Divisibility Tests

There are many quick ways of telling whether or not a whole number is divisible by certain basic whole numbers. These can be useful tricks, especially for large numbers.

Order of Operations
The order of operations for complicated calculations is as follows: 1) Perform operations within parentheses. 2) Multiply and divide, whichever comes first, from left to right. 3) Add and subtract, whichever comes first, from left to right. Example: 1 + 20 × (6 + 2) ÷ 2 = 1 + 20 × 8 ÷ 2 = 1 + 160 ÷ 2 = 1 + 80 = 81.

Divisibility by 2
A whole number is divisible by 2 if the digit in its units position is even, (either 0, 2, 4, 6, or 8). Examples: The number 84 is divisible by 2 since the digit in the units position is 4, which is even. The number 333336 is divisible by 2 since the digit in the units position is 6, which is even. The number 1297000 is divisible by 2 since the digit in the units position is 0, which is even.

Divisibility by 3
A whole number is divisible by 3 if the sum of all its digits is divisible by 3. Examples: The number 177 is divisible by three, since the sum of its digits is 15, which is divisible by 3. The number 8882151 is divisible by three, since the sum of its digits is 33, which is divisible by 3. The number 162345 is divisible by three, since the sum of its digits is 21, which is divisible by 3.

is divided by three. the remainder when the number is divided by 4 is the same as the remainder when the last two digits are divided by 4. is divisible by 4. If a number is not divisible by 4. which is not divisible by 3. 45. the sum of its digits. the remainder is 1. is not divisible by 4. since the sum of its digits is 17. is divisible by 4. 36. is divisible by 4. The number 343370 is divisible by 5 since the last digit is 0. The number 1333336 is divisible by 4 since the number formed by its last two digits. the remainder when it is divided by 3 is the same as the remainder when the sum of its digits is divided by 3. When 172345 is divided by 3. the remainder is 2. the sum of its digits.If a number is not divisible by 3. since when 22. . is divided by three. When 3248 is divided by 3. The number 1297000 is divisible by 4 since the number formed by its last two digits. Divisibility by 5 A whole number is divisible by 5 if the digit in its units position is 0 or 5. the remainder is 2. Examples: The number 3248 is not divisible by 3. Example: The number 172345 is not divisible by 4. 0. Divisibility by 4 A whole number is divisible by 4 if the number formed by the last two digits is divisible by 4. The number 172345 is not divisible by 3. 24. Examples: The number 3124 is divisible by 4 since the number formed by its last two digits. the remainder is 1. Examples: The number 95 is divisible by 5 since the last digit is 5. since the number formed by its last two digits. When 172345 is divided by 4. since when 17. since the sum of its digits is 22. which is not divisible by 3. the remainder is 1. The number 129700195 is divisible by 5 since the last digit is 5. the remainder is 1. since when 45 is divided by 4.

since its units digit is even. The number 367942 is not divisible by 6. The number 339122483984 is divisible by 8 since the number formed by its last three digits. is not divisible by 8. since the number formed by its last three digits. 24. The number 7332899 is not divisible by 5. . is divisible by 8. since the last digit is 9. the remainder is 4. since 2 divided by 5 is 0 with a remainder of 2.If a number is not divisible by 5. is divisible by 8. The number 17723000 is divisible by 8 since the number formed by its last three digits. the remainder is 5. the remainder when the number is divided by 8 is the same as the remainder when the last three digits are divided by 8. so the number 367942 is not divisible by 3. The number 297663 is not divisible by 6. which is not divisible by 3. Examples: The number 88863024 is divisible by 8 since the number formed by its last three digits. which is divisible by 3. since it is not divisible by 3. Examples: The number 714558 is divisible by 6. the remainder is 5. When 145632 is divided by 5. 984. Example: The number 172045 is not divisible by 8. We can use each of the divisibility tests to check if a number is divisible by 6: its units digit is even and the sum of its digits is divisible by 3. since its units digit is not even. since when 45 is divided by 8. since 9 divided by 5 is 1 with a remainder of 4. 45. 0. Divisibility by 6 A number is divisible by 6 if it is divisible by 2 and divisible by 3. When 7332899 is divided by 5. Divisibility by 8 A whole number is divisible by 8 if the number formed by the last three digits is divisible by 8. the remainder is 2. is divisible by 8. When 172345 is divided by 8. Example: The number 145632 is not divisible by 5. If a number is not divisible by 8. and the sum of its digits is 30. The sum of its digits is 31. since the last digit is 2. the remainder when it is divided by 5 is the same as the remainder when the last digit is divided by 5.

