Valve Regulated Pocket Plate

Nickel Cadmium Battery

Contents
Pages
1.0. Introduction to VRPP battery

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2.0. VRPP - Solution to varied applications

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3.0. Oxygen recombination cycle - A technological innovation

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4.0. Battery sizing principles

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5.0. Constructional features of the VRPP battery
5.1 Plate construction
5.2 Separator
5.3 Electrolyte
5.4 Terminal current carriers
5.5 Venting system
5.6 Cell container

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04
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6.0. Advantages of the VRPP battery

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7.0. Characteristics of VRPP battery
7.1 Capacity and nominal voltage
7.2 Internal resistance
7.3 Effect of temperature on performance
7.4 Short circuit values
7.5 Loss due to self discharge
7.6 Cycling
7.7 Water consumption
7.8 Gas evolution

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8.0. Battery charging
8.1 Charging methods
8.2 Charge acceptance
8.3 Commissioning requirements

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9.0. Special operating factors
9.1 Electrical abuse
9.2 Mechanical abuse

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10.0. Installation and storage
10.1 Emplacement
10.2 Ventilation
10.3 Storage

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11.0. Maintenance of VRPP batteries in service

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12.0. Refurbishment of VRPP batteries

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13.0. VRPP range

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14.0. Cell performance data in amperes at end voltage 1.00V/cell

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15.0. Cell performance data in amperes at end voltage 1.05V/cell

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16.0. Cell performance data in amperes at end voltage 1.10V/cell

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17.0. Cell performance data in amperes at end voltage 1.14V/cell

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18.0. Cell performance data in watts at end voltage 1.00V/cell

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19.0. Cell performance data in watts at end voltage 1.05V/cell

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20.0. Cell performance data in watts at end voltage 1.10V/cell

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21.0. Cell performance data in watts at end voltage 1.14V/cell

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22.0. Battery arrangement - Racks

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0 VRPP .A A technological technological innovation innovation In a conventional pocket plate nickel cadmium flooded electrolyte battery. emergency lighting systems. Hence a conventional cell requires periodic addition of water.cadmium pocket plate cells without the need to top-up with water. The oxygen which is produced at the positive plate surface is collected by the special porous separator and thus not allowed to escape from the region between the plates. Emergency lighting Railway signaling Switchgear Telecommunications Fire and Security systems UPS Offshore oil and gas Photovoltaics Process control Mass transit 3. Some displacement of electrolyte within the separator occurs. They are indeed the best solution for installations. The frequency of this operation depends upon the cumulative amount of charge received and the operating temperature. Hydrogen is not evolved until the plate is virtually fully charged. telecommunications. offshore applications and switching substations. 2. VRPP batteries are also eminently suitable for remote applications such as photovoltaic systems. where the system must have total reliability without the need for battery maintenance. whether they are UPS systems.335 cc per Ah. thus generating extra unfilled pores for the diffusion of Oxygen directly to the adjacent cadmium negative plate. The VRPP battery has been designed with an excess of Cadmium active material to enhance this effect and ensure that oxygen commences prior to the hydrogen evolution. During charging process evolution of Oxygen begins just before the positive plate is fully charged state and then becomes the main reaction when the fully charged condition is reached. a new concept was available. water is lost from the battery on o v e r c h a r g e d u e t o t h e f o l l o w i n g r e a c t i o n s : At cathode (negative) 4H2O + 4e_ At anode (positive) 4OH_ 2H2 + 4OH_ (Hydrogen evolution) O2 + 2H2O + 4e_ (Oxygen evolution) This corresponds to a theoretical loss of 36 g of water for 107 Ah of overcharge ie. HBL NIFE on this concept developed the VRPP recombination nickel cadmium pocket plate battery. Its advantageous features enables it to be most preferred battery systems.0 1. 0.0 3. where the risk of failure of the system is unacceptable.. With the advent of valve regulated lead acid battery.0 Oxygen Oxygen recombination recombination cycle cycle -. The cadmium negative plate has a better charge acceptance than the positive plate.1. a battery that did not require water replenishment.0 Introduction Introduction to to VRPP VRPP battery battery Nickel Cadmium battery continues to be most reliable battery systems available as a source of DC power. 1 .Solution to varied applications VRPP batteries are designed to meet the needs of applications requiring the traditional high reliability of nickel.

The rate of collection and transfer of oxygen is controlled by the separator type and the cell design.. The VRPP battery is fitted with a low pressure vent on each cell...2 A for 3 hours to 1.... The Cell performance data shows that the VRPP 156 gives 50.0 Battery sizing Battery sizing principles VRPP is designed to impart an comfortable acquisition for the consumer. It has a maximum voltage of 54 V and a minimum voltage of 42 V and requires a back-up of 48 A for 3 hours.....1 electrochemically 4OH_ . based on the performance data generated after the cell kept on float for several months Thus in a situation at normal ambient temperature without any specific requirement with regard to recharge time the published data can be used directly to size the battery. This vent provides an outlet for the release of small quantities of hydrogen and non combined oxygen and thus controls the internal pressure. The battery is designed to accommodate this by provision of a generous electrolyte reserve both above and around each cell pack within the battery.... 4.42 = 38 and the final voltage will be 42/38 = 1.When Oxygen reaches the negative plate it reacts either chemically: 2Cd +O2 +2H2 O 2Cd (OH)2 OR O2 + 2H2 O + 4e_ . This ensures a long service life without the need to top-up with water. The rate at which oxygen is produced on overcharge is directly related to the charge current once the positive plate has reached a full state of charge.42 V/cell single level charger without temperature compensation can be used... The efficiency of this oxygen recombination process depends upon the relationship between the rate at which oxygen is produced and the rate at which it can be collected and transferred to the negative plate surface.. The total process of oxygen generation and consumption is referred to as an oxygen recombination cycle.. Thus the hydrogen evolution at the negative plate is suppressed because the preferred reaction is oxygen recombination. Though the efficiency of this oxygen recombination is high it will never achieve 100% as small quantities of oxygen will escape from the separator before reaching and reacting at the negative plate..105 V/cell. The charge current in turn is controlled by the charging voltage level set on the charging equipment and the ambient temperature.. The current passing through the battery is used to recharge this material.. In this case a simple 1. if there are requirements with regard to recharge time or temperature then this will modify the result.... By controlling the charge voltage high efficiencies can be obtained and in this way the rate of water loss can be reduced to a fraction of that from conventional batteries...... Number of cells = 54/1. Examples A standby system is to be sited in a building with an ambient temperature of 20OC and the temperature will always lie between 10OC and 30OC. 2 .. Thus a small quantity of hydrogen will ultimately be generated and hence a low rate of water loss will occur. However. on overcharge the cell have an internal pressure above atmospheric pressure.2 Reaction 1 has the effect of chemically discharging some of the cadmium to cadmium hydroxide...10 V/cell and so the battery should be 38 cells of VRPP 156.. Reaction 2 consumes the current directly........ At this single level voltage and at this temperature the battery would give 20 years without topping-up. If the pressure falls below the release pressure.. the vent reseals to prevent air entering inside the cells and minimizes self-discharge reactions.....

90/80 ie. the number of cells = 54/1.10 V/cell the battery required is 38 cells of VRPP 184 as this gives 59. Thus. which can discharge a current of 55.42 V/cell charger is retained. If the single level 1.2 A to 1. These pockets are mechanically linked together. the higher charge voltage will modify the end of discharge voltage.. if for this example there was a restriction that the battery must give 90% of its performance after 10 hours from a totally discharged state then certain modifications need to be made to the calculation. Thus for a current of 57.6 A (48 A + 20 %) to 1.0 Construction features of VRPP battery The construction of VRPP is based on conventional pocket plate technology by introducing special features to enhance the low water consumption.45 = 37 and so the end of discharge voltage becomes 42/37 = 1. 5.2 A to 1. This battery will still give the 20 years without topping-up.14 V/cell.5%. 12. in other words.135 V.However. The disadvantage of this solution is that a single level charge of 1.5%).45 V/cell gives 80% of the capacity after 10 hours is need to increase the cell capacity to compensate for the charge. one containing Nickel Hydroxide (the positive plate) and other containing Cadmium Hydroxide (the negative plate). The VRPP performance table gives VRPP 212.10V/cell. a current of 54 A (48 A + 12. Hence. There is no corrosion and no risk of sudden death. with the same voltage window. From the graph 4 . which means that the supporting structure of the VRPP battery stays intact and unchanged for the life of the battery. The alkaline electrolyte does not react with steel. cut to the size corresponding to the plate width and compressed to the final plate dimension.1 Plate Construction The Nickel Cadmium cell consist of two groups of plates. in this case the battery is 37 VRPP 212. then from the graph 4 it can be seen that after 10 hours about 75% of the capacity is available and so the battery size will have to be increased by the factor 90/75 or. However. it can be seen that a voltage of 1.45 V/cell will only give 10 years without maintenance and so to achieve the 20 year maintenance level a two stage charger is required. 3 . the battery has to be recalculated as. The active material of pocket plate are retained in pockets formed from double perforated nickel-plated steel strips. This process leads to a component which is not only mechanically robust but also retains its active material within a steel boundary which promotes conductivity and minimizes electrode swelling. These plates are then welded to a current carrying busbar which further ensures the mechanical and electrical stability of the product. 20%. by means of recombination cycle. 5.

5.4 Terminal current carriers The Nickel plated terminals are connected to plates by nut and bolt / welded construction. Using this separator and plastic spacing ribs. 5. and it is not necessary to change the electrolyte during the life of the cell It is an important consideration of VRPP. It retains its ability to transfer ions between the cell plates irrespective of the charge level.2 Separator The separator is an important feature of the VRPP battery. It is a poly-propylene fibrous material. the possibility of thermal runaway is eliminated. The electrolyte concentration is such that it allow the cell to be operated down to -20 deg. 4 . Valve regulated vent (Low pressure. flame arresting) Nickel coated terminal pillar (Provides good electrical conductivity) Special polypropylene fibrous separator Positive plate (facilitates recombination) (Double perforated steel strip with positive active material) Negative plate Polypropylene cell container (Double perforated steel strip with negative active material) (Fusion welded to lids. that the electrolyte concentration does not change during charge and discharge. and indeed of all nickel-cadmium batteries. 5. By providing a large spacing between the positive and negative plates and a generous quantity of electrolyte between plates.3 Electrolyte The electrolyte used in VRPP battery is a solution of Potassium Hydroxide and Lithium Hydroxide to give the best performance and life over a wide range of temperature. the distance between the plates is carefully controlled to give the necessary gas retention to provide the level of recombination required. makes the cell mechanically sturdy and facilitates visual electrolyte level inspection) VRPP battery is available in both welded (shown here) and bolted construction.C.

A flame arresting porous disc is incorporated in the venting system to prevent the possibility of any external ignitions spreading into the VRPP cell. If electrolyte level is less than the minimum indication level. The translucent nature of polypropylene allows visual check of electrolyte. shocks and vibrations.0 Advantages of the VRPP battery Long life Reliable and predictable performance Resistant to abuse. 5.6 Cell container VRPP cells are available in polypropylene containers.5. If the internal pressure is less. 6.gassing under normal charging conditions is minimal making it safe for installation in human environments such as offices and hospitals 5 .2 bar. The vent releases the Hydrogen and non combined Oxygen. insulating well and resists corrosion. when the internal pressure increases more than 0. there is a provision to adjust it. The polypropylene container can withstand mechanical stress. It performs in extreme temperature without losing strength. electrical and mechanical Zero or low maintenance No sudden death failure due to internal corrosion Wide operating temperature range Low installation costs Negligible gassing . the system reseals to prevent the air entering inside the cell.5 Venting system VRPP battery is having a unique venting system.

