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370 WORCEST~R MAGAZINE

Odd Fellowship
Its Early History and Present Greatness
By GRAND MAS'rER CHARLES B. PERRY

THE ri se of Odd F ellowship in Am eri ca dates from an Shortly afte r th e institution of W ashington Lod ge,
adver t isement inserted in th e Baltimore Am eri can on No. 1, H enry .?IL .Iae kson arrived in Ba ltimore from
th e 27th day of March, 1819, inviting the br ethren who E ngland fo e tho purpose of introducin g Odd F ellowship
might be in th e vicinity to meet on the 2d da y of April in t his count ry, ignorant of th e fact that a lod ge already
following at th e tav ern kno wn as th e Seve n St ars. A existed her e. He ga ve .the members of W ashingt on
number responded, and on the 26th day of A pr il in th e Lodge ~ OI t1e instruction in th e wor k of th e' orde r, and
same year these brothers form ed a lodge of Odd l!'el­ after a shor t. sta y r eturned to En gland. 'l'h e sam e
lows, nam ed it 'W as hington Lod ge, No . 1, a nd chose y ear a br oth er of th e n urne of Cr owder of Preston,
Thoma s Wildey Nobl e Grand, who is justly given the En gland, visited Baltimore, a nd on his re t nrn to Eng­
credit of founding the or der in this coun t ry . la ud p rescuted to his own lodge a petition from
Thom as W ildey was Washin gton Lodge for
a nati ve of L ond on , a charter , whi ch was
England, where he was p romptl y issu ed, giving
born J an. 15, 1782, 127 it the follow in g title :
years ago. Th ere wer e W ashington Lo dg e, N o.
at that time in Gr eat 1, th e Gr an d L odge of
Bri tai n sever al Odd Maryl and and of th e
F ellows ' lod ges. In - United States of Amer­
deed history sta t es t ha t ica of the Indep end ent
as early as 1745, so Orde r of Odd F ello-w­
called Odd F ellows ' ship. In 1820 a com­
lodges were in existence mittee of P ast Gr ands
in th at country, mainly was consti tu ted which,
devoted to r ecreative outside of hearing' gri ev­
purposes. It is also an ces without power to
certain that thes e Odd r egula te furth er tha n
Fellows' lodges made a to recommend act ion
busin ess of assistin g which was ado pted or
needy breth ren to ob­ rejected at optio n, had
tain employ ment , and little infl uence. F or a
that a t th e first , at any time W ashin gt on Lod ge,
rate, th eir member ship No. 1, remained a sub­
was largely composed ord inate lodge and a
of workin gmen. Th ese gran d lodge as well. It
orsn nizati ons were all soon became app are nt
ind ependent of each th at it was adv isable,
other , and were self­ if not absolutely neces­
constit uted in th e va­ sary, to sep arate th e
riou s locali ties in which legislat ive fro m the
th ey worked. It was ope ra tive power , and
int o th e body of mem­ on th e 7th day of
bership of one of these Febr uary, 1821, a meet­
lodges that Founder in g of this committee of
'Wildey was rec eived P as t Gran ds was held
when up on reaching to consider th e subject
his majority he en tered of formin g a Gr an d
G n A'I D M A STE R CHARL"S B . P " ,mY
the fraterni ty. Lodge 'I' hieh should
Soon afte r, with- consti tu te th e legi sla­
d rawin g from th e lodge in which he had been tive body. T he f orm ation of su ch a body was
initiat ed, Wildey iu common with oth ers st arted deemed adv isab le, a nd as a necessary ste p W ash ­
a new lodge in London known as "Morning St ar , ing t on Lodge was invited to su rrend er to the
No. 38," and for f ourteen years he worked in this lodge, Grand Lo dge to be fo r med, th e charter which it had
perfecting' himself in Odd F ellowship. In 1817 he received from the Duke of York 's Lodge in En gland .
came to th e United Sta tes and settled in B altimore, Md., The lodge compli ed with th e requ est an d the Grand
Th e meet ing of the 26t h of Apr il, 1819, inv olv­ Lodge of Maryl and and the Unit ed S ta tes of Am eri ca
in g so mu ch for human weal, was a ttended, came into existence, with Th omas Wi ldey as Grand Mas­
besides Mr. Wildey, by R icha rd Rushworth, .J ohn te l'.
Duncan , J ohn Cheatham and by John Wel ch, an­ In th e mean time lodges had been form ed in oth er
oth er Odd F ellow whose acquain ta nce Mr. Wildey had j ur isdict ions, not kn owing what was going on in Mary­
previously formed . These five men lau nched th e fra­ land. Th er e was. for instance, in New York a lodge of
terni ty whi ch has sp read now from sea to sea. In def­ Odd F'ellows known as Shak espear e Lodge, organi zed
er ence to th e F ather of his Coun t ry it was decid ed to as early as 1806, bu t it lapsed in 1813, and was not
call th e lodge th en and there fo r med . Washin gton aga in rei nstitu ted un til 1818. By J anu ary, 1822, th er e
Lod ge of Odd Fellows. were fo u r independ ent lodges in th at St ate.
WORCESTER MAGAZINE 371

