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HEALTH, SAFETY, AND ENVIRONMENT PLAN

SIDRA VILLAGE STAFF HOUSING FOR SIDRA MEDICAL & RESEARCH CENTER

Revision Date: 20 Oct - 2011

MANAGEMENT COMMITMENT AND INVOLVEMENT POLICY STATEMENT


The management of M/s. PAT Engineering Enterprises Co. W.L.L. (PATE) is committed to providing employees and subcontractors with a safe and healthful workplace. It is the policy of this company that employees or subcontractors should report unsafe conditions and do not perform work tasks if the work is considered unsafe. Employees and subcontractors must report all accidents, injuries, and unsafe conditions to their supervisors. No such report will result in retaliation, penalty, or other disincentive. Employee or subcontractor recommendations to improve safety and health conditions will be given thorough consideration by management. Management will give top priority to and provide the financial resources for the correction of unsafe conditions. Similarly, management will take disciplinary action against an employee or subcontractor who willfully or repeatedly violates workplace safety rules. This action may include verbal or written reprimands and may ultimately result in termination of employment. Management will be actively involved with employees and subcontractors in establishing and maintaining an effective safety program. Management will participate with employee, employee representative, and subcontractors in ongoing safety and health program activities, which include: Promoting safety participation; Providing safety and health education and training; and Reviewing and updating workplace safety rules. This policy statement serves to express management's commitment to and involvement in providing employees and subcontractors a safe and healthful workplace. This workplace safety program will be incorporated as the standard of practice for the company. Compliance with the safety rules will be required of all employees and subcontractors of PATE.

MANAGEMENT OF PAT ENGINEERING ENTERPRISES CO. W.L.L

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT PLAN

CHAPTER

RULE

DESCRIPTION

1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1

I 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 II 2.01

GENERAL INFORMATION Objectives Management & Supervisory Responsibilities Application and Employee Involvement Health, Safety and Environment Organization chart and its Duties and Responsibilities Health, Safety and Environment Awareness Program Sub-Contractor Safety Practices SAFETY General Rules

11

12

2.02

General Construction Works Excavation and shoring Scaffolds, Ladders, Ramps, Runways and Platforms Materials Handling and Storage Good Housekeeping Tools and Mechanical Equipment General Requirements Manually Operated Chain Hoists Wheel Mounted Cranes, Crawler and Trucks Manual and Powered Tools General Rules Manual Tools Powered Tools

12 12 14 17 19 19 21 21

2.03

2.04

22

26

2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 III

Painting Electric Safety Protective Personal Equipment Safety In Office FIRE PREVENTION AND CONTROL Fire Prevention Fire Protection Temporary Fire Protection House Keeping Smoking

26 27 28 30 33

36

IV 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05

ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND PROCEDURE Introduction Purpose Scope Reporting Personal Accidents and Incidences Hazard Communication with Sub-Contractors

REPORTING 37 38

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EMERGENCY PLAN

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41

5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 VI 6.01 6.02 6.03 VII 7.01 7.02 7.03 7.04 7.05 VIII IX IX

Objectives Introduction Nature of Incident Reporting Procedure for an Emergency General Response for an Emergency CRANE SAFETY PROCEDURE General Crane Safety Operations Wire Rope and Sheaves FIRST AID TREATMENT General Instructions What You Need Emergency Priorities Getting Medical Help First Aid Procedures General Check List 56 Safety Forms Telephone Numbers 58 47
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Chapter 1
1.01 OBJECTIVES 1.01.01 In enforcing this policy, management, engineers, supervisors and foremen shall guide and support employees and other associated parties in maintaining high standard on health, safety and environmental consciousness, discipline and practices and to impose immediate appropriate action/s for any infraction/violation thereof. 1.01.02 To give due recognition to health, safety and environment achievements company-wide by specific projects or individuals, etc. 1.01.03 To achieve 100% work without accident/incident. 1.02 MANAGEMENT AND SUPERVISORY RESPONSOBILITIY 1.02.01 All levels of management , engineers, supervisors and foremen are changed with the responsibility of enforcing the provision of client and MCCs health , safety and environment regulation and plan. They shall see to it that at all times the employees under his/their direct supervision strictly observe and comply with the health, safety and environment rules and regulations.

1.02.02 Whenever safety precautions are required in the performance of a particular job,
the engineer, supervisor , foreman or employee acting as such shall undertake said necessary precautions to ensure safe work operations. Qualifications and competence of personnel shall always be considered in assigning workmen to a delicate or highly technical work operation.

1.02.03

The safety programs for new employees shall contain a briefing on the client and MCCs HSE Regulations and plan including the procedures. It shall be the concerned Engineers, Supervisors, Foremen and Safety Officer duty to explain to his subordinates the meaning and intent of any part of the health, safety and environment rules and Regulations and procedures.

1.02.04 It shall be the duty of the concerned management, engineers, supervisors,


foremen and safety officers to review all reports on accidents and incidents in the project.

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1.03 APPLICATION AND EMPLOYEE INVOLVEMENT These rules and regulations shall henceforth be known as the MCCs Health, Safety and Environment Plan. 1.03.01 Employee shall undergo the health, safety and environment orientation and training.

1.03.02 All employees shall be required to report all unsafe/unhealthy conditions to his immediate superior for immediate corrective actions or to the Safety Engineer/Officer.

1.03.03 All employees are encouraged to make suggestions regarding the rules or working conditions to promote health, safety and environment in the company.

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1.04

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT ORGANISATION CHART, DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

1.04.01

Organization Chart

PAT Project Manager

HSE ENGINEER

Safety Officer
FOREMAN SUPERVISORS

SUB-CONTRACTOR
Safety officer- Structural Steel / MEP works

1.04.02 a) 1) 2) 3) 4)

DUTIES AND RESPOSIBILITIES: Plans, develops, review and implements the MCCs Health, Safety and Environmental Regulations, programs, procedures and standards. Check over work methods and precautions with supervision before work starts. Create safety awareness by promoting safety meeting and talks and by encouraging safety training. Review reports on inspections, accident investigation includes the nearmiss Accidents, unsafe conditions and acts, etc. and make final recommendations.

Project Manager :

5)

Set a personal example on site by wearing appropriate protective equipment at all times.

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Safety Officer: 1. Implement the MCCs Health, Safety and Environmental Regulations, programs, procedures and standards in the respective area. 2. Conduct Project Health, Safety and Environment Committee meeting at least once a month. 3. Prepare reports on inspections, accident investigation includes the near-miss accidents, unsafe conditions and acts, etc., and make and implement the recommendation. 4. Initiate and supervise Health, Safety and Environmental training and meetings. 5. Perform all duties provided in the health, safety and environmental regulations and program. 6. Continuously maintain health, safety and environmental awareness, orient and train employees and other relevant parties on the safe work practices, procedures and rules and regulations. 7. 8. 9. Recommend suspension to all health, safety and environmental regulation violators in the company. Stop the operation in cases where a) any danger of the employee, clients and its properties and or the MCCS property. Perform other related health, safety and environment jobs. 10. Implement good house keeping in all working areas. c) ENGINEER 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) Concerned Engineers have a responsibility to implement the health, safety and environment within their area of operations. Organize site so that work is carried out to the required standard with minimum risk to men, equipment and materials. Be familiar and implement the proper safe work procedures. Give precise instructions on responsibilities for correct safe work methods to the worker. Inspect each job site for which they are responsible for compliance with safe work practices. Impose all labors to maintain good housekeeping in the assigned area . Ensure that the equipment and tools, both power and hand tools are in good conditions.

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8) 9) 10) 11) 12)

Ensure that the appropriate protective equipment is available and worn by the workers. Ensure that verbal instructions are fully understood by the workers and check back to see if they are carried out as intended. Ensure that all near miss and accidents shall be reported and investigated. Familiar & implement the MCCS HSE Regulations. Cooperate with the Client Personnel, MCCs Health, Safety and Environment Safety Officer Findings and recommendation for corrective action and act on it.

