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―in‖, ―at‖, ―from‖, and so on. In Arabic, these are called Huruwf-ul-Jarr ( حزُوف ُ ّ َ ;اندزsingular is Harf-ul-Jarr). In Arabic grammar, the word that immediately follows the preposition becomes majruwr! For example, you can say: (انكحَابُ عهَى يكحَةal-kitaabu ‗ala al-maktabi)–‖The book is on the ِ َ َ ِ table.‖ Here, we see the preposition ‗ala (on), and maktab (table), the word that follows ‗ala, becomes majruwr. ُ Or, you can say: (انثَطَّةُ فِي تَيحِكىal-battatu fiy baytikum)–‖The duck is in your house.‖ Here, the preposition is fiy (in), and your house (baytikum) is majruwr. And you can have as many prepositions in a sentence as you like–just not back-to-back (eg. haadhaa fiy min …) The table below lists all the huruwf-ul-jarr and their meanings, the meaning really depends on the context–i.e. the meaning changes depending on where and how the harf is used. So keep that in mind insha‘Allah. Arabic Transliteration Meaning فِي fiy in إنَى ila to (eg. travel to) َ عه َى ‗ala on (top of) ٍي min from ِ ل li for (eg. for you) ِ يع ma‘a with َ َ ب bi with ِ َّحح َى hatta until ُيُذ mundhu since ُ ٍَع aan about ka like/as َك
Topics: Beginner, Grammar | 8 Comments »
8 Responses to “Prepositions (Huruwf-ul-Jarr)”
1. Ibn Uthman Says:
November 19th, 2007 at 4:36 am
Assalamu ‗alaykum I think ― ‖هزوف اندزmust be ― ‖حزوف اندزwith a ذat the beginning, and ― انكحاب عهى ‖يًحةmust be ― . ‖انكحاب عهى انًكحةOtherwise, a very useful post, masha Allah. َْ َْ 2. Ibn Uthman Says:
November 19th, 2007 at 4:40 am
ArabicTree Says: March 24th. even if it is really majroor.Thanks 7. Can you ask your teacher what ma‘a is. Need to know why hoofe jarr FEE (in) give jarr or genitive to . Ibn Saeed Says: December 24th. 2010 at 1:06 pm @Umbreen. Umbreen Says: March 18th. إِلand حثin the list of prepositions should be إِنَىand ححَّىrespectively. Allahu a‘lam. 2007 at 11:43 am As-salam-u-alaikum I‘ve never read ―ma‘a‖ as part of prepositions. So it doesn‘t appear differently when preceeded by fee. ArabicTree Says: January 7th. 8.َّ َ Also. 2010 at 8:46 am the all arabic preposition About: hawla حولBy: ‗ala عهى َ Above: fawqa فوقclose by: bel qurbi men ٍتانقزب ي َ according to…: wafqan li … وفقا لclose to: bejaneb …تداَة Across: ‗abra عثزConcerning: bekhosoos تخصوص َ . if it isn‘t a preposition. Please reply .adunya. I think the latter one must be like the former. 3. 2010 at 1:11 pm Salam-o-alakum. and post it as a comment insha‘allah? 6. sabrina tala kalaa Says: April 27th.………… I mean fee-dunya. 2007 at 12:27 pm Jazakumullahu khayran katheera! May Allah reward you for your attention to detail (ameen)! 4. Then َ َ there is also (baytikum) and (baytika).. 2008 at 11:17 am Wa‘alikum as-salaam. and alif has sukoon on it — it cannot take anything else. dunya ends with alif. Can you please check? My teacher told me that prepositions are 17 in total (as summarized in this stanza): تاو جاو كافو اليو واو يُذ يذ خال ٰ ٰ رُبّ حاشا يٍ عذا فى عٍ عهى ح ٰحّى انى 5.. ArabicTree Says: November 23rd. I‘m sure ma‘a is a preposition–it‘s in one of my books to learn Arabic.