In Massac husetts, to o, a lod ge was f or med March 26, di ct ion s, namely : Au stralasi a, Denm ark, Germany,
1820, known as Ma ssachusetts L odge, an d this body S wed en, N etherlands and Sw it zer lan d, t heir members
wor ked un der th e impressi on th a t i t was th e only lodge h a vin g t he ri ght to visit lod ges of th e I ndep endent Order
in A merica u n ti l February, 1822, wh en it learned of the of Od d F el lows anvwhere.
Baltimor e or pnnizat ion . It im medi ately made applica­ From 1830 to 15ecember 31, 1908, incl us ive, th e vast
tion to th e L al t imor e body, ack nowledging that to be sum of $125 ,6:30,414 .78, has been expende d in r eli ef of
the su preme au t hority in the U n it ed Sta t es, and asking memb er s , while th e ben efit s ac cr uin g in othe r f orms than
f or a cha rte r for a Grand L odge wi th a uth or it y to con­ in mater ial r elief ca nnot be r eckoned by any human com­
trol all th e lod ges thereafter formed in Massachusetts. puta.tion . I n vest ed funds of mor e th an fo r ty-six mil­
'I'h e requ est was g ran te d an d th e Grand L odge of Mas­ li ons of dollars t estify t o th e sta bility of the or de r , and
sachu set ts was instituted J u ue 11, 1823. f orty-six hom es f or th e aged and in digen t members , their
:VII'. 'Wild ey havin g been elec te d Gra nd Maste r wi Yes, widows an d orph a ns dem onst rat e t hat th e work
of t he Gr an d L od ge of 'Ma r ylan d a nd of th e of th e or de r is n ot m ere lip se rvice.
United States secured th e a d­ September 20, 185 1, th e Re­
her en ce of n ot on ly M assachu ­ bekah Bran ch of t he order was
set ts, b u t even t u all y of Ne w insti tu ted, th e f ou nd er being
York a nd P en nsy lva nia- in both Schuyler Colfax , onc e Vi ce-presi­
of whi ch st ates indep end ent dent of th e U n ited S tates. While
lod ges wer e working-to a pl an Rebekah lod ges do not pa y hen­
wh ereby a n ew Grand Lodge of efit s, th ey ha ve heen of great as­
th e U n it ed S t ate s could be or ­ s ista nce in t he wor k of oil' ol',lrl"
ga nized emb rae i ng these and th e es pec ia lly in th eir ca re for th e
oth er jurisdictio ns that mi ght comfo r t and en te r ta in men t of th e
suhsequ en tly ap p ly for m em ber­ inmates of th e Odd F ellows'
sh ip , This was don e at a sess ion h omes.
held F eb, 22, 1824, just e ighty ­ 'I'he first lod ge of Odd F ellows
five year s ago. ill ~fassachu s et;ts was self-i nst i­
On the 15th of J an uary , 1825.
tuted in Boston in 1820. and
foll owin g, t he firs t cons ti tu t ion
named Massachusetts Lo dge, ?\o.
of the ' Gr an d L odge of thr­
1. For it tim e the members he­
T ni ted Sta tes was adopted. and
lievcd it thr: onl y lod ge of Odd
this Gr an d Lo dge became the
F ellows in th e cou nt ry, bu t on
su p r em e au thorit y of the 1. O. O.
heinz conv in ced of th e priority of
F . in thi s cou n t rv. When or ­
W ashin g ton L od ge of B a lti~ore ,
ga n ized , it had in its jurisdi ct ion
ackn owled ged th e supre macv rf
three lod ges in Maryl and , three
th e Grn11<1 L od ge of Maryla nd
lod ges in P ennsyl van ia , two
and th e Un it ed Sta tes. In 18 2 '~
lodges in Massachu setts, and one
?lfassa chu setts Lo dge, No. 1, ask ed
in Ne w York,
for and r eceived a char t er with
Th is is th e hi s tor v of t he
full pow ers, becomi ng th e Grand
estab lishme n t of Od d F e1l0wsh ip
Loclge of Massachusetts, with
in A me r ica , an d it is a matter of
Daniel Hcrsey G ra n d Master.
ext re me grat ifica t ion to Massa­
The growt h of th e order
in Massachusetts has been rapid ,
ch usetts Odd Fellows that the

