Marine     Operations                         Basic  Safe  Boating  Practices              

 

 

 A  violation  of  any  of  these   provisions  is  an  infraction.  waters.  lands.  parades  and  other   similar  activities  are  exempted  from  these  provisions.  a  sailing  vessel  is  privileged  in  relation  to  a   powerboat.  except  for  a  sailboat  that  does  not  exceed  30  feet  in  length  or  a  dinghy     2   .  other  boaters.Basic  Safe  Boating  Practices     Operating  Rules       You  are  legally  responsible  for  the  safety  of  those  on  your  boat.    When  you  allow  someone  to  take  the  helm.  the  fact  that  you   didn't  know  them  is  not  a  valid  defense.  make  sure  he   or  she  knows  the  "rules  of  the  road.  Avoid  riding  close  to  shoreline  homes  and  waterfowl   nesting  areas.  When  you  ride  responsibly.  ride   slowly  and  obey  all  laws.  if  you  don't  know  and  obey  the  rules.  Just  like  driving  a  car.  Whether  privileged  or  burdened.      Operator  Age       No  person  under  16  years  of  age  may  operate  a  motorboat  of  more  than  15   horsepower.  and  populated  beaches."  When  in  close  proximity  of  each  other.  it  is  the  duty  of  every  vessel  to  avoid   collision.  The  splash  of  your  wake  can  make   waves  that  others  won't  enjoy.  you  help  ensure  that  our  waterways  stay  open  for  the  enjoyment  of  a  variety   of  recreational  opportunities.  Overtaking  vessels  have  a  duty  to  keep  out  of  the  way  of  overtaken   vessels.  with  respect  and  courtesy  for   others.   swimmers.  and  all  others  injured  by  any  damage  you   cause.  nor  is  it  true  if  the  sailing  vessel  is  overtaking   another  vessel.  and  wildlife   with  respect  and  courtesy.  regattas.    Generally.  think  of  yourself  as  the   guest  of  those  around  you.  but  it  could  be  just  noise  to  others.  It  is  the  duty  of  the  burdened  vessel   to  keep  out  of  the  way.  When  travel  in  these  areas  is  unavoidable.       You  share  the  areas  you  enjoy  when  riding  with  others  and  with  nature."  The  privileged  vessel  need  not  give  way   but  has  the  duty  to  keep  her  course  and  speed.  Your   enjoyment  includes  a  responsibility  to  treat  other  people.       Ride  Responsibly       Your  common  sense  and  good  judgment  in  watercraft  riding  help  avoid  accidents   and  promote  a  positive  image  for  the  whole  sport.  Remember  that  the  sound  of  your  watercraft  may  be   music  to  you.  Whenever  and  wherever  you  ride.       Rules  of  the  Road       Persons  engaged  in  professional  exhibitions.  races.  and  keep  a  respectful  distance  from  fishermen.  any  damage  your   boat  causes  to  other  boats  and  property.  vessels   are  said  to  be  "privileged"  or  "burdened.  But  this  is  not  true  if  the  powerboat  cannot  safely  navigate  outside  the   channel  in  which  she  is  cruising.  Public  perception  of  courteous   and  responsible  boating  habits  is  essential  to  keep  the  waterways  open  for  all  riders.