3 Effect of temperature on performance Variation of cell performance with the temperature are considered in sizing a battery. These figures are for a fully charged cell. The most practical value for normal application is the discharge voltage response to a change in discharge current.9 5 Hour rate 30 Minute rate 1 Minute rate 0. The internal resistance per 1/C5 of a VRPP cell at room temperature when measured after float charging at normal temperature is 80 milliohms for VRPP 8 to VRPP 50 and 100 milliohms to VRPP 55 to VRPP 744.1 Capacity and nominal voltage The rated capacity C5 of a cell is the capacity in ampere hours (Ah) available at 5 hr discharge rate to 1. C. In practice VRPP c e l l s a r e u s e d i n f l o a t a p p l i c a t i o n s 7.2 Volt/cell. For lower s t a t e s o f c h a r g e t h e v a l u e i n c r e a s e .6 0 5 10 15 20 25 Temperature: Deg.8 0. Performance variation in VRPP cells with temperature 1.0 Volt/cell in accordance with IEC 60623 and standard nominal voltage is 1. the internal resistance is about 20% higher and when the cells with 90% discharged condition.1 Derating factor 1 0. Low temperature operation gives a low performance due to the decrease in conductivity of the electrolyte at low temperature.7 0.0 Characteristics of VRPP battery 7.7. to 40 deg. the internal resistance is about 80% higher. 7. C Graph 1 6 30 35 40 45 . The normal recommended operating temperature range is 0 deg. For cells 50% discharged. The internal resistance of fully d i s c h a r g e d c e l l h a s v e r y l i t t l e r e l e v a n c e . difficult to define and measure accurately.2 Internal resistance The internal resistance of the cell varies with the type of service and state of charge and is therefore.

the self-dischrage is significantly increased at higher temperatures. This decrease is relatively rapid during the first two weeks but then stabilizes to about 2-3% per month at 20 deg. However.C. At low temperatures the charge retention is better than at normal temperature and so the open circuit loss is reduced. The open circuit loss for VRPP for the standard temperature and the extremes of the normal operating range is shown in the graph 2. 7. Percentage of initial capacity (%) Typical open circuit loss variation with time 100 90 0O C 80 20OC 70 60 40OC 70 0 50 100 150 200 250 Open circuit period (days) Graph 2 7 300 350 400 .7. The self-discharge characteristics of a nickel-cadmium cell are affected by the temperature.5 Loss due to self discharge The state of charge of VRPP cells on open circuit slowly decreases with time due to self-discharge. It is necessary to recharge the VRPP cells each year.4 Short-circuit values The typical short-circuit value in amperes for an VRPP cell is approximately 15 times the ampere-hour capacity. The VRPP battery is designed to withstand a short-circuit current of this magnitude for many minutes without damage.

42 1. Normal vented type cells will have only 30 . Therefore it retains the cycling capability of the parent product.95%.7 Water consumption The VRPP battery works on the Oxygen recombination principle and therefore has a much reduced water consumption. or 2. The level of recombination of these cells are 85 .6 Cycling VRPP is a low maintenance battery used in standby application and not in continuously cycling applications. under normal recommended float conditions VRPP has a recombination level of 85% to 95% and so the amount of water which is electrolyzed into gas is small.5 cc of hydrogen per Ah of cell capacity per day. The electrolysis of 1 cc of water produces about 2000 cc of gas mixture and this gas mixture is in the proportion of 2/3 hydrogen and 1/3 oxygen.7. At suitable charging voltages and temperature the VRPP cell will not need water topping for a longer time when compared to the conventional vented type Nickel Cadmium Pocket Plate batteries. The battery is designed using conventional pocket plate electrode technology. Typically an VRPP cell will electrolyze about 0. As stated in the previous paragraph. Effect of charging voltage on maintenance free period Float charge voltage per cell 1. Thus a typical value of gas emission would be 3. The cycling operation requiring deep discharges and fast recharges involves significant gas evolution and ultra low maintenance properties of the product will be severely reduced. 7.46 1.002 cc of water per Ah of cell capacity per day.41 1.8 Gas evolution The gas evolution is a function of the amount of water electrolyzed into hydrogen and oxygen which is not involved in the recombination cycle.40 8 10 12 16 14 18 Maintenance free period (years) Graph 3 8 20 22 24 .43 1. 7.35% recombination efficiency.45 Temperature 20OC 1. Thus the electrolysis of 1 cc of water produces about 1300 cc of hydrogen. This value will be smaller or larger depending on the float voltage value.5 cc per Ah of cell capacity per day.44 1.

However. After a prolonged mains failure the first stage should be reapplied manually or automatically. during the first 30 hours of charge from a fully discharged state. Temperature compensation may be required as described. If the application has a particular recharge time requirement then this must be taken into account when calculating the battery.55 V/cell can be used. with a current limit of 0.41 to 1. Therefore it is i m p o r t a n t t o a d h e r e t o r e c o m m e n d e d c h a r g e c o n d i t i o n s . This is detailed in section 7. if frequent recharges are required this will increase the rate of water loss. VRPP can be float charged at 1. This will.0 Battery Battery charging charging In order to achieve the ultra low maintenance properties of the VRPP battery. 8. B) Single rate charging: VRPP batteries may be float charged at 1.45 V/cell. 8. however.2 Charge acceptance The performance data sheets for VRPP are based upon several months’ floating and so are for fully float charged cells.8. a voltage limit of 1.42 V/cell and 1.43 V/cell from a fully discharged condition to a high stage of charge. it is necessary to control the charge input to the battery to minimize the rate of water loss during the life of the product.43 V/cell.2 and about 80% of the capacity will be available after 16 hours of charge. if a faster rate of recharge is required. increase the rate of water loss and reduce the maintenance interval by a factor of two. Alternatively. After this first stage the charger should be switched to a second maintenance stage at a float voltage in the range of 1. Alternatively. A discharged cell will take a certain time to achieve this and graph 4 gives the capacity available for the two principal charging voltages recommended fo VRPP.0 8.1 Charging methods VRPP batteries may be charged by the following methods: A) Two rate charging: The initial stage of two rate constant potential charging consists of a first charging stage. 1. 9 .41 to 1.45V/cell if a faster recharge time is required.1 C5 to a maximum voltage of 1.45 V/cell.

1 C5 A maximum. The commissioning charge requires an input of 160% of the rated (C5) capacity before putting the battery into service.100 Available capacity (% of rated capacity) 90 Charging voltage 1. 8. The following methods of commissioning charge are recommended a. Under these circumstances they should not be given a commissioning charge before putting into service.42 Volts per cell 60 50 40 30 Current Limit 0.65 V/call for 16 hours maximum (0.1 C5A Temperature 20OC 20 10 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Charge time (hours) Available capacity on float charge from a fully discharged cell Graph 4 8.45 Volts per cell 80 70 Charging voltage 1.3 Commissioning requirements 8. 10 .1 C5 A current limit) If these recommended methods are not available in practice.1 Batteries filled and charged VRPP batteries are normally supplied charged. then charging may be carried out at lower float voltages for extended periods. Charge at 1. Charge 16 hours at 0. they may be put directly into service on float charge.3. Prolonged overcharging is not harmful to VRPP batteries are normally supplied charged but will reduce the initial electrolyte reserve and thus service life without topping up. Batteries stored between six and twelve months should be treated as batteries filled and discharged. This is a once only operation and is essential to prepare the battery for its long service life.3. ready for immediate use and provided they have not been stored for more than six months.2 Batteries filled and discharged Batteries in a filled and discharged state require a commissioning charge prior to putting into service. b.

11 . Vibration resistance VRPP cells are tested as per IEC 77 for 2 hours at 1 g. Over charge Overcharge of the battery will increase the water loss of the system.1 Electrical abuse Ripple effects The nickel-cadmium battery is tolerant to high ripple from standard charging systems.9. a small degree of overcharge will not significantly alter the maintenance period.0 Special operating factors 9. 10g and 25 g) and IEC 77 (shock test 3 g). In the case of lead acid batteries this will lead to failure of the battery and is unacceptable.2 Mechanical abuse Shock load The VRPP block battery concept has been tested as per IEC 68-2-29 (bump tests at 5 g. Over discharge If more capacity is drawn out than the rated capacity. In case of VRPP battery. all external metal components are nickel-plated and these components are protected by a neutral grease and a rigid plastic cover. This abuse situation should be avoided. the battery is said to be over discharged. VRPP batteries have been tested with voltage ripple values of up to 15% without any effect on water loss. External corrosion VRPP batteries are manufactured in durable polypropylene. with its generous electrolyte reserve. 9. a situation which will immediately destroy a valve regulated lead acid battery. In the case of excessive overcharge. VRPP can be refurbished as described in section 12. The VRPP battery is designed to make recovery from this situation possible.

Distances between stands. if this is not the case the following comments can be used as a guide. it is necessary to provide adequate ventilation depending on utilization. In case of doubt. Local standards or codes normally define the mounting arrangements of the batteries.0 Installation and storage 10. batteries should not be exposed to direct sunlight. The battery connection to load should be with nickel-plated cable lugs. Allow sufficient space over the battery to ensure easy access during assembly. HBL NIFE offers a wide selection of stands to suit most applications.1 Emplacement The HBL NIFE brand VRPP valve regulated recombination battery can be fitted onto stands. The overall weight of the battery must be considered and the load bearing on the flooring taken into account in the selection of the battery accommodation. UV light sources or strong daylight for prolonged periods.in M5 7. 12 . should be sufficient to give good access to the battery. can be floor mounted or can be fitted into cabinets. However. Recommended Torque Cell connection bolt Recommended Torque per pole Nm lbf. and these must be followed if applicable. When the battery is housed in a cubicle or enclosed compartment. It is desirable to have easy access to all blocks on a stand mounted battery and they should be situated in a readily available position.10. and between stands and walls. please contact HBL NIFE for advice.5 70 M8 20 180 M10 30 270 Table 1 To avoid accelerated ageing of the plastic due to UV light. When mounting the battery ensure that the cells are correctly interconnected with the appropriate polarity.

Before putting into service ensure that the batteries are externally clean and with an adequate protective finish. If batteries are not put into service immediately. on the connectors. with on adequate protective finish. Please refer to ventilation standards and requirements applicable in your country or area. such as an approved neutral grease. they should be stored in a clean. if the VRPP battery is commissioned in the final location or if the maximum recommended charge current of 0. hence. and that the flame-aresting low pressure vents remain undisturbed. dry cool (+10OC to +30O C) and well ventilated store on open shelves.Charge 160% battery’s rated capacity at a maximum of 0. Gas evolution.2 Ventilation Under normal floating conditions the HBL NIFE VRPP battery gives off up to 10 times less gas than a conventional open cell.5 air changes per hour and under such conditions it is satisfactory to install 700 watt hours of battery capacity per cubic meter if the final charge current is at 0. If they have been stored for between six months and one year they should be given and commissioning charge as described. 13 .10. They should not be exposed to direct sunlight. If they are stored up to six months they should be put directly into service without any commissioning charge. where C5 is the rated capacity of the battery .1 C5 A for 16 hours . The quantity of hydorgen given off is given in section 7.1 V/cell. A typical figure for room ventilation is about 2. However.8. such as an approved neutral grease.1 C5 is used then the quantity of gas given off will be increased. 10.Discharge at 0. excess water usage.Repeat every 12 months Storage at temperatures above +30O C can result in loss of capacity. Before storage ensure that the batteries are clean.3 Storage VRPP batteries are normally supplied filled with electrolyte and charged ready for immediate use.Return battery to store .1 C5 A.1 C5 A to an end of discharge voltage of 1. If it is necessary to store the batteries for more than one year then they should be given the following conditioning discharge/charge cycle at the end of each year of storage: . This can be as much as 5% per 10O C above +30O C. They may be stored in this condition for up to twelve months from the date of despatch from HBL NIFE. Batteries filled and charged can be stored for up to one year without any conditioning charge requirement. Care should also be taken with cubicle installations to ensure sufficient ventilation and battery spacing to prevent overloading and. on the connectors. Thus the need for ventilation is much reduced and in many cases no special ventilation requirements other than normal room ventilation are required.

