Electrical and Computer Engineering

Summer 2011

In This Issue
1 2 Keeping It Cool Message from the Chair Distinguished Lecture Series New ECE Faculty Wearable Antennas Engineer of the Year Signal Processing at the U

3 4 5

6-7 From Pole to Pole 8 9 10 11 Technical Open House ECE Class of 2011 In Memoriam Donors and Friends Keep in touch with ECE

Keeping It Cool
David Lubbers isn’t just laying down on the job. He’s laying down on Antarctic ice to keep an ice core shaded from the evening sun while measuring its electrical properties. David, ECE Class of 2011, traveled with ECE Professor and U of U Associate Vice President for Research Cindy Furse and other University of Utah researchers to the ends of the Earth, literally. A trip to Antarctica in November gave David the chance to help Furse measure the electric properties of sea ice to infer dynamics of sea ice formation and melting that they hope can improve current climate models. Then in May, the two traveled to the opposite side of the Earth to the Arctic. They visited Barrow, Alaska, to perform similar measurements on Arctic sea ice to compare and contrast their measurements and findings. Read more about David’s trip on pages 6 and 7, “From Pole to Pole,” in this newsletter.


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Message from the Chair
Welcome to the 2011 newsletter of the ECE Department at the University of Utah. During my first full year as the Chair, we have reached many milestones and strive to continue to reach more. This year, our faculty members have received competitive funding contracts and major grants from the NSF, DARPA, NIH, DOE, and many other public and private institutions. The Department was featured in a range of media throughout the past year. Locally, KSL radio and NPR featured interviews with faculty members about their innovative research. Faculty and staff also appeared on the TV stations Fox13, KSL, and KUTV both to discuss research topics and to showcase student activities around campus. Local publications including The Salt Lake Tribune and Salt Lake Magazine also featured stories on our research. Nationally, we enjoyed recognition in The New York Times, CNN Money, Wired, and The Chronicle for Higher Education, as well as in many industrial publications and peer-reviewed journals. Our media exposure has never been greater. Additionally, the University of Utah overtook MIT to become ranked #1 for generating the most start-up companies, and the College of Engineering contributed nearly half of those start-ups to the university total. This achievement came after the University of Utah was named one of the top 100 universities in the world. Finally, we began recruiting graduate students more proactively using online tools like social media, email programs, and Skype sessions with our department staff. As a result, we had more applicants for our graduate programs than ever before, and this year we expect to again set new records in student recruiting and application numbers. Our efforts to increase our visibility have really paid off. Our most recent U.S. News and World Report ranking is also our highest ever, having climbed by 20 positions from just five years prior. We couldn’t accomplish these goals without the commitment of our alumni, donors, and friends. Thank you for remaining committed to higher education in Utah. Sincerely,

Frontiers in Engineering Innovation: The Judd Distinguished Lectures
The seventh annual Frontiers in Engineering Innovation Lecture Series is coming to the ECE Department in 2011. The series brings leaders in engineering fields to campus to share their groundbreaking ideas with our students, alumni, faculty, and the public.

2010 Lectures
T.C. Yang of the Naval Research Laboratory presented “Underwater Acoustic Communications: Channel Physics and Implications,” an overview of his research in using underwater acoustic channels for communication. Fred Harris, the Cubic Signal Processing Chair at San Diego State University, presented “Multirate Signal Processing for Communication System Applications,” in which he illustrated mechanisms for implementing sample rate changes as part of signal processing tasks. Shanhui Fan, an Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering at Stanford University, demonstrated how nanophotonics may change the next generation of optic and opto-electronic devices in his presentation titled, “Explorations in Nanophotonics.” Yahya Rahmat-Samii, the Northrop-Grumman Chair in Electromagnetics at UCLA, urged students and faculty alike to let Darwin and a swarm of bees improve their design in his presentation titled, “Nature-Inspired Optimization Techniques.”