English-Arabic I He She Ana Howa Hea .After: ba‘da تعذDespite: raghma رغى َ َ Against: dedda ضذDown: tahta جحث َ ahead of: amama أياوdue to: naatej ‗an ٍَاجح ع َ all over: men jaded يٍ خذيذDuring: khelaala خالل َ Along: ‗ala tool عهى طولexcept for: bestethnaa‘ (th as in think) تاسحثُاء Among: men bayn ٍيٍ تيExcluding: mostathnian يسحثُيا Around: hawla حولfor: li…. ٍقزيةٌ ي Beyond: wara‘a وراءnext to: bejaneb …تداَة َ But: laken ٍنكOf: men (not for possessive)… ٍي On: ‗ala… عهى on top of: fawqa… فوق َ Opposite to: ‗aksa… عكس َ Out: khaarej… خارج Outside…: bel kharej men… تانخارج Over: ‗ala… عهى Regarding: bekhosoos…تخصوص Save: bestithnaa‘ (th as in think)…تاسحثُاء Without: bedoon…ٌتذو ُ Since: mundu…يُذ Than: men… ٍي Through: khelaala …خالل َ Till: ila (or) ila ghaayat … انىor انى غاية To: ila …إنى Towards: bettejaah … ِتاجدا Under: tahta…جحث Up: fawq فوق Versus: ‗aaksa …عكس َ Via: ‗abra….ٍتانزغى ي because of: besababi تسثةIncluding: mo‘taberan يعحثزا ّ Before: qabla قثمInside: beddakhel… تانذاخم َ Behind: waraa‘ وراءinstead of: ‗ewadan ‗an … ٍعوضا ع َ Below: tahta جحثLess: aqal… أقم Beneath: men taht يٍ جحثLike …: methla … (or) ka … ( .عثز With: ma‘a…. كIn: fi… ف َ ِ Aside: bejaaneb تداَةin front of: amama أياو َ At: ‗ala عهىin place of: makana … ٌَيكا away from: ba‘eedan ‗an ٍتعيذا عin spite of: berraghmi men…. ل َ From: men ٍي As … as: … ka ….يثمor) ك َ َ Beside: bejaneb تداَةMinus: naqes …َاقص Besides: bel idafati ila تانإلضافة انىNear: qareeb… قزية Between: bayna ٍَتيnear to …: qareeb men….
You It This That Come Came Will come Open Opened Will open Sit Walk Eat Drink Win Go Run I go He goes He eats an apple He is eating an apple He ate an apple I saw the film last week She came by bus yesterday They went to the mosque He slept the whole night He wrote well in the examination He has eaten He will eat He will go He will come What is your name? What Your Name What did you do? What should I do? What can I do? What are the questions? What were the questions? What is the last question? What is written in the letter? What you had been told? What will be the answer? Why did you come? Why did you sleep? Why did you tell him to go? Why did he bring the bag? Why did she pay the money? Why did they sit there? Anta Hatha Hatha Dalek Ta’al Ja’a Haeeak Aftah Maftoh Al hen aftaho Agles Eamshe Kool \ akol Eshrab Mata Ethahab Aorkod Ana thaheb Howa thahab Howa akl al tofaha Howa ea’akol al tofaha Howa akala Ana shahdto al film kabl osbo’a Atat al bareha be al bus Hum thahabo el masged Howa nam al laela Howa ktab amtehanh Lakad akal Sawfa ea’akol Sawfa ethab Sawfa ea’ate Ma esmok Matha Anta Esam Matha tfa’al Matha yajeb an afa’al Matha yajeb afa’al Ma howa soa’alak Ma hea aselatok Ma hwa akher soa’al Mal al maktob fe al resala Matha yajeb antakol Ma hea ejabatok Lematha at aet Lematha tna’am Lematha akhbrtoh anythuhab Lematha ahdart al shanta Lematha dfa’at hea al hesap Lematha jalaso honak .