0 Refurbishment of VRPP battery Refurbishment of the VRPP battery is recommended when the electrolyte level reached the normal “minimum” mark on the cell but must be carried out before it reached the warning level on the cell. Replace the vents taking care to tighten them correctly i. If there is any doubt about the quality of the sealing ring replace with a new vent assembly. Until resistance against a stop is experienced. The refurbished VRPP battery is now ready for re-commissioning. battery and ancillary electronics are functioning correctly. With the terminal cover removed. 5. Batteries operated at float charge rates above 1. Top-up each cell with distilled or de-ionized water to the specified maximum level.0 Maintenance of VRPP batteries in service VRPP Battery requires minimum of attention if properly designed for the application. 3. Replenish if necessary. Wipe up any small spillage on cells using a clean cloth. However. Replace the terminal cover.42 V/cell will require refurbishment during their operating life. Carefully loosen the flame-arresting low pressure vents to release any gas pressure and then remove each vent completely and retain for refitting. 6.11.charge cycle once per year to make sure that c h a r g e r.e. 4. battery should be checked for external cleanliness and if necessary clean with damp cloth. 2. 12. Refurbishing of the VRPP battery is carried out as follows: 1.. poles and connectors. the tops of the individual cells of the VRPP battery will be in view. Disconnect the battery from the load. Action should be taken to rectify this. It is recommended that for system servicing. Remove the terminal cover. it is good practice with any standby system to carry out a full discharge . electrolyte levels should be visually checked and ensure that level is above the minimum. and ensure that the seating rubber has not been disturbed out of position. 7. If there is evidence that electrolyte has been ejected from vents or that there has been excessive of water this could indicate a charger or system malfunction. 14 . Confirm that an adequate protective finish remains on glands.

2 58.45 1.10 3.3 31.1 10.20 9.5 19. dimensions and weights given in this brochure are for guidance only and cannot be held binding on the company.0 45.6 V 79 79 79 79 113 113 113 113 137 137 137 137 137 137 193 193 193 193 193 193 193 193 362 362 362 362 362 362 362 362 362 110 110 110 110 161 161 161 161 197 197 197 197 197 197 362 362 362 362 362 362 362 362 530 530 530 530 530 530 530 530 530 Height Approx weight (1.40 9.9 12.5 20.3 46.60 1.0 56.0 19.70 10.70 3.6 53.45 1.60 2.0 60.5 11.9 24. data.1 32.0 53.50 1.6 33.7 30.20 4.4 V 3.3 71.2 29.5 36.20 4.70 2.6 55.2 53.2 34.2 39.20 4.2 V 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 193 193 193 193 193 193 193 193 193 277 277 277 277 277 277 277 277 362 362 362 362 362 362 362 446 446 446 446 446 446 446 446 530 530 530 530 530 Width 2.8 67.0 47.8 Container Reserve reference electrolyte cc/cell B21-1 B21-1 B21-1 B21-1 B23-1 B23-1 B23-1 B23-1 B24-1 B24-1 B32-1 B32-1 B32-1 B32-1 B31 B31 B31 B31 B31 B41 B41 B41 B31-2 B31-2 B31-2 B31-2 B31-2 B41-2 B41-2 B41-2 B41-2 B31-3 B31-3 B31-3 B41-3 B41-3 B41-3 B41-3 B41-3 B31-4 B31-4 B41-4 B41-4 B41-4 B41-4 B41-4 B41-5 B41-5 B41-5 B41-5 B41-5 B41-5 B41-5 B41-5 B41-6 B41-6 B41-6 B41-6 B41-6 90 90 90 90 145 145 145 145 185 185 880 880 880 880 1260 1260 1260 1260 1260 1260 1260 1260 2520 2520 2520 2520 2520 2520 2520 2520 2520 3780 3780 3780 3780 3780 3780 3780 3780 5040 5040 5040 5040 5040 5040 5040 6295 6295 6295 6295 6295 6295 6295 6295 7555 7555 7555 7555 7555 .5 42. Illustrations.VRPP Range Cell dimensions and weight Cell type VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP Capacity at the 5 hr rate (Ah) 8 10 13 16 19 24 28 32 36 40 46 50 55 61 78 82 88 92 96 102 112 120 156 164 174 184 192 204 212 228 240 264 276 292 308 320 328 340 356 368 388 408 432 456 464 472 492 512 524 540 552 564 580 600 612 648 680 712 744 8 10 13 16 19 24 28 32 36 40 46 50 55 61 78 82 88 92 96 102 112 120 156 164 174 184 192 204 212 228 240 264 276 292 308 320 328 340 356 368 388 408 432 456 464 472 492 512 524 540 552 564 580 600 612 648 680 712 744 Cell dimensions in mm Length 1.40 9.2 72.3 34.9 22.2 64.2V Block) in kgs 123 123 123 123 123 123 123 123 123 123 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 195 264 264 264 264 264 264 264 264 264 264 349 349 349 349 349 349 349 349 349 405 405 405 349 349 349 349 349 405 405 405 405 349 349 349 405 405 405 405 405 349 349 405 405 405 405 405 405 405 405 405 405 405 405 405 405 405 405 405 405 In accordance with its policy of continuous improvement the company reserves the right to change specifications and designs without notice.7 21.0 43.00 4.65 2.5 53.0 61. 15 1.7 41.4 34.3 11.6 20.0 20.

4 32.25 10.7 53.2 65.1 60.0 62.7 59.0 74.6 84.5 27.7 67.5 47.0 29.9 45.5 18.3 45.4 49.9 44.6 16.56 5.1 61.1 11.8 25.3 91.2 20.6 25.7 38.90 8.2 75.2 14.1 50.0 24.5 30.2 77.5 39.1 26.9 93.2 38.4 21.18 5.06 5.2 48.9 38.6 18.01 2.5 20.61 6.96 7.3 97.0 18.3 38.84 10.1 12.7 17.7 18.0 40.08 4.45 2.6 23.9 13.8 92.7 80.9 41.8 88.3 34.5 102 108 113 120 125 134 141 155 162 172 181 188 193 200 209 216 228 240 254 268 273 278 289 301 308 318 325 332 341 353 360 381 400 419 438 6.0 34.6 91.0 16.4 80.82 6.3 13.57 3.9 49.5 63.0 50.4 22.82 1.14 6.5 33.4 24.5 67.2 79.6 26.4 18.72 9.4 41.7 119 125 133 141 147 156 162 174 183 202 211 223 235 245 251 260 272 281 297 312 330 349 355 361 376 391 401 413 422 431 443 459 468 495 520 544 569 6.95 12.2 15.3 74.3 15.1 36.7 31.5 71.4 41.6 1.11 7.5 71.0 54.65 9.8 37.86 3.8 45.0 84.1 73.4 78.3 33.0 46.1 53.5 102 115 128 147 160 176 195 196 206 221 231 241 256 281 302 392 412 437 462 482 513 533 573 603 663 693 734 774 804 824 854 894 925 975 1025 1085 1146 1166 1186 1236 1286 1317 1357 1387 1417 1457 1508 1538 1628 1709 1789 1869 Discharge data is for cells after floating at 1.01 1.0 104 135 142 151 159 166 177 184 197 208 229 239 253 267 277 284 294 308 319 336 353 374 395 402 409 426 443 454 468 478 488 502 519 530 561 589 616 644 7.54 4.4 76.5 51.4 12.5 30.1 47.9 21.7 55.3 98.4 78.8 16.33 6.61 3.4 26.9 69.0 63.0 54.0 76.1 16.0 13.4 24.3 102 105 108 110 113 116 120 122 129 136 142 149 2.95 9.9 59.4 20.0 103 108 116 122 127 135 148 159 206 217 230 243 254 270 280 302 317 349 365 386 407 423 434 450 471 487 513 540 571 603 614 624 651 677 693 714 730 746 767 794 810 857 899 942 984 12.5 29.7 36.6 12.2 83.3 59.0 55.7 43.3 101 109 115 126 132 139 147 153 156 162 170 176 185 195 206 218 221 225 235 244 250 258 263 269 277 286 292 309 324 340 355 4.9 103 105 109 114 118 125 131 139 146 149 152 158 164 168 173 177 181 186 193 196 208 218 229 239 3.2 25.1 72.3 32.8 16.2 20.9 46.3 15.94 2.1 57.4 17.6 65.1 64.9 52.2 37.7 98.2 26.99 10.14 7.87 7.6 62.0 43.56 8.6 72.6 55.82 4.65 2.4 52.6 67.2 39.0 36.9 1.73 6.0 28.6 91.8 28.9 40.0 50.8 96.04 9.0 87.3 32.24 8.83 5.10 5.2 24.7 21.8 87.8 83.1 46.8 36.0 65.1 17.42 Volts 16 .43 7.5 86.9 48.8 32.4 57.3 54.1 52.Cell Performance Data Available amperes at 20OC (68O F) fully charged Cell Type VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP 8 10 13 16 19 24 28 32 36 40 46 50 55 61 78 82 88 92 96 102 112 120 156 164 174 184 192 204 212 228 240 264 276 292 308 320 328 340 356 368 388 408 432 456 464 472 492 512 524 540 552 564 580 600 612 648 680 712 744 End Voltage 1.2 51.2 13.98 11.2 94.7 95.2 69.3 19.9 16.1 12.0 31.7 19.4 48.8 85.9 77.3 34.1 73.34 8.22 3.0 28.9 60.7 20.3 40.1 17.2 73.5 54.7 38.9 14.33 1.4 42.5 57.7 84.1 68.6 66.3 29.22 4.9 70.5 81.6 31.8 81.4 39.78 4.63 6.2 81.7 23.1 58.7 77.3 61.2 32.8 34.6 35.0 23.8 30.3 34.9 56.61 2.5 27.7 105 121 132 145 161 168 177 190 198 207 220 241 259 336 353 375 397 414 440 457 491 517 569 595 629 664 690 707 733 767 793 836 879 931 983 1000 1017 1060 1103 1129 1164 1190 1216 1250 1293 1319 1397 1466 1534 1603 25.7 19.7 26.9 32.2 14.00 10.1 61.0 32.00V/cell Hours C5 Ah 8 10 13 16 19 24 28 32 36 40 46 50 55 61 78 82 88 92 96 102 112 120 156 164 174 184 192 204 212 228 240 264 276 292 308 320 328 340 356 368 388 408 432 456 464 472 492 512 524 540 552 564 580 600 612 648 680 712 744 Minutes Seconds 10 8 5 3 2 90 60 45 30 10 5 60 30 10 1 0.4 110 116 124 130 136 144 158 169 220 232 246 260 271 288 299 322 339 373 390 412 435 452 463 480 503 520 548 576 610 644 655 667 695 723 740 763 780 797 819 847 864 915 960 1006 1051 16.7 21.67 4.93 8.3 28.4 47.0 51.4 89.4 62.5 49.5 60.0 35.9 24.35 9.6 58.7 102 112 120 156 164 173 183 191 203 211 227 239 263 275 291 307 319 327 339 355 367 387 407 431 455 463 471 491 510 522 538 550 562 578 598 610 646 678 710 742 10.0 38.8 54.6 93.7 42.5 56.3 103 112 123 136 147 155 166 174 181 193 212 227 295 310 329 348 363 386 401 431 454 499 522 552 582 605 620 643 673 696 733 771 817 862 877 892 930 968 991 1021 1043 1066 1096 1134 1157 1225 1285 1346 1406 21.4 75.3 11.8 36.27 3.4 19.70 5.27 1.8 42.04 3.1 43.2 93.1 19.5 43.2 42.62 11.1 42.7 94.40 11.7 71.6 68.9 14.4 11.6 97.7 42.6 62.5 50.6 64.9 65.05 4.12 7.0 26.41 3.8 21.1 15.1 88.76 10.7 24.6 62.5 68.69 5.1 29.3 35.0 52.22 7.1 27.3 73.6 31.2 15.1 92.63 9.3 70.1 56.7 83.3 42.0 85.1 11.9 101 111 123 135 142 153 160 167 177 194 208 271 285 302 319 333 354 368 396 417 458 479 507 535 556 569 590 618 639 674 708 750 792 806 819 854 889 910 938 958 979 1007 1042 1063 1125 1181 1236 1292 17.8 89.7 22.5 59.63 1.9 71.3 11.2 24.6 17.8 28.7 76.2 73.4 53.6 12.9 46.8 48.3 29.72 9.0 61.9 22.5 77.7 91.1 23.3 70.02 1.03 2.6 36.8 91.0 19.7 89.

