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WHAT IS DRUGS?

the heart valves, blood poisoning and AIDS all of which can lead to
• Is any substance other than food or water that is intended to be death.
taken or administered for the purpose of altering, sustaining or WHAT IS DRUG ABUSE?
controlling the recipients physical, mental or emotional state. it A drug -Is the use of any substance, licit or illicit, which results in an
is a chemical substance that brings about physical, emotional or individuals physical, -mental, emotional or social impairments.
behavioral change in a person taking it. -It is the use or consumption without medical authorization of
medically useful drugs which alter mood and behavior.
ORIGIN OF DRUGS: -It is the use of drugs and substance for a purpose different from the
1.Natural - anything that comes from nature. one for which it has been prescribed.
Ex. Plants (Marijuana) and Animals (Snake venom - snakebites)
2.Synthetic - anything that is produced artificially or processed in the
laboratory. CLASSIFICATION OF DRUG ABUSE:
Ex. Shabu 1.SHABU
Scientific Name:
THE CLASSIFICATIONS OF DRUGS: Methamphetamine Hydrochloride
1.STIMULANTS- Street / Slang Names:
(also known as “uppers”) Poor Man’s Cocaine, Meth, Ice, Speed, Shabs, “S”, Shasha, Ubas, Bato,
Any of a group of drugs that excite the central nervous system, in Tobats, Siopao, Splash, Items, etc.
which increase alertness, alleviate fatigue, reduce hunger and provide 2.MARIJUANA
a feeling of well being. Scientific Name:
(Ex. Cocaine / Amphetamine i.e. SHABU) Cannabis Sativa (Plants) Tetrahydrocannabinol (Substance)
IMMEDIATE EFFECTS OF STIMULANTS: Street / Slang Names
*Dilated pupils Mary Jane , MJ, Flower, Doodie, Pampapogi, Brownies, Damo, Pot, Tea,
*Increase in blood pressure / Heart rate / Breathing rate / Body Joint, Dope, Jutes, Chongki, Weed, Ganja, Hushies, etc
Temperature 3.ECSTACY
*Involuntary muscle twitching Scientific Name:
*A sense of well being 3-4 MethyleneDioxyMethAmphetamine
*Feels energetic/alert or MDMA
*Less hunger Street / Slang Names
*Slurred speech Designers Drug, X, XTC, Rave, E, Eckie, Love Drug, Flying Saucer, LBD
2.DEPRESSANTS or Libido, Jagged Little Pill, Adam, Eve, Artist Drug, Hug Drug, MDA,
-also called as “downers” or “barbs” MDEA, Love Doves, Disco Biscuit, etc.
-any drug or chemical that decreases the activity of any bodily OTHER DRUGS:
function. The term most often is used to refer to drugs that reduce the 1.INHALANTS:
activity of the central nervous system -Volatile chemical substances that contain psycho-active (mind/mood
(Ex: Sedatives / Sleeping Pills / Tranquilizers) altering) vapors to produce a state of intoxication.
IMMEDIATE EFFECTS OF DEPRESSANTS: Ex: Glue and Adhesive Cement / Rugby / Super Glue / Thinner
*Small doses: calmness and relaxation 2.ALCOHOL
*Large doses: slurred speech, staggering, poor judgment, slow body -Alcohol is a powerful drug. Alcoholic drinks contain the drug “ethanol”
movements & uncertain reflexes. (ethyl alcohol). It is a toxic or poisonous drug. It poisons the body if
*Overdose: unconsciousness/DEATH taken in large quantities simply or in combination with other drugs.
WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME OF DEPRESSANTS: -Alcohol damage all the major organs of the body. Alcohol is
*Psychosis depressant drug, not as stimulant as erroneously believed. Pure
*Restlessness alcohol is colorless and tasteless. Alcoholic drinks vary in color and
*Irritability/anxiety taste because of the ingredients used to flavor them .
*Sleeplessness
*Stuffy or running nose
*Ulcerated mucous membrane of nose
*Lung damage IMMEDIATE EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL:
*Confusion *General impairment of senses (touch, sight, hearing, speech, taste,
*Slurred speech smell, etc.)
