure advanced wirele ss setting. please check your wireless settings on other system as well.

Only minor modifications of this value are recommended. z RTS/CTS Threshold (256-2346) – This setting determines how larget a packet can be before the Access Point coordinates transmission and reception to ensure efficient communication. z Fragment Length (256-2346) – This specifies the maximum size a data packet will be before splitting and creating a new packet and should remain at its default setting of 2.(TIM). This value should remain at its default setting of 2. thus saving powe r. try to enable short preamble.346. If you have decreased this value and experience high packet error rates. which will create more packet s for each transmi ssion. only minor modifications are recommended. but interferes with wireless transmissions. If you are having difficulty connecting to an older 802. A smaller setting means smaller packets.11b device.11b impl ementation use shorter preambles. you can increase it again. Higher settings allow your PC to 30 enter sleep mode. Lower settings result in more efficient networking. z Short Preamble – Preambles are a sequence of binary bits that help the receivers synchronize and ready for receipt of a data transmission. but it will likely decrease overall network performance. 346. z Data Beacon Rate (DTIM) (1-16384) – This value indicated how often the Access Point sends out a Delivery Traffic Indication Message. Some older wireless systems like 802. Should yo u encounter inconsistent data flow. z Protection Mode – Protection Mode should remain default value (Auto) . while preventing your PC from dropping into power-saving sleep mode.

11b traffic. The page below describes the detail connection information with each station. You can also clic k on the MAC addre ss column then the system will show the detail technical information for each wireless station. Remember to click on “Apply” to make sure all changes are made before leaving this page.unless you are having severe problems with your 11g Wireless LAN products not being able to transmit to the Access Point in an environment with heavy 802. You can get all information needed right here. To enable this function boosts the Access Point’s ability to catch all 11g Wireless transmissions but will severely decrease performance. 31 Wireless Station List - Wireless Station List page can help user identify current clients who already associated to the AP. 32 Backup/Restore Setting / Firmware Upgrade and Reboot - .

168. and follow the on-screen instructions.In Management section. 33 z Firmware Upgrade – Enter the location of the firmware upgrade file in the file path field. you can Backup/Restore Setting.255. . Before upgrade. z Backup the current settings to a file – Click on the “Backup” button. The whole fi rmware upgrade process will take around 60 seconds. z Restore settings from a backup file – Here you can restore the configuration file from wh ere you previous saved. or click the “Browse” button to find the firmware upgrade file. 192. make sure you are using correct version.1.0 in the Subnet Mask field. Double check with your tec hnical support service if available.20 in the IP Address field and 255. You can choose the directory to save your configuration file. z Restore factory default setting – Be very carefully before restore system back to default since you will lose all current settings immediately. Firmware Upgrade and Reboot the system in following pages. If you act the function. Then click on the “Upgrade” button. system will prompt you where to save the backup file.255. the IP addre ss will restore the establishing value situation.

A BSS is best compared to a "Cell". (Be sure you understand the purpose of WDS mo de before proceed configuration. This operation option is reserved for future application. Basic Service Sets (BSS). WDS is used for wirelessly connect Access Points.11 terminolog y a "Distribution System" is system that Interconnects.11 standard has been made available. In IEEE 802.z Reboot – Click on “Reboot” button to restart Access Point. WDS (Wireless Distribution System) operation as defined by the IEEE802. 34 35 Wireless Configuration – WDS Mode (P2P & P2MP) Due to built-in internal directional patch antenna. driven by a single Access Point (one of those circles in the diagram below). WDS does not apply in WH-5400CPE. so-called. So a "Distribution System" connects cells in order to build a premise wide network which allows users of mobile equipment to roam and stay connected to th e available network resources.) The WDS mode is coexisting with Access Point mode in this AP. you . and in doing so extend a wired infrastructure to loca tions where cabling is not possible or in efficient to implement. therefore.

In the “WDS Settings page” . prevent your wireless network to pology to have loop. end-to-end latency issue may come in play. But all links and wireless stations that operate at the same time will all share single radio bandwidth. Here lists 4 different AP .can support regular wireless stations an d WDS link at the same time. Then you are able to fill in MAC Address of each WDS link. 36 Considerations before installation – z Loop Prevention – Be careful to plan yo u WDS connections. (Ex. Once loop shows up. z Performance – The system can support up to 8 WDS links. WDS Security – WDS now only supports limit wireless security protocol and will have full dependency with Access Poin t mode security settings. 11g have 54Mbps bandwidth) z Latency – In the chain topology configuration. you network traffic will become unstable. click the “Enable WDS” check box and switch the “Mode” to “Enable”. if th e chain becomes very long. We suggest the WDS link topology planning should not exceed 2 hops in chain configuration.