n umberin g on the 31st day of


or d er in thi s State should h av e
De cemb er , 1908, 58,194 contrib­
pl ayed so ear ly , so loyal and so
utin g memb ers in th e su bord inate
im p ort ant a part in thi s great
lod ge'>. a nd 20,4:36 sist ers in th e
wo rk . H ad it not be en f or
R ebek ah lod ges, For th e veal'
th e fin e sp i t-it di splay ed by t he
end ing D ecem b er 31, 1908, $i02,­
members of th e order in th is
952 .64 was p aid f or r elief, n ot in­
Sta te in prompt ly giving in th ei r
ti uelin g th e cost of ma inta ining
ad herence to the Bal timore bach'
the Ma ssa chusetts Odd F ellows'
F ound er Wild ev 's task in o~·:
Home. Subord inate lod ges have
gan izing t h e n atronal bod y would
invested fund s a moun t ing to
h ave bee n much greater, mo r e
.JE WEl. PR E, E" TED GR"'~D M ",,; r ET< OCT. 29. 1909. $2,311,979 .8 3, a nd Rebek ah lodges
p er p lexin g a nd delicate than it
1:f:)I£..~~~~ ~ ~A'IJ:..MILI,p.l>n l have invested f un ds amo u n ting to
fin ally proved . $191,241. 54 .
In 1870 t h e order having had f or so me time zrand Massach usetts Od d F ellow s suppo rt a home f or age d
lodges outs ide of the territory of th e Unit ed S"'t[ctes, memb er s located in thi s ci ty . Of n on e of t hei r work s
chan ged it s n ame to that of th e Sov erei g n Gr a nd L od ge . a re th ey more proud th an of th is. A hund red aged a nn
Th ough th e or der in th is cou nt ry sprang f r om th e order infirm brot hers a n d sist ers find she lt er a nd lovin g ca re
in E n gla nd . th e tw o bodi es now h ave no affiliation wit h under its roof . One of its gre a tes t benef act or s is a
each other, t he or de r in Engl and an d th ose in this eoun­ cit izen of W orceste r . th ou gh n ot a member of t he or de r,
Mr. T hom as H . D od ge, whose interest i n th e p ro jec t in
t ry affilia t ed with it bein g kn own as th e Ma n ch ester
a g reat deg ree in flu ence d the ch oice of W or cest er as its
Un ity B r a nch .
abidin g p la ce.
T o-d ay t here a re six ty -nine grand bodies subor din a t e In th e S u pre me Council of the order, Massachusetts
t o the Gra nd Lod ge with a memb er ship r ep ort D ecem­ has alw ays h ad a high place, on e of it s P as t Gran d
ber 31, 1908, of 1,492,478 brother s with 395,898 sisters Masters, th e H onorab le Albert S. P i nk erto n, being a
in th e R ebekah Branch. There are in ad dit ion to the Past Gr and S ire.
si xtv .rri no p,-.nn il hoilips six onasi inilp n e nilpnt i nris­ Whil« th p or (lr- I' lnvs ponsirlPTahlp st.!'pss nnon t.llP rn a.
372 WORCESTER MAGAZINE
terial ad vanta ges conf er red upon its members, th e moral with those of any other or de r. Its ri tu al is dignified,
and social ad vantages are equ all y to be considere d. In impressi ve and eleva ti ng, an d n o one ca n witness its
many lodge qu a rt ers, r ooms are set apar t for reading rendition unm oved or uninspired. Th ere is nothing in
and ga mes. Good infl uences surround those who spe nd it that mi ght not be listened to by the m ost p ure minded
th eir eveni ngs there. an d no yo un g man , especially one with profit , an d it s degrees illustrate the most powerful

T H E ~ IX ): O fi L E GRAN DS OF THE. \\'ORC.r:.'·r r F.R L O DG ES

residing in a city where he has n o home-ties, can afford stor ies of th e Scri p tures. It teaches obedience to civil
to be ou tsi de of an ord er whose effor ts sup plemen t th ose laws and stan ds fo r a stab le and hones t gover nmen t . It
of the Ch r isti an church in building and maintaining a has no quar rel with any organiza tio n whether secret or
hi gh st andard of citize n ship . The order is democrati c religious. It does its own wor k ill its own way, and is
in its government , with n o path t o ad vancement but ever ready to aid all oth ers in th eir efforts to mak e the
merit. The member s have nothi ng t o f ear in comparison world a bet ter pl ace t o li ve in .
WORCESTER MAGAZIN~ 373