3.HALLUCINOGENS *Vomiting
-(also called psychedelics) *Blurred vision
-First developed as appetite suppressant *Slurred speech
-any one of a large number of natural or synthetic psychoactive drugs *General loss of Coordination, etc.
that produce marked distortions of the senses and changes in
perception. Drugs capable of provoking changes in sensation, thinking, WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME OF DEPRESSANTS:
self-awareness and emotion. Alteration of time and space perception *Liver damage (cancer of the liver)
and hallucination. *Brain damage – loss of memory, depression and delirium
(Ex: MJ / LSD / Ecstasy / Ketamine) *Heart and blood disorder
IMMEDIATE EFFECTS OF HALLUCINOGENS: *Sexual impotent
*Hallucinations/illusions *Skin problems
*Faster heart beat and pulse rate *0Frequent inflammation of the stomach leading to peptic ulcer
*Bloodshot Eye/blurred vision/Rapid Eye Movement (REM) 3.TOBACCO
*Dry mouth and throat -Tobacco means the curved leaves of the tobacco plant “nicotiana
*Forgetfulness/inability to think tobacu” which contains a very potent ingredient called nicotine.
*Altered sense of time/ disorientation
*Impaired reflexes coordination and concentration CONTENTS OF TOBACCO SMOKE:
*Acute panic anxiety reaction **NICOTINE- Is the most important active ingredient which is a very
*Appetite loss & sleeping problems (MDMA) toxic or poisonous substance.
*“Food-trip” & sleepiness (MJ) **TAR- Is the substance left behind on the filter by the tobacco smoke,
LONG TERM EFFECTS OF HALLUCINOGENS: after all the nicotine and moisture have been extracted. Many of the
*Psychiatric consequences constituents of tar are known to be strong associated with cancer and
*Severe irritation of the nasal passages that they may become prone aggravates bronchial and other respiratory diseases.
to frequent nose bleed **CARBON MONOXIDE- Is the gaseous product of incomplete
*Renal damage heart disease and strokes combustion it is also known as a poisonous emission from the exhaust
*Injecting MDMA from contaminated needles may lead to risk of of motor vehicles.
infections resulting in *inflammation of the blood vessels, infection of
IMMEDIATE EFFECTS OF TOBACCO:
*Smelly breath, hair and clothes 9.Association with known drug abusers. Unusual borrowing of money
*Stained teeth and fingers from parents or friends.
*Increase heart rate, breathing rate and blood pressure 10.Attempts to appear inconspicuous in manner and appearance to
*Reduced blood supply to extremities (hands and feet because the avoid attention and suspicion.
blood vessel are constricted) 11.Stealing small items but later on big items from home, school or
*Stimulated central nervous system employer. –
*Smoking exposes yourself and others to health risks 12.May frequent odd places without cause such as storage room,
LONG TERM EFFECTS OF TOBACCO: closets, basement and other isolated or close compartments as well as
*Sickness hidden places. –
*Heart Attack
*Cancer EFFECTS OF DRUG ABUSE:
*Bronchitis and Emphysema I.EFFECT TO THE PERSON (USER)
*Ulcers 1.Medical and physical deterioration
*Infertility 2.Respiratory diseases – asthma, bronchitis, tuberculosis, lung cancer.
*Increased Health Risk for Users of the “PILL 3.Digestive system diseases – peptic ulcer, gastritis, hepatitis.
4.Infection
5Anemia
CIGARRETE CONTENTS: 6.Physical condition – fatigue, loss of weight, weakness, insomnia,
*Cadmium – car battery poor muscular coordination.
*Carbon Monoxide
*Nicotine – use for insecticide A.Personality Deterioration
*Ammonia – use to clean bathrooms 1..Witty and manipulative.
*Tar – ingredients for asphalt 2. Negative attitudes.
*Vinyl Chloride – use for plastic 3. Selfish and demanding.
*Cyanide – poison gas use by Hitler in his poison camps 4. Low frustration tolerance.
*DDT – use to kill cockroach 5. Poor relation to parents and his siblings.