Gianluca Lazzi USTAR Professor and Chair Electrical and Computer Engineering

2011 Lectures
Upcoming seminars are open to the public and will be held during the Fall 2011 semester on Fridays at 3:05 p.m. Guests are invited to have refreshments beginning at 2:45 p.m. For lecture dates and topics, watch the ECE calendar: www.ece.utah.edu

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Thomas Schmid Assistant Professor
Thomas joined the ECE Department after working as a CI Fellows Post Doctoral Scholar at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. He received his Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from the University of California, Los Angeles in 2009, and was selected to receive the UCLA Electrical Engineering Department’s 2009-2010 Outstanding Doctor of Philosophy Award for his dissertation. His research interests involve the hardware-software boundary and its impact on energy consumption, including software radios, large-scale sensing system architectures, and networking, with a focus on wireless embedded systems. Thomas has founded the new Wireless and Embedded Sensing Systems Lab (WiESEL) at the University of Utah. WiESEL is engaged in the research and development of wireless embedded architectures and designs for large-scale sensing systems. Visit Professor Schmid’s WiSEL Lab online: wiesel.ece.utah.edu

David Schurig Associate Professor
David joined the ECE Department after working as an assistant professor at North Carolina State University. David received his B.S. in Engineering Physics from the University of California, Berkeley and then worked at Lawrence Berkeley Lab on laser ablation and photoacoustic spectroscopy. After enrolling in graduate school and performing many unpublished experiments, David submitted a theoretical thesis on negative index media, the perfect lens, and related structures to his committee. He received his Ph.D. in Physics from the University of California, San Diego in 2002. David has previously worked for the California Space Institute performing space mission feasibility studies and for Tristan Technologies designing and building cryogenically cooled, SQUID-based instruments. At the University of Utah, David will research the design, analysis and fabrication of metamaterials in frequency ranges from megahertz to petahertz and the transformation design of devices implementable with metamaterials. Applications of his research include: remote sensing, near-field imaging, biological imaging, implantable devices, electro-mechanical devices and invisibility cloaking.

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An Engineering Clinic Project sponsored by L-3 Communications
A team of ECE students joined the L-3 Communications Engineering Clinic Project to design, simulate, and improve wearable antennas for use in military applications including communications between Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). Ben Buckley, Cameron Parker, Keith Burrell, Nick Jensen, and Susan Smith were assisted by a graduate student from last year’s L-3 Communications team, Jason Carter. The team was also supported by their faculty adviser, Prof. Cindy Furse, and L-3 Communications engineer Bryan Willis, who is currently earning his Ph.D. at the University of Utah. The project focused on the preliminary design and testing of C-band antennas and textile antennas with novel feeds. The project attempted to overcome some of the connectivity problems that plague these textile antennas. The team was tasked to design a dual- or tri-band antenna small enough in stature and flexible enough to be woven into the shoulder of a military uniform for in-the-field communications. Currently, antennas used in the field are free-standing and bulky. A successful design for a wearable antenna could improve the mobility, convenience, and function of these vital communication tools. The team began by investigating different viable options for the antenna design, including a flyswatter design, a Sierpinski carpet design, and other reconfigurable designs. After initial design and testing, the team selected a dual Sierpinski carpet design for their antenna. Two wearable antennas were designed to be worn on the shoulders of a soldier. The antennas were optimized for L, S, and C bands and were modeled in CST Microwave Studio. The student team anticipated the total efficiencies of each of the three bands for standalone antennas to compare with the efficiencies of their simulated shoulder-mounted antenna design. They obtained two- and three-dimensional radiation pattern plots to determine if their design could produce the radiation pattern required by their sponsor. Finally, the team compared the simulated results with measured results, and presented target areas for future research. The team successfully presented their research at the 2011 ECE Technical Open House on March 31st.

Multi-Band Wearable Antennas

Three generations of University of Utah trained electrical engineers: ECE student Susan Smith with her father and grandfather. Susan participated on the L-3 Communications team.

