A terrorist is a person who creates fear panic among the organization to which he belongs.

Terrorism usually is of two kinds. There is political terrorism which seeks to achieve its political end by creating fear and panic on a large scale. There is also criminal terrorism which indulges in kidnappings in order to extort huge amounts by way of ransom. Political terrorism is much more dangerous and its consequences can be disastrous. Political terrorists are well organized and well-trained and it often becomes difficult for the law enforcing agencies to arrest them in time. They indulge in senseless violence on a large scale in order to intimidate the people and the government. Hijacking of aero planes, arson, robberies, murder of eminent personalities, shooting down of innocent people indiscriminately, use of transistor bombs and other explosives, spreading of rumors’ etc. are the various devices used by terrorist organizations in order to achieve their political ends. Terrorists constantly change their hide-outs and their tactics in order to escape arrest and punishment. When arrested, they try to commit suicide or are killed by their own close associates. They may think that they are patriots, but in reality they are antisocial or criminal elements who are exploited by clever politicians to achieve their own ends. Terrorists are usually young, while the brains behind them are old, seasoned politicians who coordinate and guide their activities. They are fanatics and extremists who act with great fervor and zeal, but studies reveal that if apprehended alive, a terrorist loses his fervor as quickly as he had acquired it. When he has time to think, he feels he has been stupid or that he was misled. We have to disabuse our minds that terrorists who belong to the political class are patriots. All international studies consign them to the category of murderers, rapists or highway robbers. Terrorism has no place in a democracy which is based on the belief that all problems can be solved through negotiations. Government can also be changed through the ballot box. Terrorism is a world-wide problem. It is there in the middle-east and in most countries of Europe. Very often it is seen that terrorist groups receive money, weapons, training and guidance, from other countries and this enables them to attain a high level of performance. In the case of the Punjab terrorists, there were no doubt they were receiving training, weapons, sanctuary and other forms of material assistance from Pakistan. It was not an easy job to seal the long border completely and prevent flow of arms to the terrorists, but through strong and determined steps, thus terrorists are completely flushed out and peace is restored in Punjab. For dealing with these terrorists, the government had to arm itself with greater powers. The antiterrorist act passed by the parliament provides for deterrent punishment for terrorist acts. The act also provides punishment for "disruptive activities" which have been defined as any action taken to disrupt the sovereignty or the territorial integrity of the nation. Earlier, the parliament had passed laws amending the arms act to curb unauthorized access to arms and ammunition. The act lies down that possession of unlicensed or unauthorized arms in disturbed areas will entail a minimum punishment of imprisonment for a period of three years. The minimum punishment earlier provided in the act was merely six months. The national police commission, in its report, had rightly advocated the enactment of a new arms act to provide for stricter conditions for the issue of licenses and enhanced responsibilities on the part of the licenses for security and accountability of ammunition. Laws have also been enacted to prohibit the use of religious

This terror can be spread by just frightening the other. The relationship of India and Pakistan can be very widely understood when we see and read about this long drawn out protracted programme of spread of terrorism in India. provided with the most sophisticated weapons after teaching them the use. and given a lot of money for the task. After "operation blue star” it was hoped that the extremist activities in Punjab would be successfully encountered.it is the spread of terror. one of killing indiscriminately. prudence and sagacity of the late Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi and Sant Longowal which. No doubt. However "the operation black thunder" was a complete success and terrorists and anti-social elements were flushed out. be curbed by the law enforcing agencies alone. resulted in the historic Punjab accord which not only gave a knockout blow to terrorism but also saved the nation from disintegration. Indira Gandhi was the direct consequence of "operation blue star". Since a war against India may prove to be disastrous. The Punjab terrorists were an organized group working to achieve 'Khalistan' or a separate Sikh state under the guidance and inspiration of late Sant Bhinderawale and others like him. after protracted negotiations. The series of bomb blasts in Delhi and neighboring states and spate of murders of eminent personalities show how difficult it is to curb terrorist activities. Let us hope that the country would be entirely free from this menace very soon. However. elections have been held successfully in the state. but it ushered in an era of cooperation instead of confrontation in Punjab and Kashmir.places for political purposes or for hiding and sheltering anti-social elements. by a continuous war of nerves also including deaths of Indians. However the assassination of late Mrs. the Sant paid for it with his life. as the name indicates. it clearly shows that. Stringent punishment is to be meted out in case of misuse of a religious place. The sanctity of the golden temple was restored again. Terrorism could not. it has taken recourse to this slow but sure poisoning of India. As regards the terrorism in India it has reached the last type. and a popularly elected chief minister is now at the helm of affair. as it was through that without a protected sanctuary it would become difficult for the extremists to carry on their acts of sabotage and violence. All this is being done very methodically with a sure purpose in mind. After the "operation blue star" the terrorists again re-grouped and entrenched themselves in the golden temple. Instead. Pakistan is in no mood to be friendly. Terrorism in India has in the last ten years taken its toll in India and with so many years at it. Terrorists are given full fledged training in army discipline. Then they are helped to sneak into the Indian Territory across the border. it appears that. It was the tact. Once on the Indian side the terrorists are engaged . with specific instructions to do as much damage as possible. The terrorists have lost the sympathy and co-operation of the people and they stand isolated. by looting the other or by killing the other. and it cannot. What actually is terrorism . Pakistan is hell bent upon annihilating its parent neighbour. for Pakistan.