 due  regard  shall  be  had  to  all  dangers  of  navigation  and  collision  and  to  any   special  circumstances.             3   .   See  Fog  Signals.  and  “spraying  down”  any  person  or   vessel  in  the  water.  answering  one  blast  with   two  blasts  or  two  blasts  with  one  blast.  including  the  limitations  of  the  vessels  involved.      Responsibility       Nothing  in  the  rules  of  the  road  shall  exonerate  the  operator  of  a  vessel  from  the   consequences  of  neglecting  to  comply  with  the  rules  of  the  road.  even  if  the  PWC  is   equipped  with  proper  navigational  lights  is  also  prohibited.  It  is  also  required  for  anyone  operating  a  PWC  to  be  equipped   with  a  lanyard  switch  and  to  attach  the  lanyard  to  his  or  her  person.     • One  short  blast  (1  second)  of  the  horn  or  whistle  will  show  an  intention  to   direct  course  of  vessel  to  own  starboard  (right).         Personal  Watercraft       It  is  prohibited  for  personal  watercraft  (PWC)  operators  from  undertaking  unsafe  or   reckless  practices.   • Three  short  blasts  will  indicate  the  vessel's  engines  are  going  astern  (in   reverse).  that  is.  operating  at  a  rate  of  speed  and  proximity  to  another  vessel  so  that  the  other   operator  is  required  to  swerve  to  avoid  collision.  or  from  neglecting   any  precaution  that  may  be  required  by  the  ordinary  practice  of  seamen.     Navigation  Signals       The  law  prescribes  signals  for  vessels  in  sight  of  each  other  to  indicate  the  intended   course  of  a  vessel  when  necessary  for  safe  navigation.  including  jumping  another  vessel’s  wake  within  100  feet  of  that   vessel.   Persons  12-­‐15  years  of  age  are  able  to  operate  motorboats  of  more  than  15   horsepower  or  sailboats  over  30  feet  if  supervised  on  board  by  a  person  at  least  18   years  of  age.  which  may   make  a  departure  from  the  rules  of  the  road  necessary  to  avoid  immediate  danger.   • Two  short  blasts  will  show  intention  to  direct  course  of  vessel  to  own  port   (left).   • Prolonged  blast  (4  to  6  seconds)  will  indicate  situations  of  restricted  visibility.Basic  Safe  Boating  Practices   used  directly  between  a  moored  boat  and  the  shore.  operation  (from   one-­‐half  hour  after  sunset  to  one-­‐half  hour  before  sunrise).  or  by  the   special  circumstances  of  the  case.  or  between  two  moored  boats.   • Five  or  more  short  and  rapid  blasts  is  a  danger  signal  used  when  the  other   vessel's  intentions  are  not  understood  or  where  the  other  vessel's  indicated   course  is  dangerous.   • Motorboats  should  not  use  cross  signals.    In  construing  and  complying  with  the  rules  of  the   road.

 You  must  yield  to  boats  in   your  Danger  Zone.  boats   approaching  you  from  all  other  directions.  the  other  vessel  will  be  able  to   determine  how  best  to  avoid  you.   When  you  maintain  your  direction  and  speed.  must  keep   clear  of  you.   you  must  keep  out  of  the  way  of  any  boat  that  approaches  you  from  any  direction   within  the  indicated  Danger  Zone.  You  should  always  move  in  such   a  way  that  the  operator  of  the  other  vessel  can  see  what  you  are  doing.  except  the  meeting  vessel.     Rules  When  Encountering  Vessels         There  are  three  main  situations  that  you  may  encounter  with  other  vessels  that   could  lead  to  a  collision  unless  the  Steering  Rules  are  followed:     • Meeting:  you  are  approaching  another  vessel  head-­‐on   • Crossing:  you  are  travelling  across  the  path  of  another  vessel   • Overtaking:  you  are  passing  or  being  passed  by  another  vessel         When  Crossing:  Every  boat  has  a  "Danger  Zone"  from  straight  in  front  (the  bow)  to   past  the  middle  of  its  right  side.  you  should  not   cross  in  front  of  the  vessel  with  the  right-­‐of-­‐way.      The  vessel  with  the  right-­‐of-­‐way  has   the  duty  to  continue  its  course  and  speed.  one  vessel  has  the  right-­‐of-­‐ way.  as  you  are  the  burdened  craft.  You  should  slow  down  or  change   directions  briefly  and  pass  behind  the  other  vessel.       4   .     The  vessel  that  does  not  have  the  right-­‐of-­‐way  has  the  duty  to  take  positive  and   timely  action  to  stay  out  of  the  way  of  the  Stand-­‐On  vessel.  except  to  avoid  an  immediate  collision.Basic  Safe  Boating  Practices       Steering  and  Sailing  Rules       Whenever  two  vessels  on  the  water  meet  one  another.  Like  when  meeting  another  car  at  a  street   intersection.  it  is  called  the  "stand-­‐on"  vessel.  If  you  are  the  skipper  of  the  Vessel  A  in  the  center  of  the  diagram.  The  vessel  that  does  not  have  the  right-­‐of-­‐way   is  called  the  "give-­‐way"  of  "burdened"  vessel.  Normally.  the  one  on  the  right  has  the  right  of  way.  Likewise.