The Story of the Temple


THE Odd F ellows of IV" orcester, alb eit they ar e now it mu st ha ve a more mod em and at t ract ive meeting­
provided with sumptuous quarter s, including not only place.
beauti ful lodge rooms. a spaci ous banquet hall, attracti ve At a meetin g Jun e 9, J 905, called by or de r of H er­
readin g and billiard room s, and eve ry thin g else f ound bert Wesh y , chair man of th e Boar d of Trustees of the
in a modern club-ho use, did n ot attain t o all this luxury severa l lod ges, to see wh at a rra ng ements coulrl be mad e
withou t a s tr uggle. with John E . Day in reg ard to a hall f or futnr e use, a
F Ol' y ears th ey met in small, poorly ven tila ted , in ­ committee, appoin ted May 31 for' th at pu rpose, repor ted
adeq ua te a nd iso la t ed h an s located on sid e streets a t th at it was in exp ed ien t t o act. Th e matter of sec ur ing
the top of old b nild ings tha t could only be rea ch ed by a perm an ent h ome f or th e b ody w as th en t ak en up , and
«lirnh ing man y flights of sta irs . In onc case th e hall both th e W oodl ot , so calle d , on th e corn er of Sycamor e
thev a ba ndo ned to move into th e present t emple on and Main Streets, an d th e W ells lot on Main Street op­
~rllin St reet would h a ve been conde mned as a fir e-trap posite the foot of Sycam ore, were nam ed as eligible
hy th e St a te insp ectors had th ey not vacated it when sites . It was. finall y vot ecl that George F . Br ooks at­
th ev did . tend th e auction sale of th e W ells lot on J an. 22, and
:i\Io re th an ten y ears ago th e erecting of a su ita ble purcha se th e same for th e or der at a cost not t o exc eed
Odd Fellows' building, wher e th e various lodges in Wor­ $10,000 . Th er e wer e present a t this in iti al meetin g
cester cou ld meet under on e common r ooftree, w as Messrs . H erb ert W esby, George F . Br ooks, Frankl in A.
tak en up a nd ser-iously debated and th e necessary steps Casw ell, Th eodore H. Day, Edward M. W oodw ard , Al­
were taken to secur e a lot on Irvin g Street, near bert M. Thompson , Willi am M. Shearman . Oliver 1'T.
the cor ner' of Cha tha m. Th e plan f cll throu gh . Later Dean, Jam es H . Hartwell, George E. Fi ske, J ohn A.
the Jrater-nitv t ook steps to acq uire th e prop erty on Cherry, L. A. Hastings and Will iam F . Ewell. Geor ge
Pleasa nt Str eet wh er e some of t he lodges wer e then F. Brooks was elected chairm an and John A. Cherrv
meet ing. Th e pr ice as ke d an d agreed upon was $70,­ secretary of the commi tte e. •
000, but t he owners secu r ing a bid of $80,000 from At a meeting June 22 Mr. Brooks stat ed that he had
anothe r source refu sed t o sell and this plan likewise purchased the Wells lot for the order , an d it was voted,
f ail ed . on motion of Mr. Hartwell, to assess Quinsigamond ,
By 1905 th e ord er h ad come t o a point 'where it was Worcester, Central, Ridgely an d Anchori a Lodges
felt that somet hing mu st be d one . Not only the Pleas­ $2000 each to pay for th e s.ame. Thi s was don e, and at
ant Stree t, bu t th e P ea rl Street h alls were not only the next meeting, June 29, th ese sever al bodies sent in
in adequat e, but wer e a distin ct h andicap to the growth the names of the following r epresentativ es t o sign th e
of th e fr at ernity, and it was felt by everybody that if deed: Quinsigam ond, Geor ge F. Brooks ; W or cest er, A.
th e societ y w as to fulfill its true mission and expand as 1'1. Thomps on; Central , Willi am H . Sh ea r ma n ; Ri dg ely.
it ought with the increase of population in Worcester, H. B. Belch er; An chor ia, Joh n A. Ch erry.

O r-;- r; OF TH E LODGf. ROO:"h rx THE TDU'Lf.


A committee on pl an s from t he differ ent lod ges wa s place. The com mit tee on plans w as made th e commit ­
th en appointed, consistin g of Franklin A. Caswell fro m tee on building, and Mr. Da y r esigning, 1\11'. A. 1\1.
Quinsi gamond, Th eodore H . D ay from W or cester, W al­ Th ompson was a ppointe d in hi s pl ace. Th e committee
la ce A. K endall from Cen t ra l, J ames H . H artwell from as thus made up consisted of Franklin A. Cas well, Wal ­
Rid gely , an d J am es 13. Mull ikin from Anc ho ria . la ce A. Ke nd all. Al ber t 1\1. Thompson , John H . H artwell
At a meet ing J ul y 11 th e committee voted to incor­ an d J ames B. Mullikin, and to th eir effi cient an d untir­
por a te un de r th e n ame of th e Od d Fellows' Charit abl e in g an d cons cientious lab ors t h e ord er owes a large deb t
Associ ati on , th e amo un t of cap ital st ock , on motion of of gr a titu de.
A . :ilL Th ompson , bein g fix ed at $40,000. Th en fol­ Th ey were au tho rized t o mak e a contr ac t w it h E. J.
low ed , Aug. 3, th e ado pt ion of by-laws a nd th e electio n Cross as con tractor and Clellan W ald o Fisher as archi­
of officers as follows: Presi dent, George F. Brook s; tect to erect t he buildin g. and Dec. 28, 1905 , ar r an ge­
Vice-pr esident, H erbert B. Belch er ; Treasurer, E . ]\'1. ments were m ad e for layi ng th e cor ner -sto ne, th e f ol­
Wood ward ; Clerk, .Tohn A. Cher ry ; D ir ectors, H erb er t lowi ng committee bein g ap pointe d to ar r ange fo r th e
W esby , Geo rge F . B roo ks, F . A. Cas well , E . 1\1. "\Vood­ exe rc ises Presid ent, Geor ge F. B r ooks; E . 1\1. Wood­
ward , A. 1\1. Th ompson , T. H . D ay, 'IV . H. Sh earma n. ward , O. 1\1. D ean, H. B . T3 elcher an d John A . Ch er r y.
O. M. Dea n. W. A. K endall, H . B. Belch er, J. H. H art­ It was at first inte nded t o have thi s cer emony Su nd ay
well, L . n . ,Villi ams, James B. Mulliki n, G. E. F isk e aft ern oon , J an . 7, but as it wa s found imp ossibl e to
and J . A. Che r r y. secure th e presen ce of Gr a nd Sire A . S. Pink er t on on
All was now in readi ness to take up the build in g th at d ate, Jan . 6 was sub sti tuted. Th e day w as sto r my ,
p ro jec t in earn est. Seven sets of plans wer e submitted, but th ere wa s g re a t inter est in the exe r cises an d they
and af t er some di scussion t he one call ing for a str uc­ wer e largely a tt ended.
ture to cost $53.000 was adopted. Sub sequ ent addi­ It was soon ev ident th at t he am oun t of in corpor ation
t ions a nd ch an ges br ough t th e cos t well abov e th is was too small, and th e lodges gallan tly res ponded to th e
figure, bu t th e edi fice wa s. bu il t upon h on or and' it s con­ requ est that it he increased from $40,000 to $60,000.
st r u ct ion thr oughou t r eflects the utmost cr ed it upon th e Thi s was follow ed by th e a nnouncement that Th omas H.
builder, arc hitect a nd fratern ity alik e. Many Odd Dod ge, always a. f r iend of th e order , had given $1250
Fellows' temples are erected as purely commercial and his portrait, an d it was vo ted to name th e hall on
prop ositions, d evotin g large space to sto res and offi ces, th e secon d floor Do d ge H all ill hi s honor, and dis play
th e lod ge r ooms, ante-r ooms and r ecre a.ti on r ooms being his por trait th er ein.
mere ly in cid ent to the gener al pl an. Th e f rat ern it y in Jul y 21st, ] 906, the corp or ation vot ed to ap pro pr ia te
thi s city deter mine d t o er ect a str u cture here th at $10,000 to furn ish the bu ild in g, lind at a. meetin g Nov.
sho ul d be absolu tely fr ee from comm erc iaIism :1I1d ded­ 5 it was vot ed to appro pr iate $1500 mor e if necessary.
ica ted wh oll y to th eir own uses. Th e r esult is a mod el Th e bu ild ing wa s f ormall y d edicated No v. 8, 1906, the
a mong Odd F ellows' t emples in A merica, an d is a source exercises being in charge of a committee h ea ded hv
of gre a t an d pardona bl e pride to the frat er nity in th is Rcuh en G. Smith .