8 1.9 53.7 101 110 121 134 140 147 158 165 173 183 201 216 281 295 313 331 345 367 381 410 432 475 496 525 554 576 590 612 640 662 698 734 777 820 835 849 885 921 942 971 993 1014 1043 1079 1101 1165 1223 1281 1338 22.7 20.75 4.25 8.3 42.60 8.3 17.1 24.80 6.2 25.59 11.7 96.8 33.8 51.67 10.4 64.3 20.3 16.8 84.4 41.9 88.08 9.6 61.3 22.6 93.1 37.0 20.4 14.6 26.32 7.2 22.0 25.6 13.4 22.1 59.3 114 119 127 134 140 148 154 166 175 192 201 213 224 233 239 247 259 268 282 297 314 332 338 344 358 373 381 393 402 410 422 437 445 472 495 518 541 6.5 17.5 27.3 25.5 21.5 65.0 24.1 20.93 2.16 3.03 4.5 30.8 32.4 99.9 44.8 46.0 41.1 73.7 64.3 42.5 21.86 12.0 21.8 53.2 31.9 101 107 118 126 164 173 183 194 202 215 223 240 253 278 291 308 325 337 346 358 375 388 409 430 455 481 489 497 518 540 552 569 582 594 611 632 645 683 717 750 784 9.5 50.1 29.8 75.2 86.74 10.0 42.8 37.7 58.6 34.5 52.3 60.05 8.4 74.8 17.2 33.05V/cell Hours C5 Ah 8 10 13 16 19 24 28 32 36 40 46 50 55 61 78 82 88 92 96 102 112 120 156 164 174 184 192 204 212 228 240 264 276 292 308 320 328 340 356 368 388 408 432 456 464 472 492 512 524 540 552 564 580 600 612 648 680 712 744 Minutes Seconds 10 8 5 3 2 90 60 45 30 10 5 60 30 10 1 0.2 80.3 59.9 61.4 55.7 14.69 9.93 7.5 45.3 19.25 9.3 88.17 4.0 39.9 59.6 85.7 20.0 101 131 138 146 154 161 171 178 191 202 222 232 245 259 269 275 285 299 309 326 343 363 383 390 396 413 430 440 453 463 474 487 504 514 544 571 598 625 8.2 15.0 44.08 5.0 33.54 4.32 1.9 35.0 93.5 40.6 40.7 66.6 35.3 19.8 58.7 61.6 94.0 41.7 36.2 56.9 103 105 109 114 118 125 131 139 146 149 152 158 164 168 173 177 181 186 193 196 208 218 229 239 3.2 44.08 10.6 25.3 13.6 52.12 5.5 16.74 5.3 34.0 60.53 4.5 19.2 91.8 34.02 3.85 9.3 29.9 91.5 12.3 47.5 96.5 38.4 49.8 17.6 55.3 65.6 65.4 54.9 76.0 77.5 12.7 54.0 84.1 42.1 52.7 102 104 107 110 112 115 119 121 129 135 141 148 2.1 88.7 23.5 44.8 55.9 53.9 48.0 35.9 12.5 36.7 24.2 79.42 5.7 67.5 73.75 7.1 93.0 62.3 76.5 36.01 1.4 64.06 4.6 52.3 82.5 18.4 19.5 70.5 92.97 2.5 75.54 5.6 15.5 44.3 29.4 22.8 29.8 29.8 14.26 1.9 15.0 78.8 37.0 28.7 47.2 23.42 7.7 26.3 19.9 84.66 10.0 78.4 92.0 26.5 44.0 61.1 61.84 10.3 70.4 60.0 19.64 2.2 77.7 16.0 15.1 32.4 45.8 88.39 3.9 17.02 7.84 3.58 6.0 34.87 10.7 84.4 68.81 1.3 37.9 65.6 74.2 105 110 121 127 134 141 147 150 156 163 169 178 187 198 209 213 216 226 235 240 248 253 259 266 275 281 297 312 326 341 4.85 8.02 2.1 11.67 5.4 12.07 6.0 34.0 37.9 27.4 88.7 24.5 66.8 87.8 24.5 42.3 56.0 46.02 1.7 45.0 38.4 72.53 3.8 67.5 87.4 63.3 12.41 10.46 8.8 99.2 17.2 11.5 39.7 73.2 81.9 24.0 11.0 32.5 51.6 34.58 1.0 69.1 63.4 29.4 67.25 3.30 6.7 14.90 9.4 50.5 21.5 30.80 8.5 49.3 11.7 98.0 67.2 41.9 58.9 1.0 15.6 65.4 31.4 49.19 7.1 58.0 17.Cell Performance Data Available amperes at 20OC (68O F) fully charged Cell Type VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP 8 10 13 16 19 24 28 32 36 40 46 50 55 61 78 82 88 92 96 102 112 120 156 164 174 184 192 204 212 228 240 264 276 292 308 320 328 340 356 368 388 408 432 456 464 472 492 512 524 540 552 564 580 600 612 648 680 712 744 End Voltage 1.2 68.2 35.44 2.2 102 107 113 120 125 133 138 149 156 172 180 190 201 209 214 222 232 240 253 266 282 297 302 308 321 334 342 352 360 368 378 391 399 422 443 464 485 5.90 7.5 103 114 125 132 141 148 154 164 180 193 250 263 279 295 308 327 340 366 385 424 443 469 494 514 526 546 571 591 623 655 693 732 745 758 790 822 841 867 886 905 931 963 982 1040 1091 1143 1194 17.6 27.4 71.8 59.5 31.5 39.4 80.8 73.2 52.1 45.3 55.9 16.2 40.2 103 108 113 120 131 141 183 192 204 216 225 239 249 268 282 310 324 343 362 376 385 399 418 432 455 479 507 535 545 554 577 601 615 634 648 662 681 704 718 761 798 836 873 13.2 104 110 114 123 129 142 149 157 166 173 177 183 192 198 209 220 233 246 250 254 265 276 282 291 298 304 313 323 330 349 367 384 401 5.11 7.5 56.5 29.9 74.5 57.9 56.5 97.5 38.4 49.87 10.6 66.1 40.6 35.7 97.0 12.0 15.53 6.2 47.3 77.5 50.3 16.5 18.3 74.5 48.0 81.6 21.1 27.8 82.3 27.57 3.7 53.8 86.9 12.0 18.7 23.9 92.62 1.5 26.0 40.0 32.34 5.5 20.2 101 117 123 132 138 144 153 168 180 234 246 260 275 287 305 317 341 359 395 413 437 461 479 491 509 533 551 581 611 647 683 695 707 737 766 784 808 826 844 868 898 916 970 1018 1066 1114 15.0 93.6 29.42 Volts 17 .38 9.9 46.8 31.1 15.9 57.6 12.0 43.6 22.6 51.4 44.0 38.7 90.6 34.08 8.9 77.1 67.0 71.5 68.3 28.65 4.4 61.04 5.9 70.3 19.4 93.5 28.9 52.0 85.5 68.7 23.1 26.4 110 127 138 152 169 164 172 184 193 201 214 235 252 327 344 365 386 403 428 444 478 503 553 579 612 646 671 688 713 746 771 813 855 906 956 973 990 1031 1073 1099 1132 1157 1182 1216 1258 1283 1358 1426 1493 1560 Discharge data is for cells after floating at 1.0 19.50 10.44 6.