The student-designed Sierpinski carpet antennas, optimized for L, S, and C bands, to be worn on the shoulders of a soldier. Here, two prototypes are shown next to an ordinary pen.

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Engineer of the Year
V. John Mathews
The IEEE Utah Section recognized Prof. V. John Mathews as the Engineer of the Year 2011 for excelling in: • Significantly advancing the state of the engineering art, • Actively participating in interposing new technologies in society, and • Actively participating in improving the level and scope of engineering education. The IEEE Utah Section also nominated John as a candidate for the Utah Engineers Council award in 2011.

Utah Engineers Council
The Utah Engineers Council (UEC) named Prof. Mathews Utah’s Engineer of the Year 2011. For the second time in the past 60 years, a candidate sponsored by the IEEE received this award. The UEC is an umbrella organization of 14 different local sections of engineering societies. The members of the council are the local sections and chapters. The purpose of the UEC is to advance the art and science of engineering and to provide a forum for communication between the varying engineering societies.

Research Interests
Professor Mathews’ research interests involve the theory and applications of digital signal processing. He, his students, and his collaborators have contributed to adaptive filters and nonlinear system analysis and design, perceptually tuned signal processing, and the applications of these techniques in biomedicine, high-speed communication systems, aerospace, audio processing, and image processing.

More Signal Processing Research at the U
Prof. Neal Patwari and members of his SPAN (Sensing and Processing Across Networks) Lab develop inventions for wireless networks which improve their security, reliability, self-awareness, and sensing capabilities. Neal’s research applies statistical signal processing, networking, and radio propagation techniques. The innovations have applications in localization and tracking, secret key generation for wireless networks, network design and deployment, modeling, and analysis. Prof. Behrouz Farhang explores applications of signal processing to the field of communications. In the past, Behrouz has researched the area of adaptive filters (analysis and design of algorithms), acoustic echo cancellation and active noise control, and signal processing techniques in magnetic and optical recording. His current research activities include Cognitive Radio, Multicarrier Communications, CDMA detection techniques, and MIMO communications.

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The Antarctic
The Team Camp K131, Antarctica
The University of Utah Math-Engineering Antarctic Expedition set out to measure the electrical properties of sea ice and study their relationship with the ice’s microstucture and fluid transport properties. The team visited Antarctica in November 2010 to collect ice core samples and data. The team was composed of ECE professor Cynthia Furse, ECE undergraduate student David Lubbers, Mathematics professor Dr. Ken Golden, and Mathematics post-doctoral researcher Dr. Joyce Lin. The team studied first-year sea ice, which is frozen ocean water roughly 2.5 meters thick and floating over about 600 feet of ocean, between Scott Base and Ross Island, Antarctica. The team camped out on the ice for 18 days. from their drilled ice cores. The ice is colder, harder, and more brittle near the surface. For each core, they drilled holes and tapped stainless steel nails into the holes to measure the resistance between the nails. The team hopes to provide fodder for a better model of how melt ponds form, since they are key factors in understanding and predicting climate change. One of the biggest challenges was coming up with a method to make consistent electrical contact with the ice using the nails without cracking and breaking the cores. Computer simulation of the field lines between the nails has been used to better understand the relationship between the plate-based definition of resistivity and the newer method the team applied here. This method was originally developed by Dr. Ken Golden and his students during his last expedition to Antarctica in 2007.

The Science

The team set out with a goal to measure certain properties of sea ice and to explore the correlation between the brine channel microstructure of the ice with its fluid transport properties which dictate how easily water can move throughout the ice. They hope this information can be used to improve the models used to predict polar ice melting and better understand global climate change. Measuring the electrical properties of sea ice specifically included measuring the complex resistivity of this ice as a function of depth, the amount of brine in the ice, the internal temperature, and other relevant features. Due to the nature of ice to change temperatures quickly and upset its own electrical properties, Cindy and David had to work quickly and efficiently to get data

Cindy and David use nails to measure resistance in the ice.