13) 14)

Conduct health, safety and environment inspection in respective area. Set a personal example on site by wearing appropriate protective equipment at all times.

d) 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9)

SUPERVISOR/FOREMAN Be familiar with all safety work practices applicable to the work on which subordinate workers are engaged. Implement health, safety and environment regulation and procedures in strict orders and see if they are followed. Familiar with site hazards and implement the corrective actions. Implement good house keeping in their assigned areas. Correct unsafe acts, unsafe conditions immediately. Ensure that new employees are properly instructed in precautions to be taken before they are allowed to work at the project site. Familiar & comply the MCCs Fire and Safety Regulations. Report and investigate all near misses and accidents. Set a personal example on site by wearing appropriate protective equipment at all times.

e) 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)

WORKERS Wear the personal protective equipment and clothing provided at all times. Use the correct tools and equipment for the job. Do nothing to endanger yourself and or your work mates. Refrain from horseplay and abuse of safety devices, equipment and welfare facilities. Workers shall report any unsafe conditions and practices immediately to their supervisor.

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6)

Workers shall not undertake task (or) jobs they do not understand. They are encouraged to always ask questions about safety procedures of specific work assignment that are unclear to them.

7)

Workers shall work in accordance with all accepted safe work practices and standard.

8) 9)

Workers shall attend in all job site safety, health and environment meeting and awareness classes. Workers shall comply the MCCs Fire and Safety Regulations and procedures.

1.05

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT AWARENESS PROGRAM


1.05.01 MEETINGS

1) a)

Weekly Toolbox Meeting and Talks Safety officer, supervisor and or foreman shall conduct weekly toolbox meeting and talks to their direct workers/laborers. Meeting shall be done first hour in the morning.

b) 2)

Relevant topics to be discussed but not limited to the following: Housekeeping The employee shall be made to understand the need and importance of good housekeeping practices in their work place. He shall keep his work area clean and inspect at the end of the days work.

Some Examples: a) b) c) 3)
Work place shall be kept clean all the time. Place tools and parts neatly at designated location at times. Always keep your worktable clean and tidy. Responsibility for Safety The employee shall be made to understand and to comply the Clients and MCC Health, Safety and Environment Regulations and procedures.

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4)

Using and Importance of Personal Protective Equipment The employee shall be made to understand the proper use and importance of Personal Protective Equipment and its various types.

5)

Use of Fire Extinguishers The employee be shall aware and understand how to use the fire extinguishers, different types and application of fire extinguishers and its limitation, classes of fire and what to do in case of fire.

6)

Fall Protection
The employee shall aware and understand the requirements of the fall protection when working at height, the use of safety harness, where it connected, and its impact and inspection of safety harness, etc.

7)

Accident/Incident Reporting The employee shall aware and understand the proper procedure on reporting the accident/incident including near misses and how to fill up the forms, how to investigate and what to do in case an accident happened.

8)

Excavations The employee shall aware and understand the proper procedure on excavation, precautionary measures, etc.

9)

Hand Tools The employee shall aware and understand the proper use of hand tools, use of personal protective equipment and its precautionary measures.

10)

Machine Guarding and its Use The employee shall aware and understand the purpose of machine guarding, precautionary measures, proper use and installation of machine guarding, etc.

11)

Electrical Safety The employee shall aware and understand the danger from electricity, precautionary measures, lockout. Reminders when working with electrical circuit or apparatus, etc.

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12)

Welding The employee shall aware and understand the proper procedure in welding, personal protective equipment requirements, precautionary measures, its effect of welding, etc.

13) Lifting and Rigging The crane operators and rigger shall aware and understand the proper procedure on lifting and rigging, precautionary measures, inspection of slings & equipment, role of operators and riggers, etc. 14) Materials Handling and Storage The employee shall aware and understand the proper procedure on materials handling and storage, precautionary measures, importance of fire fighting equipment, etc. 1.05.02 1) 2) HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT PROMOTIONAL ACTIVITIES

Health, Safety and Environment Man for the Month Slogan, Posters and Signage

1.05.03 HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT TRAININGS AND ORIENTATIONS

1)

Safety Officer and Engineers shall conduct and facilitate the health, safety and environment training and orientation. Training shall be done monthly.

2)

Upon arrival at the jobsite, employee/workers shall undergo the health, safety, and environment orientation and include the following minimum information: a)Brief review of the MCC HSE Plan, Client Safety and Environment Regulations, with emphasis on specific responsibilities of contractors and users. b) Principal HSE hazards on the jobsite. c) Proper use of personal protective equipment and its requirements. d) What to do in case of injury or illness; location of the medical station. f) Requirement to report observed or known unsafe conditions or practices.

3)

Supervisors and Workers Safety Training shall include but not limited to the following: a)System of Good Housekeeping
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b) Working at Elevated Heights Topics shall include but not limited to the following: Hazards connected with the use of ladders and scaffolds, Maintenance and Inspection, Type of scaffold, work on roofs, fragile materials, opening in walls and floors. c) Personal Protective Equipment Topics shall include but not limited to the following: proper use, types and importance of eye, face, head and hand protection, proper use, types and importance of foot and leg protection.

d)

Occupational Health and Safety in Construction Topics shall include but not limited to the following: hazards to health on site, sanitation and welfare facilities, required PPE.

e)

Fire Prevention and Control Topics shall include but not limited to the following: what is fire, triangle of fire, extinguishment of fire, classes of fire, principles of fire prevention and control, fire prevention checklist.

f)

Accident Investigation and Reporting Topics shall include but not limited to the following: purpose of investigation, managing the accident scene, steps in conducting accident investigation.

g)

First Aid Treatment Topics shall include but not limited to the following: general instructions, what you need, and emergency priorities, getting medical help, first aid procedures.

1.06

SUB-CONTRACTOR SAFETY PRACTICES All Engineers, Supervisors and Personnel of all Sub-Contractors shall be responsible for compliance with this safety programme.

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CHAPTER II SAFETY
2.01 GENERAL RULES 2.01.01 Project sites and offices and all places of work shall put on safety signs either to promote awareness, promote safety campaigns, advise of rules and regulations or indicate the danger present in the area and what protective devices shall be worn.

2.01.02 Project personnel shall conduct daily safety inspection in their respective areas of responsibility to monitor the standards and compliance.

2.02

GENERAL CONSTRUCTION WORKS EXCAVATION AND SHORING

2.02.01

a) All excavation work shall be done as per the approved method statement/ as per the clients/ Project managers requirement. b)Study pre-excavation conditions (super-imposed loads, soil structure, hydrostatic pressure, etc.) or situations that might develop and based on these findings excavation plan on the safe way to do the job. c) Excavations 1.5 m (5 ft) or more depth in unstable of soft material shall be shored or shall be sloped to at least the angle of repose for the material. Every effort shall be made prior to opening an excavation to determine whether underground installations (i.e. sewer, water mains, electric lines, etc.) are to be encountered. When the diggings approach the estimated level of installations, it shall be located and protected by careful probing or digging. Suitable warning signs shall be provided. If lines are accidentally damaged the concerned manager or engineer or supervisor shall notify the concerned person immediately. e) Bracing and shoring shall be inspected frequently particularly after rains and any

other ground disturbance and the necessary repairs and adjustments be made immediately. f) Pick and shovel workmen shall be kept apart sufficiently to prevent injury to

each other.
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h)

Since men working underground diggings are prone to the danger of being hit by

falling objects, tools and materials lying near shall be moved back one (1) meter.

i)

Materials, equipment and tools shall not be passed over the heads of men

working below ground level, unless a roof properly protects them.

j)

Guardrails, fences or other barricades and warning lights or reflective warning

tape or other forms of illumination that are maintained from sunset to sunrise, shall be placed at all excavations which are adjacent to walkways, sidewalks, driveways, and other pedestrian or vehicle thoroughfares.

k)

Materials excavated shall not be stored nor allowed to accumulate to dangerous

levels and shall not be kept nearer than two (2)) meter from the edge of excavation.

l)

In mass excavation, the sides of grounds 1.5 meter or more in depth shall be

supported.

m)

In excavated areas with one and one-half (1.5) meter or more deep shall be

provided with ladders to facilitate safe entrance and exit.

n) In hand-excavated trenches/pits, the scaffolds shall be properly secured.


o) Ground water shall be removed from and kept out of the bottoms of all trenches/pits and excavations. p) Removing of shoring after completion of work shall be done from the top to bottom of the excavation. 2.02.02 SCAFFOLDS, LADDERS, RAMPS, RUNWAYS AND PLATFORMS

a) General Requirements
1) All scaffolds must be erected/dismantled by a competent and experienced personnel. 2) Scaffolds, platforms or temporary floors shall be provided for all work that cannot be done safely from the ground. 3) All scaffolds or temporary floors constructed of materials shall meet the requirements established for these materials in strength and rigidity.