 The  same  holds  true  for  meeting   starboard-­‐to-­‐starboard.   (Use  on  blast  to  pass  on  the  right.           When  Overtaking  Another  Boat:  The  boat  being  overtaken  is  the  privileged  vessel.  which  always  has  the  right  of  way.  Each  boat  should  turn  to  starboard  and  pass  port-­‐to-­‐port.  stay  on  your   side  of  the  channel  and  maintain  a  steady  speed  so  that  the  overtaking  vessel  can   pass  you  safely.           Power  Boats  must  yield  to  Sailboats  and  boats  being  rowed  or  paddled.  except  in  a   narrow  channel.   which  shall  be  answered  with  the  same  signal  by  any  approaching  boat  within   hearing.  Stay  well  clear  of  all  large  vessels.  Should  a  boat  on  the  farther  side  of  the  bend  answer  such  signal.  both  stay  to  your  right  and  as  far  apart  as   practical.   Only  after  signaling  and  receiving  an  acknowledgment  can  the  overtaking  boat  pass.  then  usual     5   .  and  two  blasts  to  pass  on  the  left.       When  Meeting  Head  On:  As  in  a  car.Basic  Safe  Boating  Practices       When  Meeting  Port-­‐to-­‐port:  Continue  on  course.  Use  your  radio  to  discuss  this  with  the  passing  boat.     Other  Situations     A  boat  nearing  a  bend  in  a  channel  where  vessels  approaching  from  the  other   direction  cannot  be  seen  shall  signal  with  a  prolonged  blast  (four  to  six  seconds).  As  the  lead  boat.     When  Being  Overtaken:  Be  ready  for  trouble  when  a  powerboat  passes  you  in  a   narrow  waterway.

 do  not  hamper  the  safe  passage  of  vessels.  the  vessel  that  has  the  wind  on  the  port   side  shall  keep  out  of  the  way  of  the  other.  so  as  to  involve  risk  of   collision.  the  operator  should  sound  a   prolonged  blast  on  the  whistle  (4  to  6  seconds).     If  a  vessel  with  the  wind  on  the  port  side  sees  a  vessel  to  windward  and  cannot   determine  with  certainty  whether  the  other  vessel  has  the  wind  on  the  port  or  on   the  starboard  side.     When  both  have  the  wind  on  the  same  side.  the  channel  may  be  considered  clear.  Vessels  with  trolling  lines  are  not  considered     6   .  in  the  case  of  a  square-­‐rigged  vessel.     Narrow  Channels  and  Bends       When  navigating  in  narrow  channels.  lines  or  trawls  are  considered  to  be  "fishing   vessels"  under  the  International  Rules.  If  the  operator  of  a  power-­‐driven  vessel  is  preparing  to  go  around   a  bend  that  may  obstruct  the  view  of  other  vessels.     The  windward  side  shall  be  deemed  to  be  the  side  opposite  to  that  on  which  the   mainsail  is  carried  or.  she  shall  keep  out  of  the  way  of  the  other.  which  can  navigate  only  inside  such  channels.  If  you  navigate  such  waters  with  your  water  vehicle.     Fishing  Vessel  Right-­‐of-­‐Way       All  vessels  that  are  fishing  with  nets.  one  of  them  shall  keep  out  of  the  way  of  the  other  as  follows:     When  each  has  the  wind  on  a  different  side.  available  from  our  chandlery  or  local  marine   supply  stores.  the  vessel  that  is  to  windward  shall   keep  out  of  the  way  of  the  vessel  that  is  to  leeward.   In  narrow  channels.  you   will  need  to  carry  a  portable  air  horn.   it  too  should  sound  the  whistle.  the  vessel  should   still  proceed  with  caution.  The  international  rules  for  sailing  are   the  same  as  the  above.  If  the  signal  is   unanswered.   Motorboats  leaving  a  dock  or  berth  shall  sound  one  prolonged  blast.Basic  Safe  Boating  Practices   signals  for  meeting  and  passing  shall  be  given  upon  sighting.   Motorboats  shall  keep  out  of  the  way  of  sailing  vessels  where  courses  involve  the   risk  of  collision.  the  side  opposite  to  that   on  which  the  largest  fore-­‐and-­‐aft  sail  is  carried.  such  as  deep-­‐draft   liners  and  freighters.  you  should  keep  to  the  right  when  it  is  safe  and   practical  to  do  so.     Rules  for  Sailing  Vessels     When  two  sailing  vessels  are  approaching  one  another.  If  another  vessel  is  around  the  bend.  however.  Even  if  no  reply  is  heard.   Boats  shall  keep  to  the  starboard  side  of  narrow  channels  whenever  safe  and   practicable.