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The Arctic
Barrow, Alaska The Other Pole
After their successful expedition to Antarctica, Cindy and David (along with Golden, Mathematics Ph.D. student Christian Sampson, and nine other ice scientists from around the world) traveled to the northern-most city in the U.S. to Barrow, Alaska, to drill more ice core samples and test their electrical properties for insights into ice formation, to explore relationships between salinity and conductivity, and to improve on current climate change models. Arctic ice displayed unique characteristics when compared with the Antarctic ice. For example, some samples were not “new ice” reformed annually after completely melting; the samples had actually partially melted and re-frozen over the span of multiple years, which had the effect of draining salty brine while leaving purer water ice. The result, at least in some samples, was that the ice was far less conductive of electricity due to the low saline content. Prof. Furse and her colleagues are now back on campus with large field data sets with which they can calibrate, simulate, and improve on current models for climate change. The trips provided not only an amazing experience, but also scores of valuable data that hold insights into the processes of ice formation, extreme climates, climate change, and the natural world.

On the Shoulders of Giants

Polar science is still very much in its infancy. Barely 100 years ago, Scott, Shackleton, Amundsen and other explorers were risking and sometimes losing their lives to explore the frozen poles by foot, with dogs, ponies, and tractors. Cindy and David lived and worked in their footprints. They were fortunate enough to be able to visit both the Scott and Shackleton huts while exploring the extreme ends of the Earth. As for David, he enjoyed his time in the field so much that he now plans to attend graduate school to earn his Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering at the University of Utah beginning in the Fall 2011 semester.

Prof. Cindy Furse and the team kept a blog during their journeys that includes educational tools for all levels of students, hundreds of photographs, radio interviews, lectures, and more on the expedition and research. Visit the blog online: cfurse.wordpress.com

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Allan R. Walton receives the 2011 Distinguished Young Alumnus Award from Gianluca Lazzi.

Alumni Awards
Dr. Richard A. Robb (below) was honored as the 2011 Distinguished Alumnus. He delivered the keynote speech at the ECE Technical Open House held on March 31st. Dr. Robb graduated from the department with his Ph.D. in 1971 and is now the Director of the Mayo Clinic Biomedical Imaging Resource Lab. Allan R. Walton (above) was recognized as the 2011 Distinguished Young Alumnus for his contributions to communication systems analysis and design at L-3 Communications. Allan graduated with his BSEE from the University of Utah in 1990.

Student Awards
ECE seniors enjoyed a semi-formal banquet hosted in the Varsity Ballroom of Rice-Eccles Stadium to recognize the best group and individual senior projects. Winners of the Best Group Project 2011 Sandia National Laboratories Engineering Clinic Team: Christopher Miller, David Brown, Joshua Hamilton, and Arslan Majid. Winners of the Best Presentations 2011 Eric Aiu, Andrew Brown, Thomas White, Rob Irvine, Benjamin Buckley, and Jake Hansen. Special thanks to this year’s Clinic Program sponsors: L-3 Communications, Micron, MOXTEK, Sandia National Laboratories, and Rocky Mountain Power.

Past Distinguished Alumnus Awards
Distinguished Alumnus Award Richard A. Robb John M. Zrno Paul F. Turner A. Richard Walje Edward A.E. Rich Hyde M. Merrill Roger P. Webb W. Cleon Anderson D. N. “Nick” Rose Nolan Bushnell 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 A. Tee Migliori Joseph M. Ballantyne Glen Wade Calvin F. Quate Robert G. Engman Raymond J. Noorda Robert J. Grow Mac Van Valkenburg Benjamin V. Cox 2001 1999 1998 1997 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 Distinguished Young Alumnus Award Allan R. Walton Cynthia Furse Randal R. Sylvester Richard B. Brown Jonathan B. Steadman 2011 2008 2007 2003 2002

