COPPER AND ITS ALLOYS Melting point of copper – 10830C Main properties of copper: High electrical and thermal

conductivity Good corrosion resistance, Machinability, strength Ease of fabrication Non magnetic Has a pleasing colour Can be welded, brazed, and soldered Easily finished by plating and lacquering Electrical conductors- 99.9% Cu and identified as Electrolytic Tough Pitch (ETP) copper or Oxygen Free High Conductivity (OFHC) copper. Arsenical copper - ≈ 0.3% Arsenic – improved resistance to special corrosive conditions Free cutting copper - ≈ 0.6% Tellurium – excellent machining properties Silver bearing copper – 7 to 30 oz/ton silver – Silver raises the recrytallization of copper
Prepared by: DrD.K.Hurreeram August 04 1

or a combination of such properties Best combination of strength and ductility 70Cu30Zn Prepared by: DrD.Hurreeram August 04 2 . The different cold worked tempers are obtained by cold working the annealed material a definite amount. corrosion resistance. machinability. strength. Sn. Some of the alloys may contain small amounts of Pb. ductility.TEMPER DESIGNATION: Cu and most of its alloys are homogeneous single phases.K. COPPER ALLOYS: Brasses – essentially alloys of cu and Zn. there are not susceptible to heat treatment and t heir strength may be altered only by cold working. Two general classes of temper for non heat treatable wrought copper alloys : cold worked and soft or annealed. Al Variations in composition will result in desired colour.

Alpha brasses – containing up to 36% Zn Relatively good corrosion resistance and good working properties.Hurreeram August 04 improved 3 . 1 Yellow α brasses – 20-36% Zn Good strength with high ductility Suitable for drastic cold working Common practice to stress relief anneal these bronzes after cold working to prevent stress corrosion cracking Subjected to selective leaching which can be minimized by small amount of tin or antimony 0.K.Commercial Brass Brasses for cold worked (Alpha brasses) Brasses for hot working (Alpha Plus Beta Brasses) A.5-3% lead improves machinability Admiralty metal (71Cu-28Zn-1Sn)strength and corrosion resistance Prepared by: DrD.

Aluminium healing film brass (76 Cu-22Zn-2Al)- better corrosion resistance form tenacious and self 2 Red brasses – 5 to 20 % Zn Better corrosion resistance than yellow brasses and not susceptible to stress corrosion cracking and dezincification. Prepared by: DrD.α + β1 β1 harder and more brittle than α at room temperature therefore more difficult to cold work. (85Cu-15Zn). hence excellent hot working 4 properties. Alpha Plus Beta Brasses – 54 to 62 % Cu Consist of two phases .Hurreeram August 04 . Gliding metal Commercial bronze Red brass Low brass (95Cu-5Zn).K.single phase β becomes very plastic. At elevated temperatures. (80 Cu-20 Zn) B. (90Cu-10Zn).

or Ni A.5Cu-39Zn-1. Alloys of Cu and Sn.4Fe-1. C. Al.alloys of Copper.1Mn) Bronzes – up to 12 % alloying elements. Be. B. Tin bronzes (Phosphor bronzes) Silicon bronzes Aluminum bronzes Beryllium bronzes Cupro-Nickels – Alloys of Copper and Nickel Nickel Silvers .75Sn) Manganese bronze – (58. Pb.5Zn-3Pb) Forging brass (60Cu-38Zn-2Pb) Architectural Bronze – (57Cu-40Zn-3Pb) Naval Brass – (60Cu-39. Zn. D.25Zn-0.Hurreeram August 04 5 .K. in addition may contain P.Muntz Metal – 60Cu-40Zn – has high tensile strength and excellent hot working properties Free cutting brass (61. Si. Nickel and Zinc Prepared by: DrD.5Sn-0.5Cu-35.