A Day at Hull House Author(s): Dorothea Moore Reviewed work(s): Source: American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 2, No. 5 (Mar.

, 1897), pp. 629-642 Published by: The University of Chicago Press Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2761647 . Accessed: 30/05/2012 18:58
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and its large flanking of additions to right and left. with dormitory space above. so that the coffeehouse." With its hooded top THE old house is almost submerged. there remain but the long windows and wide doorway to hint of the aspect that was its own in the long-gone privacy of the estate of which it was an important and hospitable part in the quiet days beforc the invasion of crowd and The house justly retains the name of hurry and competition.THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MARCH. on the right flank. Following again the analogy of need. SOCIOLOGY VOLUMEII I897 NUMBER 5 A DAY AT HULL HOUSE. the most extensive area and the highest wall belong to the Children's Building. having appropriately above them the constant but not uncheerful noises of the gymnasium and club rooms for the men. placing 629 . with the growth of the work came an extension of the commissary and economic bases. the corresponding smaller wing being used for lecture and class rooms. These additions are more intrinsic than external-growing therefore present in themselves a out of growing needs-and kind of rough estimate or history of them. This can be but a suggestion of locality. "vOnmontrait sa maison a quiconque avait besoin de quelque chose. for under the various roofs are harbored many variations of effort. Thus. its original owner. the model bakery and kitchen occupy a generous surface behind the central house. story of fanciful brick.

there is no better reply to be given than that of a young Englishman at a conference of good people. about which the tide of population flows and shifts and changes. and the easygoing aspect of the outside benches and their frequenters. The playground porches of the Children's Building. much as the function adds its tool. we settle. an active club of working women who in a life of five years have solved some of . some in material form and some visible only in spirit.630 YHE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY themselves according to a natural convenience. A few fortunate open spaces. Individuals come and go. the activity remain. the organ. To the children it is usually and comprehensively "the Kindergarten. Around the southern corner is a brick building. To those who must have a definition of a thing whose being is essentially plastic." This was at once a statement and a compliment. or as one of its neighbors expressed it "well grounded in the mud. and adding to themselves in slow accretions. and stands for a real presence to many who have no personal or visual knowledge of her. Hull House itself is not unlike a rock of permanence. defend the mass of buildings from the dread likeness to an institution. Upon being pestered for an exact statement he burst out with: "Why. madam. About the house are its tributaries. the home of the Jane Club. The house has suffered a variety of nomenclature." the Italian neighbors with their invincible poetry call it "la casa di Dio. hang it. help out the welcome. the attitude. The one necessary element is permanency. altering it and wearing it into certain forms." for this name has come to have a generic meaning." while in spite of its own simply chosen name of a social settlement. bringing to it and taking away. where there are flowers up to the last moment. to most of its immediate friends and to many at a remote distance it is the place "where Miss Addams lives . the movement. bare or bricked as they are." It is the personality of the "settlers" which determines the character of each group. but feeling it always firmly based. and forms differ with their environment.

came finally by strange and picturesque ways into the hands of the settlement. is carried on by the young men. except for the cares of the kitchen. and now clean and clear and wholesome. This piece of land. And .A DAYATHULL HOUSE 631 the most vexing questions of cooperative living to their own social and economic satisfaction. it has seen many a good time. where the same plan of living. safely guarded by its iron fence and closed until after school hours. just north of this is the model lodging house for women. cursed by a bunch of miserable and criminal tenements and an absentee landlord. Across the street to the north is the pleasant two-story frame building of the Phalanx Club. where any dependent woman may have the wise encouragement of a bed and a breakfast. Some thousand feet toward the river is the public playground. May poles and singing children and flowers and music have surprised its sandy surface and in winter it gets a coating of ice for the skaters.