A NOTHER L ODGE R o o»
W ORCE STE R MAGAZI N E 375

The Odd Fellows' Home


AS early as 1846 th e v ar ious 1. O. O. F. grand bod ies th e Past Gra nd Treasur er of th e Gr and Lod ge, wh o
began di s cussi ng th e estab lish me nt of Od d F el1ows' gave $1000.
homes as a n imp or tan t featu r e of fraternal work. T h e Ru fu s B . Giffo r d arid N at han 'I'avl or h avin g been
need of a place wh ere th e aged an d in digen t me mbe r s elec t ed T r ustees of th e Ho me on the part of the Gran d
of the ord er migh t sp end th ei r decl in in g years in pe ace En cam pm ent, it s memb er ship was t hereby inc re ased t o
was everywh ere f elt, b ut it was not until 1887 t hat t he seve n . B y F eb ru ary , 1889, th e Gra nd Lo dge h ad He­
Gra nd L od ge of Ma ssac husetts took ac ti on in t hi s m a t­ cum ul ated $:35.737 .99 f or the n ew insti tutio n.
tel'. In th at year n com m ittee w as a ppoin te d . of whi ch Th en be ga n 'th e perpl ex ities incid ental to securing a
the Hon. A . S . Pin k erton w as a m ember, a n d a rep ort fav ora ble site . Al1 p a r ts of th e Com mon wealt h offerorl
presen t ed indors ing the proj ect. T he origina l Board eli g ible loca t ions, inc luding amon g oth ers S hi rley, Be l­
of 'l'r ustees cons iste d of Fra ncis Jew ett f or five years , mont, W orces t er a n d Lowel l. The ch oice finally f ell
Henr y K. Braley for fo ur y ears , J a mes Josl in f or three u p on Wor cester, thank s to th e sple nd id gen er os it y of
vear s, W illi am E. Ford for two years, an d H on. Joh n J . Hon . Thom as H . Do dge, who , t h ough not a member of

