Reflective Practice

Lesson 1: An overview of reflective practice

Aims
What is reflective practice? Reflection on action and reflection in action How is reflective practice used in sports coaching?

What is reflective practice?

What is reflective practice?
A dialectical process: it looks inwards at our thoughts and thought processes and outward at the situation in which we consider the interaction of the internal and external, our reflection orientates us for further thought and action. Reflection is thus ‘meta thinking’ (thinking about thinking) in which we consider the relationship between our thoughts and action in a particular context. Kemmis (1985. P141)

What is Reflective Practice?

What is Reflective Practice?
Learning from what you have just done?

What is Reflective Practice?
Learning from what you have just done? Being honest with yourself

What is Reflective Practice?
Learning from what you have just done? Being honest with yourself Justifying what you do

What is Reflective Practice?
Learning from what you have just done? Being honest with yourself Justifying what you do It is both backward and forward looking

What is Reflective Practice?
Learning from what you have just done? Being honest with yourself Justifying what you do It is both backward and forward looking Critical reflection includes questioning routines, habitual practice, challenging “conventional wisdom”, being able to ask others and ourselves “why-type” questions.

Schon, 1983, 1987 & 1991

Schon, 1983, 1987 & 1991
Theory of action

Schon, 1983, 1987 & 1991
Theory of action Espoused Theory

Schon, 1983, 1987 & 1991
Theory of action Espoused Theory Theories in Use

Schon, 1983, 1987 & 1991
Theory of action Espoused Theory Theories in Use Reflecting on the congruence between what we say we do and what we actually do is a critical component in the improvement process

When should you Reflect?

When should you Reflect?

Immediately after the session?

When should you Reflect?

Immediately after the session? As soon as possible?

When should you Reflect?

Immediately after the session? As soon as possible? At a set time each week/day?

What sort of questions should you ask?

What sort of questions should you ask?
What is my coaching like?

What sort of questions should you ask?
What is my coaching like? Why is it like this?

What sort of questions should you ask?
What is my coaching like? Why is it like this? How has it come to be this way?

What sort of questions should you ask?
What is my coaching like? Why is it like this? How has it come to be this way? What aspect of it would i like to improve?

What sort of questions should you ask?
What is my coaching like? Why is it like this? How has it come to be this way? What aspect of it would i like to improve? Whose interest are being served (or denied) by my coaching?

What sort of questions should you ask?
What is my coaching like? Why is it like this? How has it come to be this way? What aspect of it would i like to improve? Whose interest are being served (or denied) by my coaching? What nourishes and/or constrains what i do?

Continued

Continued
What pressures prevent/limit me from coaching in alternative ways?

Continued
What pressures prevent/limit me from coaching in alternative ways? What alternatives are available to me right now?

Continued
What pressures prevent/limit me from coaching in alternative ways? What alternatives are available to me right now? Ghaye, 2001.

Reflection on action

Reflection on action

This reflection happens after the session, it can be written or mental.

Reflection in action

Reflection in action

Reflection in action takes place during the session.

Reflective practice in sports coaching

Reflective practice in sports coaching

Knowles, Tyler, Gilbourne & Eubank (2006) Knowles, Gilbourne, Borrie & Nevill (2001)

Issues with reflective practice in coaching

Issues with reflective practice in coaching
Time

Issues with reflective practice in coaching
Time Training

Issues with reflective practice in coaching
Time Training Application in sporting context

Issues with reflective practice in coaching
Time Training Application in sporting context Independance/autonomy

Any questions?

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