Drugs in Pakistan

Pakistan's geographic location next to Afghanistan, the world's largest producer of illicit opium, places the country in a vulnerable position in terms of drug trafficking as well as drug abuse. Patterns of illicit drug production, distribution and abuse change as a result of social, economic and political developments. Narcotics have become a multiple challenge to law enforcement authorities. In the late 1980s, Pakistan and Afghanistan exported nearly half the world's heroin, and, although their relative share declined somewhat thereafter, they remain among the world's major producers. Pakistan, especially under United States prodding, has attempted to cut back the cultivation of poppies, but the government's influence has not extended effectively into tribal areas. In addition, various political and economic forces have been brought to bear to keep narcotics police from pursuing their work too assiduously. In 1991 the Pakistan Narcotics Control Board--an organization that was supposed to have close ties to the United States Drug Enforcement Administration--was so riddled with corruption that its new director had to fire a majority of the staff. The vast profits generated by the narcotics industry not only had corrupted the enforcement authorities, including, it was rumored, some military units, but also had funded many other related crimes. Pakistan's cultivation of opium poppy largely declined during the 1990's to near zero levels in 1999 and 2000. The commitment of the Government of Pakistan (GOP) to measures for eliminating opium poppy cultivation, together with alternative development projects funded by the international community, led to a decrease in poppy cultivation from approximately 9,441 ha. in 1992 to some 213 ha. in 2001. However, there was a reemergence of poppy cultivation, probably as a result of high opium prices following the Taliban's prohibition of poppy cultivation in Afghanistan in 2001. In 2003 poppy cultivation was reported at 6,703 ha., including for the first time cultivation in the Balochistan Province. The total area cultivated declined to 2,306 ha. by May 2007 as a result of concerted eradication efforts. Pakistan is one of the primary transit countries for drugs from Afghanistan and hence knowledge of new routes and evolving methods of drug trafficking is essential for successful interdiction. In 2007, law enforcement agencies seized 13,736 kg of heroin/morphine base, 101,069 kg of cannabis and 15,362 kg of opium (down from the 2006 seizures of 35,478 kg of heroin heroin/morphine base and 115,443 kg of cannabis and up from the 2006 opium seizures of 8,907 kg). Intelligence on groups involved in drug trafficking and their links to other crime groups is also key to controlling drug trafficking. While the area cultivated in Pakistan during 2007 was equivalent to only around 1.2 percent of the area cultivated in Afghanistan, there is a risk that cultivation in Pakistan could increase substantially unless there are sustained efforts to dissuade farmers from planting poppy and to destroy opium crops before they are harvested. The problematic areas in terms of poppy cultivation are largely concentrated in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). Concerns about losing community acquiescence in counter terrorism operations and a lack of available security forces due

India. drug abuse is rapidly growing in Pakistan and in South Asia in general. Pakistan became a major exporter of heroin in the 1980s. illiteracy and lack of basic health care. it has also become a net importer of drugs. While Bangladesh.to ongoing counter terrorism operations in the Pakistan-Afghanistan border areas are factors that hamper the eradication efforts in FATA. As a proportion of drug abusers. Today. Pakistan is not only one of the main exporters of heroin. the country has the largest heroin consumer market in the south-west Asia region. The issue of drug addiction is often overshadowed by the many of the country's other human development problems. Nepal and Maldives all suffer from this. such as poverty. It is estimated that about 50 tons of opium are smuggled into Pakistan for processing heroin for domestic use. Heroin was once upon a time a drug which was virtually unknown in the country until the late 1970s. The major consequence of this has been a significant increase in domestic consumption of heroin in Pakistan. following the influx of Afghan refugees escaping the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. Drug addiction in Pakistan Pakistan is today notorious for many things. Today. Pakistan is the worst victim of the drug trade in South Asia. But the fact is. but in the last 20 years. Eradication efforts need to be improved. Widespread drug abuse may be indicated by the fact that almost five percent of the adult population is using drugs in Pakistan. particularly in Khyber Agency where there is a trend towards cultivation within walled compounds to conceal the crop from the authorities. Almost 80 percent of the opium processed in Pakistan comes from neighboring countries. heroin users have . It wasn't always this way. drug production and addiction has increasingly become just one of them.