It appears that. so much so that. For the last decade and more. killings. 80% of the Hindu community has fled the area and settled in other parts of India. This is the situation in India but now terrorists have started spreading their ominous wings in other parts of the world also. Such a tragic situation has been created that. God alone knows how many lives of Indians will have to be sacrificed before we reach an understanding. and India continues to suggest peace. Pakistan means business and the end of the road is not yet anywhere in sight. the offer of talks . The situation has lasted for ever so long and defies any solution up to date. India continues even to extend its ceasefire. while on the other hand Pakistan continues to hit hard at India all the time. if ballot is then tested. It appears that. before the ogre gets to a destruction spree through the length and breadth of the world. the entire world will have to work together against this menace of terrorism. the terrorists have crossed the Jammu and Kashmir border and struck terror in the State.for. and threatens to spread to other parts of the country. . one side offering peace and the other a battering at all costs. people run for safer places and the target is thus achieved. these people are rendered homeless in their own country and outsiders doing it all with such impunity. if all the already minority of the Hindus flee from Kashmir.in arson. This is a mind boggling situation and it is a wonder how a solution can be reached with these opposing attitudes at work. With the purpose of annexing Kashmir to Pakistan this long drawn out programme of killing and terrorising has been very successfully launched and vigorously followed through the last decade and more. and terror. The position as it stands to-day is that. the coming on to a battlefield. It seems that. This holocaust is being tried out in Kashmir with an obvious attempt at annexing Kashmir . Once terror is spread. The purpose of all this is bold and clear . How can the two ways of thinking chalk out a feasible solution. loot. It is however very clear that. The extending of a friendly hand. is to my mind a very distant future if at all.all this has been tried and proved to be fruitless. conditions have not improved at all. only God can solve this tricky problem man is failing to entirely. The process seems to be unending in Kashmir. there is no chance of a vote for India. Even after an offer of a unilateral ceasefire. Terrorists continue to be trained and bred by Pakistan and sent across the border to spread terror.to spread terror and make people run out of the territory. all people who matter on both sides are finding themselves at a loss to find an amicable solution.