Here are some examples: English Verbs Arabic Verbs Verbs .اْلَفعالalaaf'aal َْ ْ . Can you give me your pen? Can you lift the box? Can you write the exam? Did you have your lunch? How are you? I am fine Lematha taqud al saeara Lematha al ejtima’a Kaef ataet Kaef tnam Kaef ta sok Kaef taktob Kam tofaha be yade Kam ahthat Kam dafa’a lak Kam yajeb au akta’a Kaef kan eomak ams Men ae tarek sawf ta’ate Ma hwa lawnuk al mofadl Fe ae ghorfa tnam Ae kessa takol Ma nowa al fakiha Ma hea afdal jareda fe alhind Mahea akpau dawla sorianeea Men aen jat Aen sawf tnam Aen makan al moder Aina alai al thahab Be man yajeb an aokabl Hatha ketap Hatha ketap Sawf ta’ate’ ma’ae Sawf ate ma ak Sawfa ta'ateni kalamk Aked Hal tohebone Ana ahebbak A’atene kalamk Hal tastate’a haml al sandok Hal tastatea’a ejabat al emtehan Hal ladekghda’a Kaef haluk Ana bekhair necessarily so. Do you love me? Yes. I love you. of course.Why do you drive the car? Why are they late for the meeting? How did you come? How did you sleep? How did you drive? How did you write? How many apples are there in my hand? How many did you take? How much did he pay you? How much distance to go? How was the journey yesterday? Which way did you come? Which is your favourite colour? In which room did you sleep? Which story did you tell? Which is the sweetest fruit? Which is the best newspaper in Hindi? Which country is having the largest population? Where did you come from? Where did you sleep? Where is the manager’s cabin? Where should I go? Whom should I contact? Is it a book? It is a book Will you come with me? I shall come with you. Will you give me your pen? Yes.
قَادqaad he loved .جَحذَّثثtahadatht I wrote ُ .احةaheb ِ he gave .اتحَسىabtasem ِ ْ .قَذوqadem ِ he smiled .قُذَّتqodat I loved ُْ .كُث أُحةkont aoheb ِ I gave ْ .كحِةkoteb he drove .انًاضيalmaatheee ِ َْ I spoke ْ َ .أَخذتaakhathat he spoke .اتحَسًثabtasamat ََ ْ I took ََ .كحِثَثkotebat I drove .English Verbs Arabic Verbs Past .أَعطَيْثaa'taeet I smiled .جُحذِّخtohadeth َ he wrote ُ .
كحَثَُاkatabnaa we drove ْ .يسحَقثِمmostaqbel I will speak َ .سَوْ ف أُحةsawf aoheb ِ .اخَذََاakhathnaa Future ْ ْ ُ .سَوْ ف أَقُوْ دsawf aaqowd I will love .جَكهًََُّاtakalamnaa ْ َ we wrote ْ َ .اخَذakhath we spoke .سَوْ ف أَجَكهَّىsawf aatakalam I will write ْ .English Verbs Arabic Verbs he took .أَحْ ثَثَُاaahbabnaa we gave .أُعطيََُاao'teeeanaa ِ ْ we smiled .قُذََاqodnaa we loved ْ .سَوْ ف أَكحُةsawf aaktob I will drive .اتحَسًَُاabtasamnaa َْ ْ we took ْ .
سَوْ ف ََحَكهَّىsawf natakalam we will write ْ .سَوْ ف يَكحُةsawf eeaktob he will drive .سَوْ ف أُعطيsawf ao'teee ِ ْ I will smile .سَوْ ف يَثحَسىsawf eeabtasem ِ ْ he will take ُ .سَوْ ف يُحةsawf eeoheb ِ he will give .سَوْ ف يَحَحْ ذُخsawf eeatahdoth he will write ْ .سَوْ ف يَأْخذsawf eeaakhoth we will speak َ .سَوْ ف ََكحُةsawf naktob we will drive .سَوْ ف أَتَحَسىsawf aabatasem ِ I will take .سَوْ ف َُقُوْ دsawf noqowd .سَوْ ف آَخذsawf aakheth ِ he will speak .سَوْ ف يُعطيsawf eeo'teee ِ ْ he will smile .سَوْ ف يَقُوْ دsawf eeaqowd he will love .English Verbs Arabic Verbs I will give .
سَوْ ف َُحةsawf noheb ِ we will give ْ .سَوْ ف ََثَحَسىsawf nabatasem ِ we will take ُ .سَوْ ف ََأْخذsawf naakhoth .English Verbs Arabic Verbs we will love .سَوْ ف َُعطَىsawf no'taa we will smile .
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