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UPS FOR CORDLESS TELEPHONES Cordless telephones are very popular nowadays.

Cordless telephones allow their users to make and receive telephone calls within a radius of a few hundred feet. However, these telephones cannot be used during a power outage, due to the phones' dependence on household electrical current to operate. Some of the Cordless Phones available in the market come with a battery backup. The ones with such a back up continue to function for two to four hours without AC power till its in-built battery which is normally housed within the power adaptor lasts. But, the real problem lies with the innumerable Cordless Phones and such Gadgets in the house which switch off the moment the AC power goes off. These gadgets have become important in our day to day functioning. Thus, they have a major drawback, i.e. they cannot be operated during power failure. Therefore usually another ordinary telephone is connected in parallel to the cordless telephone. This results in lack of secrecy. UPS is a permanent solution to this problem. Normally ,the base of a cordless phone has an

adaptor and the handset has Ni-cd cells for its operation. The base unit becomes inoperative in case of power failure.Under such conditions,it is better to provide battery backup using Ni-Cd cells externally. Since the UPS is meant only for the cordless telephone, its output power is limited to around 1.5W. This is sufficient to operate most cordless telephones. as these employ only small capacity adapters (usually 9V/12V, 500mA), to enable the operation of the circuit and to charge the battery present in the handset. The UPS presently designed is of online type. Here the inverter is on throughout irrespective of the presence of the AC mains. When the AC mains is present, the same is converted into DC and fed to the inverter. A part of the mains rectified output is used to charge the battery. When the mains power fails, the DC supply to the inverter is from the battery and from this is obtained AC at the inverter output. This is shown in fig.1.

Fig.1 .Block diagram of UPS

The circuit wired around IC CD4047 is an astable multivibrator operating at a frequency of 50 Hz. The Q and Q outputs of this multivibrator directly drive power MOSFETS IRF540. The configuration used is push-pull type. The inverter output is filtered and the spikes are reduced using MOV (metal oxide varistor). The inverter transformer used is an ordinary 9V-0-9V, 1.5A mains transformer readily available in the market. Two LEDS (D6 and D7) indicate the presence of mains/battery. The mains supply (when present) is stepped down, rectified and filtered using diodes D1 through D4 and capacitor C1. A part of this supply is also used to charge the battery. In place of a single 12V, 4Ah battery, one may use two 6V, 4Ah batteries (SUNCA or any other suitable brand).

Fig.2 .Circuit diagram of UPS

The circuit can be easily assembled on a generalpurpose PCB and placed inside a metal box. The two transformers may be mounted on the chassis of the box. Also, the two batteries can be mounted in the box using supporting clamps. The front and back panel designs are shown in the Fig. 3.

Fig.3 .Proposed layout of font and rear penels The same circuit can deliver up to 100W, provided the inverter transformer and charging transformer are replaced with higher current rating transformers, so that the system can be used for some other applications as well. How to Add Battery Backups to a Cordless Phone Base Instructions Things You'll Need

Cordless telephone and base

Uninterruptible power supply 1) Unplug the cordless telephone base power plug from the wall electrical outlet. Plug the uninterruptible power supply into the wall electrical outlet, and turn the UPS switch on. 2) Plug the cordless telephone base power plugs into one of the "Battery Backup" UPS outlets. Make a telephone call to test whether the UPS provides enough power to the cordless telephone base. 3) Test to see if the UPS works properly by unplugging the UPS power plug from the wall electrical outlet and subsequently making a telephone call. Once the call is finished, plug the UPS power plug back into the wall electrical outlet.

Tips & Warnings

Uninterruptible power supplies have two types of outlets: Battery Backup and Surge Protection. The Battery Backup outlets provide electrical surge protection, and are used to power devices for a short time when a power outage occurs. The Surge Protection outlets provide surge protection only.