China is sending its ships soon to that region.no one country can face and end this plan of destruction. Terrorism affects innocent people because people in Bangalore clearly witnessed the effect in UK bombing where in a Doctor was added as a Prime Suspect just because he is a Muslim and finally he was relieved after he proved himself as being innocent.What is the effect of this attack.Gordon Brown has condemned Pakistan and said it is done by them.financially India lost Rs.There are many cases like this across the globe for years together.Only if the brains of the world get together it seems that terrorism may be washed out of the scene . .We cant blame the Government of US or UK entirely because British Prime Minister Mr.Its effects are very much that it can detoriate a country's economy and can cause between the countries. Terrorism is in different forms in various countries.it was in the name of Taliban who almost ruined their own country.We were always united and doing action like these will make us even more unite and fight more strongly than ever against it.000 crores and the foreign inflow of funds had reduced which included the tourism that was affected to a great extent because of this and an article said Taj on which the attack was done has to shell out Rs.the common people who can make this happen. terrorism in India is a World Problem.None of the religion preaches terrorism nor ask the followers to take the lives of other people but it was preached by worng leaders and innocent people fall as a prey and lose their lives and kill other people as well.?? Well. The attack on our own Indian Parliament was also one which again checked our patience.they wouldnt have lost their own people and again on the other hand at the present moment they are funding Pakistan for various causes including purchasing armaments having known the fact that renownmed teorrists like Osama Bin Laden and Dawood Ibrahim are very much based there. We saw the brutal attack on Twin Tower on September 11 in USA and did we not cry even though we were in different country. Terrorism is something which all over the world is a major problem at the moment.In Afganisthan.Terrorists were not born but they were made in the name of religion.will take a decade atleast for that country to recover from its current position.They havent done anything to curb these people who only made an atatck on Taj and killed the people of US and UK.If USA would have done this earlier.In Iraq.Now people of US should join together to pressure their own Govt to act against terrorists based or camping in Pakistan because it is only us.In Somalia.500 crores to bring back the lost beauty but on top of this we have lost the important element which is the precious human lives.it is done by pirates where they hijack lot of ships every now and then and get a hefty ransom because of which UNO has asked the member countries to counter attack this by sending their respective force.India has been doing this for a long time wherein Indian Navy has done a great job having prevented lot of ships being hijacked.50. This is my views about the Terrorism in India is a World Problem The recent terror attack in Mumbai was condemned severely by various governments across the world.There were some who did a brave act including Major UnniKrishnan and NSG Chief who lost their lives in order to protect innocent tourists.it was in the name of one dictator in the name of Sadam Hussein who is no more but the effect he has created in his won country.We saw people strggled and lost their lives right in front of our eyes and could do nothing which eventually led to atatck in Afganisthan by USA to demolish Mulla Omar's regime.

Also by through the same reasons repressive societies. civil liberties are protected. or other governmental agencies of an established nation.. *Summary: *All terrorist acts involve violence or the threat of violence. These violent acts are usually committed by nongovernmental groups or individuals who are either part of or officially serving in the military. social. Also with the resurgence the world is experiencing of terrorism. It is their lifeblood. where the government closely monitors citizens and restricts their speech and movement. -----------------------------The Effects of Terrorism Terrorism has occurred throughout history. religious. But even countries with strict . This sets him far apart from what British officials in Northern Ireland have taken to calling the ODC. cultural. law enforcement agencies. Today it no longer affects only small societies.they are bringing disgrace to their own religion and at the same time ruining their own country and people and when they are no more.these people will realise and make this world a safe and a peaceful place to live. They require publicity. "A terrorist is a criminal who seeks publicity. but today the world is experiencing a global rebirth of attacks. such as isolated third world countries who fell victim to regular terrorist attacks.Terrorists dont understand that by acting in the name of terrorism. have often provided more difficult environments for terrorists. economic. the Nation's have been to do what they can to eliminate terrorism. but the whole world is becoming more familiar with Arab and Muslim names. and psychological. The terrorist violence that is on the rise today has informed citizen all over the world about different types of terrorism. In such societies people have fundamental rights. Terrorists attempt not only to create panic but also to weaken confidence in the government and the political leadership of the target country. If the media were not there to report terrorist acts and to explain their political and social significance (the motives inspiring them and so fourth) terrorism as such would cease to exist" (Netanyahu 70) What has caused terrorism can be a mystery for many reactionary groups. or Ordinary Decent Criminal. who understandably shuns the limelight. Generally democratic countries have been proven to be grounds for terrorism because of the open nature of their societies. and government control and constant surveillance of the people and their activities are absent.. but for other groups the main causes can be historical. intelligence agencies.hardly they could realise the damage they have done and if we have another life or the so called Spirits.