since drug traffickers often escape punishment by giving bribes to get out of being held accountable for their actions. it's not harmful. the issue of drug abuse touches the most vulnerable: the majority of drug users in South Asia belong to the poorest strata of society. it also erodes Pakistan's social cohesion and stability. the abuse or nonmedical use of any drug can have long-lasting effects on your health. these measures have produced very disappointing results. In addition. It has to be worked out through mutual efforts by South Asian countries The Health Effects of Commonly Used Drugs One of the myths floating around about drug abuse is if it can be or usually is used as a medication. . Drug production for Pakistan's domestic market is estimated at close to $1. the situation has gone from bad to worse. But Pakistan is not alone in fighting this disease.increased from 7. It appears that only three percent of the gross profits from the illegal opium industry remain within Pakistan. It has argued that the solution does not lie in the hands of individual countries. With the globalization of the drug abuse problem in the last two decades.5 percent in 1983 to a shocking 51 percent a decade later in 1993. One problem is that corruption has also touched the fight against drug abuse in Pakistan and other South Asian countries. Although almost all South Asian countries have enacted strict laws for fighting drug trafficking and drug use. Like many of the country's other human development problems. so much so that the United Nations Commission on narcotic drugs no longer discusses individual situations. the presence of a large drug industry in Pakistan leads to a redistribution of income from the poor to a few rich individuals who control the drug trade. Contrary to what some believe. This not only makes the gap between the rich and the poor as well as income inequality even worse.5 billion.

Marijuana Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States. heroin will begin to affect the body's central nervous system almost immediately after it is used. use cocaine. seek medical attention immediately. PCP. it begins to effect users almost immediately and can last for one to three hours.000 current users in the United States.S. Cocaine and Crack Cocaine Approximately 2. Has Your Health Been Affected? If you believe that your health has been affected by your use of illicit drugs or nonmedical use of prescription or over-the-counter drugs. tranquilizers. Hallucinogens disrupt a person's ability to think and communicate rationally. sometimes resulting in bizarre or dangerous behavior. or even to recognize reality. stimulants. and how they can effect your health. This involves the nonmedical use of prescription drugs. according to NSDUH. more than a million people in the U. but scientific evidence proves otherwise.S. Besides alcohol (which has its own set of health effects). snorted or smoked. Users claim that smoking marijuana is not harmful. and sedatives. are psychotherapeutics including pain relievers. such as methamphetamine and ecstasy. Whether injected.The truth is even the "safest" drugs can have negative effects on your health and well-being if they are used too often or over too long a period of time.1 million people in the U. If you need help . When smoked. Heroin Of all the illicit drugs available on the market today. Hallucinogens Each month. in order of popularity. with only an estimated 200. Prescription Drugs According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). cocaine is a strong central nervous system stimulant which affects the brain. the second most popular drugs of abuse in the U.S. making it the third most abused category of drug. injected and even smoked in some forms of the drug. heroin is the least commonly abused. over-thecounter drugs and drugs that may be manufactured illegally. In all cases. Cocaine can be snorted. Katamine and DMX. That's probably because it is the most addictive of all the street drugs. use hallucinogens such as LSD. the following are the most commonly abused drugs in the United States.

eliottdacher. We help you to come to terms with and integrate your past." (Jungian Theory. are no longer viable coping strategies. alcohol or other dependencies.org/addiction/theories/jung. Dr Elliott S. The Bay Approach™ is grounded in a deep understanding of the human psyche that integrates evidence-based western psychology with ancient eastern wisdom. as well as learning new strategies to deal with any current or future pain and stress. food. Dacher. for wholeness and as a diversion from pain. sex. Once an inner peace and sense of fulfilment become more accessible. author of "Integral Health: The Path to Human Flourishing" writes that "Jung understood that the driving force and root cause of addictive behaviour was the addict's unrecognized and unmet spiritual need. alcohol or other addictions such as work. With this approach you can learn to live without dependence on drugs. that once served a purpose. Therapy in Addiction Treatment for Drugs & Alcohol The role of therapy in the treatment of chemical or other dependencies is to explore.trying to stop taking drugs there are many help and support resources available. such as drug and other dependencies. the science of the soul and meditation. for connection. The Bay holds the view that dependencies are not necessarily embedded for life and that these creative adaptations can change. The Search for Wholeness We see drug or other addictions as a direct response to an unmet spiritual need: a misguided search for inner peace. retrieved 5th September 2008) Drug & Alcohol Addiction Treatment at The Bay Retreat The Bay Approach to healing and rehabilitation has been developed in order to meet the search for wholeness. In order to heal addiction at its source this natural and unmet spiritual need must be responded to and satisfied in an appropriate and authentic manner. www. drugs. gambling and so on. We support you to explore and understand the underlying issues related to your addiction or dependency on drugs or alcohol or other behaviour patterns. Addiction Recovery Retreat How we see Drug & Alcohol Addiction The Bay Approach™ to drug and alcohol addiction sees destructive patterns of thought and behaviour. uncover and . as an individual's changeable creative adaptation for survival in the face of life events.