And somewhere about. the popular lectures now being given in one of the public schools were initiated by the settlement. . it means the big porch playground with bright red geraniums on its border. and still above is the larger room for the older class. it is true. are a dozen elderly women. it means the neatness of a bath and the sweetness of a nap in a little white bed all to oneself. which is so novel and lovely a thing. of which Miss Starr was the founder and of which she is president. The day begins early with the paper carrier. Some. as one might say within calling distance. for whom through one of its residents the house has laid forever the specter of the county poorhouse. The decoration of public schoolrooms. Away down toward the southeast and off to the northwest are large study clubs of young men and women whose literary life began under the roof of the house and who have outgrown her first care. So may these good hours of the waking day make all the others but. and an exciting squirrel and a placable parrot at the ends. came to curse but remained to pray. it means bread and milk eaten at a tiny table in company. who hides his impartial list of daily papers under the mat for safety. with pictures and toys. in little rooms at least warm and clean and rent free. He meets the earliest working mother -or possibly father-who is bringing the baby to the creche. The public-library reading room on Blue Island avenue. and all preserve the freedom of the beneficiary relation by generous criticism or approval. This means spending the day under wise supervision. a sleep and a forgetting. is now carried on by the Society of Art in Schools. alleviated by a sand-pile and a monstrous doll's house.632 THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY always it is the place where the crowded children may breathe and run and shout in safetv. where an average of twenty-five little ones are cared for every day. the public baths a few blocks away. Below the creche is a larger room where the elder babies may play at serious kindergarten.

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From the coffeehouse are also served the luncheon and dinner for the house dining room. have selected themselves. In the latter. and friend. the factory inspector and her deputy. it had a reflective visit from one of its neighbors. however well within his means the fare may be." Its clientele. The domestic economy is all under one skilled management.634 THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY By half-past seven o'clock the coffeehouse and bakery are well astir. and the smaller employer of the region. increasing with its increasing efficiency. its fine photographs. one finds the large room on the right of the entrance already filled with applicants to the labor bureau for employment. is likely to be the first. Here the residents of the house are served with a movable feast according to their uprisings. whose work in the narrow alleys has changed them as by a daily miracle. Then come those who bear a divided burden. with its stained rafters. The laboring man sends his children for bread and soup and prepared food. but the teacher. but yez can't hev 'em both in the same room at the same toime. Time has shown the exactness of the statement. The quiet young inspector. or to the relief department for aid. and said decisively: "Yez kin hev de shovel gang or yez kin hev de office gang. and its rows of blute china mugs. with a minor detail of pies and shining rolls. and the "belated industry" of private service is dispensed with. so that the family of twentyfour are placed in direct social and economic relations with the common kitchen. the librarian. the clerk. The latter acts as a clearing house for organized aids except in the case of the . philosopher. rosy "Annie" is turning out her quota of brown and white loaves. Leaving the coffeehouse by a covered way to the main building. the students. and it is not the man in overalls who is the constant visitor. When the coffeehouse was opened. but seldom comes himself. These are gone before those appear whose clubs and classes have kept them late the night before at the task of guide. and the two schoolboys of the household. He looked it over thoroughly and without prejudice.

the heads of the house are attacking. with humility as well as hopefulness and trust the lives of those about it.the astray girl or boy. and customs. By two in the afternoon the kindergarten training class is filling the largest room of the children's building. It begins to put out its hands. In the octagon. foods. By nine O'clock the visiting nurse may be seen packing her bag from her supply chest with the little mercies of lint and salve and baby food. These receive help as freely as they would give in their turn. Now the house is like some creature slowly awakening from sleep. the lively and . with a patience born of long usage. the unmitigable mail of the morning. who see sick children. touching. The workers whose province lies outside. which is a kind of open sanctuary.A DAY AT HULL HOUSE 635 friends with whom the house has summered and wintered. visit the police stations in search of. or minister to some special necessity. study racial needs through manners. it is believed. are beginning their rounds.