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4) Scaffolds or working platforms of any nature shall be securely fastened to the Building or structure, or if independent of the building shall be guyed or braced to prevent

sway. 5) All runways, scaffolds, or other working surface more than two (2) meters away
above an adjoining surface shall be effectively guarded with a strong rail. Such a guardrail shall be a minimum of one (1) meter high.

6) Suspended scaffolds shall have a guardrail, an intermediate rail and toe board. 7) 8)
No scaffold shall be used for the storage of materials. No work requiring lifting of heavy materials or substantial exertion shall be done from the ladders. 9) Every worker assigned to scaffolds or temporary floors is required to wear a safety harness, to which shall be attached to a lifeline independently fastened to the building.

10)

The lifeline shall only be of sufficient length to permit the work of the outrigger to be performed, so that in the event of a fall, it shall be as short as possible.

11) Ladders shall not be placed against window glass nor leaned against unsteady backings such as loose boxes or barrels.

12) Scaffolds and ladders shall be inspected weekly. 13)


Scaffolding shall be constructed of sound materials, securely fastened and supported.

14) Only experienced and competent workers shall erect and dismantle scaffolds.
Scaffolds shall be dismantled and returned to stock when not in use.

15) Demolition works shall be supervised by a competent person and workers doing
the work shall be given clear instructions and training.

16) Scaffolds and ladders built by sub contractor shall be carefully inspected and
certified before use.

17) Scaffolds shall not be overload beyond their working capacity. 18) Supports or braces of scaffolds erected and in use shall not be removed until the
job is completed.

19) Do not allow men to jump on or to, or hang tools on any part of, nor heavy
materials to be dropped on, or anything to be thrown from the scaffold.

20) Workmen shall not work on a scaffold installed outdoors during high wind.
21) A safe means of access to the scaffold, either by stair or permanent ladder shall be provided. If portable ladder is used, it shall be in good condition and its upper end securely fastened to prevent slippage or tipping.
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22) When hoisting load, do not let it swing against or catch on scaffolds.
23) Good housekeeping shall be observed on scaffolds at all times. b) LADDERS

1) 2)

Ladders used shall be in accordance with the ladder standards. The upper ends of the side rails of ladders shall project no more than one (1) meter above the point where it is resting, and with lower ends set on stable footing.

3)

In placing a ladder, the distance from foot of ladder to building against which it is leaning shall be approximately one-fourth of the length of the ladder. In other words, if a 12-foot ladder shall be placed, the foot shall be three feet away from the building.

4) 5)

Ladders with cross-grained members or weak rungs shall not be used. Whenever possible, grip side rail while using ladder. If it is not practical to grip side rails, then grip rungs securely with both hands while descending or ascending.

6) 7)
8)

Do not work on a high ladder when there is a strong wind. When using a stepladder, make sure it is fully spread before climbing. Always carry a ladder with the anti-slip device rubber towards the rear and the front end pointing upward. Be extra careful when approaching doorways and corners. When two men are carrying a long ladder, each man shall be closed to each end of the ladder.

9)

Never place ladder in front of door without first locking the door or placing man or guard.

10) Keep both hands free when climbing or descending. Do not carry any tool in your hands. 11) Always face the ladder when climbing or descending. 12) Keep eyes on rungs while climbing. There might be broken rungs. 13) If shoes are slippery clean them before climbing or descending. 14) Do not permit more than one person on a ladder at one time. 15) Never lean too far to one side of ladder.

16)

Do not paint ladders, as paint may conceal defects. Use linseed oil, clear varnish or white shellac instead.

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2.02.03 1)

MATERIALS HANDLING AND STORAGE

MANUAL HANDLING The safe limits for frequent lifting of compact objects is 50 pounds for the average male worker If the worker is in doubt as to the weight of the object, a test lift shall indicate whether or not it is within the workman's lifting capacity. If the object is too heavy for him to lift, then he shall ask for assistance. A similar help shall also be sought when lifting bulky or unhandy load or when the object lies in an awkward position.

a)

b)

When lifting heavy objects, make sure that your footing is secure, assume a squatting position with your back erect and then raise the object by straightening the legs. This technique brings your legs muscles into use and lessens back strain.

c)

Get a firm grip on the object to be lifted. Before lifting a heavy object, it is important that your hands as well as the object are not oily, greasy or with other slippery substance.

d)

When a worker has to carry long materials such as pipes, lumber, and ladders, he shall keep the front end high and the rear end low especially at corners or in places where vision is obstructed.

e)

When a worker is to lift and carry a heavy object from one point to another, he shall first inspect the route to be taken, making sure that there is no obstruction or slippery substance spilled on the floor which might cause him to trip or slip. Make sure that there is a sufficient clearance. If there are obstructions, look for a safer route.

f)

Materials stored inside buildings under construction shall not be placed within two (2) meters of any hoist way, inside floor opening or exterior wall that does not extend above the top of the storage pile.

g) h) i)

All stairways, passageways, gangways, and access ways shall be kept free of materials, supplies and obstructions at all times. All storage yards shall be cleared of all unusable combustible materials before lumber or other combustible materials are delivered at the site. All sources of ignition shall be prohibited in areas where flammable liquids are stored, handled and processed. Suitable warning and "NO SMOKING" signs shall be posted in all such areas.

j)

Rubbish or other combustible materials shall be kept from areas where

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flammable and combustible materials are stored, handled or processed.

k)

Accumulation of combustible and flammable liquids on floors, walls, etc. is prohibited. All spill of flammable and combustible liquids shall be cleaned up immediately.

2.02.04 a)

GOOD HOUSEKEEPING

Materials shall be piled and stored in an orderly manner and properly secured to prevent them from falling. Employees shall observe the standard procedures and instructions on materials handling applicable to their crafts.

b) c) d) e) f)

Materials shall be stored in such a way as not to obstruct fire exits, fire protection system, vehicular traffic, electrical boxes and stairways. Remove or bend all protruding nails. Cracks, splinters, ruts and breaks on the floor shall be reported and/or repaired as soon as they are discovered. It is the responsibility of the supervisor/foreman to see to it that the working area is kept clean and tidy. Spillage of oil, grease or other slippery substances shall be wiped off or removed from ramps, pathways, shower rooms, floors, etc. Leftovers or cuttings on the job such as lumbers, rebars, steel, welding butts, etc., shall not be left around where they shall pose a tripping and/or stored if still usable.

g) h)

Waste or trash drums/cans shall be placed in strategic places in the work area. Flammable liquids, oily rugs and other highly combustible materials shall be disposed off or stored properly. 2.03 TOOLS AND MECHANIZED EQUIPMENT GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

2.03.01

1) 2) 3)

Only duly authorized employees shall operate heavy equipment. Operators of mobile heavy equipment and trailers shall be duly licensed by the Kuwait Traffic Management Department. All equipment and machinery shall be inspected and placed in safe operating condition before it is used on maintenance or construction. Periodic inspection shall be made to insure that this condition is maintained at all times.

4)

Operators of heavy equipment shall be responsible for the proper care and

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cleanliness of the equipment assigned to them and to make reports on any defect or unusual conditions found therein. 5) No one shall be assigned operate power equipment unless he has been fully trained for this work. Operators shall be in good physical and mental condition and shall be capable of accepting responsibility for the safe operation of their equipment. 6) The operator shall not allow any unauthorized persons to operate the equipment assigned to him nor shall he allow such persons to ride on the equipment while same is moving. 7) The operator shall never leave his equipment with the engine running. When the equipment is left overnight, it shall be locked, broken, blocked and otherwise barricaded so that unauthorized persons cannot get in to start, or move it. 8) Equipment that is electrically operated shall be properly grounded at all times. No equipment shall be operated where there is danger that it may contact high-tension lines. 9) Equipment shall not be oiled while it is in operation and it shall not be refueled while the engine is running. 10) No employee shall get "ON" or "OFF" moving equipment. No unauthorized person shall be permitted to ride on any equipment or to rest neither underneath nor in nearby parts thereof.