3 23.6 39.18 8.0 55.20 6.2 86.0 38.7 23.8 67.8 18.1 49.6 41.9 17.3 98.5 90.5 53.7 11.98 7.1 14.8 66.0 45.84 10.7 17.4 56.6 19.8 36.62 4.6 30.5 50.61 9.3 48.3 19.2 1.00 1.52 3.2 108 113 119 126 131 134 139 146 151 159 167 177 187 190 193 201 209 214 221 226 231 237 245 250 265 278 291 304 3.6 62.4 92.5 29.4 99.1 44.4 82.6 53.97 7.1 25.9 66.3 29.7 37.6 59.2 46.2 39.4 21.3 78.5 30.8 56.2 52.1 63.70 4.5 81.9 63.6 20.7 80.2 17.0 67.6 50.7 60.3 49.1 96.84 3.99 5.1 86.1 83.6 68.7 34.8 105 111 116 123 128 137 145 159 166 176 186 193 198 205 214 222 234 246 260 275 280 284 296 308 316 325 333 340 349 361 369 390 410 429 448 5.0 49.6 31.10V/cell Hours C5 Ah 8 10 13 16 19 24 28 32 36 40 46 50 55 61 78 82 88 92 96 102 112 120 156 164 174 184 192 204 212 228 240 264 276 292 308 320 328 340 356 368 388 408 432 456 464 472 492 512 524 540 552 564 580 600 612 648 680 712 744 Minutes Seconds 10 8 5 3 2 90 60 45 30 10 5 60 30 10 1 0.1 17.76 9.3 61.59 8.70 7.0 56.6 42.6 22.24 6.5 72.2 40.2 88.3 102 105 107 109 113 116 119 126 132 138 144 2.1 18.78 5.9 59.2 53.80 1.83 5.34 10.2 12.6 20.7 42.86 7.37 2.8 59.05 8.0 31.8 36.0 74.00 1.18 8.4 30.5 44.52 7.9 28.7 32.1 22.7 19.0 57.3 72.5 80.0 15.7 41.5 12.8 74.7 23.1 38.4 67.8 67.4 79.31 1.6 40.2 26.2 53.3 14.6 13.6 80.4 47.48 8.6 36.77 9.45 12.9 72.2 73.9 22.5 68.5 29.1 25.5 58.4 27.1 21.8 102 107 115 120 125 133 146 157 204 214 227 240 251 266 277 298 313 345 360 381 402 418 428 444 465 480 507 533 564 595 606 616 642 668 684 705 721 736 757 783 799 846 888 930 971 14.0 22.13 7.1 63.7 45.9 42.25 1.2 48.0 69.5 74.7 87.42 Volts 18 .2 57.8 102 109 142 149 158 167 175 186 193 207 218 240 251 266 280 291 298 309 324 335 353 371 393 415 422 429 448 466 477 491 502 513 528 546 557 590 619 648 677 10.3 20.3 27.7 26.4 13.3 18.8 61.3 35.1 30.4 53.8 55.4 45.57 10.9 19.4 14.2 29.51 4.9 19.5 36.2 84.42 5.9 14.5 71.02 5.1 71.8 49.1 10.97 3.4 11.5 56.3 14.8 15.8 90.2 75.81 3.28 2.5 78.1 63.71 4.0 101 106 113 117 126 132 146 152 161 170 177 181 188 196 203 214 225 238 252 256 260 271 282 289 298 304 311 320 331 338 357 375 393 410 4.7 104 109 116 122 128 136 141 151 159 175 183 194 205 213 218 226 237 245 258 271 287 303 308 314 327 340 348 359 367 375 385 399 407 431 452 473 494 6.3 21.3 94.92 9.0 15.4 57.9 33.1 21.7 93.5 128 135 143 151 158 167 174 187 197 217 227 240 253 263 269 279 292 302 319 335 355 374 381 388 404 420 430 443 453 463 476 493 502 532 558 585 611 7.49 4.9 26.0 52.9 88.5 12.5 15.8 74.2 28.3 11.3 21.6 30.7 47.4 86.7 43.02 4.4 57.1 51.1 45.8 28.3 77.7 55.1 15.0 35.56 9.3 47.99 4.5 43.8 25.0 37.3 15.5 23.4 19.83 7.4 90.2 40.0 108 112 118 127 132 138 147 161 173 224 236 250 265 276 294 305 328 345 380 397 420 443 460 472 489 512 529 558 587 622 656 668 679 708 737 754 777 794 812 835 863 881 932 978 1024 1071 17.4 75.0 56.17 9.9 36.7 26.99 3.Cell Performance Data Available amperes at 20OC (68O F) fully charged Cell Type VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP 8 10 13 16 19 24 28 32 36 40 46 50 55 61 78 82 88 92 96 102 112 120 156 164 174 184 192 204 212 228 240 264 276 292 308 320 328 340 356 368 388 408 432 456 464 472 492 512 524 540 552 564 580 600 648 612 680 648 712 680 744 712 744 End Voltage 1.2 75.74 6.9 35.4 37.27 6.6 95.7 65.7 71.55 11.8 43.5 70.1 18.3 41.62 2.7 19.8 71.5 83.3 52.39 5.0 103 105 109 114 118 125 131 139 147 149 152 158 165 168 174 177 181 186 193 197 208 219 229 239 2.9 99.96 9.5 13.1 26.4 80.7 33.4 33.55 5.3 75.6 96.10 10.4 63.0 98.3 15.8 71.2 97.4 22.2 11.5 22.5 13.8 21.91 10.5 42.7 38.91 2.8 35.2 100 108 113 125 130 138 145 151 155 160 168 174 183 192 204 215 219 223 232 242 247 255 260 266 274 283 289 306 321 336 351 4.1 23.69 10.9 32.1 92.2 33.8 88.1 1.1 83.9 27.0 37.6 73.0 64.5 49.8 38.2 51.49 3.1 20.65 5.6 77.55 1.8 36.53 6.3 15.1 71.0 74.8 33.4 11.9 24.9 32.9 32.4 64.8 61.4 64.02 8.8 17.3 103 112 123 136 122 129 138 144 150 160 176 188 245 257 273 288 301 320 332 357 376 414 433 458 483 502 514 533 558 577 608 639 677 715 727 740 771 803 821 846 865 884 909 940 959 1016 1066 1116 1166 Discharge data is for cells after floating at 1.4 22.6 16.7 62.3 16.8 18.8 68.94 2.3 31.4 58.1 32.9 14.65 10.5 96.8 90.8 23.7 43.8 54.75 8.10 10.6 67.68 4.3 29.22 3.4 89.8 17.43 6.1 26.5 13.40 6.7 40.2 103 108 113 120 131 141 183 192 204 216 225 239 249 268 282 310 324 343 362 376 385 399 418 432 455 479 507 535 545 554 577 601 615 634 648 662 681 704 718 761 798 836 873 11.9 22.3 32.1 44.78 8.0 91.7 41.0 90.3 79.7 92.1 88.5 47.9 12.56 10.0 15.9 29.5 61.4 25.8 83.0 98.7 53.4 28.1 17.4 60.61 1.3 34.2 47.7 25.7 31.10 3.2 36.2 21.62 5.6 51.4 81.3 69.2 84.4 17.1 39.0 50.94 7.7 93.4 53.00 2.9 11.5 36.4 52.5 46.2 61.6 59.1 52.3 30.1 45.6 66.5 48.9 13.5 56.41 2.6 65.5 17.

5 46.0 44.69 5.6 92.9 38.9 38.2 84.3 88.9 33.0 97.9 48.8 15.61 10.5 102 108 113 120 125 134 141 155 162 172 181 188 193 200 209 216 228 240 254 268 273 278 289 301 308 318 325 332 341 353 360 381 400 419 438 6.15 7.96 1.5 28.7 33.34 3.9 50.5 88.8 35.30 2.4 18.4 81.1 37.6 76.5 11.55 1.9 55.5 60.2 31.9 22.3 13.8 14.1 91.9 26.0 57.3 12.61 10.1 92.9 52.9 81.3 64.3 36.8 51.3 32.3 35.96 6.8 65.0 92.7 60.0 60.1 33.6 35.8 81.2 18.7 42.8 43.5 15.0 16.61 11.0 53.8 96.90 4.0 29.9 101 106 113 119 121 123 128 133 137 141 144 147 151 156 159 169 177 186 194 2.9 45.3 64.0 42.92 10.7 34.1 69.8 31.1 57.6 31.8 77.4 23.4 22.3 21.8 44.8 62.4 0.61 4.9 54.5 40.7 48.5 63.0 59.67 4.7 19.8 13.6 50.7 77.6 77.1 18.7 31.1 52.59 5.5 58.5 25.1 27.0 68.47 6.7 44.90 5.77 0.7 40.7 66.26 2.37 4.4 55.4 13.52 8.42 Volts 19 .8 42.8 71.5 89.4 78.7 78.5 16.46 5.5 96.0 34.8 85.9 70.1 23.1 31.5 42.8 95.9 24.2 55.8 69.6 11.82 2.8 55.8 45.5 70.7 56.9 36.2 14.1 61.56 8.5 81.5 38.6 29.0 61.0 88.7 19.0 38.3 33.1 35.16 9.6 67.3 46.3 79.5 41.9 76.25 1.2 102 105 110 114 120 126 134 141 144 146 152 159 162 167 171 175 180 186 190 201 211 221 231 2.0 12.91 7.55 7.9 73.6 48.9 57.2 91.37 9.7 39.7 19.0 90.7 32.6 14.1 11.09 6.6 22.1 45.63 8.4 28.0 34.48 5.77 5.2 30.3 63.0 87.2 13.7 74.0 81.8 37.8 37.8 18.69 10.21 3.6 98.5 18.2 33.51 10.4 38.4 21.6 18.3 16.7 72.6 65.14V/cell Hours C5 Ah 8 10 13 16 19 24 28 32 36 40 46 50 55 61 78 82 88 92 96 102 112 120 156 164 174 184 192 204 212 228 240 264 276 292 308 320 328 340 356 368 388 408 432 456 464 472 492 512 524 540 552 564 580 600 612 648 680 712 744 Minutes Seconds 10 8 5 3 2 90 60 45 30 10 5 60 30 10 1 0.3 94.2 36.95 4.85 10.1 22.0 11.1 80.1 89.9 47.2 19.8 74.9 64.0 31.9 106 112 119 126 131 139 145 156 164 180 188 199 210 218 224 232 243 251 265 278 295 311 317 322 336 349 358 369 377 385 396 410 418 442 464 486 508 8.1 24.6 15.3 89.3 28.4 27.8 53.2 28.9 48.9 59.41 9.7 33.7 70.7 47.75 3.5 69.9 18.0 13.0 40.85 7.1 25.7 85.9 35.5 27.7 99.59 7.2 38.1 62.8 66.8 42.69 3.0 54.4 23.8 23.51 4.3 29.2 59.47 3.19 1.5 55.2 62.73 7.0 88.3 40.0 12.6 27.57 5.69 12.0 52.04 3.5 12.8 17.6 42.8 28.5 47.1 56.3 50.72 11.9 85.1 80.3 18.9 24.3 106 111 122 128 135 143 148 152 158 165 171 180 189 200 212 215 219 228 237 243 250 256 262 269 278 284 301 315 330 345 5.0 66.30 6.4 40.6 62.5 84.0 27.9 25.8 15.96 7.21 8.69 12.52 1.2 100 107 112 117 125 137 147 190 200 212 225 234 249 259 278 293 322 337 357 376 391 400 415 435 449 474 498 527 557 567 576 601 625 640 659 674 689 708 733 747 791 830 869 908 Discharge data is for cells after floating at 1.91 2.3 30.1 34.1 94.47 3.1 73.7 76.9 44.1 33.1 75.5 68.61 8.8 12.3 45.5 77.71 7.27 9.4 58.5 66.4 39.8 54.90 2.43 4.0 23.7 16.0 31.0 80.8 19.3 1.3 103 107 109 113 119 123 129 136 144 152 155 157 164 170 175 180 184 188 193 200 204 216 227 237 248 3.3 25.0 12.2 46.4 45.29 4.5 29.8 66.Cell Performance Data Available amperes at 20OC (68O F) fully charged Cell Type VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP 8 10 13 16 19 24 28 32 36 40 46 50 55 61 78 82 88 92 96 102 112 120 156 164 174 184 192 204 212 228 240 264 276 292 308 320 328 340 356 368 388 408 432 456 464 472 492 512 524 540 552 564 580 600 648 612 680 648 712 680 744 712 744 End Voltage 1.3 40.1 15.8 20.5 14.99 10.7 58.6 14.9 53.5 21.2 65.34 9.0 94.3 21.4 97.3 99.3 22.4 30.0 16.2 56.2 25.7 85.5 18.2 100 103 105 107 110 114 116 123 129 135 141 1.63 8.92 6.9 17.3 67.08 5.0 31.4 20.5 12.6 73.4 99.0 65.86 11.5 69.9 49.7 69.1 16.3 106 111 117 124 128 132 136 143 148 156 164 173 183 186 189 197 205 210 217 222 226 233 241 246 260 273 286 299 4.39 5.0 20.7 101 106 112 118 122 125 130 136 141 148 156 165 174 177 180 188 196 200 206 211 216 222 229 234 248 260 272 284 3.6 69.89 8.21 5.6 35.95 9.3 72.0 103 110 121 129 168 177 187 198 207 220 228 245 258 284 297 314 332 344 353 366 383 396 418 439 465 491 499 508 530 551 564 581 594 607 624 646 659 698 732 766 801 15.57 1.8 29.7 72.5 18.7 59.4 21.0 25.7 45.5 72.4 52.4 21.4 59.4 85.97 2.0 51.86 3.7 26.98 7.6 91.2 51.4 62.49 6.6 34.0 29.5 63.9 60.0 81.1 86.6 87.9 56.3 51.46 3.6 16.95 1.00 3.7 29.3 73.33 6.24 9.81 4.5 88.3 43.4 45.5 95.5 15.2 106 138 145 154 163 170 181 188 202 213 234 244 259 273 283 291 301 315 326 344 361 383 404 411 418 436 453 464 478 489 500 514 531 542 574 602 631 659 9.92 4.8 25.80 5.2 16.5 104 115 95.7 39.98 8.0 97.3 47.7 20.40 3.7 17.5 25.0 37.1 23.7 15.7 26.33 10.0 26.1 72.5 62.3 37.7 15.8 73.0 52.7 54.6 93.9 20.34 8.5 68.5 34.4 76.5 60.88 9.7 40.6 30.3 24.1 36.6 88.3 14.5 24.10 6.7 30.7 107 115 149 157 167 176 184 195 203 218 230 253 264 280 295 307 314 326 341 352 372 391 414 437 444 452 471 490 502 517 529 540 556 575 586 621 651 682 713 11.5 18.5 82.6 49.2 23.4 13.2 52.7 19.75 9.9 11.4 28.8 31.5 85.07 3.5 53.3 83.0 70.5 90.