 We  require  at   least  two  persons  in  a  boat  towing  a  skier.  markings  may  vary  by  geographic  location.Basic  Safe  Boating  Practices   fishing  vessels.       Water  Skiing      Water  skiing  is  very  popular.  Ski  in  the   mainstream.  colors.  Fishing  vessels  have  the  right-­‐of-­‐way  regardless  of  position.     Reading  Buoys  and  Other  Markers     Buoys  and  markers  have  an  arrangement  of  shapes.         Remember.  the  operator  and  an  observer  of  at  least   12  years  of  age.         7   .  Unfortunately.  Never  ski  around   blind  bends.  Please  contact  us  for  detailed  information   regarding  buoys  and  navigational  markers.  however.  Fishing   vessels  cannot.  your  position  should  be  reversed.  Collisions  with  debris  in  shallow   water  may  cause  serious  injury.  When  navigating  out   of  port.  An  approved  personal  flotation  device  must  be  carried  aboard  the   boat  for  each  skier  (as  well  as  persons  aboard  the  boat)  unless  the  skier  is  wearing   such  a  device.  numbers  and  lights  to   show  which  side  of  the  buoy  a  boater  should  pass  on  when  navigating  in  a  particular   direction.  an  approaching  vessel  may  collide  with  or  run  over  a  skier.  Skiing  after  sunset  and  before  sunrise  is  prohibited.  Feel  free  to  contact  us  for   information  before  riding  in  unfamiliar  waters.  preferably  in  uncongested  waterways.  impede  the  passage  of  other  vessels  in  narrow  channels.  The  markings  on  these  buoys  are  oriented  from  the  perspective  of  being   entered  from  seaward  (the  boater  is  going  towards  the  port).  a  high  number  of  boating  fatalities  or   serious  injuries  occur  as  a  result  of  improper  or  illegal  skiing  practices.

