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Evidence of Organic Evolution

Chapter 6

1)Fact

2)Course

3)Mechanism

Strategraphy
Strategraphy
Chapter 6 1)Fact 2)Course 3)Mechanism Strategraphy EVIDENCE OF ORGANIC EVOLUTION A) Fact of Evolution 1)

EVIDENCE OF ORGANIC EVOLUTION A) Fact of Evolution 1) Paleontology 2) Comparative Anatomy 3) Embryology 4) Vestigial structures 5) Taxonomy 6) Genetics 7) Distributional Evidence

structures 5) Taxonomy 6) Genetics 7) Distributional Evidence Comparative Anatomy Paleontology Comparative Anatomy 1
Comparative Anatomy
Comparative Anatomy

Paleontology

Paleontology
structures 5) Taxonomy 6) Genetics 7) Distributional Evidence Comparative Anatomy Paleontology Comparative Anatomy 1
Comparative Anatomy
Comparative Anatomy
Comparative Anatomy Homology: common ancestor Analogy: similar function Homoplasy: look alike
Comparative Anatomy
Homology: common ancestor
Analogy: similar function
Homoplasy: look alike
ancestor Analogy: similar function Homoplasy: look alike Comparative Anatomy Morphological series Morphological
ancestor Analogy: similar function Homoplasy: look alike Comparative Anatomy Morphological series Morphological
ancestor Analogy: similar function Homoplasy: look alike Comparative Anatomy Morphological series Morphological
ancestor Analogy: similar function Homoplasy: look alike Comparative Anatomy Morphological series Morphological

Comparative Anatomy

Comparative Anatomy Morphological series

Morphological series

Analogy: similar function Homoplasy: look alike Comparative Anatomy Morphological series Morphological series 2
Analogy: similar function Homoplasy: look alike Comparative Anatomy Morphological series Morphological series 2
Analogy: similar function Homoplasy: look alike Comparative Anatomy Morphological series Morphological series 2
Analogy: similar function Homoplasy: look alike Comparative Anatomy Morphological series Morphological series 2
Morphological series

Morphological series

Morphological series

Morphological series
Morphological series Comparative Anatomy Homologous structures Comparative Anatomy Homology: common ancestor Analogy:

Comparative Anatomy

Comparative Anatomy
Homologous structures

Homologous structures

Comparative Anatomy

Comparative Anatomy Homology: common ancestor Analogy: similar function Homoplasy: look alike

Homology: common ancestor Analogy: similar function Homoplasy: look alike

ancestor Analogy: similar function Homoplasy: look alike Paleontology Homologous structures Gill slits Gill slits
Paleontology
Paleontology
Homologous structures

Homologous structures

Gill slits Gill slits
Gill slits
Gill slits

Embryology

Primitive Snake Vestigial Vestigial structures Vestigial structures Vestigial structures Taxonomy Vestigial

Primitive Snake

Vestigial

Primitive Snake Vestigial
Vestigial structures

Vestigial structures

Vestigial

structures

Vestigial structures
Vestigial structures
Vestigial
structures

Taxonomy

Taxonomy

Vestigial

structures

Vestigial structures
Vestigial structures

Vestigial structures

Genetics
Genetics
Biogeography

Biogeography

Bridges

a) isthmuses

Bridges a) isthmuses

Continental drift

(Plate tectonics)

Continental drift (Plate tectonics)
Biogeography

Biogeography

Bridges (cont.)

b) Continental drift

Bridges (cont.) b) Continental drift
Permo-Triassic Continental drift
Permo-Triassic
Continental drift

Biogeographic Realms

Biogeographic Realms

Plate tectonics

Plate tectonics
Plate tectonics
Mid-Mesozoic
Mid-Mesozoic

Continental drift

Continental drift Mesozoic

Continental drift

Mesozoic

Continental drift Mesozoic Bridges •Corridor •Filter Climate Ecological Cenozoic Continental drift Late

Bridges

•Corridor

•Filter

Climate

Ecological

Bridges •Corridor •Filter Climate Ecological
Cenozoic Continental drift
Cenozoic
Continental drift
Bridges •Corridor •Filter Climate Ecological Cenozoic Continental drift Late Cenozoic Continental drift 6
Bridges •Corridor •Filter Climate Ecological Cenozoic Continental drift Late Cenozoic Continental drift 6

Late Cenozoic

Late Cenozoic Continental drift

Continental drift

Bridges •Corridor •Filter Climate Ecological Cenozoic Continental drift Late Cenozoic Continental drift 6
Bridges •Corridor •Filter Climate Ecological Cenozoic Continental drift Late Cenozoic Continental drift 6
Sweepstakes KRAKATOA (1883) Significance of Biogeographic Patterns 1) Biogeographic Realms 2) Centers of Origin
Sweepstakes KRAKATOA (1883)
Sweepstakes
KRAKATOA (1883)

Significance of

Biogeographic

Patterns

1) Biogeographic Realms

2) Centers of Origin

Patterns 1) Biogeographic Realms 2) Centers of Origin Biogeographic Realms BIOGEOGRAPHIC REALMS Placentals

Biogeographic Realms

Biogeographic Realms

BIOGEOGRAPHIC REALMS

Placentals

BIOGEOGRAPHIC REALMS Placentals Marsupials (pouched)

Marsupials

(pouched)

Bridges

Bridges
Centers of Origin
Centers of Origin
Centers of Origin Biogeographic Events

Biogeographic Events

Centers of Origin Biogeographic Events

FACT (of Evolution)

Centers of Origin

1) Restriction to a local area

2) Evidence that evolution, in fact, occurred

EVIDENCE OF ORGANIC EVOLUTION

(cont.)

B) Course of Evolution

1) Origin of Life

2) Phylogeny

Strategraphy
Strategraphy
DNA

DNA

DNA
Hydrogen Methane gas Carbon dioxide Nitrogen Miller- Urey
Hydrogen
Methane
gas
Carbon
dioxide
Nitrogen
Miller-
Urey
Water Land Fibula Tibia
Water Land
Fibula
Tibia

Course of Evolution

Molecular Phylogeny / Clock

Molecular Phylogeny / Clock
Dendrogram or Phylogenetic tree Course of Evolution
Dendrogram or
Phylogenetic tree
Course of Evolution
Course of
Course of

Evolution

Horn
Horn

Two Horns

Two Horns

Skin shields

Skin shields

EVIDENCE OF ORGANIC EVOLUTION (cont.)

EVIDENCE OF ORGANIC EVOLUTION (cont.)

C) Mechanism of Evolution

C) Mechanism of Evolution

1) Darwin

1) Darwin

-geometric increase

-geometric increase

-competition

-competition

-struggle for existence

-struggle for existence

descent with modification

descent with modification

2) Mendel

2) Mendel

3) neo-Darwinism

3) neo-Darwinism

Heredity, DNA

Heredity, DNA Population biol. neo-darwinism Natural Selection

Population biol.

neo-darwinism

Natural Selection

Heredity, DNA

Heredity, DNA Population biol. neo-darwinism Natural Selection

Population biol.

neo-darwinism

Natural Selection

Skin shields Skin shields 2 horns 1 horn
Skin shields
Skin
shields
2 horns
1 horn

Scientific Theories

1) Celestial Motion

Copernicus

Newton

Einstein

2) Evolutionary Theory