2.03.02 MANUALLY-OPERATED CHAIN HOISTS 1)


2) Chain hoists shall be of larger/adequate capacity than the regular work requires. Supports of the hoist shall be strong enough to carry the load to be handled.

2.03.03 WHEEL MOUNTED CRANES, CRAWLER AND TRUCK


1) Performance and load tests of crawler, trucks and wheel mounted cranes shall demonstrate the strength, stability, capability, and adequacy of power, brakes, clutches, and controls to safely maneuver 110% of the rated load. 2) When determining crane loads during normal operations, auxiliary load-handling devices such as buckets, magnets, load falls, slings, load blocks, hooks, and pile driver leads shall be included as part of the load. 3) On all cranes, devices shall be attached between the equipment frame and boom cords to control vertical motion of the boom with a gradually increasing resistance without impact and to limit vertical rise of the boom to not more than 88 degrees above the horizontal.
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4) Means shall be provided for the operator to visually determine the levelness of the crane. 5) When mobile cranes and similar roadway machines are used in proximity to overhead electrification wires, power wires, and electrical apparatus, it is the responsibility of the operation to know that the boom and supporting frames of such machines are properly grounded in accordance with maintenance of equipment specification. Qualified operators/riggers should have valid operators license for heavy lifting equipment before allowed to work in the site.

6)

2.04

MANUAL AND POWERED TOOLS


General Rules

2.04.01

1) Hand tools shall be in good quality and in good condition. 2) Manual tools shall be regularly cleaned, inspected and maintained its good condition. 3) All hand tools shall be regularly inspected before and after use. Do not use if the tool is damaged. 4) 5) Used the correct tools in performing the job. Electrical operated tools shall be inspected properly and regularly before its use. Do not use if the tool is damaged or under repair.

2.04.02

Manual Tools

a) Cutting Tools
1) Cutting tools shall include saws (hacksaws, handsaw, etc), wood chisel, knives, shears, snips, axes and hatchet. 2) Cutting edges shall be kept sharp; handles shall be sound (no splits); fastening and adjustments shall be firm and secure. Saw teeth shall be properly set. 3) Because the cutting edges are sharp, care shall be taken in handling and carrying such tools. 4) When using axes or hatchets, the craftsman using then shall check his area of swing for clearance and to see that not other workers are in the way.

b) Impact Tools
1) Impact tools shall include hammers, sledges, mallets, picks and punches. 2) Regularly inspect tools, and use only those that is in good condition.
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3) Handles shall be sound and true; if handles are wooden, they shall be firmly wedged in the socket of the tool. 4) Punches shall not have mushroom heads. 5) The most essential rule for safe use is to check before swinging; make certain the swing area shall be clear of persons or objects. 6) In confined areas, care shall be taken to avoid striking an object on the backswing of a hammer, hatchet, mallets, or pick; a glancing blow to the user can be serious.

c) Twisting and Turning Tools


1) Twisting and turning tools shall include screwdrivers, gimlets, hand grills, braces and bits, pipe wrenches and other types of wrenches. 2) Screwdrivers shall have properly sharpened tips. The handles on a wood brace shall turn freely, and the jaws in the chuck shall be properly lubricated; if equipped with a ratchet, the ratchet shall be easily adjusted. 3) The teeth on pipe wrench jaws shall be sharp and clean, the screw adjustment shall operate easily, and the jaw spring shall be sound, permitting proper spread of opening for firm grip on a pipe. 4) All wrench handles shall be true. Open-end wrench jaws shall not be sprung; the inside of box wrenches shall be scored or badly worn. All adjusting screws on crescent wrenches shall operate freely. 5) None of these hand tools shall be overstressed, since most will break under such

circumstances. d) Gripping and Prying Tools 1) Gripping and prying tools shall include pliers, vise grips, and clamps.
2) Teeth on pliers shall be sharp and clean; handles shall not be distorted. 3) Clamps shall be easily adjustable and adjusting screws shall be lightly lubricated.

e) Tools and Equipment for Hauling and Carrying 1) This category shall include all barrows, bricks, and block carriers, concrete buggies,
hand trucks, and dollies.

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2) All hauling and carrying tools and equipment that depend upon manual power shall roll easily and smoothly; all handles shall be sound and firmly attached. 3) Loads shall be within the capacity of the equipment and the worker 4) Ramps and runways shall be used over steps and rough or soft ground. Ramp slopes shall be as gradual as possible. 5) The path for movement of the equipment shall be wide enough for the equipment, and the ground or floor shall be free of impediments to the safe movement of the equipment. f) Miscellaneous Tools 1) Miscellaneous tools shall include cement handling and finishing tools; survey tools such as measuring tapes; caliper, gauges, squares, and levels; shovels, hand augers, scrappers, hooks, containers and ladles. 2) Tools shall be handled and carried by holding the handle; pointed and bladed tools without heads are simply carried by hand. Tools shall be handled with care. 2.04.03 Power Manual Tools

a) Electrical Tools

1) Electrically operated handheld tools shall be equipped with a plug that complies with the
manufacturers configuration for the rated voltage and amperage for the tools.

2) Service cord shall be a three-wire grounded cord with a grounding prong in the plug. 3) All grinders and saws shall be provided with an operable blade guard that maintains
contact with the work piece during operation. Guards shall not be wedged or otherwise blocked.

4) Removal of a guard shall occur only in those circumstances where the guard would
actually prevent the performance of a specific task. Removal of a guard requires the supervisors approval.

5) Grinder speeds shall not exceed the rated grinding wheel speeds. Each new grinding
wheel shall bear a rated speed designation.

6) Face goggles or face shields shall be worn while using a grinder.

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7) Care shall be taken to avoid drilling too large a hole at one time. If this occurs, the drill
may bind after it breaks through, and the torque of the tool could twist the handle against the users wrist and cause serious injury.

8 ) Inoperative blade guards on saws are a major hazard. Guards shall not be wedged or
otherwise blocked; to do so is to risk serious injury.

9)When blades are properly sharpened and set, little force is required to move the saw
through the material.

10) If the material is internally warped, wedging may be used to keep the cut open. Care
shall be taken to prevent cutting through the cord.

11) Proper adjustment of the roller on belt sanders; a poorly adjusted belt mat ride off the
tool or into the guard, causing damage to the tool.

12) Tools shall be completely stopped when the operator lays it down. 13) Care shall be taken to keep the cord clear of the belt when sanding. 14) Eye protection and dust masks shall be worn when sanding.

b) Pneumatic Tools

1) Air compressor shall always be located in areas with adequate ventilation. 2) All compressed air hoses shall be of the correct size to fit the tool being used. All joints
in the hoses shall be made with a proper coupler. The hose length shall be kept as short as possible, and shall be placed where it will not be subjected to damage or cause a tripping hazards.

3) Pneumatic tools shall require clean air to operate efficiently. In every line feeding a
power tool, there shall be an adequate filter and lubricator. The lubricator and filter shall be inspected as often as necessary to ensure their effective operation.

4) During operation and while being stopped, all air tools shall be held firmly to prevent
from Spinning and jumping.

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5) With jackhammers and concrete breakers, the tool bit retaining spring shall always be
securely in position to prevent the bit from dropping out. The bit must be kept sharp.

6) Eye and ear protection shall be worn when working with pneumatic tools.
2.05 PAINTING 1) Paint soaked rags shall not be left in lockers or in cover all pockets. They shall be spread out to dry or put into metal containers.

2) Before food is handled workers shall wash their hands of paint to avoid chemical or
lead poisoning. Never eat in workrooms or other places where food may be exposed to lead dusts, fumes or other chemicals. a well-ventilated location. 3) Paint in which turpentine has been used as thinner shall not be used on hot surfaces. This might cause vapors to ignite or the fumes emitted might suffocate workers. 4) Spray hose shall be securely fastened to a scaffold so it shall not become loose and hit or drag a man off 5) Adequate ventilation to prevent the accumulation of flammable vapors to hazardous levels of concentration shall be provided in all areas where painting is done or paints are mixed. 6) No smoking, open flame, exposed heating elements, or other sources of ignition of any kind shall be permitted in area or rooms where spray painting is done. 7) Workers shall clean their skin thoroughly of any coating materials. Do not use thinners to remove paint from hands or skin. Use only recommended creams and cleaners.

