D.

C Generator

A generator is the one, which converts the available mechanical energy in to electrical energy. There are several types of generators depending on the type of precise field excitation are classified in to

1) 2)

Separately-excited generators Self-excited generator

Separately-excited generators

Generators in which the excitation required for the coil is provided by a external source are termed as separately excited generators. This type of generators employs a separate voltage source for the field excitation of the coil in general a D.C battery is employed for giving the excitation.

Self excited generators

Generators in which the excitation required by the coil is provided internally are termed as self excited generators. Self-excited generators are again sub divided in to 1) 2) 3) Shunt generator Series generators Compound generators

Shunt Generators

C Generator Some of the most important parts of a D. And the reverse of this is called as short shunt generator. Yoke Field system Pole core Pole shoe Field core . In these generators the total current flowing through the circuit flows through the field winding. b. c. Series generator series generators are those type of generators in which the field winding is connected in series with the normal connections. Parts of a D. which means that the field winding is connected in parallel with the armature. Long shunt generator Short shunt generator This sub classification is done based on the size of the shunt employed if the winding of shunt field winding is larger than that of a series one then it is called as long short generator.In these generators the field winding is shunted across the armature. Compound generator This is a special type of generator which have the field winding connected in both parallel and in line with the normal circuit that is two small windings are used in place of using a large winding in a single connection. Only a part of total current flows through the field winding. b.C generators are 1) 2) a. Compound generators also have two sub classifications a.

b. Lamination is done to the pole cores in some of the latest generators so as preventing the problem of conduction through the pole core.3) a. The main function of pole body is to act as support for the field coil.section. Pole shoe . Acts as a mechanical support for the poles This provides a path for the low reluctance magnetic flux Field system The whole field system comprises of the following parts pole core In general a pole core is a rectangular cross. Bolts and nut system or rivets are engaged for fixing the pole core to the yoke. which acts as a protective cover for all the various windings and all the electrical circuit present in the generator. b. 4) 5) 6) Conductor system Armature core Armature winding Commutator Brushes and brush-gears Shaft and bearings Yoke This is the outer most cover. which is to be wound around it. Two main functions of yoke are a. Pole core is also called as pole body. Generally used materials for the manufacturing of pole core are either cast iron or wrought iron.

Conductor system Conductor system consists of two parts a. The amount air gap under the pole is increased. which act as a conductor of electricity in general copper bars of required dimension or wire of same material of required cross section are used. High grade silicon is used in order to minimize the current losses due to hysteresis. Some of the basic functions to be performed by the pole shoe are • • • • Supports field coil Spreads out magnetic flux over a larger area of the air gap Enables the lines of magnetic flux to cross the gap radially. which is usually made of high grade silicon sheet steel. . Armature core has a main function to act as a support to armature winding. This behaves as a field magnet when direct current is passed through the field coil. b. Armature core Armature winding Armature core The armature core is a cylindrical structure built in laminations. A combination of pole body and pole shoe is termed as field magnet. Armature winding These are also called as armature conductors. Laminated sheets are used in order to minimize power loss due to eddy currents in the core of armature.Naturally pole shoe is a projection over pole core and is always with connection with pole body and fills the gap between the yoke and the pole body.

C generator or an A. . In general carbon is used for the manufacturing of these brushes. Brushes and brush gears Brushes and brush gears are used for the transmission of current from the Commutator to the external load circuit. Commutator is the part through which one can determine weather the generator is a D. The shaft is supported on both the ends by bearings which help in easy movement of the shaft as it is the moving part mounted inside non moving parts.C.C generator without which the generator fails to work. Shafts and bearings shaft is the central one over which the whole parts are loaded. Shaft is the only part which transfers the generated power to the storage cell or to the required operation. It converts the alternating current induced in the armature winding in to un directional current.Commutator Commutator is a most important and vital part in a D. They are housed in a box type brush holders which are open at both the ends. Rectification of current is the main function of the Commutator.