here is the free play of the individual with enough of friction to stimulate and enough of the juice of humor to sweeten. This is the meeting ground of the day. Here and there. are single pupils--a bright boy out of working hours getting up his Greek for college. Here the generalizations of the over young are discouraged with kindness and qualifying facts. ranging from clay modeling to psychology. here are the all-experienced induced to reconsider and admnit another fact of the great truth. from grammar to Dante. yet mothers have been seen there plainly visiting their children. men have been known to come with motives not severely altruistic.636 THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY wide-awake session of the Woman's Club is at its climax. from embroidery to trigonometry. "Often. and from now on there is a riot of there are many--attend young people. an elderly Russian plodding slowly along some bit of English text. the gymnasium is mildly noisy with its afternoon classes of girls. In this general life the private affairs of the residents become shadowy. which cover almost the entire ground of the teaching branches. The applicants for employment make way--with intervals for ventilation-to the children's sewing class which comes tumultuously from school. alas ! often. The studious-and the Extension classes. There may be a very radical end or a very conservative middle at the long oval but there is always a fair field and fair play. The younger and gayer crowd. there have actually been engagements. Thus the social consciousness of the living house grows." The leisurely last moments of the dinner hour are apt to be invaded by the classes. and to an interested friend from the far West who asked breathlessly. and from far up in the upper story come sounds of the children's chorus."Do they marry?" one might answer with truth. the dancing and . The six o'clock dinner hour brings the household and its guests together in the beautiful dining room. or an eager young Jew this with making the crooked ways of his letters straight-all assistance of someone in the house. in corners slightly secluded.

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There is "The Violet." A favorite custom is to enshrine the name of some hero or heroine. This he signs with his name and address. when it listens to some lecture or informal talk. The system is one of great The child exchanges his coin for a stout manilla simplicity. receiving a stamp of the value of his coin. The club names range from the purely ornamental through the descriptive to the utilitarian. book ruled in squares suitable for the stamp. full of vital interest. with its eager tangible depositors. before this body. Each club. Any impulse to reckless spending of a lesser sum is discouraged by the mulcting of five cents from the amount drawn. The Penny Provident Bank." Speakers of every opinion and circumstance have come always undisputed. which opens at night from seven to eight. even more so. are the weekly meetings of the Social Science Club. however. no matter how lightly social. is an importation fromnNew York. and there the deposits are finally redeemed. Visitors to the house find the bank. These have gone on steadily for seven years and represent in an astonishing manner the "American spirit " "That bids him flout the Law he makes. whereby Henry Clay and Clara Barton appear in friendly coompetition. claim a share of all. That bids him make the Law he flouts. which is also the theater aiid assembly room. The money may be withdrawn at any time after it reaches the sum of fifty cents. Supplies of banikbooks and stamps come from the parent institution. he . the gymnasium with its games and basketball. but at midnight the kindly "special officer" sees them going out until all is dark. has its own sober meeting once a month.638 THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY dramatic clubs. If some restless resident sits up with a problem." "The Study. The lights linger in the gymnasium." and "The Fourth of July Mandolin. have said their say-not now the test of all real not always courteously received-until love of knowing can be put to it-for it seeks to make welcome not opinion but knowledge. or wakens at every clanging car bell. local or general.

its for calls for the doctor or telegraph boys the general average of the ward.A DAY AT HULL HOUSE 639 also waits to serve. psychology. its maps and records. its summer vacation home and school. temper the night to To speak of the entertainments. would be but an extension of its inner life. to interpret its action in regard to strikes. arbitration. its holiday Sunday lectures and concerts. . external activities of the house. and municipal politics. To describe its attitude toward the school. its art exhibits. and the church. would be to attempt its What has been here presented is the method alone. its lendings of pictures and books. the saloon.