T H E O D D FE LI.O WS' H0~m

Whippl e on e year . T hes e ge n t leme n at once iss ued a n the fratern ity , g ave to th e ord er in perpetui ty for the
appeal to t he ord er a ski ng for $100,000 to bui ld a s uit­ p u rposes design ed eleven ac res of land at th e north
able Odd F ellow s ' home in thi s Sta te. Th e cir cu la r end of t he ci ty, and t his the G ra n d L odge, th rough
also embo d ied th e acti on of th e Sov er eign Gra nd Lod ge Gr and Master P inker ton , in fitti ng l an g n age g ratefully
at Denver tha t y ear, wh ich 'warmly end or sed t he erec­ accepted at t he sess ion in A ug ust, ] 889 .
tion of su ch st r uctures every where . Zea lous workers Oth er W orces ter citizen s contributing lib erall y to t h e
at once began visiting the v ario us subordi nate lo d ges Home, al t hough not id enti fied with the f raternity, 'wer e
and exp lain ing to th e member s the obj ec ts an d b enefits H on. Step he n S ali sbu ry an d Hon, Samuel Winslow, t h en
of th e H orn e, a nd contributions comm en ced to po ur in . Mayor of th e cit y . M I'. II. H . Bigelo w also sh owe d his
Part ic ula rl y active in t h is p ioneer work w as Pa st pub lic s pir it by offe r ing t h e or d er a bu ilding sit e of ten
Gra nd H . .A . B arbour of D e So to L odge, Springfield . acr es on the sh ore s of L ak e Qnin sigarnond sc ar cely less
The next sessi on of th e Gran d L od ge showed befo r e atl­ d esi r a bl e than t he l ot fin all v chosen .
jou rnm ent $22 ,149 in t he treasury to th e credit of the Not con ten t with th e p lot given, Mr. Do dge det er­
Home. T he Da ughters of Rebeka h materi ally assiste d mi ne d that n oth in g sho uld in terfere w ith the vi ew from
in seem in g t his sum . an d from that day to thi s their t he H om e, and he acc or di ngly prese n ted the trustees
inter est in the cause has con ti nued un ab a t ed . A m ong with the t ract of land extend ing to th e adjace nt track s
th e ea rl y co n t r ibu to rs was Cha rl es H ayden of Boston, of t he B os ton & Ma ine R. R.. , t hus ensuring fo rever a
clea.r outlook at thi s point, Even this did not exh aust
h is benefactions, f or h e gave t o the city of 'liTorcester
thirteen acres of land dir ectl y contiguous to the Hom e
for a public park, a nd that gift being accepted by th e
Park Commissioners ma de it certain that th e institution
would always be blessed with ample light and air , Fur­
th ermore, to complete his munificence h e gave eight y
f eet of driveway for a boulevard leading to the Hom e,

CO L . G ED . \\' . D ick I~ ,O~ (;.\I'T . PHILIP ~\l. 'PJ".\F F)IA ~ :-;


Ca nto n wo rcest er

TU B F OCR NOBLE GI{AND~ OF TIlE H.· EU E f\ .\H L o on£.;-;

and made a substanti al donation for the esta blish men t


of a library.
The building wa s fo rmall y dedicated -Iu ne 22, 1892.
with elaborate ceremonies and with a procession of th e
order through the street s of the cit y, which attracted
G EOR GE n. M ULL]](I" great attention. Lour s M. W EBB
C. P. ~[t . Ve rno n The Home has at present one hund red inm at es, men C. P . Wachuse tt
En ca m pme nt an d women, and Mr . H . B . B elcher is its very capable Encampment
su per int en den t.
WORCESTER MAGAZINE 377