2.06

ELECTRICAL SAFETY 1) 2) 3) 4) Only trained and authorized personnel shall be allowed to perform all electrical works. Employees shall not wear loose clothing, rings, watches, or carry keys, lighters, or other similar metallic objects while working on electrical equipment. Wear suitable and required personal protective equipment like safety shoes, hand gloves, etc. and it shall be dried. Employees shall be instructed in the use of electrical equipment and shall be prohibited from tampering and blocking, circuit breakers, using wrong fuses, or bypassing fuses.
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5)

Electrical personnel shall initially stand to one side of an electrical control box opposite of box door hinge and touch first with the back of the hand prior to opening or closing a disconnect. Electrical switchgear shall be labeled to identify the equipment its control. Adequate warning signs shall be placed in all electrical equipment. Water shall not be used on electrical equipment fires. When possible, electrical equipment shall be OFF before attempting to extinguish an incipient stage fire. Electrical installation and all electrical equipment shall be periodically inspected and tested by the authorized persons to assure continued satisfactory performance and to detect deficiencies.

6) 7) 8) 9)

10) The power supply source shall be disconnected before repairs or services are performed on power tools.

2.07 PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT Employee shall use and take care of personal protective equipment, protective clothing and facilities placed at their disposal and not misuse anything provided for their protection. The general rules applicable to personal protective equipment are: Face and Eye protection 1. 2. Eye protection shall be worn by employee whose duties indicate the need for protection. Impact type safety goggles or glasses shall be worn during activities involving flying or falling objects or particles such as but not limited to chipping, Grinding and hammering. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Safety glasses or goggles are also required in areas that includes but not limited to: Use of compresses air to clean or blow out the debris. Potential dust hazards. Cutting and tying of cables or wire rope. Operations where there may be danger from spraying of oils and chemicals. Arc welding work require the use of welding mask.

HEAD PROTECTION 9. Safety standard helmet shall be worn in job site.

1) Before each use ,helmet shall be inspected for cracks, signs of impact or rough treatment and wear that might reduce the degree of safety originally provided. Those found damage should be replaced. 2) Alterations of any kind shall not be made on the helmets such as painting, etching,

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cutting as these would impair the performance of the headgear.

SAFETY HARNESS AND LIFELINES 1. All persons working on elevated structures such as steel erections, steel men, painters, welders carpenters etc shall wear safety harness or lifelines. 2. Safety harness and lifelines shall be securely fastened on rigid and firm braces, framing and the like. 3. Carefully inspect the safety harness before using and those found damaged should be replaced. 4. Concerned supervisors/foreman shall schedule the regular inspection and maintenance of the safety harness and lifelines. 5. Steel cables should not be used as lifelines. 6. Lifelines shall be tied to permit as little slack as possible and thus stop a man with minimum free fall. 7. Rope lines shall be washed with fresh clean water and dried in circulating air. They shall not be exposed to high temperatures.

FOOT PROTECTION 1. Employees shall wear foot protection appropriate for the activity and conditions. 2. Alterations, mutilations and defacing of safety shoes should be prohibited. 3. Safety shoes should be kept clean always.

WORKING CLOTHES Wear the prescribed working clothes for a particular job. No loose fits should be allowed while working around moving machines or energized lines or equipment.

HEARING PROTECTION Hearing protection shall be worn in high noise areas.

2.08 SAFETY IN THE OFFICE OFFICE EQUIPMENT 1) Office furniture shall be inspected when received so that burrs or sharp corners shall be removed immediately. 2) Keep desk drawers close to prevent tripping over them. 3) Remove from power source the plug of all electric office machines and equipment during work break periods and after office hours. Arrange cables and wires so that they shall

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not present a tripping hazard.

4) All electric office machines shall be provided with equipment grounding before use. 5) Drawers of filing cabinets shall not be opened simultaneously but instead one at a time to prevent falling towards them. 6) Never place liquid things or items on top of electrical or electronic equipment where danger of wetting sensitive parts thereof could load to equipment shorting, breakdown and damage. OFFICE BEHAVIOR 1) Running in offices is prohibited. 2) Door shall not be pushed nor opened abruptly or slammed when closing. Do not stand within the path of the door swing. 3) When carrying a stack of materials, be sure you can see over and around it when walking through the office. Employees carrying such materials shall not load both arms when using the stairs, one hand shall be free to use the handrails. 4) Employees are prohibited to crowd or indulge in horseplay in the stairs. Falls on stairs commonly occur when a person is talking, laughing and turning to friends while going downstairs or upstairs. 5) Scooting across the floor while sitting on a chair is prohibited. Leaning out from the chair to pick up objects on the floor is also dangerous and shall be avoided. 6) When an electrical outlet box is exposed after moving a furniture, mark the box with a tripping hazard sign until it is removed, the outlet shall be removed and relocated. It is far cheaper to observe this precaution than pay for a bad fall. 7) Do not use spike or pointed rod for filing or for similar purposes. 8) Do not place pencils in any container with points and artworks in the upright position. 9) Store away in a safe place any pointed or bladed instrument after use. Do not hand any such instruments to someone with the point toward him. 10) Do not leave the knife blade of the paper cutter in the raised position. Do not leave breakable objects on the edge of desks or tables where they can easily be pushed off. 10) Office machines and equipment shall be operated only by authorized persons. Nobody shall be allowed to tinker with interlocks on the guards. Machines or equipment shall not be cleaned or serviced while they are in operation.

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STORAGE 1) Materials shall not be stored in place where heavy traffic exists. They shall be stored in a place where they are not likely to fall on anybody. Nothing shall be allowed on the floor where it could be a tripping hazard. Equipment and materials delivered to site shall be stored and preserved as per vendor/supplier recommendations. 2) File materials neatly and firmly to prevent them from crumbling on the floor or fall over. The heaviest and largest pieces shall be on the bottom of the files. Where materials are stored on shelves, heavy objects shall be on the lower shelves. 3) Employees shall not stock boxes, papers and other heavy objects on filing cabinets, desks and window ledges or place these materials carelessly on shelves. 4) Card index files, dictionaries, or other heavy objects shall not be kept on the top of file cabinets or other high furniture. Movable objects such as flowerpots, boxes and bottles shall not be allowed on windowsills or ledges. 5) Razor blades, thumbtacks and other sharp objects shall not be thrown loosely into drawers. They shall be carefully boxed. Blades and pointed objects shall be kept in suitable containers. 6) During break periods and after office hours, lights and other office machines shall be put off from source so as to conserve energy. Maintain only sufficient lighting to light the surroundings.

GOOD HOUSEKEEPING 1) Littering in work premises shall not be allowed. Wipe spilled liquids immediately. 2) Broken glass shall be swept immediately and disposed off in a safe place. 3) Tripping hazards such as defective floors, rugs, floor mats, electric or telephone cords, shall be reported to the maintenance personnel for immediate replacements and/or repair.

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CHAPTER III
FIRE PREVENTION AND CONTROL

The best time to stop a fire is before it starts. Employees shall eliminate, or report to their immediate supervisors, fire hazards, particularly in their work area. The chance of fire during building construction is quite high. This is due to availability of combustible materials on job site. Also poor control of heat sources, lack of adequate inspection and very often, poor house keeping will have high risk of outburst of fire. FIRE HAZARD i. ii. iii. House keeping Heating devices Combustible material(used/stored)

FIRE PREVENTION a) House keeping :Poor house keeping condition is the major cause for fire hazard in construction site. A regular clean up of the scrap material will not only remove or reduce the fire hazard but will improve general safety at the same time. Hence cleaning work should be considered a bear necessity at the end of every days work to reduce the occurrence of accident due to fire or any other reason. All rubbish should be disposed away from site. No burning of rubbish should be allowed in site. b) Heating device: Another major cause is due to improper placement of heating device such as welding machine, grinding or cutting etc. too close to the combustible materials. A special care and attention shall be taken while carrying out the welding and cutting works. They are: c) A helper for welder or watchman is required while welding or cutting work is carried out. Good house keeping is required and easily combustible material should be removed and properly protected from fire. Cutting torch set must be protected with flash back arrestor to avoid back fire. Welding and cutting equipment must be inspected before use. Fire extinguisher must be near vicinity. Gasoline and other thinner should be stored in a safe place with good ventilation and Electrical: Electrical items also cause the biggest threat for fire hazard. Care should be

warning signs. taken that electric circuits are not overloaded. Proper insulated wire should be used.