38 Connection Status - . After the system reboot is done.security settings below: z No Security – Both AP and WDS traffic transmit without encryption z WEP – Both AP and WDS traffic are encrypted by the same WEP key z WPA-PSK – The AP work in WPA-PSK mode and WDS link is no security z WPA – The AP work in WPA mode and WDS link is no security 37 Wireless Configuration – Wireless Client Mode AP can also work as an Ethernet client bridge to connect up to 16 Ethernet device into wireless network. In order to setup the AP to work in Ethernet bridge mode. Status page show the AP is now working in Wireless Client mode. you can see the page as below. you need to choose “Wireless Client” mode and click “Apply ” at System Properties page. After need to reboot the AP to make sure the AP work in client mode.

z Connection – This column show current connection status. If AP already connect to an Access Point or station, here will show the MAC address of the associated Access Point or station. Otherwise, connection column will show “N/A” which means no connection to any Access Point or station. z Network Type – Here indicates the Access Point works in AP mode or Client mode (Infrastructure mode / Ad Hoc mode) z SSID – SSID column displays curren t SSID assigned to the AP z Wireless Mode – Here show the Access Point current work in either 11b or 11g mode z Current Channel – This column indicates the radio channel currently in use. z Security - Here indicates AP security sett ings in client mode. Should be either “Disabled”, “WEP” or ‘WPA-PSK” . z Link Quality – This column shows current lin k quality with AP by signal strength in 0 to 100 percentage scale. 39

Wireless Network -

z Network Mode – You can set the wireless client into 2 different modes by clicking radio button. Wireless Client (Infrastructure) act as an AP client while Ad-hoc can support peer to peer network. Both Infrastructure and Ad-hoc can support up to 108M SuperG transmission. z Wireless Mode - Default setting is “2.4GHz 54Mbps (802.11g)”. This

will support all 802.11b/g clients connect to the AP. You can choose “2.4GHz 11Mbps (802.11b)” in wireless mode column if your environment only have 802.11b clients. The final selection “2.4GHz 108Mbps (802.11 SuperG)” supports high speed 108Mbps SuperG function. In order to support SuperG 108M transmission, all wireless clients will need to be AtherosP ® P solution. z SSID - The SSID is the unique name shared among all points in a wireless network. The SSID must be identical for all points in the wireless network. It is case-sensitive and must no t exceed 32 alphanumeric characters, which may be any keyboard character. You can choose “Attach to any available SSID” ; system will determine the Access Point currently available and establish connection with that Access Point. If you already understand your wireless environment well, you can type in the SSID in “Specify the static SSID” manually.

At Wireless Network page you can find a “Site Survey ” button as shown below. You can easily click on the “Site Survey ” to find all wireless networks available 40 in your current environment.

The Site Survey page can help you identi fy all the APs currently working in your environment. Just easily click on the BSSID column, the system will join you to

the SSID you specify. In the Site Survey page you can also see the details of all SSID currently available.

After you determine which AP (SSID) to join, you can click on the BSSID column your want to choose. The system will automatically join the SSID you specified 41 after reboot.

Wireless Security –

WEP is a basic encryption method, which is not as secure as WPA. To use WEP as a client, you will need to input a transmit key and a level of WEP encryption exactly the same as the Access Point.

z Shared keys input type – Select HEX or ASCII depends on your preference z Key table – You can input 4 different WEP en cryption keys into the table and by choosing the radio button to decide which one is valid now. The AP supports 64, 128 and 152bit key length. The longer key we choose usually means the encryption is stronger.

After all changes are made , be sure to click on “Apply” to make sure all changes are saved into system.

Remember to click on “Apply” to make sure all changes are made before leaving this page. The 42 Shared Key should be also applying the Access Point work in the same wireless network. with dynamic encryption keys. TKIP and AES. The page will update latest status of current Ethernet network.Enter a WPA Shared Key of 8-63 characters. Select the type of algorithm.WPA-PSK stands for Wi-Fi Protected Access – Pre-Shared Key.WPA gives you two encryption methods. 43 . WPA can provide better secu rity level than WEP without difficult setting procedure. z Cipher Type . Ethernet Client List – In Ethernet Client List page. you can check all the details here including IP Address and MAC Address. Press “Refresh” if you add any new Ethernet client into network. z PassPhrase Key . WPA-PSK is design for home users who do not have RADIUS server in their network environment. TKIP or AES .