5 22.1 21.0 52.33 5.80 6.8 18.64 5.8 23.9 46.9 48.7 25.1 54.5 32.43 7.2 75.8 81.4 23.3 71.3 81.2 44.1 54.2 45.5 21.5 23.9 57.3 22.3 87.6 57.4 43.8 92.3 71.4 96.7 48.9 18.7 78.1 29.7 67.8 15.6 11.2 17.0 83.2 57.4 107 126 133 142 149 155 165 181 194 252 265 281 298 311 330 343 369 388 427 446 472 498 518 530 550 576 595 627 660 699 737 750 763 796 828 847 873 893 912 938 970 990 1048 1100 1151 1203 18.15 11.1 26.8 48.6 1.67 5.0 79.0 36.7 88.9 13.3 64.9 27.0 54.8 71.9 83.7 29.4 22.68 4.5 23.4 25.52 1.75 3.8 70.6 61.8 42.7 27.8 74.6 95.0 75.9 66.37 5.8 45.6 37.16 1.2 40.6 70.55 10.6 33.88 2.0 43.6 41.84 6.3 71.0 102 118 128 141 156 169 177 190 199 208 221 242 260 338 355 377 398 416 442 459 493 519 571 597 632 667 693 710 736 771 797 840 883 935 987 1004 1022 1065 1108 1134 1169 1195 1221 1255 1299 1325 1403 1472 1541 1610 24.0 17.7 95.4 73.4 35.1 51.5 30.32 2.5 46.0 16.1 39.0 41.2 56.2 44.8 105 110 117 124 129 137 143 154 162 178 186 197 207 216 221 229 240 248 261 275 291 307 313 318 331 345 353 364 372 380 391 404 412 436 458 480 501 7.74 4.79 5.9 18.3 24.3 36.2 89.7 61.7 68.52 6.3 43.7 77.6 24.9 85.5 41.7 96.0 17.2 88.3 84.22 5.0 93.7 38.4 54.1 59.06 4.4 14.7 24.1 101 105 111 116 125 131 144 151 160 168 175 179 186 194 201 212 223 236 249 253 258 269 280 286 295 302 308 317 328 334 354 371 389 406 5.5 24.5 15.1 70.5 28.5 35.5 69.01 8.2 47.5 28.3 14.8 81.Cell Performance Data Available Watts at 20OC (68O F) fully charged Cell Type VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP 8 10 13 16 19 24 28 32 36 40 46 50 55 61 78 82 88 92 96 102 112 120 156 164 174 184 192 204 212 228 240 264 276 292 308 320 328 340 356 368 388 408 432 456 464 472 492 512 524 540 552 564 580 600 612 648 680 712 744 End Voltage 1.3 103 108 1.1 56.2 47.4 79.2 95.27 3.1 30.4 14.74 10.4 68.2 75.0 22.2 39.3 11.9 68.8 12.9 56.6 61.2 17.3 72.9 30.00V/cell Hours C5 Ah 8 10 13 16 19 24 28 32 36 40 46 50 55 61 78 82 88 92 96 102 112 120 156 164 174 184 192 204 212 228 240 264 276 292 308 320 328 340 356 368 388 408 432 456 464 472 492 512 524 540 552 564 580 600 612 648 680 712 744 Minutes Seconds 10 8 5 3 2 90 60 45 30 10 5 60 30 10 1 0.72 8.2 19.6 100 105 110 116 128 137 178 187 199 210 219 233 242 260 274 301 315 333 352 365 374 388 406 420 443 466 493 521 530 539 562 584 598 616 630 644 662 685 699 740 776 813 849 12.45 7.6 35.7 13.6 44.4 49.4 42.4 80.9 29.2 91.5 37.8 20.42 Volts 20 .0 18.0 67.5 12.66 10.4 65.00 8.9 42.2 53.2 39.1 32.3 19.0 77.8 18.0 24.0 15.8 52.9 33.1 62.84 2.3 42.9 12.6 47.9 14.6 32.84 11.1 18.3 98.9 104 106 108 113 117 120 123 126 129 133 137 140 148 156 163 170 2.6 81.9 34.2 97.97 8.5 69.6 27.03 8.3 60.5 52.9 69.7 14.8 86.5 83.67 7.0 62.7 32.5 55.3 65.2 11.8 102 117 132 146 168 183 201 223 224 236 253 265 276 293 322 345 449 472 501 529 552 587 610 656 690 759 794 840 886 921 944 978 1024 1059 1116 1174 1243 1312 1335 1358 1415 1473 1507 1554 1588 1623 1669 1726 1761 1864 1956 2048 2140 Discharge data is for cells after floating at 1.84 10.3 21.0 62.3 98.8 28.45 1.6 27.4 20.3 13.7 16.7 26.1 63.1 37.1 20.5 39.8 77.9 37.4 55.0 40.87 2.4 93.22 2.0 118 124 133 139 145 154 170 182 236 248 264 279 291 309 321 345 363 400 418 442 466 485 497 515 539 557 588 618 654 691 703 715 745 775 794 818 836 854 878 909 927 981 1030 1078 1127 14.3 37.6 21.8 89.3 53.21 10.0 23.3 33.3 60.13 9.4 63.8 16.5 27.9 86.7 11.80 3.99 3.0 64.3 52.7 30.29 9.2 65.2 10.5 39.90 9.6 37.5 45.4 53.41 7.1 43.3 62.08 9.25 7.37 5.0 89.6 98.6 75.2 71.5 84.5 64.0 31.0 105 137 144 152 161 168 179 186 200 210 231 242 256 270 280 287 298 312 322 340 357 378 399 406 413 431 448 459 473 483 494 508 525 536 567 595 623 651 7.6 41.4 49.93 1.3 38.48 4.0 14.6 49.2 82.0 101 107 113 118 121 125 131 135 143 150 159 168 171 173 181 188 193 198 203 207 213 221 225 238 250 262 273 4.2 77.1 74.8 33.8 88.2 101 111 119 155 163 172 182 190 202 210 226 238 262 274 289 305 317 325 337 353 365 385 404 428 452 460 468 488 508 519 535 547 559 575 595 607 642 674 706 738 9.1 30.2 48.37 8.21 4.1 50.8 13.3 59.0 35.7 75.3 11.6 20.0 77.1 66.8 21.7 27.6 58.95 3.3 21.89 7.9 60.9 64.9 55.9 30.2 22.8 35.5 106 116 127 141 155 163 175 183 191 203 223 239 310 326 346 366 382 406 421 453 477 525 549 580 612 636 652 676 708 732 771 811 859 906 922 938 978 1018 1042 1073 1097 1121 1153 1193 1217 1288 1352 1415 1479 20.2 59.6 85.17 1.6 31.4 108 121 139 151 166 184 192 202 217 227 237 252 276 296 385 405 429 454 474 503 523 563 592 651 681 721 760 790 809 839 878 908 957 1007 1066 1125 1145 1165 1214 1263 1293 1333 1362 1392 1431 1481 1510 1599 1678 1757 1836 29.1 49.4 84.87 12.5 50.5 87.1 33.68 4.2 62.1 34.3 25.1 80.1 57.7 16.3 13.2 26.30 2.0 42.38 6.0 80.3 92.8 48.76 11.7 93.7 87.

6 18.3 70.8 31.4 68.8 44.4 103 110 116 121 129 134 144 151 167 174 184 194 202 207 214 225 232 245 257 272 288 293 298 310 323 331 341 348 356 366 378 386 409 429 449 469 6.8 87.6 11.4 10.0 37.95 10.8 24.7 26.6 40.5 30.1 38.5 22.6 79.6 63.04 8.4 26.1 58.7 23.7 22.1 27.1 70.94 6.0 83.6 36.4 94.3 70.5 54.0 24.7 33.0 36.28 9.37 8.7 45.4 94.2 17.6 82.4 77.9 43.4 72.9 92.2 49.6 86.0 25.46 5.8 11.8 39.3 22.8 34.31 3.6 62.0 18.4 34.80 3.4 51.8 28.36 7.6 85.3 25.3 47.7 55.4 14.3 64.7 14.4 83.9 13.0 78.91 8.1 18.7 54.5 16.4 49.5 19.6 29.39 8.9 28.3 61.8 74.5 65.42 Volts 21 .2 62.6 40.1 38.56 9.95 12.3 12.8 33.0 20.4 20.7 86.0 41.75 5.8 53.9 43.11 8.2 34.6 76.0 27.4 18.9 55.2 101 108 113 118 126 138 148 192 202 215 227 237 252 261 281 296 325 340 360 380 395 404 419 439 454 478 503 533 562 572 582 607 631 646 666 681 695 715 740 755 799 838 878 917 11.70 4.0 15.8 25.7 98.4 91.5 28.5 31.9 60.3 81.63 11.7 81.3 23.4 17.73 8.3 104 109 1.0 93.84 12.4 46.54 6.8 36.54 4.4 41.4 69.8 100 106 108 110 114 119 122 125 128 131 135 139 142 150 158 165 173 2.9 36.8 23.8 16.6 61.4 25.26 2.4 12.2 51.5 14.7 52.4 11.3 80.8 44.28 4.7 63.9 57.72 5.7 39.93 7.8 25.1 34.0 14.53 7.7 61.9 16.3 45.1 66.95 1.54 1.9 28.1 34.4 102 133 140 148 157 163 174 181 194 204 225 235 249 262 272 279 290 303 313 330 347 368 388 395 402 419 436 446 460 470 480 494 511 521 552 579 606 634 7.5 90.5 62.1 99.14 5.85 3.7 48.2 37.3 42.7 34.7 47.2 31.7 59.5 74.9 38.2 51.3 100 110 118 153 161 171 181 189 200 208 224 236 259 271 287 303 314 322 334 350 362 381 401 424 448 456 464 483 503 515 530 542 554 570 589 601 637 668 699 731 9.3 30.9 26.85 2.0 50.9 46.5 61.07 6.05V/cell Hours C5 Ah 8 10 13 16 19 24 28 32 36 40 46 50 55 61 78 82 88 92 96 102 112 120 156 164 174 184 192 204 212 228 240 264 276 292 308 320 328 340 356 368 388 408 432 456 464 472 492 512 524 540 552 564 580 600 612 648 680 712 744 Minutes Seconds 10 8 5 3 2 90 60 45 30 10 5 60 30 10 1 0.2 70.2 31.2 14.9 80.2 79.24 9.4 90.1 69.4 19.5 58.1 19.5 78.8 43.8 96.6 54.32 9.4 21.4 42.1 67.3 35.6 20.3 14.4 29.5 64.6 89.5 47.3 88.6 72.6 39.3 52.47 7.5 21.6 25.2 27.7 99.1 32.1 45.0 53.6 40.4 16.1 18.9 66.0 71.7 85.7 88.9 74.3 42.0 76.0 29.7 103 109 114 122 129 142 148 157 165 172 176 182 191 197 208 219 232 245 249 253 264 275 281 290 296 303 311 322 328 348 365 382 399 5.6 67.47 1.7 31.0 107 113 121 126 132 140 154 165 214 225 239 253 264 280 291 313 330 363 379 401 423 439 450 467 489 505 533 560 593 626 637 648 676 703 720 742 758 775 796 824 840 890 934 978 1022 15.89 10.34 8.3 12.80 4.6 90.18 1.4 69.39 5.4 35.1 22.9 77.Cell Performance Data Available Watts at 20OC (68O F) fully charged Cell Type VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP 8 10 13 16 19 24 28 32 36 40 46 50 55 61 78 82 88 92 96 102 112 120 156 164 174 184 192 204 212 228 240 264 276 292 308 320 328 340 356 368 388 408 432 456 464 472 492 512 524 540 552 564 580 600 612 648 680 712 744 End Voltage 1.9 23.90 6.0 33.7 118 137 144 154 161 168 179 196 210 273 287 305 322 336 357 371 399 420 462 483 511 539 560 574 596 624 645 680 715 757 799 813 827 862 897 918 946 967 988 1016 1051 1072 1135 1191 1247 1303 17.3 15.7 87.0 41.19 1.24 10.45 12.6 80.9 78.2 19.99 11.2 103 118 128 141 157 164 173 185 194 202 215 236 253 328 345 366 387 404 429 446 480 505 556 581 614 648 673 690 715 749 774 816 859 909 960 976 993 1035 1077 1103 1136 1162 1187 1221 1263 1288 1364 1431 1498 1566 25.7 44.9 13.92 2.8 56.6 52.4 84.3 76.8 49.7 48.0 57.8 20.9 28.8 85.96 3.2 52.4 22.9 32.7 89.0 13.2 38.8 69.0 22.6 41.7 87.5 119 125 133 140 146 156 162 174 183 201 211 223 235 244 250 259 272 281 296 311 329 348 354 360 375 391 400 412 421 430 442 458 467 494 519 543 567 6.5 21.1 19.7 60.2 68.00 3.5 34.1 12.2 73.3 98.3 42.18 9.7 66.5 67.5 57.6 31.71 4.8 76.1 72.7 52.3 20.4 14.7 38.0 12.4 36.0 82.7 49.24 10.6 75.90 2.6 90.3 97.0 51.5 103 116 129 149 162 178 197 191 201 216 226 235 250 275 294 383 402 427 451 471 500 520 559 589 648 677 716 755 785 805 834 873 903 952 1001 1060 1118 1138 1158 1207 1256 1285 1325 1354 1383 1423 1472 1501 1589 1668 1746 1825 Discharge data is for cells after floating at 1.2 77.78 7.4 22.0 47.2 31.7 26.7 15.6 29.5 20.65 10.82 5.8 43.1 40.5 59.18 6.6 61.7 24.1 79.1 76.6 65.31 5.33 3.6 24.1 48.0 66.7 57.6 55.8 71.0 46.2 104 110 116 120 123 128 134 138 146 153 162 171 174 177 185 192 197 203 207 212 218 225 230 243 255 267 279 4.5 101 109 120 133 146 154 165 173 180 192 210 225 293 308 327 346 361 383 398 428 451 496 518 548 578 601 616 639 669 691 729 766 811 856 871 886 924 962 984 1014 1037 1059 1089 1127 1149 1217 1277 1337 1397 20.0 60.7 61.1 94.6 47.4 75.1 18.9 95.8 17.0 106.13 4.36 2.6 1.9 49.2 13.5 12.6 71.1 64.