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d)

Combustible materials: Area where combustible materials are stored due care ought

to be given that there is proper ventilation and no heating source is found at its vicinity. FIRE PROTECTION During construction free access from street, construction site should be maintained at all times. Emergency telephone numbers of the fire department should be stuck in the vicinity of the workers. Fire extinguishers should be placed in convenient as well as visible working condition. Types and use of Fire extinguisher: For different type of fire extinguisher a tag is attached which has letters marked on it such as A, B or C. The letters indicate the purpose and content in the cylinder. A means for combustible fire such as wood and paper. This contains water. B means that is meant for fighting flammable liquid fires such as gas, diesel ,paint or oil. C means that it is meant of fighting against Electric fires. i. ii. iii. iv. v. Remove safety pin. Aim the nozzle at the base of fire. Squeeze lever. Direct the jet to the bottom of the fire spreading area and follow it up. Always use the extinguisher in the direction opposite to wind. locations all around the building. Care should be taken by the safety officer that these extinguishers are always in a

How to use Fire extinguishers:

NOTE: NEVER USE THE CLASS A FIRE EXTINGUISHER ON LIVE ELECTRICAL CABLES OR D.B PANELS. ** LOCATION AND NUMBERS OF FIRE EXTINGUISHERS DEPICTED IN THE SITE OFFICE PLAN ATTACHED .
3.02 HOUSEKEEPING 1) Oil-soaked and paint saturated rags, papers, wastes and other combustible refuse shall be deposited in non-combustible receptacles provided with self-closing covers, and removed daily from work area for proper disposal. 2) All types of dust shall be removed regularly from overhead pipes, beams and machines, particularly from bearing and other heated surface. 3) Combustible materials shall not be stored or allowed to accumulate in airshafts, stairs shafts, tunnels, out-of-the-way corners near electric motors, equipment and machinery.
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4)

All passageways leading to portable fire extinguishers, fire hose cabinets and fire exits shall be kept free from obstructions at all times. Portable fire extinguishers shall not be relocated from their officially designated places without proper clearance.

3.03 1)

SMOKING Smoking is strictly prohibited in areas where No Smoking signs are posted and other places designated as non-smoking areas. 2) 3) Wastebaskets shall never be used for cigarette disposal. Lighted cigarette butts shall be totally put out and left on ashtrays provided for the purpose.

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CHAPTER IV ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING PROCEDURE 4.01 INTRODUCTION Accident investigations are an after-the-facts attempt to determine why something went wrong. In order to prevent future accidents. It is necessary to identify and recognize potential and actual accident causes, take appropriate steps to eliminate or minimize the causes and to prevent recurrence.

All incidents and Near misses need to be investigated promptly. The reason is that the causes of todays minor injury or non injury accident. If not established and corrected, may arise again to produce tomorrows serious injury. Investigation should be directed both at what actually occurred and the potential of what might have occurred.

An accident investigation is a systematic effort to establish of relevant facts and interpretations regarding how and why accident occur. An attempt must be made to get this information from all available sources, including the injured person(s), witnesses, the accident scene and events of the accident when necessary. The injured employee should describe in his own words how the accident happened on the employee accident report form which should then be dated and signed.

4.02

PURPOSE The purpose of this procedure is to provide information and the necessary guideline for reporting and investigation of any accident or incident involving MCC employees, equipment and vehicles to prevent the recurrence.

4.03

SCOPE This procedure establishes the necessary guideline for reporting and investigations of any accident or incident involving MCC employees, equipment and vehicles.

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4.04

REPORTING PERSONAL ACCIDENTS AND INCIDENCES

1.1.2 4.04.01
1)

On-Duty Incidences/Accidents

Any injury sustained by an employee shall be reported at once to the employees immediate supervisor. However, in case of major occurrences or serious injuries, the supervisor shall promptly transfer the injuries to the nearest hospital and the same notify the Project Manager and the Safety Officer.

2)

The employee or his immediate supervisor or superior in case of the formers incapacity, shall then prepare and submit report on the accident or incident by using the accident investigation report form.

4.05

HAZARD COMMUNICATION FOR SUB-CONTRACTORS

The Safety Officer is also responsible for warning and training all the company sub-contractors workers. The safety officer should see to that Sub-Contractors are required to perform their work according to MCCs safety and health .It is the responsibility of the safety officer to provide the following information to the sub-contractor. 1) Hazardous equipments or materials to which they may be exposed while on the work site. 2) Make sure that the workers wear the PPE at times the work/situation demands it.

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1.1.2.1.1
5.01 OBJECTIVES a) b)

CHAPTER V
EMERGENCY PLAN

To save lives , company and clients properties. To provide information as take the necessary action and steps that MCC work force shall implement during any emergencies.

5.02

INTRODUCTION a) Regardless of the preventive and protective measures incorporated in the operations and procedures, additional measures have to be taken to deal with incidents and emergency situations that may occur in area of operation that may result in casualties and damage to company and client properties. b) Incident can be minimized if the organization, planning and procedure are in place before any emergency situations occur. Speedy and effective operation of control measures will practically assist in minimizing the damage to company and client properties. c) This procedure establishes the necessary action to be taken during any fire, medical emergencies, vehicle accidents etc

5.03

NATURE OF INCIDENT a) 1) 2) 3) Depending on the nature of works and the areas of work involved the emergencies can be classified as follows: FIRE MEDICAL EMERGENCY VEHICLE ACCIDENTS

5.04

REPORTING PROCEDURE FOR AN EMERGENCY Convey the following required information: 1) 2) 3) 4) The nature of emergency The location of emergency Your name, contact telephone number and the location. Type of assistance Required (Medical, Fire Brigade, etc.)

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5.05

GENERAL RESPONSE FOR AN EMERGENCY a) 1) 2) 3) 4) FIRE OF SMALLER MAGNITUDE First person to detect the fire warns the others shouting Fire, Fire, Fire. Detect the source of fire or the materials involved. In case fire involving Electricity, try to shut-off the source of electricity. Approach the fire with all safety precautions and use appropriate extinguishing medium (fire extinguisher, sand, fire blanket, etc.) to control & stop the fire. 5) 6) Do not enter in unventilated area without proper respiratory protection. Report the incident immediately to the immediate Supervisor/Safety Officer and likewise will report immediately the incident to the Project Mangers 7) b) 1) 2) 3) 4) In case the fire is UNCONTROLLABLE, evacuate the area immediately . FIRE AT PROJECT SITE OFFICE First person to detect the fire warns the other shouting Fire, Fire, Fire. Detect the source of fire or the materials involved. In case fire involving Electricity, try to shut-off the source of electricity. Approach the fire with all safety precautions and use appropriate extinguishing medium (fire extinguisher, sand, fire blanket, etc.) to control & stop the fire. 5) 6) Do not enter in unventilated area without proper respiratory protection. In case the fire is of larger magnitude, restrict the spread of fire by closing doors and windows and ensure that every one has vacated the room. c) 1) 2) 3) 4) MEDICAL EMERGENCY In case of any accident causing injuries to a person, the first person that witness the accident shall inform his subordinates and ask for help. For your own safety check the area before approaching the scene of accident. Remove the victim to a safer place in case there is a chance of further injury or else do not touch the victim. Report the incident immediately to the immediate Supervisor/Safety Officer and likewise will report immediately the incident to Project Managers. 5) The concerned Supervisor shall prepare and submit the accident report.
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1.1.2.1.2

CHAPTER VI

CRANE SAFETY PROCEDURE

6.01.01

Operators must be thoroughly familiar with safe crane operating practices and have a complete understanding of all operation and maintenance instructions. Operators shall be physically fit and thoroughly trained, with related experience, not be easily excitable, not be subject to epileptic seizures, and not be using any drug that could impair physically, visual, or mental reactions or capabilities.

6.01.02

Inspect the crane every day (before the start of each shift). Ensure that routine Maintenance and lubrication are being check performed. Dont operate a damaged or poorly maintained crane. You risk lives when operating faulty machinery, including your own.