The Core Elements of your Treatment: Physical . Drugs or alcohol can eventually lose their power to govern your way of being. can develop your ability to be present with uncomfortable feelings and situations in your life. Throughout your stay our Clinical Director develops and adapts your rehabilitation treatment plan for optimal results.healing and rejuvenating the body: detoxification. Addictive behaviours are often used to mask or avoid the experience of certain feelings such as loneliness. delivers your program in the comfort of your private luxury accomodation. An entire treatment team. Once these underlying issues are understood and new coping skills are adopted. you have the opportunity to choose alternative. anxiety. Your Rehabilitation Program Structure Medical and psychological assessments form the basis of your rehabilitation treatment plan. or mindfulness. right now. This plan will reflect your needs and preferences and the varying levels of intensity required for your healing. right here. to be with your current reality. where your authentic healing can occur. a drug or behaviour. Meditation. yoga. Meditation in Addiction Treatment for Drugs & Alcohol Meditation. Your therapeutic program evolves with you. massage. attuned to your needs. Meditation can free you from being bound to the habitual pathways of your mind that feed the cycle of dependency: desire.integrate issues underlying your addiction. pain. traumatic memories and challenging situations. By developing the ability to be present. fitness training. medical and nursing services. craving and use. depression. nutrition. We recommend you undertake your detoxification process at The Bay in our medically supervised program that focuses on your safety and comfort.. We do not see these issues or the resulting feelings as the original source of addiction. provides an antidote to addiction or dependency on alcohol. but as indicators that point to deeper. wounds. bodyoriented natural therapies such as acupuncture and naturopathy. Your rehabilitation program is completely one-to-one. less harmful means of dealing with internal conflict and pain. chi kung. shiatsu. meditation can have transformative effects directly on the choices you make.. tailored for the western mind. It challenges the misguided search at the root of addiction by facilitating an authentic connection with your true self. Detoxification is required prior to commencing the therapeutic program. There are no groups or meetings to attend. . sometimes unconscious. The aim is to effectively resolve unconscious wounds and make space for a meditative depth.

Behavioural . Iran and Afghanistan 2001-2006 . guided meditation.addressing underlying issues: psychotherapy.. NLP.. zen meditation. dependency counselling. Psychological . meditation instruction. Pakistan. self enquiry. relapse prevention. Hypnotherapy. management strategies for anxiety and depression. vipassana techniques. family of origin work.. Meditation: helping you find the way that works for you: mindfulness in daily life. CBT. relationship counselling.learning new skills: Cognitive behavioural Therapy (CBT). STATICS OF DRUGS Potential Opium Production (metric tonnes) in Afghanistan 2001-2007 Heroin-Morphine Base Seizures (kg). trauma resolution (Somatic Experiencing ™).. movement meditation.. After Care: planning for your rehabilitation from alcohol or drug dependency includes your personalised After Care program to support your sustainable recovery. EMDR. psycho-education.. psychiatry. psychophysiology of dependency.

Opium Base Seizures (kg) in Pakistan Iran and Afghanistan 2001-2006 Cannabis Seizures in Pakistan 1992 – 2007 .

if properly structured. . are an extremely effective form of educating young children about drugs. drug education programs.CONCLUSION In conclusion. drug education programs in schools are vital to children's well being in the future. Through general information about drugs and ways to deal with peer pressure.

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