3 40.6 92.5 11.7 76.20 1.8 108 122 128 137 144 150 159 175 187 243 256 271 287 300 318 331 356 374 412 431 456 480 499 512 530 555 574 605 637 674 711 724 736 768 799 817 842 861 880 905 936 955 1011 1061 1111 1161 16.5 85.2 64.1 18.40 5.0 22.8 26.5 86.0 25.4 30.7 100 104 111 122 130 170 178 189 200 209 222 231 248 261 287 300 318 335 348 357 370 387 400 422 444 470 496 505 513 535 557 570 587 600 613 631 652 665 705 739 774 809 12.82 8.4 33.6 61.1 43.2 43.30 7.2 73.0 44.6 61.87 10.0 50.7 27.4 81.7 86.9 77.7 23.0 18.04 11.2 38.3 51.29 9.0 24.6 96.0 45.7 11.96 1.4 43.8 99.7 17.39 10.8 18.86 7.5 72.7 21.37 5.3 42.1 68.1 26.6 14.96 6.27 10.3 14.8 88.0 72.38 2.55 4.1 69.4 22.0 76.27 11.13 9.6 15.32 4.8 72.41 8.7 50.0 34.0 17.8 89.7 34.58 10.7 104 111 117 129 135 143 151 156 160 166 174 180 190 199 211 223 227 231 240 250 256 264 270 276 283 293 299 317 332 348 364 4.6 15.8 88.8 36.5 79.3 14.10 8.3 63.1 19.6 12.0 40.2 31.8 79.7 49.1 57.2 40.43 10.7 71.6 51.46 8.3 49.4 43.9 70.1 73.7 20.8 75.5 62.5 47.8 56.3 55.9 22.2 12.2 48.71 7.5 87.8 23.94 2.7 20.4 23.2 81.9 84.0 46.7 28.4 56.2 95.9 49.4 33.2 59.7 45.0 63.7 54.2 101 106 112 118 123 126 131 137 141 149 157 166 175 178 181 189 197 201 207 212 217 223 231 235 249 261 274 286 3.2 69.6 69.1 31.1 52.60 7.2 28.60 8.2 100 110 118 153 161 171 181 188 200 208 224 235 259 271 286 302 314 322 334 349 361 381 400 424 447 455 463 483 502 514 530 542 553 569 589 600 636 667 699 730 9.7 85.2 85.4 33.4 75.1 20.1 38.56 6.1 103 108 115 121 127 134 140 150 158 174 182 192 203 211 216 224 235 243 256 269 285 301 306 311 324 337 345 356 364 372 382 395 403 427 448 469 490 5.9 12.8 46.10V/cell Hours C5 Ah 8 10 13 16 19 24 28 32 36 40 46 50 55 61 78 82 88 92 96 102 112 120 156 164 174 184 192 204 212 228 240 264 276 292 308 320 328 340 356 368 388 408 432 456 464 472 492 512 524 540 552 564 580 600 612 648 680 712 744 Minutes Seconds 10 8 5 3 2 90 60 45 30 10 5 60 30 10 1 0.1 71.3 31.3 67.2 27.56 1.40 4.1 31.45 8.5 50.9 39.20 9.1 104 108 115 120 129 135 149 156 165 174 180 185 192 201 207 219 230 244 257 262 266 277 289 295 304 311 318 327 338 345 365 383 401 419 5.9 97.44 5.49 1.4 68.4 21.00 6.2 52.3 66.2 81.0 27.2 15.7 40.6 17.7 64.6 47.0 46.0 74.2 28.19 1.84 4.19 5.3 48.3 27.2 28.5 32.0 71.0 66.9 55.3 89.7 73.68 12.0 58.6 12.1 40.28 2.0 67.7 35.6 86.9 93.6 31.9 54.6 100 106 108 109 114 119 121 125 128 131 134 139 142 150 158 165 172 2.4 85.17 4.9 24.6 17.4 14.71 4.77 5.0 84.42 5.6 19.4 78.36 3.3 124 130 138 146 152 162 168 181 191 210 219 232 245 254 260 270 283 292 308 324 343 362 368 375 391 407 416 429 438 448 461 476 486 515 540 565 591 7.7 18.3 65.1 50.3 48.9 67.9 37.3 94.83 3.9 95.2 28.8 36.49 7.8 82.5 15.8 101 105 110 1.8 67.3 25.5 20.3 56.9 54.4 53.Cell Performance Data Available Watts at 20OC (68O F) fully charged Cell Type VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP 8 10 13 16 19 24 28 32 36 40 46 50 55 61 78 82 88 92 96 102 112 120 156 164 174 184 192 204 212 228 240 264 276 292 308 320 328 340 356 368 388 408 432 456 464 472 492 512 524 540 552 564 580 600 612 648 680 712 744 End Voltage 1.2 49.3 23.0 67.5 39.9 21.2 16.4 60.6 12.42 Volts 22 .4 96.2 17.6 36.5 33.5 95.3 96.4 74.7 39.1 59.5 32.8 42.0 89.9 22.0 109 115 123 129 135 143 157 168 219 230 244 258 269 286 297 320 337 370 387 410 432 449 460 477 499 516 544 572 606 640 651 662 690 718 735 757 774 791 813 842 858 909 954 999 1044 14.9 73.8 38.3 90.0 11.5 33.3 26.0 78.9 21.1 40.7 90.5 25.1 28.6 87.24 6.74 9.3 22.77 10.88 3.92 2.3 18.6 14.77 7.5 48.9 92.5 12.9 84.9 34.9 65.7 44.2 45.0 88.0 60.9 63.2 43.7 14.6 15.4 64.5 27.6 26.34 9.5 80.2 39.2 69.9 94.3 13.85 2.1 21.32 9.6 1.2 59.2 13.2 29.4 30.1 81.5 42.80 5.5 56.9 64.1 23.0 107 123 133 147 163 146 154 165 172 180 191 210 225 292 307 326 345 360 382 397 427 450 494 517 547 577 599 614 637 667 689 727 764 809 854 869 884 922 959 981 1011 1034 1056 1086 1124 1146 1214 1274 1334 1394 Discharge data is for cells after floating at 1.6 15.8 35.4 57.0 56.1 13.6 83.4 112 118 125 132 138 147 153 164 173 190 199 210 222 230 236 245 256 265 279 294 311 328 334 340 354 369 377 389 397 406 418 432 441 466 490 513 536 6.7 44.1 67.7 38.9 105 116 129 134 141 151 158 165 175 193 206 268 282 299 316 330 351 365 392 413 454 475 502 530 550 564 585 612 633 667 702 743 784 798 812 846 880 901 928 949 970 997 1032 1052 1114 1169 1224 1279 21.8 20.8 32.8 43.1 24.3 52.2 76.5 54.4 13.8 78.7 58.32 3.1 39.4 27.1 27.8 30.0 36.5 21.0 46.4 80.0 62.2 58.0 20.3 25.6 51.0 76.52 6.8 44.4 12.0 40.72 3.52 10.7 16.0 31.7 42.9 81.2 24.0 18.5 63.8 88.7 77.4 98.44 6.09 11.28 6.8 35.5 36.4 36.0 61.6 63.16 9.4 54.0 13.1 16.2 80.0 12.8 18.5 18.01 3.8 25.6 59.58 4.7 63.

