Evidence of Organic Evolution

Chapter 6

Paleontology
EVIDENCE OF ORGANIC EVOLUTION A) Fact of Evolution 1) Paleontology 2) Comparative Anatomy

1)Fact 2)Course 3)Mechanism

3) Embryology 4) Vestigial structures 5) Taxonomy 6) Genetics 7) Distributional Evidence

Strategraphy

Comparative Anatomy

Comparative Anatomy

1

Comparative Anatomy Homology: common ancestor Analogy: similar function Homoplasy: look alike Comparative Anatomy Morphological series Morphological series 2 .

Morphological series Paleontology Homologous structures Comparative Anatomy Homology: common ancestor Analogy: similar function Homoplasy: look alike Homologous structures Comparative Anatomy Gill slits Gill slits Embryology 3 .

Vestigial structures Vestigial structures Primitive Snake Vestigial structures Vestigial Vestigial structures Taxonomy Vestigial structures Genetics 4 .

) b) Continental drift Plate tectonics Continental drift (Plate tectonics) Permo-Triassic Mid-Mesozoic Continental drift Continental drift 5 .Biogeographic Realms Biogeography Biogeography Bridges a) isthmuses Bridges (cont.

Mesozoic Cenozoic Late Cenozoic Continental drift Continental drift Continental drift Bridges •Corridor •Filter Climate Ecological 6 .

Bridges Sweepstakes Biogeographic Realms Centers of Origin KRAKATOA (1883) Biogeographic Events BIOGEOGRAPHIC REALMS Significance of Biogeographic Patterns 1) Biogeographic Realms 2) Centers of Origin FACT (of Evolution) Placentals Marsupials (pouched) Centers of Origin 1) Restriction to a local area 2) Evidence that evolution. in fact. occurred 7 .

EVIDENCE OF ORGANIC EVOLUTION (cont.) Hydrogen Methane gas Carbon dioxide Nitrogen MillerUrey B) Course of Evolution 1) Origin of Life 2) Phylogeny Dendrogram or Phylogenetic tree Course of Evolution Strategraphy Water Land Fibula Tibia Course of Evolution Course of Evolution Molecular Phylogeny / Clock Horn DNA 8 .

DNA Population biol.) C) Mechanism of Evolution 1) Darwin -geometric increase -competition -struggle for existence descent with modification 2) Mendel 3) neo-Darwinism Heredity. neo-darwinism Natural Selection Scientific Theories 1) Celestial Motion Copernicus Newton Einstein 2) Evolutionary Theory 9 .Two Horns Skin shields Skin shields Skin shields 2 horns 1 horn EVIDENCE OF ORGANIC EVOLUTION (cont. DNA Population biol.) EVIDENCE OF ORGANIC EVOLUTION (cont. neo-darwinism Natural Selection C) Mechanism of Evolution 1) Darwin -geometric increase -competition -struggle for existence descent with modification 2) Mendel 3) neo-Darwinism Heredity.