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repeater mode does not apply in WH-5400CPE. In order to setup the AP to work in Ethernet br idge mode. the AP is able to talk with one remote access point within its range and re transmit its signal. (Please be aware that while us ing the repeater mode. After enable the repeater mode. you can choose the Access Point you . Af ter need to reboot the AP to make sure the AP work in repeater mode. the throughput performance maybe nearly only half compare with access point mode. you need to choose “ Repeater” mode and click “ Apply ” at System Properties page.) 45 After click on the “Site Survey ” button. Because the repeater needs to co mmunicate with original AP and also the clients associate to the repeater at the same time. When set the Access Point to Repeater mode. you can click on “ Wireless Network” and choose “ Site Survey ” to pick one of the SSIDs you would like to retransmit its signal. This operation mode is reserved for future application.44 Wireless Configuration – Wireless Repeater Mode Due to built-in internal directional patch antenna.

4G Hz.11b . and backward compatibility with 802.An IEEE wireless networking standard that specifies a maximum data transfer rate of 11Mbps and anoperating frequency of 2.An IEEE wireless networking standard that specifies a maximum data transfer rate of 54Mbps. After all the changes are made.need to extend its range by clicking on “ BSSID” column. and handles the most data. .4GHz. 46 47 Appendix A: Glossary 802. Backbone . Some more information are all available at this page. Ad-hoc . Then “ Apply ” the change to make sure system working properly with new setting. 802.11b devices.11g .A group of wireless devices communicating directly with each other (peer-to-peer) without the use of an access point.The transmission capacity of a given device or network. Adapter . an operating frequency of 2. Bandwidth .The part of a network that connects most of the systems and networks together. you can check the “Connect Status” page to check current SSID and link quality / signal strength.This is a device that adds network functionality to your PC.

Encoding data transmitted in a network. signifying that it is ready to receive data.A binary digit. Download . .S pectrum) .A method of data transfer that is used to prevent data collisions. CTS (Clear To S end) .To receive a file transmitted over a network. Browser . instead of assigning permanent IP addresses. managed. Encryption . DTIM (Delivery Traffic I ndication Message) .Frequency transmission with a redundant bit pattern resulting in a lower probability of information being lost in transit. Bit .A collection of data that is organized so that its contents can easily be accessed.Data transmitted on your wireless network that keeps the network synchronized. Database .S equence Spread.A signal sent by a wireless device.Beacon Interval .A networking protocol that allows administrators to assign temporary IP addres ses to network computers by "leasing" an IP address to a user for a limited amount of time. DHCP (Dynamic H ost Configuration P rotocol) . DSSS (Direct. CSMA/CA (Carrier S ense Multiple Access/ Collision Avoidance) .An application program that provides a wa y to look at and interact with all the information on the World Wide Web. and updated.A message included in data packets that can increase wireless efficiency.

and other information technology devices.An independent institute that develops networking standards.The unique address that a manufacturer assigns to each networking device.A series of computers or devices connected for the purpose of data .A wireless network that is bridged to a wired network via an access point.The physical aspect of computers. IP (I nternet P rotocol) . Hardware . IEEE (The I nstitute of E lectrical and E lectronics E ngineers) .Radio bandwidth utilized in wireless transmissions.The programming code that runs a networking device. Fragmentation -Breaking a packet into smaller units when transmitting over a network medium that cannot support the original size of the packet. ISP (I nternet S ervice P rovider) . Network .A device that interconnects networks with different. ISM band .A company that provides access to the Internet. MAC (Media Access Control) Address . Infrastructure . 48 Gateway . Firmware .The computers and networking products that make up your local network.The address used to identify a computer or device on a network.A protocol used to send data over a network. IP Address .IEEE standard network prot ocol that specifies how data is placed on and retrieved from a common transmission medium. LAN . telecommunications. incompatible communications protocols.Ethernet .

Packet .The connection point on a computer or networ king device used for plugging in cables or adapters.A unit of data sent over a network. and other services.sharing.A network junction or connection point.Market segment of professionals who work at home or in small offices. a passphra se simplifies the WEP encryption process by automatically generating the WEP encryption keys for Linksys products. typically a computer or work station. Port . . storage. and/or transmission between users. SNMP (S imple N etwork Management Protocol) . SOHO (S mall O ffice/Home O ffice) . A series of instructions that performs a particular task is called a "program".The ability to take a wireless device from one access point's range to another without losing the connection. RTS (Request To S end) .Instructions for the computer. Roaming . Server . Passphrase . Node . Software . Router .A networking method of coordinating large packets through the RTS Threshold setting. printing.A networking device that connects multiple networks together.A widely used network monitoring and control protocol. communications.Any computer whose function in a network is to provide user access to files.Used much like a password.