*Formaldehyde – for embalming 6. Non- trustworthiness.
7. Usually depressed.
REASONS WHY PEOPLE TURN TO DRUGS: 8. Self-centered.
1.FAMILY PROBLEMS .9. Absence of good manners and right conduct.
2.LACK OF PARENTAL GUIDANCE 10. Association to known drug users..
3.PEER PRESSURE
4.CURIOSITY B.Mental Deterioration.
5.BOREDOM,FRUSTRATION 1.Loss of interest to any productive activities.
6.WEAK PERSONALITY 2.No productive and gainful work.
7.DESIRE TO ESCAPE FROM REALITY 3Emotionally immature.
COMMON SIGNS OF DRUG ABUSE: 4.No initiative for self-improvement.
1.INJECTION MARKS OF AN ADDICTS 5.Low IQ and usually drop-out from the school and at work.
2.UNUSUAL EFFORT MADE TO COVER ARMS IN ORDER TO HIDE 6.Inability to concentrate.
NEEDLE MARKS 7.Easily forgets
3.STEALING ITEMS WHICH CAN READILY SOLD FOR CASH TO 8.Suffering from withdrawal symptoms.
SUPPORT A DRUG HABIT 9.Nervous imbalance
4.CHANGES IN MOOD-DEPENDING ON THE DRUG TAKEN 10.Irritable
5.ASSOCIATION WITH KNOWN DRUG ABUSERS 11.Agitated
6.CHANGE FROM NORMAL CAPABILITIES 12.Irresponsible
7.CHANGE IN ATTENDANCE AT WORK R IN SCHOOL 13.Psychosis
8.WEATING SUNGLASSES CONSTANTLY AT INAPPROPRIATE TIMES.
9.POOR PHYSICAL APPEARANCE ,INCLUDING INATTENTION TO DRESS A.Spiritual Deterioration
AND PERSONAL HYGIENE. 1.Drug abusers are Godless
10.IGNORANCE 2.No spiritual belief and no spiritual obligation nor religious
11.URBANIZATION AND UNEMPLOYMENT responsibilities.

DR.JOSE P.RIZAL OUR NATIONAL HERO SAID THAT “ANG KABATAAN EFFECT TO THE FAMILY
ANG PAG ASA NG BAYAN” 1INTENSE feeling of humiliation and guilt are felt by the family
members.
ALFREDO LIM-“PAANO NA LANG KUNG SILA AY ADDDICT SA 2.Self-esteem are generally low among the members of the family.
IPINAGBABAWAL NA DROGA?” 3.The spirit of togetherness or unity are broken.
4.Occurrence of domestic violence –
**YOU DO NOT NEED DRUGS TO BE POPULAR** 5.Loss of money or valuables.
**YOU DO NOT NEED DRUGS TO BE ACCEPTED**
I.EFFECT TO THE COMMUNITY
CLASSIFICATIONS OF DRUG ABUSE: 1Increase of petty crimes in the community (physical injuries, rape,
1.Experimenter hold-upping, bag and celphone snatching, akyat bahay, carnapping
2.Casual or occasional user and senseless killings).
3.Regular user 2.Increase of drug dependent and drug pusher in the community.
4.Heavy or compulsive user 3.Fear of the community residents to drug dependent especially at
GENERAL SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF DRUG ABUSE night.
1..Abrupt changes in school or work attendance, quality of work, 4.Neighborhood association becomes inactive.
grades, discipline and work output. –
2. Unusual flare-ups or outbreak of temper in a small emotional I.EFFECT TO THE SOCIETY
provoking situation. 1.Increase of heinous or anti-social crimes.
3. Withdrawal from responsibility – 2.Increase of immorality and loss of moral fiber of the society
4.General changes in overall attitudes. (prostitution, phedophilia, child abuse).
5.Deterioration of physical appearance and grooming . 3.Downfall of social values of the country.
6.Furtive behavior regarding actions and possessions. 4.Limited movement of people especially at night time for fear of the
7.Wearing of sunglasses at inappropriate times to hide constricted drug addicts.
pupil. –
8.Continue wearing of long sleeved clothing to hide injection marks.