the remainder is 4. the remainder is 4. When 3248 is divided by 9. the sum of its digits. Divisibility by 10 A whole number is divisible by 10 if the digit in its units position is 0. since the last digit is 2. The number 762345 is divisible by nine. since the sum of its digits is 18. the remainder is 8. Examples: The number 1229570 is divisible by 10 since the last digit is 0. since the sum of its digits is 36. since the sum of its digits is 22. since the last digit is 9. When 145632 is divided by 10.Divisibility by 9 A whole number is divisible by 9 if the sum of all its digits is divisible by 9. When 7332899 is divided by 10. since when 17. the remainder is 4. Examples: The number 1737 is divisible by nine. the remainder is 2. the remainder is 8. which is not divisible by 9. since the sum of its digits is 17. is divided by 9. The number 7332899 is not divisible by 10. is divided by 9. The number 676767000 is divisible by 10 since the last digit is 0. which is divisible by 9. Examples: The number 3248 is not divisible by 9. which is divisible by 9. the sum of its digits. Examples: The number 145632 is not divisible by 10. since when 22. which is not divisible by 9. The number 8882451 is divisible by nine. since the units digit is 2. If a number is not divisible by 9. the remainder when it is divided by 10 is the same as the units digit. since the sum of its digits is 27. The number 172345 is not divisible by 9. When 172345 is divided by 9. . the remainder when it is divided by 9 is the same as the remainder when the sum of its digits is divided by 9. since the units digit is 9. The number 129700190 is divisible by 10 since the last digit is 0. If a number is not divisible by 10. which is divisible by 9.

Examples: The number 724560 is divisible by 12. so the number 367942 is not divisible by 3. 49137 is divisible by 11. then the original number is divisible by 11. add every other digit and remember this number. 16370706 is divisible by 11. since it is not divisible by 3. Then add the remaining numbers: 0 + 0 + 3 + 1=4. which is divisible by 11. 60. Since the difference between these two sums is 11. which is divisible by 3. and the sum of its digits is divisible by 3. Since the difference between these two sums is 22. add every other number:2 + 4 + 2 = 8.Divisibility by 11 Starting with the units digit. We can use each of the divisibility tests to check if a number is divisible by 12: its last two digits are divisible by 4 and the sum of its digits is divisible by 3. Form a new number by adding the digits that remain. The number 367744 is not divisible by 12. Then add the remaining numbers: 3 + 9 = 12. Is the number 49137 divisible by 11? Starting with the units digit. which is divisible by 11. The sum of its digits is 29. Since the difference between these two sums is 0. add every other number:7 + 1 + 4 = 12. Example: . which is not divisible by 3. since the number formed by its last two digits. since the number formed by its last two digits. 824472 is divisible by 11. The number 36297414 is not divisible by 12. If the difference between these two numbers is divisible by 11. Divisibility by 12 A number is divisible by 12 if it is divisible by 4 and divisible by 3. Examples: Is the number 824472 divisible by 11? Starting with the units digit. We can use each of the divisibility tests to check if a number is divisible by 15: its units digit is 0 or 5. Divisibility by 15 A number is divisible by 15 if it is divisible by 3 and divisible by 5. is divisible by 4. and the sum of its digits is 30. is not divisible by 4. add every other number:6 + 7 + 7 + 6 = 26. which is divisible by 11. 14. Is the number 16370706 divisible by 11? Starting with the units digit. Then add the remaining numbers: 7 + 4 + 8 = 19.

which is divisible by 9. and the sum of its digits is 30. and the sum of its digits is 36. 1045. is not divisible by 16. Examples: The number 898630032 is divisible by 16 since the number formed by its last four digits. since its units digit is even. The number 339122481296 is divisible by 16 since the number formed by its last four digits. the remainder is 5. since it is not divisible by 9. The sum of its digits is 31. Example: The number 172411045 is not divisible by 16. Examples: The number 7145586 is divisible by 18. the last two digits form one of the numbers 0. since its units digit is not even. which is divisible by 3. 20. Divisibility by 16 A whole number is divisible by 16 if the number formed by the last four digits is divisible by 16. so the number 367942 is not divisible by 9. When 172411045 is divided by 16. 60. We can use each of the divisibility tests to check if a number is divisible by 18: its units digit is even and the sum of its digits is divisible by 9. Examples: . which is not divisible by 9. In other words. The number 1772300000 is divisible by 16 since the number formed by its last four digits. since when 1045 is divided by 16. or 80. The number 367942 is not divisible by 18. is divisible by 16. since the number formed by its last four digits. If a number is not divisible by 16.The number 7145580 is divisible by 15. Divisibility by 20 A number is divisible by 20 if its units digit is 0. the remainder is 5. The number 2976633 is not divisible by 18. 0. since its units digit is zero. is divisible by 16. 40. the remainder when the number is divided by 16 is the same as the remainder when the last four digits are divided by 16. 32. Divisibility by 18 A number is divisible by 18 if it is divisible by 2 and divisible by 9. and its tens digit is even. is divisible by 16. 1296.

since the number formed by its last two digits is 0. or 75 (the number formed by its last two digits is divisible by 25).The number 3351002760 is divisible by 20. since it is divisible by both 2 and 11. since the number formed by its last two digits is 60. which have a difference of 0. since its last two digits form the number 0. Since 0 is divisible by 11. and the difference between the sums of every other digit is divisible by 11. The number 802199730000 is divisible by 20. since its last two digits form the number 50. Examples: The number 73224050 is divisible by 25. 25. Divisibility by 25 A number is divisible by 25 if the number formed by the last two digits is any of 0. The number 1008922200 is divisible by 25. We can use each of the divisibility tests to check if a number is divisible by 22: its units digit is even. Divisibility by 22 A number is divisible by 22 if it is divisible by the numbers 2 and 11. 50. 117524 is divisible by 11. Thus. The two sums of every other digit are 4 + 5 + 1 = 10 and 2 + 7 + 1 = 10. so it is divisible by 2. . 117524 is divisible by 22. Example: Is the number 117524 divisible by 22? The units digit is even.