A network protocol for transmitting data that requires acknowledgement from the recipient of data sent.The physical layout of a network. A device for making. TCP/IP (Transmission Control P rotocol/ I nternet P rotocol) . SSID (S ervice S et IDentifier) .An address code that determines the size of the network.A fixed address assigned to a computer or device that is connected to a 49 network.An optional cryptographic confidentiality algorithm specified by IEEE 802.To replace existing software or firmware with a newer version. Switch .11 that may be used to provide data confidentiality that is subjectively equivalent to the confidentiality of a wired local area network (LAN) medium that does . TCP (Transmission Control P rotocol) .A set of instructions PCs use to communicate over a network. A data switch that connects computing devices to host computers.a wireless encryption protocol that provides dynamic encryption keys for each packet transmitted. 2. allowing a large number of devices to share a limited number of ports. TKIP (Temporal Key I ntegrity P rotocol) .Wideband radio frequency technique used for more reliable and secure data transmission.Your wireless network's name.Spread Spectrum .1. Static IP Address . WEP (Wired E quivalent P rivacy) . Subnet Mask . or changing the connections in an electrical circuit. Upgrade . Topology . breaking.

24. 50 Appendix B: Specification Standard support IEEE802. 9.5. WPA (Wi-Fi P rotected Access) .3u Interface Wireless IEEE802. 20Mbps (for 10BaseT) Half Duplex: 100Mbps (for 100BaseTX).a wireless security protocol using TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) encryption. 11. 12. which can be used in conjunction with a RADIUS server. 54. 10Mbps (for 10BaseT) 1. 36.11b IEEE802. 108Mbps Auto Fall-Back Wireless Radio Data Rate . Bandwidth Ethernet Wireless Full Duplex: 200Mbps (for 100BASETX).11g IEEE802. 48. 2. 6. 5.not employ cryptographic techniques to enhance privacy confidentiality.11b/g One 10/100 RJ-45 port SDRAM 8Mbyte Flash 2Mbyte Max.3 IEEE802.

412~2. QPSK. 9. 54.462 GHz (2 channels) RF Power Output: 18dBm at 11Mbps / 14dBm at 54Mbps (typical) Receiver Sensitivity: 54Mbps OFDM. 48.484 GHz (14 channels) France: 2. 2. -88dBm Wireless Setting − Operation Mode – AP / Wireless Client (Infrastructure and Ad Hoc) / Repeater / WDS P2P and P2MP Mode − SSID − Channel Selection − Transmission Rate (Best. 48. 108. Quarter. 36. DQPSK.472 GHz (13 channels) Japan :2. 5. DBPSK. 36. Eighth.412~2.4Ghz to 2. -74dBm 11Mbps CCK.457~2. 9. 54 and 108Mbps Signal Frequency 2. 16QAM. CCK Encryption 64bit / 128bit and 152bit WEP data encryption Channel America/FCC :2. 24.412~2. 11. 12. 1) in Mbps 51 − Transmit power (Full. 64QAM.5Ghz OFDM with BPSK. 8% PER.457~2.1. 10% PER. 5. 12. Half. 11. 24. 2. 18.5.462 GHz (11 channels) Europe CE/ETSI:2.472 GHz(4 channels) Spain: 2. Minimum) − Beacon Interval (20-1000): 100 − Data Beacon Rate (DTIM (1-16384): 1 − Fragment Length (256-2346): 2346 .5. 6. 6.

Netscape…) − Windows “Locator” program to help find IP in DHCP client mode − Firmware upgrade and configuration backup via Web . 128-bit. TKIP. 152-bit) − Default WEP Key to use (1-4) WPA-PSK setting − PassPhrase − WPA Cipher Type (Auto. AES) − Group Key Update Interval: 300 WPA setting − Radius Server IP Address − Radius Port: 1812 − WPA Cipher Type (Auto. AES) − Shared Key − Group Key Update Interval: 300 Software / Firmware − Site Survey − DHCP Client − WPA Support (WPA personal and enterprise) − Web-based configuration via popular browser (MS IE.− RTS Threshold (256-2346): 2346 − Short Preamble: Enable − Allow 2.4GHz 54Mbps Station Only − Protection Mode: Auto / Enable / Disable Wireless Security WEP setting − Authentication type: Open System / Shared Key − Shared keys input type: HEX / ASCII − Shared keys length: (64-bit. TKIP.

− Reset to default by WebUI Forwarding Mode Store and Forward Antenna Internal PCB antenna .