6.01.03

Avoid a dirty or greasy crane. Keep the cab, deck, and foot and hand holds free of mud and grease for operator safety. Dirty equipment fails rapidly and makes good maintenance difficult.

6.01.04

Check for WARNING tags placed on the crane. If found, refuse to operate the crane until repairs are made and WARNING tags are removed by authorized personnel.

6.01.05

Have an approved fire extinguisher available and know how to use it. Inspect as required to ensure it is fully charged and operable.

6.01.06

Always perform a function check after repairs have been made to ensure proper operation. Load tests shall be performed when structural or lifting members are involved.

6.01.07 When shutting down the crane adhere to the following: a) b) c) d) e) f) g) engage the parking brakes lower the boom and the load place the controls in neutral chock the wheels ensure the swing lock is engaged remove the ignition key lock the machine and install vandal guards, if used.

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6.02 CRANE OPERATION SAFETY 6.02.01 Check crane stability before lifting loads. Ensure the outriggers (or tires if lifting on rubber) are firmly positioned on solid surfaces. Ensure the crane is level, brakes are set, and the load is properly rigged and attached to the hook. Lift the load slightly off the ground and recheck the stability before proceeding with the lift. Determine the weight of the load before you attempt the lift. Check the load chart against the weight of the load. 6.02.02 most accidents involving mobile hydraulic cranes, are caused by the following: a) b) c) d) e) 6.02.03 Crane out of level Bad surface conditions Outriggers used improperly or not used at all Inadequate blocking under outrigger floats Improper crane operation

after the crane has been properly set-up, make a dry run before making the first lift. Become familiar with all factors peculiar to the job site. Know what moves to make BEFORE attaching the first load. Plan ahead.

6.02.04

Use the load line to determine the level of the crane. It shall always lie in the center of the boom. Check at two points 90 degrees apart.

6.02.05

be sure the hoist line is vertical before starting the lift. Dont subject the crane to side loading.

6.02.06

The importance of properly leveling a crane cannot be overstressed. A crane only slightly out-of-level can quickly encounter a tipping condition.

6.02.07

Check the ground, use timber mates when terrain conditions are soft or questionable. Barricade the area around which the crane is working. Remember - All rigging equipment must be considered as part of the load. Lifting capacities vary with working areas. Permissible working areas are posted in the crane cab. When swinging from one working area to another, ensure load chart capacities are not exceeded. Know your crane!

6.02.08 6.02.09

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6.02.10

Do not exceed crane rating. Do not rely on the crane tipping stability to determine the maximum lifting capacity. Do not exceed the capacities shown on the load chart in the cab. REMEMBER: All lifting devices (block, jib, etc.) are part of the load.

6.02.11

Always keep the load as near to the crane and as close to the ground as possible. Wind and other factors such as boom length, boom angle, size and weight of load being lifted, etc. can affect crane stability and crane structures. Practical working loads for each particular job and lift shall be established by the user depending upon conditions that exist at the time a lift is being made. Appropriate capacity reductions shall be made whenever conditions indicate the possibility that a loss of crane stability or structural damage could occur. Be extremely cautious if wind velocity approaches 38 miles per hour.

6.02.12

6.02.13 6.02.14 6.02.15

Exercise caution when swinging loads. Never swing or lower the boom into the carrier cab. Stop the hook block from swinging when unhooking a load. Swinging rapidly can cause the load to swing out and increase the load radius. Swing the load slowly. Swing with caution and keep the load lines vertical. Operate the crane only from the crane operators seat. Operating from any other position, such as reaching in a window, constitutes a safety hazard. Never operate the crane with less than two wraps of rope on the hoist drum. Check the hoist brake by raising the load a few inches and holding it there. Be sure the hoist brake is working correctly before continuing the lift. Do not attempt to change / shift speeds, on multiple speed hoists, with in motion. Never pull sideways with the boom. Booms and swing systems are not designed to side pull and may be damaged if subjected to excessive side loading. Booms are designed for lifting only freely suspended loads. NEVER permit anyone to ride loads, slings, hooks, etc., for any reason. Never stand or work on or near the superstructure while the crane is moving or swinging.

6.02.16

6.02.17

6.02.18 6.02.19

6.02.20

6.02.21

6.02.22 6.02.23

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6.02.24

Keep every one away from suspended loads. Allow no one to walk under a load. Ensure that all slings, ties, and hooks are correctly placed and secured before raising or lowering the load. Check all braking and holding devices before operation. Perform an operational check of all braking (wheel & swing) and safety holding devices before starting any crane or traveling operations. The engine must not be started with master clutch engaged: engage only after you are sure everything is in the clear and in neutral. Be sure the load is well secured and attached to the hook with rigging of proper size and in good condition. Allow no one to ride on the crane, carrier deck, engine compartment, etc. Use tag lines, as appropriate, for positioning and restraining loads. Check the load slings before lifting.

602.25

6.02.26

6.02.27

6.02.28 6.02.29

6.02.30 6.02.31

Tag line personnel must guide the load from the ground. Use only slings or other rigging devices rated for the job and use them properly. Never wrap the hoist cable around a load.

602.32

Check all hooks, shackles, and slings before use. Do not use faulty equipment.

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1.1.2.1.3

CHAPTER VII
FIRST AID TREATMENT

First aid is the immediate temporary care in case of an accident or sudden illness before the services of a physician can be secured. Simple treatment can be done by non-medical people and persons with training on first aid shall attempt to revive or treat victims as any delay may mean life or death. The following instructions are designed to give him guidance or recall steps in the procedure to be followed. After first aid is given, the injured or sick employee shall be brought to the medical clinic or to the nearest hospital, if seriously injured or if condition is critical.

7.01

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS 11.01.01 This guide contains an alphabetical listing of many illnesses, injuries, and other problems, with recommended first-aid procedures. 11.01.02 If you pay attention to the guidelines, you shall be able to handle most firstaid situations effectively. But, as is the case with many skills, experience helps build confidence, and the best way to get first-aid experience is in a classroom.

7.02

WHAT YOU NEED 7.02.01 You can improvise many first-aid materials. For example, firmly rolled newspapers or magazines can make a splint. You can use towels, any kind of cloth, or even your bare hand stop bleeding. 7.02.02 But proper, sterile first-aid materials can make a demanding job easier, and decrease the risk of infection. Have your first-aid supplies where you can find them easily at home, know where they are located at work, and keep a firstaid kit in your car. It is also a good idea to have a blanket in your car, and flares in case of traffic accident. 7.02.03 First Aid Box Content: a) b) c) d) e) g) Adhesive bandages, various sizes Gauze pads, various sizes Large triangular bandages Cold pack Iodine Antiseptic Eye Lotion
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h) i) k) l) m) 7.02.04 7.02.05

Medicine Scissors and Cotton Clip List of emergency telephone numbers This guide or another basic reference for first-aid procedures Other requirements

Almost all these items are available from drug stores. Many sporting goods stores stock cold packs and other first-aid supplies. Check your first-aid supplies at least once a year. Make sure batteries are still good and which prescription medicines have not expired. Replace any materials you might have used.

7.03

EMERGENCY PRIORITIES 7.03.01 Staying calm can be one of the most difficult things you have to do in many first-aid situations. This is especially true if someone has more than one injury, or if you are at the scene of an accident where more than one person needs help. Knowing the priorities for dealing with an emergency shall help you handle it calmly and with confidence: 1) 2) Be sure you are not putting your own life in danger. Decide whether the victim's position puts him in danger from further, serious injury. 3) Take care of life-threatening problems first. There are many conditions that can endanger someone's life, but you may have to take care of these first, and in this order: 4) Make sure the victim has an open airway and is breathing, and make sure his heart is beating. 5) 6) 7.03.02 Stop severe bleeding. Threat for physical shock. (See Shock)

If there are other people around get them to help by directing traffic if necessary, calling for medical assistance, and getting supplies. Even people who have not been trained in first aid can help with victims. A bystander can follow your directions to control bleeding, for example, while you take care of a victim's breathing and heartbeat.