Sixty-Five Years of Odd Fellowship


TIm y ear 1909 is the sixty-fifth an ni v ersary of the tw enty-six members . Since that d ate nea rl y 2000 mem ­
introdu ction of Odd Fello-wship into W orcester, Al­ bers h av e s ign ed its membership r olls , a nd ca r ds in
though th e order h ad grown rapidly else wh er e it was clearan ce hav e been gr an te d t o memb ers to assist in
not until th e Massachusetts Grand L od ge obtaine d its f ormin g lodges in Milfor d, Grafton, W estboro , Barre,
majority th at th e frat ernity obtain ed a f ooth old h ere, West Boyl ston , S pe nce r , North B rookfield and other
and th en it was th ro ug h th e leader sh ip a nd f osterin g localiti es. The lodge own s t wo burial plots, one in
care of a stra nger th at it sec ure d its s ta rt. Rural Cemete ry, kn own as th e st ran gers' lot , and ano th er
Qnin si g am ond L od ge, N o. 43, was th e fir st Od d F el­ in H op e.
lows ' lod ge organ ized in this city, an d local historians Th e stra n gers ' l ot was bought under th e f ollowing
ascrib e it s crc a tion t o two m en -s-Joseph W . Cobur n , circumstan ces. Soon after the form ation of th e lodge
who on or about the y ear 1844 w as en g aged in con­ Dr. Joseph B a t es, a member of Qui nsigam ond, was
struction wor k at th e Cou r t House, an d J oseph S. ,Ves­ called to attend a sick man employ ed in th e constructi on
by, the well-kn own book-seller and binder, wh ose place of the Worcest er & Nashua Railroad, Th e man di ed ,
of busin ess was J24 Main Street, about wh ere th e Bay and an exa m in ation of his eff ects sh ow ed t hat h e wa s a
State now stands . In th 13 early part of t h e y ea r 1844 memb er of an Od d F ello ws' L od g e in Ne w Y ork. No
Jos eph W. Cob ur n of Boston was bu ildi n g th e n ew r elations appear ing, th e lodg e took charge of th e bod y,
Court H ouse in t his city, and held It fun eral in Un ive rs al ist
among hi s employ ees wer e James Chu rc h, a n d bou gh t a lot in
~rmr ay , J oh n F . L och e, 'I'h oma s R.ur al Ceme te ry, in whi ch th e
C. Dougl ass an d .Ioseph D . Bi sh ­ r emains were in terred . Some
op. All of th ese men were Odd time later anoth er simila r case
Fellows, a nd find in g' no lodge in occurred, and h ad it not be en for
the town th ey imme diate ly took this action both men would have
steps f or th e formatio n of one. been buried in paup ers' grave s.
In this movement th ey were From that day th e lot h as been
aided and ab etted by J oseph S. known as th e stran ger s ' lot. Th e
Wesby. burial place in H op e Cemetery
~lr. Wesbv had bee n mad e an is f or memb ers in in d igen t cir­
Odd Fellow in P hiladelp hia, and cu ms ta nces, a nd several commi t­
tradition records th at Cob urn ments have been made t he r e as
and hi s asso ciates wer e fr e­ well. In all , this lodge to date
quenter s of W esby 's shop and h as expe n de d f ully $70,000 in
that th e pr eliminary pl an s f or r elief.
the launchin g of th e lodge were The n ext lodge to be insti­
there pe rfected . For some rea­ tuted was W or cest er, No. 56. At
son NIl'. W esbys name does not the meeting of th e Grand Lodge
app ear in th e li st of charter Feb. 6, 184 5, this lodge was
members. but soon after the granted a charter , a d isp ensa­
lodge was instituted he became tion havin g been gra n ted D ec.
a memb er of Quinsigamond 20, 1844 , t o t hat en d . A t th e
hy card, a nd he h as always been time of the fir st r ep ort this lodge
honor ed as one of th e founders had initiated si xty-five member s.
of the or d er in thi s city. In his It met with reverses, however,
little shop was planted th e seed an d at th e session of the Gran d
that has flowered into so mar­ J OSEP H S . \V F;8-IlY L odge Aug. 3, 1854, Alfred
velous a fruitag e in thi s com­ I n Wh ose S ho p Odd Fellows h i p in Worces te r
Mu dge , chairman of elections
munitv, Ha d it s B irt h
a n d returns, stated th at the
Th e p et iti on er s f or Quinsiga­ Worcester Lodge had r esi gn ed
mond Lodge were Mess rs . Coburn, Murray, L oeh e. Do ug­ its charter. On p eti tio n of S. v. Stone and fift een ot h ers ,
lass, Bi sh op an d Sa mue l S. Leonard and Geor ge C. T aft. Worcester Lod ge, after lying dormant for six teen y ea rs,
the last tw o named having gone to Boston an d be en ini ­ was reinstated S ept. 28, 1870. with the followin g ch a rter
tiated into Sil oam L odge, No.2, for that purpose. A members: Samuel V. Sto n e, Hon, Ch ar les B . Pra t t , IJ. A .
dispensation was gran ted and M ay 1, 1844 , a dep u t at ion Hapgood, Oti s S . H amm ond a nd Willi am H ammond .
from th e Grand L odge insti t u ted Quinsi gam ond L odge, Samuel V . Stone was th e first Noble Grand , an d at th e
No. 43, in Ma sonic Hall , whi ch w as th en over th e F ive fir st r eport th e lodge had f ort y-se ven members.
Cen ts Sav ings B an k, opposite Cen tral Street . James A t this time Qniusigam ond h ad 147 m emb ers an d t he
~Il1ITay wa s in st alled as the fir st No ble Gran d .
g rea t gro w th of Od d F ell owsh ip follow ed th es e y ears.
It was four y ear s b ef ore a n ot h er lodge w as f orm ed.
Th e history of Quin si g am ond L od ge is on e of whi ch This was Central , i ns t it u te d Sept. 17, 1874, .Maj . N a­
any lod ge mi gh t b e pro u d . It is on e of th e fe w l od g es than Taylor, James A . B allantyne, James A. Smith, Al­
in Ma ssachusetts p ossessin g a complete set of th e r e­ bert R.. Hicks, Dan iel P . Lord, E. Henry W entworth
ports of th e Gr and L odge from the institution of th at and William Gamlin b eing the charter memb ers. N a­
body in 1823 to th e present time, and in th e sixty-five than Taylor was th e fir st N oble Grand and a t th e t ime
years since :its fo undin g has never miss ed a me eting. of :its first r eport it h ad thi rty -two con t r ib u tin g mem­
The Grand L odge at th at time held quarterly sessions, bers.
and June 30, 1844, th e first on e held after the i nstitu ti on Ridgely L od g e, N o. 11 2, was in stituted Sep t . 20,
of the lod ge, Qu insi gam ond. re p orted it h ad initia ted ] 88 2, by Gra n d Maste r Fran cis J ew ett on p etition of
878

WOR CESTER
MAGAZINE

L A I.Jlf:S· H ECEPTW :-\ Il ClO\I -OU V Fr·:u .ow :,,· T E~f Pr.E

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Supe r in lende n t, Odd Fell"" ,s' Horne

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T il>; P OOL RUO:u -OD D } ' EL LOW S' TE )lPJ.E