8 30.17 1.0 18.6 58.6 63.76 10.2 38.20 8.8 22.2 22.91 11.1 31.44 8.5 103 111 117 129 135 142 150 156 160 166 174 179 189 199 211 222 226 230 240 250 255 263 269 275 283 293 298 316 332 347 363 4.3 16.2 22.00 3.40 8.1 22.6 22.2 94.9 54.4 31.2 20.7 76.0 55.5 25.8 28.1 23.2 42.3 17.8 85.6 50.6 11.4 43.25 8.7 36.2 56.79 5.1 60.4 26.55 6.0 17.9 99.24 7.8 96.93 1.7 13.80 3.2 94.16 1.27 3.2 45.1 49.4 19.4 23.9 41.8 12.76 5.4 14.9 52.5 94.3 24.6 34.91 2.6 21.1 48.6 28.5 20.6 77.4 84.2 14.7 22.46 5.3 35.8 65.52 1.9 63.57 7.63 5.7 68.6 28.7 54.7 51.9 44.8 54.7 65.71 12.4 99.7 44.4 51.8 58.0 40.6 47.8 15.1 72.3 94.0 58.0 29.8 20.48 5.3 72.6 44.3 97.4 98.9 42.9 28.35 12.2 18.6 59.5 45.7 24.0 85.9 48.0 42.4 25.2 11.1 64.05 9.0 66.1 40.67 7.42 6.5 82.4 52.2 63.4 15.42 Volts 23 .4 60.96 6.39 5.6 55.0 49.6 58.2 104 109 1.7 68.9 33.4 31.96 8.8 85.8 79.1 12.8 95.5 106 111 123 128 136 143 149 152 158 165 171 180 189 201 212 216 219 229 238 243 251 256 262 269 279 284 301 316 331 346 4.4 30.59 10.6 13.5 25.5 89.7 93.65 4.9 30.0 46.4 26.7 58.8 22.1 30.5 31.19 8.0 29.5 74.7 19.55 7.8 80.2 20.1 14.8 15.9 17.8 22.6 55.4 37.9 46.4 70.7 105 107 109 114 118 121 125 127 130 134 138 141 150 157 164 172 2.40 3.5 63.9 36.9 63.0 45.92 3.6 17.11 6.0 34.Cell Performance Data Available Watts at 20OC (68O F) fully charged Cell Type VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP VRPP 8 10 13 16 19 24 28 32 36 40 46 50 55 61 78 82 88 92 96 102 112 120 156 164 174 184 192 204 212 228 240 264 276 292 308 320 328 340 356 368 388 408 432 456 464 472 492 512 524 540 552 564 580 600 612 648 680 712 744 End Voltage 1.5 77.9 46.1 43.3 25.0 16.5 44.2 107 112 118 125 130 133 138 144 149 157 165 175 185 188 191 199 207 212 219 224 228 235 243 248 262 275 288 301 4.0 17.7 67.3 76.0 73.8 90.8 74.1 57.8 55.9 25.84 6.3 24.32 2.1 38.9 1.9 53.39 9.1 26.6 70.0 38.9 16.6 27.8 13.05 4.8 40.66 7.6 33.5 101 104 108 113 116 123 129 137 144 147 149 156 162 166 171 175 179 184 190 194 205 215 225 236 2.73 4.2 23.5 40.7 14.6 37.9 89.4 10.1 58.6 99.5 45.5 80.20 4.5 27.74 5.6 37.64 8.5 38.47 4.7 61.4 12.6 16.9 89.6 92.2 87.6 62.4 20.69 10.7 90.22 2.5 36.0 83.1 67.8 82.1 25.7 34.3 29.9 65.0 64.21 5.92 10.96 6.8 14.2 84.3 12.9 20.27 9.9 33.3 38.6 51.8 49.5 89.4 48.4 35.7 16.4 23.2 29.4 32.0 37.8 87.9 80.0 14.93 8.2 19.2 70.9 33.2 66.6 12.09 5.1 104 108 115 119 128 135 149 156 165 174 180 185 192 201 207 219 230 243 257 261 266 277 289 295 304 311 318 327 338 345 365 383 401 419 6.0 13.2 58.01 3.3 76.3 37.45 1.7 98.18 9.5 78.5 76.25 10.2 47.1 13.17 5.9 92.2 35.31 3.6 87.4 92.34 4.9 71.0 16.2 80.14V/cell Hours C5 Ah 8 10 13 16 19 24 28 32 36 40 46 50 55 61 78 82 88 92 96 102 112 120 156 164 174 184 192 204 212 228 240 264 276 292 308 320 328 340 356 368 388 408 432 456 464 472 492 512 524 540 552 564 580 600 612 648 680 712 744 Minutes Seconds 10 8 5 3 2 90 60 45 30 10 5 60 30 10 1 0.3 19.7 91.22 9.0 34.88 2.0 12.3 14.7 56.1 53.3 45.2 36.4 71.3 47.8 23.1 53.4 97.5 82.5 55.7 99.70 4.4 104 110 116 120 123 128 134 139 146 154 163 172 175 178 185 193 197 203 208 212 218 226 230 244 256 268 280 3.8 68.6 72.7 73.3 35.5 22.7 72.9 92.4 57.1 73.1 33.0 76.8 44.8 89.2 51.0 11.0 46.85 2.5 67.83 11.2 42.9 11.3 21.2 63.0 30.2 80.4 18.2 60.3 84.5 82.5 61.2 15.1 22.2 99.2 32.0 27.8 32.8 27.7 13.7 78.6 36.3 41.3 73.32 9.8 28.4 102 107 112 119 130 140 182 191 203 214 223 237 247 265 279 307 321 340 358 372 382 396 414 428 452 475 503 531 540 549 573 596 610 628 642 656 675 698 712 754 791 829 866 14.4 40.6 87.6 99.48 9.9 35.7 68.8 111 117 124 132 137 146 152 163 172 189 197 209 220 229 234 243 254 263 277 292 309 326 332 337 352 366 375 386 395 403 415 429 437 463 486 509 532 7.9 67.9 55.5 18.3 69.8 38.3 42.7 26.5 12.8 64.1 18.3 15.05 10.4 42.4 42.6 87.92 10.8 75.69 7.5 69.0 84.8 28.6 80.5 76.9 29.0 103 110 121 129 168 176 187 198 207 220 228 245 258 284 297 314 331 344 353 366 383 396 418 439 465 491 499 508 529 551 564 581 594 607 624 646 659 697 732 766 801 11.9 72.2 49.3 24.9 88.75 3.6 107 102 107 115 120 126 133 146 157 204 214 228 241 251 267 277 298 314 345 361 382 403 419 429 445 466 481 507 534 565 596 607 617 643 670 685 706 722 738 759 785 800 847 889 931 973 18.8 40.47 7.0 38.90 4.8 18.7 19.7 47.8 14.5 63.2 76.8 43.2 66.9 25.3 41.5 129 136 144 153 159 169 176 189 199 219 229 242 255 265 272 282 295 305 322 338 358 378 385 391 408 425 435 448 458 468 481 498 508 537 564 590 617 10.79 6.4 20.6 84.6 51.1 34.6 67.9 106 115 126 140 116 122 131 136 142 151 166 178 231 243 258 273 285 303 315 338 356 392 409 433 457 475 487 504 528 546 576 605 641 676 688 700 730 760 777 801 819 837 860 890 908 961 1009 1056 1104 Discharge data is for cells after floating at 1.6 85.3 79.9 49.2 83.1 37.1 80.

B32-1 B41/42 296 703 434 818 572 933 440 440 788 844 650 650 903 959 860 860 1018 1074 440 440 B31-2 B31-3 B31-4 B31-5 B31-6 436 604 774 942 788 788 788 788 644 896 903 903 852 1018 436 604 774 942 844 844 844 844 644 896 B41-2 B41-3 B41-4 B41-5 B41-6 565 W 2 STEP W 565 H 3 STEP 481 565 673 959 959 852 H 1160 1160 1074 481 565 729 1320 1320 W 2 TIER 3 STEP H 4 STEP W H W H 434 1450 572 1700 1400 1550 650 650 1620 1800 860 860 1850 2050 436 604 774 942 1400 1400 1400 1400 644 896 1620 1620 852 1850 436 604 774 942 1550 1550 1550 644 896 1800 1800 852 2050 Calculation of length : length of rack = (x + 5) x no.e. Important changes : 1. 2 tier rack . B 23-1.4.3. reducing the width of rack by angle width. The changes have been taken into consideration while calculating above dimension. B 24-1) = width of cell or block cell for cross-wise mounting ( i. 1 tier rack 24 2 step. 1 tier rack 1 step.4 & B 41-2. For single tier racks lower step gable height increased to 300mm instead of 115mm for better accessibility of bottom row cells and terminal assembly. 3. 2 tier rack 2 step. B 32-1. 4. REF 1 TIER 2 STEP 1 STEP W 4 STEP 1 STEP H W H W H B21/B22 B23/B24 B31/32.6 ) The value of length should be rounded-off to nearest to 50 mm and 5mm should be added. 1 tier rack 3 step.5. of block cells in a row ( for all block cells ) Where x = length of cell or block cell for row-wise mounting ( i. But for two tier racks lower step gable height is maintained as 115mm since terminal assembly will be provided on the upper tier. B 41. 2 tier rack 4 step. 1 tier rack 3 step.Battery arrangement as per rack design CONT. 2. 1 step. For B 31.3. 2 tier rack 4 step. Rack legs or side supporters assembled to inside. For B 31-2. B 21-1.e.

com UNITED KINGDOM HBLNIFE (UK) Ltd.17A.com Plot No.com . Navi Mumbai . Mahaveer Center. 4 Ahmed EL Shiemy. Central Street.44. St. INDIA E-mail: contact@hblnife. Bangalore . Tel: +91-522-610555 Email:lucknow@hblnife.hblnife. Tel: (202) 2970280. Kolkatta . Uttar Pradesh . Kwun Tong.A. P. Tel: 00 852 8103 1133.net. Rm. Sharjah U.E. Selangor. Shivaji Nagar. Tel: 603-55418546.Box: 8446. Gautam Budh Nagar. SAIF Zone . Lucknow . New Nozha-Helicpolis-CAIRO-EGYPT. Dist.700 064.hk KOLKATTA BD-79 (Ground Floor). Fax: (202) 2965364 Email : aeco@link.29. Fax: +91-22-7893512 Email:mumbai@hblnife.net B-52. Fax: +91-33-3599173 Email:calcutta@hblnife. Warwickshire.Mktg. Malaysia.600 040. 5th Street. Banjara Hills. Tel : +44(0) 1788 553577. Tel: +91-80-51130303.500 034.A. Tel: +91-33-3599174. Seksyen 19.com HONG KONG HBL NIFE China & HK LTD.ae No.2432738 Email:delhi@hblnife. 3218060. II Floor Sector 17.Overseas offices Offices in India EGYPT NOIDA HBL NIFE EGYPT S. 618. Kowloon Hong Kong. Fax: +91-80-51130306 Email:bangalore@hblnife. Hoi Luen Centre.560 001.F1 Towers.com www.A. Chennai .. Fax : +44(0) 1788 540937 Email:contact@hblnifeuk. CV 21 2NP.com U. Hoi Yuen Road. Sector-44. UK.3055.201 301. Rugby../11-2003 No. 55. Block A. Nehrunagar. Tel: +91-22-78933498. Fax +91-120. Tel: +91-44-6261329. Fax: 00 852 8203 6363 Email : battery@hblnife.226001.com LUCKNOW No.E.400 705.com BANGALORE HBL NIFE Power Systems Limited Road # 10.Unit 30 Webb Ellis Business Park. 7891095. MUMBAI HBL NIFE Power Systems Ltd. Noida.2432737. Vashi. Woodside park. No. 37 Contonment Road.com Corp. Sector 1.O.407/509.4. Tel: +91-120-2432734 . Tele Fax: +91-44-6200073 Email:chennai@hblnife. Fax: 603-55418626 Email : hblmalaysia@hotmail.com. Jalan Nelayan 19/A. BHD.com MALAYSIA CHENNAI HBL TECHNOLOGIES (M) SDN. Tel:00 971-6-5571659 Email : hblnife@emirates. 40300 Shah Alam.E.5.. Hyderabad .. Fax:00 971-6-5570659. Salt Lake City.