7.04

GETTING MEDICAL HELP 7.04.01 In many cases, getting medical help quickly and effectively can make the difference between life and death. Make sure you have access to emergency

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numbers and know the procedure for making an emergency call. 7.04.02 When you call an emergency response number: Be calm, and speak slowly and distinctly. The person you talk to has to understand the situation as fully as possible from the information you provide. 2) Be prepared to answer questions concerning: The location of the victim and phone number you are calling from. What happened. The victim's age and condition. What is being done, or what has already been done for the victim.

1)

a) b) c) d)

3) 4)

Listen carefully to any instructions. Make sure you understand them fully. Always wait for the other person to hang up first.

7.05

FIRST-AID PROCEDURES The procedures listed on the following pages are widely accepted and have been reviewed by medical professionals. But if any of them conflicts with your doctor's advice, follow your doctor's recommendations.

7.05.01 AMPUTATION 1) It is often possible for a surgeon to reattach a severed limb or digit. Get the

amputated part and the victim to a hospital quickly, with the part as well preserved as possible. a) If possible, seal the amputated part in a plastic bag and put the bag in ice water. b) c) 7.05.02 1) If you do not have a plastic bag, wrap it in a damp, clean cloth. Do not place the part directly in water or on ice. BLEEDING Bleeding is controlled by applying pressure directly on the wound - which speeds clotting. 2) Minor Bleeding

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a) 3) a) 1)

Apply pressure and clean the wound with soap and water. Major Bleeding Rapid blood loss can be very serious, even fatal. Apply pressure directly to the wound, using a clean absorbent pad if possible, but do not waste time looking for material to use. Apply pressure with your bare hand if necessary. Do not remove a pad or cloth when blood soaks through. Just put another pad on top of the first one and continue to apply pressure. You can use a pressure bandage to keep pressure on the wound. Slip your finger under the knot to be sure it is not too tight. If you are not able to apply pressure directly on the wound, use one of the four major pressure points.

2)

3)

4)

7.05.03 1)

BRUISE, BLACK EYE, BUMP

A blow to the body can result in discoloration from an accumulation of blood in body tissues near the skin. Or there may just be a painful lump with or without discoloration. First-aid consists of relieving discomfort and helping fluids get reabsorbed into the body. Apply a cold pack or cold compress during the first 24 hours. If possible, elevate and rest the injured area. After 24 hours, apply heat. (Also see Eye Injury, Blow to the Eye) BURNS

a) b) c)

7.05.04 1)

Burns are highly susceptible to infection and complications from fluid loss. Remember the general rule: cool a minor burn, and wrap a serious burn. If skin is not broken, soak the burned area in cool water. If the skin is broken, do not try to clean the wound. Cover the burn with a dry, sterile dressing. Get medical help for: Any third degree burn. Any burn that cover 15 percent or more of an adult's body area. A first degree burn that covers most of the body. Any burn on the face, hands, feet, or genitals. Be alert for signs of infection.

a) b)

c) 1) 2) 3) 4) d)

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7.05.05

CUT, SCRATCH, PUNCTURE

1) Cuts, scratches and puncture wounds are generally not serious in themselves, but need to clean them and protect against infection. Even an apparently minor puncture wound can result in tetanus if the wound was caused by a nail, thorn, or dirty object. a) Wash the wound thoroughly with soap and water. Call your doctor if you are not sure about the need for a tetanus shot, if the cut b) Use direct pressure to stop bleeding. c) may require stitches for proper healing, or if it becomes infected. 7.05.06 ELECTRIC SHOCK

1) Many people are injured or killed by contact with electricity - even households current. Not only can electric shock cause burns and serious internal injuries, it can paralyze the nerve centers that control breathing, and it can stop or dangerously alter a person's heartbeat. 2) Treat all electrical appliances and wiring with respect. Install protective caps in electrical outlets to keep children safe from electric shock. 3) If someone does come in contact with electric current, act quickly- the longer a person is in contact with the current, the worse his condition shall be, but do not endanger your own life in the process. a) Do not touch the victim as long as he is contact with the current. If you do, you risk becoming a path for the electricity too. b) Remove the power from the victim by disconnecting the appliance plug or tripping the circuit breaker. If you cannot locate a plug or circuit breaker, call the electric utility dispatcher to turn off power to the locations. c) When the current is safety off: 1) Send someone to call for medical help. 2) Do not move the victim any more than absolutely necessary. Muscular contractions from electric current can break bones and cause internal injuries. 3) Check the victim's breathing and be prepared to do CPR. 4) 5) Treat for physical shock. Take care of any burns, and try to keep the victim calm and as comfortable as possible until medical help arrives.

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7.05.07 1) 2) a) b) d) 3) a)

EYE INJURY

Any problem involving the eyes shall be treated quickly and correctly. Even a particle caught between the eye and the eyelid can become serious. Blow to the Eye Apply a cold pack or cold compress to reduce swelling. Watch for evidence of more serious injury, including a fracture. Get medical help for persistent pain, blurred or double vision, or discoloration of the eyeball. Chemical Burn Potential eye injury from contact with a chemical can often be prevented by washing the eye quickly and thoroughly. Flood the eye with running water for 15 to 20 minutes. Hold the eye open and let the water run from the bridge of the nose across the surface of the eye. If the eye continues to feel uncomfortable or if there is any difficulty with vision, get medical help, and take a sample of the chemical with you or be able to describe it.

1)

2)

4) a)

Particle on Surface or Inside Eyelid Usually the natural reflexes of blinking and increased tear production shall wash the particle out. If not: Do not rub the eye. Rinse the eye gently with clear water or sterile eyewash. Get medical help if you are unable to dislodge the particle. Penetration If something penetrates the surface of the eye, or if the eye is scratched or burned, it is very important to keep the eye and the eyelid still. Keep the victim calm, and get medical help. 1) 2) Do not try to remove the object or wash the eye. Use an eye patch to protect the eye from pressure, and bandage the eye. it's best to bandage both eyes. If the good eye is not bandaged, urge the victim to make an effort to keep it from moving, since the injured eye shall move along with it.

1) 2) 3) 5) a)

7.05.08 1)

FRACTURE

A fracture can be a hairline crack in a bone or the bone can be completely

broken through. Treatment of a fracture can be made more difficult if the bone penetrates the skin. Serious complications are possible from a jagged bone end

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damaging an artery or nerve. The primary objective of first aid is to keep broken bone ends from moving. It is more important to be gentle than fast. a) b) Call for medical help. If the bone is visible, cover the wound with a sterile dressing, and take care of If you shall transport the victim, splint the limb to immobilize the fracture,

bleeding if necessary. c) disturbing it as little as possible. The splint shall extend past the joint on each side of the fracture. d) If the bone is dislocated, do not change its position or try to put it back into Cold compresses or a cold pack help reduce swelling and pain. place. e) f) Keep the person warm and as comfortable as possible. Elevate his feet if it does not disturb the injury or cause additional pain. 7.05.09 HEAT EXHAUSTION

1) The primary symptoms of heat exhaustion are perspiration, weakness, dizziness, and nausea. With proper first aid, a victim of heat exhaustion shall probably recover quickly. a)Get a person out of the sun or away from the source of heat. b)Try to cool him off: fan him and wipe his face with a cool, wet cloth. c)If he is not vomiting, give him small amounts of cool water. He is less likely to choke if he holds the 7.05.10 glass or cup himself.

HEAT STROKE

1)

Heat stroke is sometimes called sunstroke. It happens most often with infants

and elderly people, and they do not have to be in the sun to get it. The primary symptoms are no perspiration; hot, red, dry skin; high body temperature; rapid pulse. Heat stroke is a true emergency that requires rapid cooling and medical attention. a) If possible, have someone call for emergency medical help while you begin to Get the person cool as soon as possible. Use cold water, colds compresses, ice If the victim is conscious and not vomiting, give him small amounts of water to When the victim's temperature feels like it's near normal, stop the cooling, dry Be prepared for his temperature to go back up, and if it does, start the cooling cool the victim. b) packs - whatever is available. If you can, put him in a tub filled with cold water. c) drink. d) him off, and treat for shock. Do not let him get chilled. e) process again.

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7.05.11

SPRAIN

A sprain is the result of ligaments or tendons in the area of a joint being torn or stretched beyond their normal range. The symptoms are the same as for a closed fracture. Treat the injury as a fracture until an X-ray determines that no bones are broken. (See Fracture).

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