WO R CESTER
MAGAZINE 379

th e m em b ers vot ed t o ch an ge fro m a g-ran d can to n to a


can ton, a nd since J u ne 20, 1906, have bee n work in g
und er a n ew ch a r te r to t hat effe ct. Philip M. P fn ffm ann
is ca p t ai n of Can ton ,\Tor cester, Irvin g 1. -Ioh nson is
lieu t en a nt, Ch arl es H. Edgert on is En sign, Past Capta in
A. B . Ingers on is cler k, an d E. O. Kni gh t is accountan t.
'I'he can ton h as a bou t 100 che va li ers belonui nv ,
From t he se ven men wh o f ounded Q u i~s igfl mon cl
Lod ge Ma ~' 1, ] 844. Odd F'ell 0 wsh ip in W orccs te r h ad
grow n J u ne 30, ] 009, si x t y-fi v e years la te r , to :I01 ;j
mem b er s, scatte re d t hr ou gh six differen t lo dges as fo l­
low s :
Q uinsiga mon d L od ue , :'\0. 43 , 676
v·.,r orc est er L odge, 56 . . , . . , .. , . . , 545
R,idg ely Lo dge, " 112 490
Anch ori a Lodge . cc 142 365
Cen t r a 1 Lodge , cc 168 640
'l'lllli e Lodge , 239 299
In addit ion ther e wer e, D ec. :n. 1908. at t h e tim e of
the last an n ua l r ep or t , the f ollo win g men a nd wo me n
enrolled in the f ou r Re be ka h lod ze s and the t wo encamp­
men ts :
Nao mi R ebekah Lod ge , No . 18 , " 611
Q uee n Est he r R ebek ah Lodge , " 83 , ,. ,4 03
Utopi a R ebe ka h L odge, "107. , 203
Idnn R eb ekah L od ge, " 165 193
Wach uset t E ncampm en t, " 10 244
M t . Vernon En ca m pmen t, " 53 256
II 07\' . A . 8 P J '}: I\Fl n ( , ~·

Past Sove rei rrn GI'l1Il U Si r e

A. L, Sa w v er a nd t wc n tv-s cv en others. Levi W ill iams


was th e first Nob le (}/·a n·d . and at it s fir st r eport it h ad
fort v-seve n m emb ers .
F ive ve nrs la t er H on. W m . F, Hill of Sa lem . G ran d
Ma>;ter.'institllt l'cl Anchoria L od g e. 0:0 . 152. with Ch as .
M. ~ rc F<l r l ill1 d ns Noble Gr n nr]. N nm hcr of mernhe rs
at th e firs t r ep or-t . ;:) 8.
Thul e L od ge. th e s ix th IIpe1 last subordinate lod ue in
this city, ca rne into b einQ' -:\[ilv 23. 1900. G r a n d Mas tel'
Xath an iel J. W , F' ish bring' th e in st itu t ing officer . Sven
E. H a nsen wa s th e firs t .:'-I ollie Gra n d, a nd a t t he tim e of
its first rep ort it h ad nin et v-eigh t cont r-ibut ing mem ber s.
Wachuset t E n cam pm ent . :\0 . 10, \\·11.S t h e first encamp ­
ment or pa nized in W orc ester, it ha ving' been i nsti t uted
April 30, 1845 . It la p sed su bsequently and ceased to
work, bu t Oct. 20, 1869, wa s r ei nsta ted and h as con t in­
lied to t his d ay . M ount V ern on E ncam pm en t d a t es
from Sept. 27, 1877 .
Th e f oul' R eb ek ah lod ges w ere in stitu t ed as foll ows :
:\aomi, May 9, 1872 ; Queen Esther, Feb. 3, 1881 ; U t o­
pia, Oct. 16, 1891 ; I d un , March :n, 1905 .
Canton Wo rc ester , P a t riar chs M ili tan t , cele b ra tes n ext
year i ts silver' a nniversary , it ha v in g h een i ns ti tuted
Dec. 12, 1885, with , Villiam F . Bancroft as Com m a n d ­
ant an n. Da n iel A , Ha rr i ngto n . no w Br-ig a rlier- ge n crn l.
as Li eu ten ant. F r ed 1'L Myers was the first E nsign of
the new ca n t on . T he office rs of Com p one n t N o. 10,
chosen at th e sa me ti me, we re Joh n C. Green, ca p t ai n ;
Fred VV. Bemis, lieu ten a n t ; a n d George E. Mye rs, en ­
sign , whi le those of Com p on ent No . 22 wer e S . F. My­
rick clerk , a n d D. A. Pra tt ac cou n t ant, both wa rra n t of­
fleers. The ca n to n was muster ed by Maj or-ge ner al J ohn
G. Und erwood an d s t aff 1<'e1l. 1;3, 1886. T he n ew o r­
gan ization was dub bed Gran d Ca n ton W orc es ter, No .3.
but it is claime d th at i t anted a t es ac t u ally both Shaw­
mut, N o, 1, and Bun k er Hill, N o. 2. On D ec. 2], ]905, B p.IG . GE ~· . DASIE L A . H A R rU :--: OTO N

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