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# Back to Tutorials Page E-STATS : TUTORIAL SHEET 2 MA4704

1. The following data are the joint temperatures of the O-rings (degrees F) for each test firing or actual launch of the space shuttle rocket motor: 84 49 61 40 83 67 45 66 70 69 80 58 68 60 67 72 73 70 57 63 70 78 52 67 53 67 75 61 70 81 76 79 75 76 58 31 (a) Compute the sample mean and sample standard deviation. Ans: Mean 65.86 Standard Deviation 12.16 (b) Find the median and the upper and lower quartiles. Ans: Median 67.50 Upper Quartile 75.00
o

## Lower Quartile 58.50

(c)Set aside the smallest observation (31 F) and recomputed the quantities in parts
(a) and (b). Ans: Mean 66.86 Standard Deviation 10.74 Median 68.00 Upper Quartile 75.00 Lower Quartile 60.00 Comment on your findings. How different are the other temperatures from this smallest value.

2.

For an electronic manufacturing process, it currently has specifications of 100 + 10 milliamperes. The process mean and standard deviation are 107.0 and 1.5 respectively. Calculate the process capability and interpret this value when the process demands a minimum Cp of 2.0. Will the product be accepted? Ans: Cp = 2.22

3. An engineering company you supply demands a minimum Cp of 1.33. One component they require, has a target length of 80mm. The product specification defines an acceptable error of +/- 5mm. The process standard deviation is = 1.5. Will the product be accepted, give a reason for your answer. Ans: Cp = 1.111 4. Give a definition of the following: (a) Signal (b) Noise.

5. A manufacturer of coil springs produces a standard length to be 10cm. It is agreed that a 5% probability of a Type 1 Error (signal : noise = +/- 1.96) is acceptable. The standard deviations is 1.86cm. A sample of 6 is taken from the production line and the following measurements were taken: x1 = 9 x2= 12 x3=7 x4=9 x5=8 x6=11 Calculate the signal to noise ratio and give a conclusion to your findings.

Ans:

## Signal : Noise Ratio = 0.8784

6. (a) Assume that Z has a standard normal distribution. Use the tables to determine the value for z that solves the following:

## (i) (ii) (iii) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

7.

P(-z < Z < z) = 0.95 P(-z < Z < z) = 0.99 P(-z < Z < z) = 0.9973

## Ans: Ans: Ans:

z = 1.96 z = 2.575 z= 3

(b) Assume that X is normally distributed with a mean of 6 and a standard deviation of 3. Determine the value for x that solves each of the following: P(X > x) = 0.5 P(X > x) = 0.95 P(x < X < 9) = 0.2 P(3 < X < x) = 0.8 Ans: Ans: Ans: Ans: x=6 x = 1.0653 x = 7.095 x = 11.205

The length of an injected-molded plastic case that holds magnetic tape is normally distributed with a mean length of 90.2 millimeters and a standard deviation of 0.1 millimeter.

(a)

What is the probability that a part is longer then 90.3 millimeters or shorter than 89.7 millimeters? Ans: 0.8413 What should the process mean be set at to obtain the greatest number of parts between 89.7 and 90.3 millimeters? Ans: 90 yield for the process mean that you selected in part (b)? Ans: 0.0027

(b)

(c)If the parts are not between 89.7 and 90.3 millimeters are scrapped, what is the

## Spring 1999 Exam Question 8.(a)

Assume that the length of catheter manufactured for the Health Care industry are normally distributed with a mean of 100 mm and a standard deviation of 1mm. Draw a rough sketch and then calculate the corresponding probabilities for the following measurements occurring on an individual catheter (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) Between 100 and 101.5 mms. Less than 98.6 mm Between 98.5 and 101 mm Less than 100.5 mms. Ans: 0.4332 Ans: 0.0808 Ans: 0.7745 Ans: 0.6915

(b)

Assume that z scores are normally distributed with a mean of zero and a standard deviation of 1. If p(0 < z < a) If p(-b < z < -b) If p(z < c) = 0.388 = 0.7698 = 0.1841 find a find b find c Ans: a = 1.215 Ans: b = 1.2 Ans: c = 0.9

(i)

(c)

The mean time between failures for prototypes of computer printers is known to be approximately normally distributed with mean and variance 2 . A project engineer has found that 80% of the printer prototypes last for at least 24 hours continuous use and that 6% last for 44 or more hours continuous use. Calculate the mean time between failures and the standard deviation based on the project engineers results. The electronic components of the printer follow an exponential distribution with a mean life of 200 hours. What is the probability that the electronics will (a) (b) fail in the first twenty four hours. Survive for more than 44 hours.

(d)