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In their own words...
“The program has a rich diversity of research areas. An undergrad that wants to further their education through research has every opportunity to do so.” “This department uses a very balanced curriculum, with some extremely high quality faculty members.” “Most faculty and students have a passion for what they do. The major is just awesome by itself!” “The right ideas are there to teach EE theory alongside communication skills so you can work in teams, write and explain EE ideas.” “I enjoyed the diversity of classes, the small class size of upper division courses, and the emphasis on labs.” “The comradery of students working together really helped me.” “Good software training, excellent lab facilities, excellent software availability, decent tutoring help.” “I have a very good foundation in electrical engineering.” “Department is responsive to student needs, at a reputable institution, and offers good research opportunities.”

ECE CLASS OF 2011 B.S.E.E. Class of 2011
• • • • • • Graduating class size: Gender ratio: Average GPA: Participation in IEEE: Participation in SWE: Participation in TBP: 53 students 48:5 (male:female) 3.23 19 members 2 members 4 members

• • • • Students with job offers: (received by May 5, 2011) Average salary of job offers: Students accepting positions: Biggest Employer (9 jobs): 34/53 (67%) $58,680 25/53 (47%) L-3 Communications

Graduate School
• • Students continuing to graduate school: Most popular graduate program: 12/53 (23%) Ph.D. in ECE at University of Utah

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Dr. Richard W. Grow
1925 - 2011
With great sadness, the ECE Department recognizes the loss of our dear friend and colleague, Prof. Richard W. Grow. Richard William “Dick” Grow, 85, beloved father, grandfather, great grandfather, brother, World War II veteran, scientist, and professor, passed away the morning of June 8, 2011. Dick was born on Halloween, October 31, 1925, to Joseph Henry Grow and Helen Mary Horne in Lynndyl, Utah. He was raised with his sister Beverley in Union Pacific company housing along the tracks in “whistle stop” towns between Salt Lake City and Los Angeles. He skipped the fourth and twelfth grades and left high school in Caliente, Nevada, at age 16, after the bombing of Pearl Harbor, to attend the University of Utah to study electrical engineering. Dick was always very active in the LDS faith and proud that all eight of his great grandparents settled in Utah before the coming of the transcontinental railroad in 1869. In June 1944 at age 18, he enlisted in the Navy and was assigned to the aircraft carrier U.S.S. Lexington, named by Tokyo Rose “The Blue Ghost” for its amazing history of survival. Dick maintained the radio and the newly-invented radar equipment for the Combat Information Center that directed the naval task force of which the Lexington was flagship. He was honorably discharged from the Navy at age 20 on May 25, 1946, after serving for 25 months. Dick completed his B.S. degree with high honors in 1948 and his M.S. degree in 1949, both at the University of Utah. From 1949 to 1951, Dick worked in Washington, D.C., on a highly classified project to develop technology for testing the first hydrogen bomb. He was in charge of the electronics equipment which measured the output at ground zero when the first hydrogen bomb exploded on Enewetak Atoll in the South Pacific on May 9, 1951. Dick pursued a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering at Stanford University, completing his degree in 1955, and continued his pioneering research at the Stanford Electronics Laboratories until 1958. In 1958, Dick was recruited by the University of Utah as an associate research professor in electrical engineering. His research centered on microwave and millimeter-wave vacuum tubes, solid-state devices, quantum electronic devices, applied optics, microwave diagnostics, and millimeter-wave and infrared imaging. From 1965 to 1977, he was Chairman of the Department of Electrical Engineering, serving longer than any other chair in the last fifty years. The University has always been Dick’s second home, and although he enjoyed research, he loved teaching students even more. In 1972, Dick was recognized by the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) for outstanding achievements in both his technical field and in engineering education. In 1983, he was presented the Distinguished Research Award at the U of U. In 2005, he was awarded the prestigious Governor’s Medal in Science and Technology by Governor Jon M. Huntsman, Jr., “in recognition for outstanding achievements and contributions in science and technology with significant impact to the State of Utah.” He taught engineering for 52 years at the University, teaching his last class in April of this year, and attended his 52nd graduation ceremony as a professor shortly before his death, a record which will likely remain unbroken. The care and concern he showed to each student he mentored were validated as students returned, years and decades later, to share experiences and knowledge with our current faculty and students. Dick was a solid and long-time presence in the ECE Department, and he will be greatly missed.