but also the mode of warfare has . and the intense impact on the media. suicide tactics were used on the Malabar Coast of Southwestern India. Suicide Bombers hijacked two planes full of fuel and used them as missiles into the Twin Towers. The perpetrator's ensured death is a precondition for the success of his mission. "Looking at history of terrorism. (National Center for Policy Analysis) The suicide bombers often do die while attempting their terrorist acts. suicide bombers have no fear to surrender information. ensures full media coverage. the Jewish Sicairis and the Islamic Hashishiyun became infamous for such attacks. "The relatively high number of casualties guaranteed in such attacks. even though they limit civil liberties and are against free speech and rights of assembly.police-enforced laws have not been immune to terrorism. was the September 11th attacks on the World Trade Center in New York." (National Center for Policy Analysis) Some of the most recent act of suicide terrorism in the U. hence the name. In the 18 century. The wide range use of suicide terrorism is because it is simple and low-cost. guarantees mass casualties. Killing everyone aboard the two planes and collapsing the towers. "(National Center for Policy Analysis) "Suicide terrorism is defined as a politically motivated violent attack perpetrated by a self-aware individual who actively and purposely causes his own death through blowing himself up along with his chosen target.S. Thus. One the most commonly seen forms of terrorism have been Suicide terrorism. In all of these places Muslims carried out suicide attacks in their fight against Western hegemony and colonial rule. which are usually carried out in crowded areas. it can be seen that suicide attacks are in actuality a very old modus operandi. other wise known as psychological warfare. they are in fact pawns in large terrorist networks that wage calculated psychological warfare. guarantees the act will succeed. "While suicide bombers are often portrayed as lone mad zealots. This type of terrorism has been around for many years and dates back to the 18th century. In ancient times two notorious sects."(Schweitzer) Today's suicide terrorist attacks are obviously different from ones of ancient times. but the bombers do wish to live to see how the tragedy has affected their victims. in Atjeh in Northern Sumatra and in Mindanao and Sulu in the Southern Philippines. suicide terrorism ranks with other spectacular modus operandi such as blowing up airplanes in mid air or the use of Weapons of Mass Destruction as a sure means to win maximum effect. This suicide attack is the worst act of terrorism ever committed on US soil.

"Information warfare is "an electronic conflict in which information is a strategic asset worthy of conquest or destruction. "In 1994 and 1995. "(Gay 27) Iraq has shown extreme hostile behavior against other countries leading the US and other nations to believe that Iraq does in fact have been creating and building up their biological and chemical weapons. The symptoms included chronic fatigue. and were sent to consult with psychologists. Naval base in Yokosuka The effects that chemical and biological weapons have had on US troops started after the Persian Gulf. Another popular form of terrorism is Bio-chemical terrorism. internal bleeding." The veterans were told they were suffering from psychological problems as a result of war." (Gay 13) This cult tired to create a war by attacking the legislature and other authorities like the U. US jets fired back with laser-guided bombs that knocked out antiaircraft artillery. Computers and other . there is also the threat of this terrorism in one nation. Modern suicide attacks are often for the purpose to inflict both physical and psychological damage to the population.com) " In the 1990-1991 Persian Gulf war Iraq produced and planned to use not only chemical weapons but also biological weapons " (Gay 12) This is a good example of how other countries have tried to use bio-chemical warfare against another country.changed. When the end of the war came and tens of thousands of troops returned home they came down with an illness. Bio-chemical terrorism can be defined as a group that threatens or attacks their target with the usage of a chemical that is very harmful and can be fatal. which is one of the most deadly types. Along with the threat among opposing nations. This terrorist filled country has done everything from forging documents and making fraudulent statements to completely dismantling equipment and destroying documents to cover up their production of Biological weapons. who called himself "Holy Pope. Japanese citizens in Tokyo and other cities were terrorized by chemical attacks planned and executed by members of the Aum Shinrikyo (supreme truth) religious cult and its leader Shoko Ashara. and memory loss. The country that has been involved in most conflicts that pertain to biological and chemical weapons has been Iraq. (dictionary. These symptoms have been classified as "Gulf War Syndrome. Iraqi surface-to-air missiles *were fired at British and American fighter jets. severe joint pain and headaches. Military intelligence agencies have no doubt that in the future there will be more confrontations with Iraq as they continue to try and build their weapons arsenal.S. "Just days before the end of 1998. intestinal track problems.

and the US Army special reaction teams. today the Delta Force is though to have an estimated 2. With the growth in computer software and other technologies. Combat Applications Group (CAG). Delta's main purpose is for hostage .communications and information systems become attractive first-strike targets. "(Gay 47) Counter-terrorism is to terminate terrorism and is usually enforced but authorized military organizations. information warfare is becoming easier. DEVGRU. "In October 1999. The terrorist can hack into a computer system that is so far away that the hacker will be in no danger. Secretary of State Madeline Albright designated twenty-eight groups as foreign terrorist organizations. The US Congress passed in 1996 the Antiterrorism and effective death penalty. Not only are US weapons better than any other military's but advances in computer and communications have led to a method of integrating conventional forces so well that a new type of fighting emerges. which has the secretary of state to put together a list of the top foreign terrorist groups. Counter terrorism teams have existed in one form or another since the 1920's. but instead could disrupt the entire nation. it can become one of the most commonly choice for warfare. The counter terrorist group recruits its soldiers from the US Army's Special Forces Green Berets and Rangers. Delta Force is one of the US's Counter Terrorist Groups which is also known as. With the new technologies today. The State Department also provides descriptions of these organizations and their areas of operation. information warfare groups are much easier to form.500 personnel. "(French) Since this type of terrorism has grown to such a vast strength. "Information warfare is essentially superior conventional strength. "(French) Information warfare is becoming a popular form of terrorism these days. making this one of the more popular terrorism tactic. The threat of info war means that computer systems would have to be protected from an "Electric Pearl Harbor" "The surprise attack would not hit just one location. According to Geffery French. The United States counter terrorism groups include Delta Force. as was the case with the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor in Hawaii during World War II." (Gay 78-79) The threat of information warfare is a major disruption that should definitely be paid attention to due to its great affect it could have on a nation's communication and computer systems. The organizational stronghold that the perpetrators have increases the flexibility and reduces the reaction time to fight against an attack.

