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UNIT 1

POKOK BAHASAN

: Aggregate

STANDARD KOMPETENSI : Dapat menjelaskan seluk-beluk Aggregate KOMPETENSI DASAR : 1. Mendefinisikan arti Aggregate 2. Menjelaskan macam-macam Aggregate 3. Menjelaskan kegunaan Aggregate 4. Menggunakan Passive Voice : 1. Arti Aggregate 2. Macam-macam Aggregate 3. Kegunaan Aggregate 4. Passive Voice

SUB-POKOK BAHASAN

WAKTU

: 3 (tiga) jam

AGGREGATE
Aggregate is a broad category of coarse particulate material used in construction, including sand, gravel, crushed stone, slag, and recycled concrete. Aggregates are a component of composite materials such as concrete and asphalt concrete; the aggregate serves as reinforcement to add strength to the overall composite material. Aggregates are also used as base material under foundations, roads, and railroads. To put it another way, aggregates are used as a stable foundation or road/rail base with predictable, uniform properties (e.g. to help prevent differential settling under the road or building), or as a lowcost extender that binds with more expensive cement or asphalt to form concrete.

The American Society for Testing and Materials publishes an exhaustive listing of specifications for various construction aggregate products, which, by their individual design, are suitable for specific construction purposes. These products include specific types of coarse and fine aggregate designed for such uses as additives to asphalt and concrete mixes, as well as other construction uses. State transportation departments further refine aggregate material specifications in order to tailor aggregate use to the needs and available supply in their particular locations.

Sources for these basic materials can be grouped into three main areas: Mining of mineral aggregate deposits, including sand, gravel, and stone; use of waste slag from the manufacture of iron and steel; and recycling of concrete, which is itself chiefly manufactured from mineral aggregates. In addition, there are some (minor) materials that are used as specialty lightweight aggregates: clay, pumice, perlite, and vermiculite.

Meanings: Additives Aggregate Asphalt > kb. bahan tambahan > kb. agregat > kb. Aspal kkt. mengaspal clay coarse crushed > kb. tanah liat/pekat, lempung > ks. kasar > ks. hancur

deposits gravel perlite pumice slag tailor vermiculite

> kb. lapisan > kb. (batu) kerikil > kb. perlit > kb. batu apung > kb. terak, ampas bijih > kkt; menyesuaikan > kb. vermikulit

Explanation on the Structure / Grammar Used 1. Jika ada a noun ( a noun phrase) yang diikuti oleh a past participle (Verb 3), ini berarti noun (noun phrase) which is Verb 3 ( .... yang di/ter- ...). Pelajari contoh-contoh berikut ini: Aggregate is a broad category of coarse particulate material used (which is used = yang digunakan) in construction, including sand, gravel, crushed stone, slag, and recycled concrete. These products include specific types of coarse and fine aggregate designed (which are designed = yang dirancang) for such uses as additives to asphalt and concrete mixes, as well as other construction uses.

2. Jika ada a noun ( a noun phrase) yang didahului/diterangkan oleh a past participle (Verb
3),

ini berarti a noun (a noun phrase) which is Verb 3.

Pelajari contoh-contoh berikut ini: recycled concrete (concrete which is recycled) renovated houses (houses which are renovated)

3. Be (is/am/are and was/were) yang diikuti oleh a past participle (Verb 3) berarti passive voice yang biasanya diterjemahkan dengan .... di/ter ..... Pelajari contoh-contoh berikut ini: Aggregates are also used ( agregat juga digunakan) as base material under foundations, roads, and railroads. Sources for these basic materials can be grouped (sumber untuk bahan dasar ini bisa dikelompokkan) into three main areas: Mining of mineral aggregate deposits, including sand, gravel, and stone; use of waste slag from the manufacture of iron and

steel; and recycling of concrete, which is itself chiefly manufactured from mineral aggregates. 4. including (termasuk) berarti kata yang mengikutinya merupakan contoh dari kata sebelumnya. Pelajari contoh-contoh berikut ini: Aggregate is a broad category of coarse particulate material used in construction, including sand, gravel, crushed stone, slag, and recycled concrete. Hal ini berarti katakata: sand, gravel, crushed stone, slag, dan recycled concrete merupakan contoh dari coarse particulate material. Mining of mineral aggregate deposits, including sand, gravel, and stone; use of waste slag from the manufacture of iron and steel; and recycling of concrete, which is itself chiefly manufactured from mineral aggregates. Dalam kalimat di atas, kata-kata: sand, gravel, and stone merupakan contoh dari deposits.
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Exercises: o A. Answer the following questions based on the text above (try to use your own words
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as many as possible) : 1. What is the main idea of the first paragraph ? 2. What is aggregate ? 3. What is the function of aggregate ? 4. What are kinds of aggregate ? 5. What do sand, gravel, crushed stone, slag, and recycled concrete belong to ? 6. Give examples of composite materials ? 7. What does the word it in the fifth line of the first paragraph (To put it another way, aggregates are used as a stable foundation or road/rail base with predictable, uniform properties (e.g. to help prevent differential settling under the road or building), or as a low-cost extender that binds with more expensive cement or asphalt to form concrete) refer to ? 8. What does these products in the third line of the second paragraph mean ? 9. What does the word their in the second line of the second paragraph (The American Society for Testing and Materials publishes an exhaustive listing of

specifications for various construction aggregate products, which, by their individual design, are suitable for specific construction purposes) refer to ? 10. What does the word their in the sex line of the second paragraph (State transportation departments further refine aggregate material specifications in order to tailor aggregate use to the needs and available supply in their particular locations.) refer to ? 11. What is the meaning of the word exhaustive (in thefirst line of the second paragraph) and the word various (in thesecond line of the second paragraph) ? 12. What is the main idea of the second paragraph ? B. Write T if the following statement is True and write F if it is False based on the text above ! 1. mining of mineral aggregate deposits is one of the kinds of sources for the basic materials. 2. sand and gravel are examples of mineral aggregate deposits besides stone. 3. use of waste slag from the manufacture of iron and steel and recycling of concrete are the kinds of sources for the basic materials. 4. clay belongs to aggregate.

C. Translate the following sentences into good Indonesian: 1. Aggregates are a component of composite materials such as concrete and asphalt concrete; the aggregate serves as reinforcement to add strength to the overall composite material. 2. These products include specific types of coarse and fine aggregate designed for such uses as additives to asphalt and concrete mixes, as well as other construction uses. 3. Sources for these basic materials can be grouped into three main areas.