 Signs  showing  an  orange  circle  around  a  black  numeral  mark  most   speed  zones.     8   .  Speed  is  also  limited  for  certain  conditions   and  areas.  If  the  boat  is  grounded.  The  maximum  speed  for  motorboats  within  100  feet  of  a  bather  (but  not   a  water  skier)  and  within  200  feet  of  a  bathing  beach.  grounding  some  boats  anchored   close  to  shore.  visible  in  all  directions  for  at  least  two   miles  (the  all  -­‐  around  stern  light  on  boats  less  then  26  feet  in  length  will  satisfy   requirements).  it  is  best  to  take  the  boat  to   deeper  water  when  large  ships  approach.  swimming  float.  WE  restrict  speed  to  (and  enforces)  5  miles  per  hour  when  passing   landing  floats  to  which  boats  are  made  fast  or  which  are  being  used  for  the   embarkation  or  discharge  of  passengers.  The  return  wake  may  force   the  boat  over  you  causing  injury.       In  restricted  visibility.  motorboats  should  have  the  engines  ready  for  immediate   maneuvering.  An  operator  should  be  prepared  to  stop  the  vessel  within  the  space  of   half  the  distance  of  forward  visibility.  Boatman  should  never  leave  moored  or  beached  craft   unattended  when  ships  are  passing.  a  following  or  stern  wake  brings  water   rushing  back  to  shore.  do  not  attempt  to   protect  it  by  standing  between  the  boat  and  the  shore.     Darkness         Boats  used  at  night.  As  soon  as  the  ship  passes.  In  most  cases.  A  ship  moving  in  a  narrow  channel   temporarily  draws  water  away  from  the  shore.         Wakes  can  be  extremely  hazardous  to  small  boats.  the  harbor  and  the   marina  at  KAUST.   Operators  of  vessels  that  create  large  wakes  must  respect  the  rights  and  safety  of   others.  Boats  anchored  between  sunset  and  sunrise  are  required  to  display  a   white  light  in  the  forward  part  of  the  vessel.  may  not   always  do  so.  Anchoring  too  close  to  shore  at  night  may  find  you  grounded  in  the  morning.  or  landing  where  boats  are  tied   up  is  five  miles  per  hour.  although  required  by  law  to  exhibit  proper  lights.     Fueling         Take  time  to  refuel  safely.  Passing  ships  create  special  hazards.  diving   platform  or  life  line.    A  safe  speed  should  be  maintained  at  all  times  so  that:       a)  Action  can  be  taken  to  avoid  collision  and     b)  The  boat  can  stop  within  a  distance  appropriate  to  the  prevailing  circumstances   and  conditions.  Boatmen  should  always  be  alert   for  wakes  from  approaching  vessels  as  well  as  the  wake  created  by  their  vessels.Basic  Safe  Boating  Practices   Speed  Limits       Speed  is  restricted  in  many  areas  including  the  access  channel.  passenger  landing  being  used.  Anchoring  in  mid  -­‐  channel  or  securing  to  a  navigational  aid  is   prohibited  by  law  and  creates  an  additional  hazard  whether  the  vessel  is  lighted  or   not.

      Navigation  Charts     Charts  showing  known  depths.  blinking  lights  or  waving  arms  have  helped  many.  Include  in  the  plan  your  launch  site.  We  also  monitor  Channel   71.  check  the  local  "weather  and  sea"  conditions.sa    Alternatively   you  can  check  it  on  the  Internet.  and  fatalities.   description  of  vessel.  boat  noise.80  MHz).  injuries.      Weather       Before  you  begin  a  cruise.       Assistance       The  Coast  Guard  and  our  own  dedicated  team  are  the  primary  search  and  rescue  at   KAUST.   Studies  indicate  that  the  hazardous  side  effects  of  alcohol  are  more  pronounced   when  operating  a  boat.  Alcohol  combined  with  wind.edu.  Flares.Basic  Safe  Boating  Practices   Cruising  at  night  should  be  done  at  slow  speeds  and  caution  should  be  given  for   hazards  and  other  craft.  hazards.  the  quickest  remedy  may  be  seeking  the  aid  of  a  passing  boat.  CF  number  and  expected  time  of  return.  Do  not  drink  and  operate  a  boat.  channels.  Detailed   information  can  be  obtained  by  contacting  us  at  marina@kaust.edu.  destination.  A  marine  radio  equipped  to   handle  Coast  Guard  frequencies  will  insure  that  assistance  is  on  its  way.     Alcohol         Alcohol  is  a  contributing  factor  to  many  boating  accidents.  vibration.  obstructions  and  aids  to   navigation  on  the  major  waterways  are  available  at  our  chandlery.sa       9   .  and  sun-­‐glare  can  have  a  tremendous  adverse  influence  on  your  judgment   and  response  time  in  boating.  wave   action.  Most   enforcement  agencies  monitor  Channel  16  (156.   However.    It  is  recommended  that  you  leave  a  travel  plan  with  a  responsible  person  who  will   notify  authorities  if  necessary.     Take  a  Safe  Boating  Course     Contact  our  Guest  Care  office  for  further  information  at   marinebookings@kaust.   smoke.