The newly formed group is also a division of JSOC. and they got the chance to rescue an American business man who was operating from an underground radio station. DEVGRU is estimated to have about 400 personnel which are separated into four combat teams and a training team. The training for the MP's was so successful. The passenger had reported that the terrorists had cigarette lighters with hidden knives inside to take over the plane. the Department mandated that the MP group would be reassigned to an extensive scouting of the airport to ensure success. and in locating Scud missile launchers in Iraq. in which both groups are listed in the counter-terrorism units. A flight attendant onboard reportedly made a call from a cellular phone and said there were "several Middle Eastern men" who had used knives or box cutters to take over the plane. the original commander of ST6 published a series of books that outlined the history and purpose of the original Team. and wounded several passengers. Then Flight 93 had made a few midair maneuvers which resulted in crashing into a field near Shanksville. Later. The passengers and crew were held captive in the first-class section. "What is known is that they were formed in the mid 1990's after SEAL Team Six. The recent rumors have said that the DEVGRU is actually a CT unit created to take the place of ST6. United Airlines flight 93 took off around 8:45 a. The Delta Force has their own fleet of helicopters painted in civilian colors with fake registration numbers to keep their existence out of the media." (Johnson) Since the disbanding of ST6 the Navy had no maritime CT unit. American Airlines flight 77 also reported several men aboard with box cutters who rushed passenger to the . Aboard American Airlines Flight 11. and was flying without incident until they had reached Cleveland. They made sure to take over aircraft's with loaded fuel tanks. The second counter terrorist group in the US is the DEVGRU which is a Naval Special Warfare Development Group.m.rescue. Team Delta also saw some action during Desert Storm. DEVGRU was created after Richard Marcinko. The third counter-terrorist group that was formed by the United States was the Special Reaction Teams (SRT's). They also chose the correct planes after careful planning. and was held captive in Modelo. the hijackers told the passengers that the planes that were flying from Boston would be used as bombs and hit the Twin Towers in New York. the Navy's Counter-terrorism was disbanded. and less people for less opposition. some passengers had learned from cell phones of the crashes into the World Trade Center. which is with other groups like the US Army's 1st SFOD-D and 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment. This unit was formed when the Army sent a small group of Military Police to attend Emergency Services Teams training. Pennsylvania. when troopers provided General Norman Schwartzkopf security.

was at the helm. The treats of bio-chemical. Along with the rise of terrorism is also the increase in Counter-Terrorism acts. The plane's target was apparently changed when the pilot pulled off a tight maneuver cutting 270 degrees to the right to head towards the Pentagon. and information warfare are on the rise in today's societies as more political argument and groups emerge. Suicide or psychological warfare. making it highly likely that a trained pilot--possibly one of the hijackers-. Even though most counter terrorist groups are kept secret. Each plane that struck the towers killed everyone aboard and causing the towers to collapse.rear of the plane. "Aviation experts said the plane was flown with skill. The US alone spends about $5 billion dollars a year combating terrorists. but the ones that will always remain the most important to you are the ones that happen in your home nation. Throughout the years many radical and reactionary groups have been the cause for terrorist attacks throughout the world. the increase of terrorism has also counter balanced. American Airlines Flight 77 was hijacked and steered into the Pentagon in Washington DC killing everyone aboard. United Airlines Flight 93 was flown nose first into a field in Pennsylvania killing everyone aboard." (Counter-Terrorism) The results of the hijacking of the four airliners were devastating. The two aircrafts that struck the World Trade Centers twin towers were United Airlines Flight 175 and American Airlines Flight 11. . Terrorism is a major problem that is reoccurring over the globe in many different forms.

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