I890. September I89I. New York. May 27. Among the Poor of Chicago. Often the effort put forth in return is unwise or inadequate. Two Women's Work. Philadelphia. Mass. Ledger. What Two Women Did. Art for the Masses. Chicago. New York. I892. January 22. Hull House. June 2I. i89I. Art for Poor People. Hull House. and justify its life." another wants his wife "converted to the evangelical religion" for the sake of a peaceful fireside. for what. Hull Iouse. I89I. I892. This only can destroy the artificial. Hull House. Miss Jane Addams. Chicago Post. They Help the Poor. or by whom. Chicago. June 3. at Hull House. I89I. August 5. Chicago. I89I. Emily A. Mary Lloyd. All to be obtained Syllabi. Hull House in Chicago. Chicago Herald. I889. pamphlets. March 23. Chicago Inter-Ocean. A Chicago Toynbee Hall.. BIBLIOGRAPHY. February I892. Kellogg. Boston. Hull House Bureau. Leila G. A Home on Halsted Street. the rest is pure fa9ade. Hull House. Chicago Journal. Woman's Journal. Altruistic Review. June 9. With the Masses. July 30. October I890. Republican. I890. Scribner's Magazine.640 THE AiMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY Hull House stands not so much for a solution of problems The demands which are brought to it as a place of exchange. Springfield. I89I. This is the reason of the settlement. Ohio. . It must help that direct human touch of richer with poorer. wise with simple. arrested she knows not where. Chicago Inter-Ocean. The Interior. The Churchman. Katharine A. great family. One mother leaves her baby " while she goes to the matinee. This is the heart of the movement. February i8. but the exchange is the vital thing. July i I. Chicago Tribune. Joseph Kirkland. I889. The Charities Review. Advance. One man wants to be "shown the sense of poetry. New York Evening Telegram. Bedell. May i9. I892. Hull House Art Exhibit. Alice Miller. January 23. learned with untaught. etc. dynamic with static which has for its aim the realization by all the children of their kinship with the DOROTHEA MOORE. Jones. I892. I890. I892. July 9. A Glimpse into Hull House Life. July I892. I892. Chicago Times. I892. Advance. I892. are varied enough. The Working Girls of Chicago." and another hopes to find her boy. May 5. April 28. Porter. Art Exhibition Catalogues. and a third wantsjust the patrol wagon. New York. Nineteenth Ward Ill Provided. Springfield. Mary H. LectLiresfor the Poor. Review of Reviews. April 24. An Outlet for Faculties. June 2I. Chicago. August 8. Chicago Herald. programmes. Boston Herald. Union Signal.

Hull House. I893. New York. Boston. Learned. Hull House Kitchen. The Churchman. . Dayton. August 12. Chicago Herald. Lend a Hand. Philadelphia. A Woman's Club That Does. Miss Jane Addams. Julian Ralph. An Effort toward Social Democracy. November 1892. Boston. Chicago. Chicago's Gentle Side. Harper's Magazine. Chicago Herald. The Forum. October I892. Henry B. O. I893. Labor Leader. I893. September IO. November I892. Hull House. Manny. February I894. May I893. Boston Transcript. July I893. Hull House. Chicago News. August 24.A DAY AT HULL HOUSE 641 A Social Settlement. i892. Hull House Kitchen Opened. November 24. November 2. September I893. Social Settlements. Frank A. Philadelphia. University of Michigan.. Hull House. Chicago Inter-Ocean. The Unitarian. May 73. Chicago Jane Club. 1892. August 24. Illustrated Christian World. 1892. Hull House Kitchen. April I894. Social Settlements and City Missions. July 30. Record. Boston. I893. New York. The Church at Home and Abroad. Life at the Jane Club. Times. Hull House. Graham Taylor. I894. Chicago.

Eagle. New York. Chicago Woman's News. July 20. The Temple Magazine. A People's Palace. May 5. Union and Advertiser. Chicago Times-Herald. $I. Hiull House May Day. June 8. Isabel Eaton. June 27. Hull House Festival. 1894. Hull House. April 25. June II. Philadelphia. Baker and American Caterer. Smith College Monthly. I894. Rochester. July 1. Buffalo. I895. August 3. April I894. New York. I895. 1895. Poughkeepsie. How to Help Friendless Girls. Model Work Shop and Lodging House Associations. . April 25. I895. I895. February I0. I895. Hull House Maps and Papers. Hull House. July I895. Hull House. Chicago. Express. Hull House. New York. A Hull House Scene. May 5. I895. I895. Lending Pictures as Books are Lenit. I895. Chicago Record. Boston. Emily Herndon. The Forum. August 30. The Confectioner. Transcript. April 25. Art and the Masses. I895. I894. February 20. Crowell.. Jane Addams Wears a Star. West Side Chicago Chronicle. April 25. Price.75. Christian Union. I895. Hull House News. Miss Addams as City Official.642 THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY Hull House and Some of lts Distinctive Features. Hull House and its Founder. New York City. Chicago Record. Indianapolis. I895. Chicago Record. N. The Outlook. Y.

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