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We are pleased to thank the following individuals for their charitable support between May 2010 and June 2011:

James ‘93 and Catherine Balent Lee ‘83, ‘84 and Joan Brinton Ari and Diana Bruening Larry ‘79 and Janice Bruno John ‘72 and Priscilla Cadwell Clyde ‘56 and Ann Coombs Beulah Dalley Wilson ‘59 and Carol Dinsdale Shellee Dyer ‘90, ‘94 Robert ‘53 and Mary Jane Engman Charles ‘49, ‘56 and Eva Forbes Dietrich ‘53, ‘54 and LaDon Gehmlich Robert ‘48 and Kathryn Goodfellow Michael ‘85 and Patricia Haas Jack Halvorsen ‘56 Scott ‘08 and Melanie Hiatt

Tim ‘03 and Michele Hollist Tyler ‘08 and Shannon Hook David ‘90, ‘95 and Sally Humeniuk Tom ‘57 and Eiko Kishimoto Akhlesh ‘81, ‘83 and Mercedes Lakhtakia Robert ‘47 and Nila Lee Kenneth ‘67 and Linda Luker Blake ‘80 and Roxene Madsen Steve and Eileen McDaniel George McIntyre ‘57 Hyde ‘68 and Roxanne Merrill Vaughn ‘72 and Evelyn Mower Gary ‘58 and Marga Nelson Dean ‘67 and Charlene Patterson William ‘72 and Kathy Patterson Neal Patwari and Cathleen Power

Jeffery ‘82 and Jennifer Payne John ‘58, ‘59 and Manell Piccolo William Pohlchuck ‘97 Simon Ramo ‘33 Julian ‘60 and Barbara Robertson John ‘65 and Janice Seely Stanley ‘75 and Kathryn Spencer Forrest ‘70 and Rolayne Staffanson Randal ‘85, ‘89 and Cathryn Sylvester Scott Talbot ‘02, ‘08 Lamar Timothy ‘56, ‘60 Clark ‘54, ‘55 and Kathryn Wager Richard Walje ‘84 I. Cleeo ‘58 and Orpha Wright Yun Cheng ‘87 and Sheue Ching Yu

We would also like to recognize the following community partners for their support between May 2010 and June 2011:

Applied Signal Technology Boeing Commerce One BPO Engman Family Trust Gehmlich Family Trust Intermountain Power Agency L-3 Communications

Merit Sensor Systems Micron Technology Foundation MOXTEK Northrop Grumman Phoenix International PureEnergy Solutions Raytheon Company

Rocky Mountain Power Sandia National Laboratories Utah Valley Patent Services Williams Company XE Corporation

We have made every effort to ensure the accuracy of this list, but if you would like to report an omission, please contact Nathan Weston at weston@ece.utah.edu, or at (801) 585-9411.

Keep In Touch

Alumni are encouraged to update their information with the ECE Department
Update your contact information online: www.ece.utah.edu/alumni_update Or complete and submit the following survey to: The ECE Department 50 S. Central Campus Dr Rm 3280 Salt Lake City, UT 84112-9206 Name ________________________________________ Address ______________________________________ City ___________________ State ___ ZIP ________ Email ________________________________________ Company Name _______________________________ News (activities, honors, awards) _____________________________________________ Graduation Year _____________ Phone _____________________ Fax _______________________ Cell _______________________ Position ___________________

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Utah 50 S. Central Campus Dr Rm 3280 Salt Lake City, UT 84112-9206 www.ece.utah.edu
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